This beautifully illustrated book is the result of an English Heritage project to survey the archaeology of surviving town commons to get a picture of their historic importance and to promote their conservation.
Author: Mark Bowden
Publisher: Historic England Press
Commons are an urban as well as rural phenomenon, designed to provide grazing for the draft animals of tradesmen ("a green precursor to the carpark") as well as to serve as a civic amenity. This beautifully illustrated book is the result of an English Heritage project to survey the archaeology of surviving town commons to get a picture of their historic importance and to promote their conservation. The book presents the findings, tracing the origins of the commons and how they relate to the urban landscape, as well as examining the many uses of commons, primarily agricultural, but also including industrial functions such as quarrying, serving as military training grounds, and as open spaces for entertainment and public meetings. A gazetteer lists the known historical town commons, together with their current state of survival as recorded by the project.
fair. field. indeed...': the. archaeology. of. town. commons. These joined the more
traditional fairs and celebrations which ... rural milieu but it is worth remembering
that historically towns and cities in England were provided with common lands, ...
Author: Ian D. Rotherham
"The threats from global cultural change and abandonment of traditional landscape management increased in the last half of the twentieth century and ten years into the twenty-first century show no signs of slowing down. Their impacts on global biodiversity and on people disconnected from their traditional landscapes pose real and serious economic and social problems which need to be addressed now. The End of Tradition conference held in Sheffield, UK, was organised by Professor Ian D. Rotherham and colleagues. It addressed the fundamental issues of whether we can conserve the biodiversity of wonderful and iconic landscapes and reconnect people to their natural environment. And, if we can, how can we do so and make them relevant for the twenty-first century."--
York, Council for British Archaeology: 120–125. Bowden, M., Brown, G. and
Smith, N. 2009. An Archaeology of Town Commons in England. Swindon,
English Heritage. Bracton De Legibus et Consuetudinibus Angliae (Bracton on
The Laws ...
Author: Susan Oosthuizen
Publisher: A&C Black
Most people believe that traditional landscapes did not survive the collapse of Roman Britain, and that medieval open fields and commons originated in Anglo-Saxon innovations unsullied by the past. The argument presented here tests that belief by contrasting the form and management of early medieval fields and pastures with those of the prehistoric and Roman landscapes they are supposed to have superseded. The comparison reveals unexpected continuities in the layout and management of arable and pasture from the fourth millennium BC to the Norman Conquest. The results suggest a new paradigm: the collective organisation of agricultural resources originated many centuries, perhaps millennia, before Germanic migrants reached Britain. In many places, medieval open fields and common rights over pasture preserved long-standing traditions for organising community assets. In central, southern England, a negotiated compromise between early medieval lords eager to introduce new managerial structures and communities as keen to retain their customary traditions of landscape organisation underpinned the emergence of nucleated settlements and distinctive, highly-regulated open fields.
The Archaeology of British Towns in Their European Setting John Schofield, A. G.
Vince ... As far as general patterns can be seen in England and Wales, royal
foundations were common before 1100, but seigneurial foundations (those ...
Author: John Schofield
Publisher: A&C Black
"Though the book is primarily about medieval towns in Britain, many parallels are drawn with contemporary towns and cities all over Europe, from Ireland to Russia and from Scandinavia to Italy. It is written in the belief that medieval urban archaeology should be a Europe-wide study, as are the fields of architecture and urban history."--BOOK JACKET.
What is of singular significance is the fact that the abbey was following a common
practice used by other major land - owners to ... 44 Nevertheless , in addition to
being one of Dorset ' s best medieval planned towns , Charmouth has important
... made to the British Archaeological Association , ii ( 1871 ) , 145 - 59 ; Royal
Commission on Historical Monuments ( England ) , Dorset , i ( 1952 ) , 240 – 46 .
Author: Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Society
List of members in each volume.
A town typically rented or bought a house and hired a resident keeper who , with
his ... Although the records lack overt statements about local beliefs concerning
poverty , the town adopted common English practices that implied certain ...
Author: PH D April M Beisaw, PhD
Publisher: University Alabama Press
A landmark work that will instigate vigorous and wide-ranging discussions on institutions in Western life, and the power of material culture to both enforce and negate cultural norms Institutions pervade social life. They express community goals and values by defining the limits of socially acceptable behavior. Institutions are often vested with the resources, authority, and power to enforce the orthodoxy of their time. But institutions are also arenas in which both orthodoxies and authority can be contested. Between power and opposition lies the individual experience of the institutionalized. Whether in a boarding school, hospital, prison, almshouse, commune, or asylum, their experiences can reflect the positive impact of an institution or its greatest failings. This interplay of orthodoxy, authority, opposition, and individual experience are all expressed in the materiality of institutions and are eminently subject to archaeological investigation. A few archaeological and historical publications, in widely scattered venues, have examined individual institutional sites. Each work focused on the development of a specific establishment within its narrowly defined historical context; e.g., a fort and its role in a particular war, a schoolhouse viewed in terms of the educational history of its region, an asylum or prison seen as an expression of the prevailing attitudes toward the mentally ill and sociopaths. In contrast, this volume brings together twelve contributors whose research on a broad range of social institutions taken in tandem now illuminates the experience of these institutions. Rather than a culmination of research on institutions, it is a landmark work that will instigate vigorous and wide-ranging discussions on institutions in Western life, and the power of material culture to both enforce and negate cultural norms.
Smoking pipes made of local clay were common , so someone had set up a
business Pottery fragments and tobacco pipes discovered at ... The artifacts of
making clay pipes with the same have not yet been washed . decoration as that
on pipes made in England . Evidence ... Jamestown was a busy place , a town
Author: Lois Miner Huey
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
To understand how previous generations of people lived, worked, and played, what is the best research method-digging for facts on the Internet? Boring! the answer lies right beneath our feet: in the dirt. Across the United States and Canada, historical archaeologists dig far below cities and towns for clues about what happened after Europeans arrived. American Archaeology uncovers the stories of Dutch, English, African, Spanish–even Viking–settlers in North America. Some settlers left behind documents such as diaries, letters, maps, and land deeds. Many other, less tidy settlers left their garbage–food bones, tools, broken dishes, buttons, bottles, toys, and gun parts. Archaeologists carefully scrape away soil, layer by layer, to uncover objects used by people long ago. By learning about these excavations and examining a variety of artifacts, young readers learn about U.S. and Canadian history in a fresh and unique way.
Surviving post - medieval buildings around the Market Square testified to the
commercial success of the town in the 17th and 18th centuries . [ Au ( adp ) ] 1 /
87 ( B . 12 . 4003 ) TL23987136 WATERSMEET , MILL COMMON ,
"Information about the nature and extent of archaeological investigations carried out in England," compiled and abstracted from journals, reviews, annual reports, grant reports, and archaeologists' summaries of current work, many otherwise unpublished or intended for limited circulation.