Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Readable and accessible throughout, this book provides both thermodynamic and statistical points of view, covering thermodynamic potentials, such as entropy and free energy, whenever relevant.

Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter

Author: Anatoly I. Burshtein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527618120

Page: 349

View: 642

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.

Applications of the Kinetic Theory to Gases Vapors Pure Liquids and the Theory of Solutions

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations.

Applications of the Kinetic Theory to Gases  Vapors  Pure Liquids  and the Theory of Solutions

Author: William Pingry Boynton

Publisher: Franklin Classics Trade Press

ISBN: 9780353411258

Page: 308

View: 915

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. To ensure a quality reading experience, this work has been proofread and republished using a format that seamlessly blends the original graphical elements with text in an easy-to-read typeface. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory ...

The Kinetic Theory of Gases

Author: Leonard B. Loeb

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486495729

Page: 687

View: 449

A pioneering text in its field, this comprehensive study is one of the most valuable texts and references available. The author explores the classical kinetic theory in the first four chapters, with discussions of the mechanical picture of a perfect gas, the mean free path, and the distribution of molecular velocities. Tbhe fifth chapter deals with the more accurate equations of state, or Van der Waals' equation, and later chapters examine viscosity, heat conduction, surface phenomena, and Browninan movements. The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory to the conduction of electricity in gases. 1934 edition.

Kinetic Theory of Gases

where b is four times the space actually occupied by one mole of gas molecules.
It should be ... 5 It can be shown (J. O. Hirschfelder, C. F. Curtiss, and R. B. Bird,
Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, Wiley, New York, 1954, pp. 4, 156) that ...

Kinetic Theory of Gases

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486273431

Page: 272

View: 559

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

Kinetic Theory

But, how the kinetic theories have been developed during years? Which are the new kinetic theories and updates in recent years? This question and many others can be answered with this book.

Kinetic Theory

Author: George Kyzas

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9535138022

Page: 138

View: 759

The world is governed by motions. The term kinetics partially originated from the Greek word "kinisis," which means motion. How important is motion in our life is easily understood. But, how the kinetic theories have been developed during years? Which are the new kinetic theories and updates in recent years? This question and many others can be answered with this book. Some important areas discussed in this book are the kinetic theory of gases, kinetic theory of liquids and vapors, thermodynamic aspects, transportation phenomena, adsorption-kinetic theories, linear and nonlinear kinetic equations, quantum kinetic theory, kinetic theory of nucleation, plasma kinetic theory, and relativistic kinetic theory.

An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases

The Gaseous State . On the other hand , it is possible for the whole of the liquid to
be transformed into vapour in this way , before a steady state is reached . Here
we have the kinetic theory picture of a gas — a crowd of molecules , each moving
 ...

An Introduction to the Kinetic Theory of Gases

Author: James Jeans

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521092326

Page: 311

View: 310

This book can be described as a student's edition of the author's Dynamical Theory of Gases. It is written, however, with the needs of the student of physics and physical chemistry in mind, and those parts of which the interest was mainly mathematical have been discarded. This does not mean that the book contains no serious mathematical discussion; the discussion in particular of the distribution law is quite detailed; but in the main the mathematics is concerned with the discussion of particular phenomena rather than with the discussion of fundamentals.

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and con .

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids

Author: Stanisław Bretsznajder

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN:

Page: 408

View: 619

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids reviews general methods for predicting the transport and other physical properties of fluids such as gases and liquids. Topics covered range from the theory of corresponding states and methods for estimating the surface tension of liquids to some basic concepts of the kinetic theory of gases. Methods of estimating liquid viscosity based on the principle of additivity are also described. This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and con ...

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain.

Kinetic Theory and Fluid Dynamics

Author: Yoshio Sone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146120061X

Page: 353

View: 468

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain. A gas in a steady (or time-independent) state in a general domain is considered, and its asymptotic behavior for small Knudsen numbers is studied on the basis of kinetic theory. Fluid-dynamic-type equations and their associated boundary conditions, together with their Knudsen-layer corrections, describing the asymptotic behavior of the gas for small Knudsen numbers are presented. In addition, various interesting physical phenomena derived from the asymptotic theory are explained. The background of the asymptotic studies is explained in Chapter 1, accord ing to which the fluid-dynamic-type equations that describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit are to be studied carefully. Their detailed studies depending on physical situations are treated in the following chapters. What is striking is that the classical gas dynamic system is incomplete to describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit (or in the limit that the mean free path of the gas molecules vanishes). Thanks to the asymptotic theory, problems for a slightly rarefied gas can be treated with the same ease as the corresponding classical fluid-dynamic problems. In a rarefied gas, a temperature field is di rectly related to a gas flow, and there are various interesting phenomena which cannot be found in a gas in the continuum limit.

Transport Coefficients of Fluids

This culminated in the mean free path theory of Clausius [50] and the more
successful kinetic theory of gases of Maxwell [51]. Maxwell's kinetic theory of
gases was continued and improved in a very important way by Boltzmann [52],
who ...

Transport Coefficients of Fluids

Author: Byung Chan Eu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540282165

Page: 408

View: 209

In this monograph, the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients of simple and complex liquids is described together with the kinetic theory of liquids, the generic van der Waals equation of state, and the modi?ed free volume theory. The latter two theories are integral parts of the density ?- tuation theory, which enables us to calculate the density and temperature dependence of transport coe?cients of liquids from intermolecular forces. The terms nanoscience and bioscience are the catch phrases currently in fashion in science. It seems that much of the fundamentals remaining unsolved or poorly understood in the science of condensed matter has been overshadowed by the frenzy over the more glamorous disciplines of the former, shunned by novices, and are on the verge of being forgotten. The transport coe?cients of liquids and gases and related thermophysical properties of matter appear to be one such area in the science of macroscopic properties of molecular systems and statisticalmechanicsofcondensedmatter. Evennano-andbiomaterials,h- ever, cannot be fully and appropriately understood without ?rm grounding and foundations in the macroscopic and molecular theories of transport pr- ertiesandrelatedthermophysicalpropertiesofmatterinthecondensedphase. Oneisstilldealingwithsystemsmadeupofnotafewparticlesbutamultitude of them, often too many to count, to call them few-body problems that can be understoodwithoutthehelpofstatisticalmechanicsandmacroscopicphysics. In the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients, the basic approach taken is quite di?erent from the approaches taken in the conventional kinetic theories of gases and liquids.

Viscosity of Liquids

Among the theories of viscosity (a measure of internal friction) of fluids, those
related to gases are well developed compared to ... The simplicity of approach
adopted in the kinetic theory applied to gas viscosity, which is of natural interest
to the ...

Viscosity of Liquids

Author: Dabir S. Viswanath

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402054823

Page: 662

View: 373

This book is unique in that it brings together published viscosity data, experimental methods, theoretical, correlation and predictive procedures in a single volume. The readers will get a better understanding of why various methods are used for measuring viscosity of different types of liquids and why an experimental method is dependent on fluid characteristics, such as Newtonian or non-Newtonian fluids.

Gases Liquids and Solids

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included.

Gases  Liquids and Solids

Author: D. Tabor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521406673

Page: 418

View: 606

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included. There are new sections on amorphous solids and liquid crystals, and completely new chapters on colloids and polymers. Using unsophisticated mathematics and simple models, Professor Tabor leads the reader skilfully and systematically from the basic physics of interatomic and intermolecular forces, temperature, heat and thermodynamics, to a coherent understanding of the bulk properties of gases, liquids and solids. The introductory material on intermolecular forces and on heat and thermodynamics is followed by several chapters dealing with the properties of ideal and real gases, both at an elementary and at a more sophisticated level. The mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of solids are considered next, before an examination of the liquid state. The author continues with chapters on colloids and polymers, and ends with a discussion of the dielectric and magnetic properties of matter in terms of simple atomic models. The abiding theme is that all these macroscopic material properties can be understood as resulting from the competition between thermal energy and intermolecular or interatomic forces. This is a lucid textbook which will continue to provide students of physics and chemistry with a comprehensive and integrated view of the properties of matter in all its many fascinating forms.

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

An Introduction to Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer

Author: J. M. Kay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521098809

Page: 340

View: 384

First published in 1975 as the third edition of a 1957 original, this book presents the fundamental ideas of fluid flow, viscosity, heat conduction, diffusion, the energy and momentum principles, and the method of dimensional analysis. These ideas are subsequently developed in terms of their important practical applications, such as flow in pipes and channels, pumps, compressors and heat exchangers. Later chapters deal with the equation of fluid motion, turbulence and the general equations of forced convection. The final section discusses special problems in process engineering, including compressible flow in pipes, solid particles in fluid flow, flow through packed beds, condensation and evaporation. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest the wider applications of fluid mechanics and heat transfer.

General Chemistry

Liquid carbon dioxide is obtained by putting carbon dioxide gas under pressure;
it can exist only at pressures greater ... Liquids,. and. Solids. The different states
of matter were defined in Section 1.4, and the gas laws and the kinetic theory of ...

General Chemistry

Author: Darrell Ebbing

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305887298

Page: 1152

View: 843

The eleventh edition was carefully reviewed with an eye toward strengthening the content available in OWLv2, end-of-chapter questions, and updating the presentation. Nomenclature changes and the adoption of IUPAC periodic table conventions are highlights of the narrative revisions, along with changes to the discussion of d orbitals. In-text examples have been reformatted to facilitate learning, and the accompanying Interactive Examples in OWLv2 have been redesigned to better parallel the problem-solving approach in the narrative. New Capstone Problems have been added to a number of chapters. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Kinetic Theory

Preface THIS book was originally prepared as the third volume of the sequence
on Kinetic Theory in the Selected ... Theory of Gases and Liquids, emphasizing
practical applications, and by Harold Grad's article “Principles of the kinetic
theory ...

Kinetic Theory

Author: S. G. Brush

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483145859

Page: 294

View: 493

Kinetic Theory, Volume 3: The Chapman-Enskog Solution of the Transport Equation for Moderately Dense Gases describes the Chapman-Enskog solution of the transport equation for moderately dense gases. Topics covered range from the propagation of sound in monatomic gases to the kinetic theory of simple and composite monatomic gases and generalizations of the theory to higher densities. The application of kinetic theory to the determination of intermolecular forces is also discussed. This volume is divided into two sections and begins with an introduction to the work of Hilbert, Chapman, and Enskog that led to the formulation of the Chapman-Enskog theory. The Chapman-Enskog results are then compared with those of earlier theories with respect to viscosity, heat conduction, diffusion, and thermal diffusion. Subsequent chapters focus on alternatives to the Chapman-Enskog method and some mathematical problems; foundations of the kinetic theory of gases; and kinetic theory of processes in dilute gases and of heat conduction, viscosity, and self-diffusion in compressed gases and liquids. This book should be of interest to graduate students and others undertaking research in kinetic theory.

Lectures on Gas Theory

A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic work contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases.

Lectures on Gas Theory

Author: Ludwig Boltzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486684550

Page: 490

View: 573

A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic work contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases. Still relevant a century after its initial publication, it combines rigorous mathematic analysis with a pragmatic treatment of physical and chemical applications, covering the theory of gases with monatomic and compound particles.

Dictionary of Physics

gases are fluids in which molecules are spread as far apart as the container will
allow. The average molecular ... Kinetic theory offers an explanation for gas law
behavior in terms of atomic theory and the energy of motion. This, in turn, leads to
 ...

Dictionary of Physics

Author: Michael Chapple

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781579581299

Page: 264

View: 886

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

General Chemistry Enhanced Edition

Liquid carbon dioxide is obtained by putting carbon dioxide gas under pressure;
it can exist only at pressures greater than 5 ... According to kinetic-molecular
theory, the molecules of a liquid are in constant random motion (as in a gas) but
are ...

General Chemistry  Enhanced Edition

Author: Darrell Ebbing

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0538497521

Page: 1152

View: 527

Specially updated to include references to OWL, the only online learning system designed to support mastery learning, this ENHANCED NINTH EDITION of GENERAL CHEMISTRY helps students master quantitative skills and build a lasting conceptual understanding of key chemical concepts. The book creates a context for numerical problem solving and helps students master the big ideas in each chapter through Concept Checks and Conceptual Problems, as well as Concept Explorations and Strategy Problems that challenge students to think step by step and not rush for a numerical answer. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Fluid Mechanics

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

Fluid Mechanics

Author: Kay, Jerald

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521092104

Page:

View: 895