An Introduction to Zooarchaeology

This volume is a comprehensive, critical introduction to vertebrate zooarchaeology, the field that explores the history of human relations with animals from the Pliocene to the Industrial Revolution.​ The book is organized into five ...

An Introduction to Zooarchaeology

Author: Diane Gifford-Gonzalez

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319656821

Page: 604

View: 436

This volume is a comprehensive, critical introduction to vertebrate zooarchaeology, the field that explores the history of human relations with animals from the Pliocene to the Industrial Revolution.​ The book is organized into five sections, each with an introduction, that leads the reader systematically through this swiftly expanding field. Section One presents a general introduction to zooarchaeology, key definitions, and an historical survey of the emergence of zooarchaeology in the Americas, Europe, Asia, and Africa, and introduces the conceptual approach taken in the book. This volume is designed to allow readers to integrate data from the book along with that acquired elsewhere within a coherent analytical framework. Most of its chapters take the form of critical “review articles,” providing a portal into both the classic and current literature and contextualizing these with original commentary. Summaries of findings are enhanced by profuse illustrations by the author and others.​

The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

'The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology' offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that seeks to provide a holistic view of the role played by animals in shaping human history, with case studies from five continents ...

The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

Author: Umberto Albarella

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686475

Page: 839

View: 501

Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history and the study of their remains from archaeological sites--zooarchaeology--has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.

Zooarchaeology

This is an introductory text for students interested in identification and analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites.

Zooarchaeology

Author: Elizabeth J. Reitz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139467743

Page: 558

View: 298

This is an introductory text for students interested in identification and analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. The emphasis is on animals whose remains inform us about the relationship between humans and their natural and social environments, especially site formation processes, subsistence strategies, the processes of domestication, and paleoenvironments. Examining examples from all over the world, from the Pleistocene period up to the present, this volume is organized in a way that is parallel to faunal study, beginning with background information, bias in a faunal assemblage, and basic zooarchaeological methods. This revised edition reflects developments in zooarchaeology during the past decade. It includes sections on enamel ultrastructure and incremental analysis, stable isotyopes and trace elements, ancient genetics and enzymes, environmental reconstruction, people as agents of environmental change, applications of zooarchaeology in animal conservation and heritage management, and a discussion of issues pertaining to the curation of archaeofaunal materials.

Zooarchaeology in the Neotropics

This volume offers an up-to-date and broad perspective of the archaeology of human-animal interactions through time in the Neotropical Biogeographic Region, ranging from southern North America to southern South America.

Zooarchaeology in the Neotropics

Author: Mariana Mondini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319573284

Page: 188

View: 339

This volume offers an up-to-date and broad perspective of the archaeology of human-animal interactions through time in the Neotropical Biogeographic Region, ranging from southern North America to southern South America. The region has a rich and singular biotic history. The collection of works included in the volume –originally presented at the Second Academic Meeting of the NZWG-ICAZ – describes some of the instances of the diverse interactions of human and faunal populations in such a setting and the particular properties characterizing the derived archaeofaunal record. Understanding the zooarchaeological imprint of human insertion and evolution in this context represents an opportunity for improving our knowledge on the many ways modern humans have dealt with the colonization of the whole globe, and on the varied forms of organization they assumed within such diverse environments. The topics covered in this volume shed light on different and complementary aspects of the state of the art in zooarchaeological research in the Neotropics, and reveal how much Neotropical zooarchaeology has been growing in the past few decades. Several chapters focus on marine resources, covering a broad range of the diversity found in the Neotropical coastal environments. Another set of chapters deals primarily with inland Neotropical animals –including terrestrial, riverine/estuarine and avian faunas– and also with varying societal organizations. Natural formation processes in Neotropical environments are also dealt with in this collection of works. Finally, Neotropical faunas also entail unique methodological challenges, and some chapters provide new information from this perspective. Altogether, these contributions help grasp how unique human-animal interactions have been in the Neotropics, and yet how much can be learnt from them even for other settings and other times.

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

Introduction. This chapter reviews the development, practice, and results of
zooarchaeological research in historical archaeology. Zooarchaeology, or faunal
analysis, is the study of animal bones from archaeological sites. The study of
animal ...

International Handbook of Historical Archaeology

Author: Teresita Majewski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387720715

Page: 698

View: 701

In studying the past, archaeologists have focused on the material remains of our ancestors. Prehistorians generally have only artifacts to study and rely on the diverse material record for their understanding of past societies and their behavior. Those involved in studying historically documented cultures not only have extensive material remains but also contemporary texts, images, and a range of investigative technologies to enable them to build a broader and more reflexive picture of how past societies, communities, and individuals operated and behaved. Increasingly, historical archaeology refers not to a particular period, place, or a method, but rather an approach that interrogates the tensions between artifacts and texts irrespective of context. In short, historical archaeology provides direct evidence for how humans have shaped the world we live in today. Historical archaeology is a branch of global archaeology that has grown in the last 40 years from its North American base into an increasingly global community of archaeologists each studying their area of the world in a historical context. Where historical archaeology started as part of the study of the post-Columbian societies of the United States and Canada, it has now expanded to interface with the post-medieval archaeologies of Europe and the diverse post-imperial experiences of Africa, Latin America, and Australasia. The 36 essays in the International Handbook of Historical Archaeology have been specially commissioned from the leading researchers in their fields, creating a wide-ranging digest of the increasingly global field of historical archaeology. The volume is divided into two sections, the first reviewing the key themes, issues, and approaches of historical archaeology today, and the second containing a series of case studies charting the development and current state of historical archaeological practice around the world. This key reference work captures the energy and diversity of this global discipline today.

Conservation Biology and Applied Zooarchaeology

This book shows how zooarchaeology can productively inform conservation science.

Conservation Biology and Applied Zooarchaeology

Author: Steve Wolverton

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 0816521131

Page: 241

View: 471

This book shows how zooarchaeology can productively inform conservation science. It both introduces applied zooarchaeology to conservation biologists and offers case studies that use animal remains from archaeological and paleontological sites to provide information that has direct implications for wildlife management and conservation biology today.

Archaeological Science

An accessible and wide-ranging introduction to the exciting and expanding field of archaeological science, for students, professionals and academics.

Archaeological Science

Author: Michael Richards

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521195225

Page: 400

View: 456

An accessible and wide-ranging introduction to the exciting and expanding field of archaeological science, for students, professionals and academics.

Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins

Introduction: Zooarchaeology. and. Modern. Human. Origins. Levantine
Prehistory (Préhistoire du Sud-Levant) (pp. 97–100). Vanhaeren, M., d'Errico,.
Chapter. 1. Jamie L. Clark and John D. Speth The nature, behavior, and ultimate
fate of the ...

Zooarchaeology and Modern Human Origins

Author: Jamie L. Clark

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400767668

Page: 275

View: 792

Recent genetic data showing that Neanderthals interbred with modern humans have made it clear that deeper insight into the behavioral differences between these populations will be critical to understanding the rapid spread of modern humans and the demise of the Neanderthals. This volume, which brings together scholars who have worked with faunal assemblages from Europe, the Near East, and Africa, makes an important contribution to our broader understanding of Neanderthal extinction and modern human origins through its focus on variability in human hunting behavior between 70-25,000 years ago—a critical period in the later evolution of our species.​

Quantitative Zooarchaeology

Introduction. A decade ago, a student interested in learning all that had been
written on the methodological aspects of the analysis of vertebrate faunal
remains from archaeological sites could satisfy that interest by spending a few
days ...

Quantitative Zooarchaeology

Author: Donald K. Grayson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483299449

Page: 202

View: 600

Quantitative Zooarchaeology

Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany

Introduction. Amber M. VanDerwarker and Tanya M. Peres We first met in 2004, a
pivotal time in both our careers. We had both recently finished our PhD work (
Peres in 2001 at the University of Florida, VanDerwarker in 2003 at the University
 ...

Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany

Author: Amber VanDerwarker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441909350

Page: 335

View: 878

In recent years, scholars have emphasized the need for more holistic subsistence analyses, and collaborative publications towards this endeavor have become more numerous in the literature. However, there are relatively few attempts to qualitatively integrate zooarchaeological (animal) and paleoethnobotanical (plant) data, and even fewer attempts to quantitatively integrate these two types of subsistence evidence. Given the vastly different methods used in recovering and quantifying these data, not to mention their different preservational histories, it is no wonder that so few have undertaken this problem. Integrating Zooarchaeology and Paleoethnobotany takes the lead in tackling this important issue by addressing the methodological limitations of data integration, proposing new methods and innovative ways of using established methods, and highlighting case studies that successfully employ these methods to shed new light on ancient foodways. The volume challenges the perception that plant and animal foodways are distinct and contends that the separation of the analysis of archaeological plant and animal remains sets up a false dichotomy between these portions of the diet. In advocating qualitative and quantitative data integration, the volume establishes a clear set of methods for (1) determining the suitability of data integration in any particular case, and (2) carrying out an integrated qualitative or quantitative approach.

Animal bones in Australian archaeology

Animal bones in Australian archaeology is an introductory bone identification manual written for archaeologists working in Australia. This field guide includes 16 species commonly encountered in both Indigenous and historical sites.

Animal bones in Australian archaeology

Author: Melanie Fillios

Publisher: Sydney University Press

ISBN: 1743324332

Page: 189

View: 643

Zooarchaeology has emerged as a powerful way of reconstructing the lives of past societies. Through the analysis of animal bones found on a site, zooarchaeologists can uncover important information on the economy, trade, industry, diet, and other fascinating facts about the people who lived there. Animal bones in Australian archaeology is an introductory bone identification manual written for archaeologists working in Australia. This field guide includes 16 species commonly encountered in both Indigenous and historical sites. Using diagrams and flow charts, it walks the reader step-by-step through the bone identification process. Combining practical and academic knowledge, the manual also provides an introductory insight into zooarchaeological methodology and the importance of zooarchaeological research in understanding human behaviour through time.

Zooarchaeology of South America

Introduction : An overview of South American zooarchaeology . . . . Mariana E .
De Nigris 2 . Guanaco and huemul in Patagonian hunter - gatherers diet . . . . .
Daniel M . Loponte and Alejandro A . Acosta 3 . Late Holocene hunter - gatherers
 ...

Zooarchaeology of South America

Author: Guillermo L. Mengoni Goñalons

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN:

Page: 220

View: 951

This volume presents eleven specialised and technical papers, plus an introduction, on the zooarchaeology of pre-Hispanic South America.

Social Zooarchaeology

... and the role that humans may have played in them. We can take some lessons
from more recent extinctions. The anthropogenic factors that can contribute to
animal extinctions include overhunting or persecution, pollution, the introduction
of ...

Social Zooarchaeology

Author: Nerissa Russell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139504347

Page:

View: 650

This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.

The Zooarchaeology of Fats Oils Milk and Dairying

1 - 6 The Zooarchaeology of Fats , Oils , Milk and Dairying : an introduction and
overview Section 1 Methodologies e 9th ... Alan K . Outram and Jacqui Mulville
Introduction There are three reasons why the time was ripe to hold and publish ...

The Zooarchaeology of Fats  Oils  Milk and Dairying

Author: International Council for Archaeozoology. Conference

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN:

Page: 200

View: 101

Fat has been cast as a villain in our modern, Western society, but for many economies, past and present, the availability of foods rich in fat could mean the difference between life and death. But fat has more to offer than nutrition; fats can be used in waterproofing, as lubrication, and as a base for other items such as perfumes and cosmetics. This variety of use means that fats have been a valuable trading commodity for thousands of years. The various ways in which fats can be utilised has important implications for the archaeological record. The physical method(s) of extracting the fat from a dead animal will leave differing signs on the carcass, while the removal of fats while an animal is alive (such as milking) has been the focus of much ethnographic research. Then there is the matter of how the fats are stored...and so on. The zooarchaeological study of fats is a complex, interdisciplinary area of archaeology. The nineteen papers in this volume represent a firm foundation for further research into the past exploitation of this heroic substance.

Zooarchaeology in Greece

Preface Recent advances in method : introduction Eleni Kotjabopoulou and Clive
. The papers in this volume were scheduled to be presented at the International
Conference ' Zooarchaeology in Greece : Recent Advances ' that was due to ...

Zooarchaeology in Greece

Author: B. Kotjabopoulou

Publisher: British School of Athens

ISBN:

Page: 310

View: 137

Animals have always been integral to life and culture in Greece. Recently the study of animal bones has played an important role in investigations of Greek archaeology. In this volume the current position is reviewed with papers ranging from the Palaeolithic to the Medieval periods and employing a wide range of techniques and approaches. The papers cover not only the themes of subsistence and methodology but also symbolism, ritual and the artistic representation of animals. The interdisciplinary and international character of zooarchaeology is confirmed and many new avenues for research are suggested.

Integrating Zooarchaeology

Zooarchaeology: Introduction. Integrating Zooarchaeology (ed Mark Maltby) pp. 5
–16 2. Integrating Zooarchaeology ... Zooarchaeological research has the
potential to investigate a broad range of issues also of interest to archaeological
 ...

Integrating Zooarchaeology

Author: International Council for Archaeozoology. Conference

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN:

Page: 152

View: 605

Zooarchaeological research has great potential to investigate areas of interest to other archaeologists, such as diet, trade, ritual, spatial usage, rubbish disposal, production, specialisation, land use, and more. Contributions to this volume cover North and South America, the Near East, Great Britain and Continental Europe, over a period from c.19,000 bp to ad 1778, and explore such themes as hunter/gatherers, early farming, Bronze Age and Iron Age societies, Classical civilisations, the medieval world, New World explorers and the American War of Independence.

Mammalian Zooarchaeology Alaska

North Slope Borough . Anthropology and Historic Preservation , Cooperative
Park Studies Unit , University of Alaska , Occasional Paper No . 12 . Hole , Frank
and Robert F . Heizer 1969 An Introduction to Prehistoric Archaeology . New York
 ...

Mammalian Zooarchaeology  Alaska

Author: George S. Smith

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 513

View: 618

Provides a systematic regional approach for identifying and analyzing mammal bones from archaeological sites in Alaska. Contains field and laboratory procedures and reference material relevant to Alaska, including anatomical drawings, biographical information on Alaskan mammals, maps of animal distributions, animal weights, and methods of determining age. Includes topical bibliographies.

Maya Zooarchaeology

Maya Zooarchaeology

Author: Kitty F. Emery

Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology

ISBN:

Page: 310

View: 116

Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Method and Theory, edited by Kitty F. Emery, explores the latest research on the complex relationship between the ancient Maya and their animal neighbors. This comprehensive work combines fundamental zooarchaeological data from sites across the Maya world with critical histories and state-of-the-art summaries of the modern methods and theoretical perspectives of Maya zooarchaeology. The contributing authors emphasize new developments in technical methods, recent trends in Mesoamerican "social zooarchaeology," and new interpretations enhanced by the regional scope of modern zooarchaeological investigations in the Maya world. The volume fosters cooperation among Mesoamerican zooarchaeologists and archaeologists, from first recovery and analysis through final theoretical reconstruction.

The Archaeology of Animals

INTRODUCTION. This book is about zoo-archaeology (also known as
archaeozoology): the study of fossilised faunal (i.e. animal) remains from ...
Zooarchaeology is thus basically the study of the garbage of ancient peoples'
meals. Remains ...

The Archaeology of Animals

Author: Simon J. M. Davis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135106592

Page: 228

View: 131

Ever since the discovery of fossil remains of extinct animals associated with flint implements, bones and other animal remains have been providing invaluable information to the archaeologist. In the last 20 years many archaeologists and zoologists have taken to studying such "archaeofaunal" remains, and the science of "zoo-archaeology" has come into being. What was the nature of the environment in which our ancestors lived? In which season were sites occupied? When did our earliest ancestors start to hunt big game, and how efficient were they as hunters? Were early humans responsible for the extinction of so many species of large mammals 10-20,000 years ago? When, where and why were certain animals first domesticated? When did milking and horse-riding begin? Did the Romans influence our eating habits? What were sanitary conditions like in medieval England? And could the terrible pestilence which afflicted the English in the seventh century AD have been plague? These are some of the questions dealt with in this book. The book also describes the nature and development of bones and teeth, and some of the methods used in zoo-archaeology.

Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology in Argentina

2004a ( editor ) Zooarchaeology of South America . BAR International Series
1298 . ... An overview of South American Zooarchaeology . In Zooarchaeology of
South America , edited by G . L . Mengoni Goñalons , pp . 1 - 9 . BAR
International ...

Taphonomy and Zooarchaeology in Argentina

Author: María A. Gutierrez

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN:

Page: 233

View: 234

15 papers in English covering the scope of subjects currently being researched in Argentina and arising from two symposia at the 15th Congresso nacional de Arqueologia Argentina in 2001.