Covering the key genres of audio description and supplemented with exercises and discussion points throughout, this is the essential textbook for all students and translators involved in the practice of audio description.
Author: Louise Fryer
An Introduction to Audio Description is the first comprehensive, user-friendly student guide to the theory and practice of audio description, or media narration, providing readers with the skills needed for the effective translation of images into words for the blind and partially-sighted. A wide range of examples – from film to multimedia events and touch tours in theatre, along with comments throughout from audio description users, serve to illustrate the following key themes: the history of audio description the audience the legal background how to write, prepare and deliver a script. Covering the key genres of audio description and supplemented with exercises and discussion points throughout, this is the essential textbook for all students and translators involved in the practice of audio description. Accompanying film clips are also available at: https://www.routledge.com/products/9781138848177 and on the Routledge Translation Studies Portal: http://cw.routledge.com/textbooks/translationstudies/.
This book, a first in its kind, offers a survey of the present state of affairs in media accessibility research and practice.
Author: Pilar Orero
This book, a first in its kind, offers a survey of the present state of affairs in media accessibility research and practice. It focuses on professional practices which are relative newcomers within the field of audiovisual translation and media studies, namely, audio description for the blind and visually impaired, sign language, and subtitling for the deaf and the hard-of-hearing for television, DVD, cinema, internet and live performances.Thanks to the work of lobbying groups and the introduction of legislation in some countries, media accessibility is an area that has recently gained marked visibility in our society. It has begun to appear in university curricula across Europe, and is the topic of numerous specialised conferences. The target readership of this book is first and foremost the growing number of academics involved in audiovisual translation at universities ? researchers, teachers and students ? but it is also of interest to the ever-expanding pool of practitioners and translators, who may wish to improve their crafts. The collection also addresses media scholars, members of deaf and blind associations, TV channels, and cinema or theatre managements who have embarked on the task of making their programmes and venues accessible to the visually and hearing impaired.Table of contentsAcknowledgementsJorge DIAZ CINTAS, Pilar ORERO, Aline REMAEL: Media for all: a global challengeSection 1: Subtitling for the deaf and hard-of-hearing (SDH) Aline REMAEL: Sampling subtitling for the deaf and the hard-of-hearing in EuropeClive MILLER: Access symbols for use with video content and information and communications technology devicesChristopher STONE: Deaf access for Deaf people: the translation of the television news from English into British Sign LanguageJoselia NEVES: A world of change in a changing worldVera Lucia SANTIAGO ARAUJO: Subtitling for the deaf and hard-of-hearing in BrazilSection 2: Audio description (AD) Pilar ORERO: Sampling audio description in EuropeJoan GREENING, Deborah ROLPH: Accessibility: raising awareness of audio description in the UKGert VERCAUTEREN: Towards a European guideline for audio descriptionAndrew SALWAY: A corpus-based analysis of audio descriptionJulian BOURNE, Catalina JIMENEZ HURTADO: From the visual to the verbal in two languages: a contrastive analysis of the audio description of The Hours in English and SpanishKarin De COSTER, Volkmar MUHLEIS: Intersensorial translation: visual art made up by wordsAnna MATAMALA, Pilar ORERO: Accessible opera in Catalan: opera for allGreg YORK: Verdi made visible: audio introduction for opera and balletJessica YEUNG: Audio description in the Chinese worldNotes on contributorsIndex
Cultural references in Inglourious Basterds: An introduction According to Oltra
Ripoll (2004, 75), “every text, and especially an audio-visual text, makes no
sense and has no raison d'être if it is not included in a specific context, attached
to the ...
Author: Anna Maszerowska
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Audio description (AD) is a narrative technique which provides complementary information regarding the where, who, what and how of any audiovisual content. It translates the visuals into words. The principal function of this ad hoc narrative is to make audiovisual content available to all: be it a guided city tour of Barcelona, a 3D film, or a Picasso painting. Audio description is one of the younger siblings of Audiovisual Translation, and it is epigonic to the audiovisual translation modality chosen. This book is the first volume on the topic written in English and it brings together an international team of leading audio description teachers, scholars, and practitioners to address the basic issues regarding audio description strategies. Using one stimulus, Quentin Tarantino’s film Inglourious Basterds (2009), the authors analysed what, when, where and how to audio describe. The book is written in a collaborative effort, following a bottom up approach. The many issues that surfaced in the process of the analysis were grouped in broader categories represented in the ten chapters this book contains. A good example of a successful international collaboration, the volume sets a robust practical and theoretical framework for the many studies on audio description to come in the future. Considering the structure of the individual contributions, the book is not only oriented towards the identification of the challenges that await the describer, but it also offers an insight into their possible solutions.
Audio Description Washes Brighter? A Study in Brand Names and Advertising
José Dávila-Montes and Pilar Orero 7.1 Introduction: Audio Describing Objects
This chapter explores the audio description (AD) of brand names in three films, ...
Author: Anna Matamala
Audio description is one of the many services available to guarantee accessibility to audiovisual media. It describes and narrates images and sounds and resulting audio is then mixed with the original soundtrack. Audio description is a complex process that touches production, distribution and reception. Researching Audio Description: New Approachesgathers academic information and data from the many existing research projects, practices, and training across the world. The book has a telescopic approach, from two introductory chapters where accessibility in general is contextualised as a human right, and the basic concepts of disability and impairment are explored. Research on specific features for audio description script drafting are focused in the second part of the book, with a view to revising existing funded projects and their outcomes. The book offers a wealth of information on both the practical and philosophical, from different approaches in perception and cognition, and different research methodologies. Project information contained in the contributions identifies trends in current research-funded studies which will be valuable as a pointer towards future proposals. The book shows the dynamic state of audio description practice, training and research, while contributing towards the growing critical mass needed in building the field of accessibility studies.
1.1 Introduction Audio description (AD) has been embraced by the rapidly
growing field of media accessibility (MA). According to Greco (2018: 206), studies
concerned with accessibility have been at the centre of a revolution, gradually '
Author: Sabine Braun
This state-of-the-art volume covers recent developments in research on audio description, the professional practice dedicated to making audiovisual products, artistic artefacts and performances accessible to those with supplementary visual and cognitive needs. Harnessing the power of the spoken word, the projects covered in this book illustrate the value of audiovisual content descriptions not only in relation to the role of breaking down physical, cognitive and emotional barriers to entertainment, but also in informing broader media practices such as video archive retrieval, video gaming development and application software creation. The first section maps out the field, discusses key concepts in relation to new developments and illustrates their application; the second part focuses on new audiences for AD, whilst the third part covers the impact of new technologies. Throughout this book contributors focus on methodological innovation, regarding audio description as an opportunity to engage in multi-dimensional linguistic and user-experience analysis, as it intersects with and contributes to a range of other research disciplines. This book is key reading for researchers, advanced students and practitioners of audiovisual translation, media, film and performance studies, as well as those in related fields including cognition, narratology, computer vision and artificial intelligence.
In addition, we present related (non-audio) libraries and packages that could be
used in the context of intelligent ... B.1 MATLAB Libraries—Audio and Speech
Name Description Auditory Toolbox, Appendix B: Audio-Related Libraries and ...
Author: Theodoros Giannakopoulos
Publisher: Academic Press
Introduction to Audio Analysis serves as a standalone introduction to audio analysis, providing theoretical background to many state-of-the-art techniques. It covers the essential theory necessary to develop audio engineering applications, but also uses programming techniques, notably MATLAB®, to take a more applied approach to the topic. Basic theory and reproducible experiments are combined to demonstrate theoretical concepts from a practical point of view and provide a solid foundation in the field of audio analysis. Audio feature extraction, audio classification, audio segmentation, and music information retrieval are all addressed in detail, along with material on basic audio processing and frequency domain representations and filtering. Throughout the text, reproducible MATLAB® examples are accompanied by theoretical descriptions, illustrating how concepts and equations can be applied to the development of audio analysis systems and components. A blend of reproducible MATLAB® code and essential theory provides enable the reader to delve into the world of audio signals and develop real-world audio applications in various domains. Practical approach to signal processing: The first book to focus on audio analysis from a signal processing perspective, demonstrating practical implementation alongside theoretical concepts Bridge the gap between theory and practice: The authors demonstrate how to apply equations to real-life code examples and resources, giving you the technical skills to develop real-world applications Library of MATLAB code: The book is accompanied by a well-documented library of MATLAB functions and reproducible experiments
This chapter contains an introduction to the main principles of digital audio,
described in a relatively non-mathematical way. Further reading
recommendations at the end of this chapter are given for those who want to study
the subject in more ...
Author: Francis Rumsey
Publisher: CRC Press
This best-selling book introduces you to the principles of sound, perception, audio technology and systems. Whilst offering vital reading for audio students and trainee engineers, this guide is ideal for anyone concerned with audio, sound and recording, beginners and professionals alike. Comprehensive and easy to understand, this fifth edition is bang up to date, with expanded information on digital audio principles, systems and applications, as well as an extensively updated chapter on MIDI and synthetic audio control.
1 INTRODUCTION MPEG - 7 provides description tools for describing one
multimedia document . Multimedia documents supported by MPEG - 7 are not
only typical audiovisual documents such as image , videos , audio sequences
Author: B. S. Manjunath
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The MPEG standards are an evolving set of standards for video and audio compression. MPEG 7 technology covers the most recent developments in multimedia search and retreival, designed to standardise the description of multimedia content supporting a wide range of applications including DVD, CD and HDTV. Multimedia content description, search and retrieval is a rapidly expanding research area due to the increasing amount of audiovisual (AV) data available. The wealth of practical applications available and currently under development (for example, large scale multimedia search engines and AV broadcast servers) has lead to the development of processing tools to create the description of AV material or to support the identification or retrieval of AV documents. Written by experts in the field, this book has been designed as a unique tutorial in the new MPEG 7 standard covering content creation, content distribution and content consumption. At present there are no books documenting the available technologies in such a comprehensive way. * Presents a comprehensive overview of the principles and concepts involved in the complete range of Audio Visual material indexing, metadata description, information retrieval and browsing * Details the major processing tools used for indexing and retrieval of images and video sequences * Individual chapters, written by experts who have contributed to the development of MPEG 7, provide clear explanations of the underlying tools and technologies contributing to the standard * Demostration software offering step-by-step guidance to the multi-media system components and eXperimentation model (XM) MPEG reference software * Coincides with the release of the ISO standard in late 2001. A valuable reference resource for practising electronic and communications engineers designing and implementing MPEG 7 compliant systems, as well as for researchers and students working with multimedia database technology.
Even in cases where regulators such as USA's FCC prescribed the use of access
services (such as the use of audio description with a limited number of TV
programs), the mandated introduction of such an access service was initially ...
Author: Yu-li Liu
With digital media becoming ever more prevalent, it is essential to study policy and marketing strategies tailored to this new development. In this volume, contributors examine government policy for a range of media, including digital television, IPTV, mobile TV, and OTT TV. They also address marketing strategies that can harness the unique nature of digital media’s innovation, production design, and accessibility. They draw on case studies in Asia, North America, and Europe to offer best practices for both policy and marketing strategies.
This book is intended for those who are active with sound amplification and sound distribution. The book provides information on adapting sound systems and/or transducer to the given acoustics like in open, half-open and closed spaces.
Author: Peter Swarte
Publisher: DHvV Interactive Lab
This book is intended for those who are active with sound amplification and sound distribution. The book provides information on adapting sound systems and/or transducer to the given acoustics like in open, half-open and closed spaces. An important aspect is how loudspeakers can be adapted to cover all types of surroundings. Very often a choice has to be made from a wide range of loudspeakers. On the other hand a combination of loudspeakers must be developed and composed in order to adapt the loudspeakers to the given acoustical circumstances. The question of which loudspeaker is the correct choice and how they need to be set-up so that speech and music are fully comprehensible in all kinds of acoustical and noisy circumstances. This book gives a full answer to these questions. The reader is also made aware of the design of loudspeakers on the basis of Small and Thiele parameters. With thorough calculations and the visibility of the out coming of these calculations by simple software it is possible to convert the acoustic and mechanical elements of the loudspeaker into electrical analogues so that the loudspeaker is simulated on the PC. Using an example the calculations mentioned above can be supported. Finally the full reference list simplifies the task of the reader in finding the information they require. “I’ve been fascinated by the possibilities of Electro-acoustics since I was 10 years old and now I am very pleased to be able to share the knowledge that I built up over 40 years working in the Electro-acoustics division of Philips.” My work experience was supplemented by giving lectures on electro-acoustics at the post-academic courses on acoustics in Antwerp (Belgium)
It relies on an expressive representation formalism handling high-level video
descriptions and a full-text query framework in an attempt to operate ... keyword-
annotation frameworks and state- of-the art architectures loosely-coupling visual
and audio descriptions. 1 Introduction and Related Work The size, heterogeneity
of content, and temporal characteristics of the video data bring about many
Author: Roland Wagner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Database and Expert Systems Applications held in September 2007. Papers are organized into topical sections covering XML, data and information, datamining and data warehouses, database applications, WWW, bioinformatics, process automation and workflow, knowledge management and expert systems, database theory, query processing, and privacy and security.
This book introduces readers to the various aspects of game audio, from its development in early games to theoretical discussions of immersion and realism.
Author: Canada Research Chair in Interactive Audio Karen Collins
Publisher: MIT Press
A distinguishing feature of video games is their interactivity, and sound plays an important role in this: a player's actions can trigger dialogue, sound effects, ambient sound, and music. This book introduces readers to the various aspects of game audio, from its development in early games to theoretical discussions of immersion and realism.
It comprises a commentary woven around the soundtrack , exploiting pauses to
explain on - screen action , describe ... Introduction Spain is to date the only
country in the world which has a written standard for audio description ( AENOR ...
Author: Łukasz Bogucki
Publisher: Peter Lang
The book offers a general and up-to-date overview of the wider discipline of Audiovisual Translation (AVT), including practices such as accessibility to the media. The innovative and exciting articles by well-known authors offer a comprehensive selection of topics for discussion and reflection that will appeal to students, lecturers, researchers and professionals alike, and indeed to anyone concerned about the way in which translation is carried out in the audiovisual media.
... HOA HRIR HRTF IIR LEV NFC-HOA SDM SOS SpatDIF WFS Apparent Source
Width Audio Scene Description Format ... Spatial Sound Description Interchange
Format Wave Field Synthesis xv Introduction 1.1 Nomenclature The notational ...
Author: Jens Ahrens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book puts the focus on serving human listeners in the sound field synthesis although the approach can be also exploited in other applications such as underwater acoustics or ultrasonics. The author derives a fundamental formulation based on standard integral equations and the single-layer potential approach is identified as a useful tool in order to derive a general solution. He also proposes extensions to the single-layer potential approach which allow for a derivation of explicit solutions for circular, planar, and linear distributions of secondary sources. Based on above described formulation it is shown that the two established analytical approaches of Wave Field Synthesis and Near-field Compensated Higher Order Ambisonics constitute specific solutions to the general problem which are covered by the single-layer potential solution and its extensions.
Audio description in MPEG-7 comprises features that can be useful for any
content-based search of sound files. In this paper, we investigate how to ...
content description. 1 Introduction Automatic extraction of multimedia information
from files ...
Author: Mohand-Said Hacid
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, ISMIS 2002, held in Lyon, France, in June 2002. The 63 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from around 160 submissions. The book offers topical sections on learning and knowledge discovery, intelligent user interfaces and ontologies, logic for AI, knowledge representation and reasoning, intelligent information retrieval, soft computing, intelligent information systems, and methodologies.