Armies in East Africa 1914 18

One of the least-published campaigns of World War I (1914-1918) was that fought in East Africa by forces of colonial troops – British Empire, Belgian, Portuguese and German.

Armies in East Africa 1914   18

Author: Peter Abbott

Publisher: Osprey Publishing


Page: 48

View: 144

One of the least-published campaigns of World War I (1914-1918) was that fought in East Africa by forces of colonial troops – British Empire, Belgian, Portuguese and German. Short of resources, many European, African and Indian soldiers recorded epics of endurance as they hunted the outnumbered but brilliantly led German colonial forces across a disease-ridden wilderness. The achievements of Paul von Lettow Vorbeck – the last German commander in the field to lay down his arms – brought him fame and respect comparable to that won by Rommel in World War II. The events and the forces are described here in concise detail, and illustrated with rare photographs and striking colour artworks.

Indian Army in East Africa 1914 1918

A study of excellence of military elements including strategy, troop morale, topography and leadership. It is thorough investigation of the role of Indian Soldiers in East-Africa during the worldwar I makes fascinating reading.

Indian Army in East Africa  1914 1918

Author: S. D. Pradhan

Publisher: South Asia Books


Page: 172

View: 543

A study of excellence of military elements including strategy, troop morale, topography and leadership. It is thorough investigation of the role of Indian Soldiers in East-Africa during the worldwar I makes fascinating reading.

Indian Soldiers in the First World War

Geoffrey Hodges, 'African Manpower Statistics for the British Forces in East Africa
19141918', Journal of African History, Vol. 19, No. 1, 1978, pp. 101–116.
George Morton-Jack, The Indian Empire at War: The Untold Story of the Indian
Army ...

Indian Soldiers in the First World War

Author: Ashutosh Kumar

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1000335283

Page: 240

View: 812

This book explores the lives and social histories of Indians soldiers who fought in the First World War. It focuses on their motivations, experiences, and lives after returning from service in Europe, Mesopotamia, East Africa, and Palestine, to present a more complete picture of Indian participation in the war. The book looks at the Indian support to the war for political concessions from the British government and its repercussions through the perspective of the role played by more than one million Indian soldiers and labourers. It examines the social and cultural aspects of the experience of fighting on foreign soil in a deadly battle and their contributions which remain largely unrecognised. From micro-histories of fighting soldiers, aspects of recruitment and deployment, to macro-histories connecting different aspects of the War, the volume explores a variety of themes including: the material incentives, coercion and training which converted peasants into combatants; encounters of travelling Indian soldiers with other societies; and the contributions of returned soldiers in Indian society. The book will be useful to researchers and students of history, post-colonial studies, sociology, literature, and cultural studies as well as for those interested in military history, World War I, and colonial history.

The Balkans Italy Africa 1914 1918

for troops, and it was not long before South African units began to arrive. In
December 1915, the War Office appointed General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien to
take command of East African forces, while the Committee of Imperial Defence
sitting in ...

The Balkans  Italy   Africa 1914   1918

Author: David Jordan

Publisher: Amber Books Ltd

ISBN: 1908273089

Page: 224

View: 880

The History of World War I series recounts the battles and campaigns that took place during the 'Great War'. From the Falkland Islands to the lakes of Africa, across the Eastern and Western Fronts, to the former German colonies in the Pacific, the World War I series provides a six-volume history of the battles and campaigns that raged on land, at sea and in the air. The act that sparked World War I – the assassination in Sarajevo of the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand – was the culmination of a series of events stretching back into the nineteenth century. A mixture of ethnic tensions, nationalism, political opportunism, and the quest for power and status within the Balkans helped to plunge all of Europe into a conflict that would cost millions of lives. Austro-Hungary faced conflict with both Serbia and Russia during the opening phase of the war. German allegiance to Austria had been clear from the outset, but the decision of the Bulgarians to commit themselves to the Central Powers in October 1915 made a notable difference to the war in the Balkans. It led to the opening of the Salonika front in Greece, where 150,0000 British and French troops saw little fighting unitl the disastrous 1918 Doiran campaign. At the war's outbreak in 1914, the British authorities in Africa were totally unprepared, with relatively few forces available to attack the German colonies, who themselves were effectively left isolated from help. The German commander in East Africa, Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, set about launching a brilliant guerrilla campaign with scant resources, conducting lightning attacks on Allied targets, particularly the Uganda Railway. He was opposed by the South African General Jan Smuts and his mixture of Boer, British, Rhodesian, Indian, African, Belgian and Portuguese soldiers. Fighting would continue in the African colonies until November 1918. Italy entered the war against the Central Powers in April 1915. For two years, Austro-Hungarian forces were kept at bay on Italy's northern borders, until disaster overtook the Italian forces at the Battle of Caporetto in October 1917. The humiliation of such a defeat by a combined German and Austro-Hungarian force would only be partially relieved by the Allied victory at Vittorio Veneto in November 1918, which led to the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the aid of over 300 black and white and colour photographs, complemented by full-colour maps, The Balkans, Italy & Africa provides a detailed guide to the background and conduct of the war in the Balkan, Italian and African theatres from the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo to the surrender of the Central Powers.

Indian Army and the First World War

191418 Kaushik Roy. 206. 207. 208. 209. 210. Major F.S. Keen, 'Lecture on “
The Campaign in East Africa”', p.98. Geoffrey Till, 'The Gallipoli Campaign:
Command Performances', in Gary Sheffield and Geoffrey Till (eds), The
Challenges of ...

Indian Army and the First World War

Author: Kaushik Roy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199093679

Page: 441

View: 774

Accustomed to conducting low-intensity warfare before 1914, the Indian Army learnt to engage in high-intensity conventional warfare during the course of World War I, thereby exhibiting a steep learning curve. Being the bulwark of the British Empire in South Asia, the ‘brown warriors’ of the Raj functioned as an imperial fire brigade during the war. Studying the Indian Army as an institution during the war, Kaushik Roy delineates its social, cultural, and organizational aspects to understand its role in the scheme of British imperial projects. Focusing not just on ‘history from above’ but also ‘history from below’, Roy analyses the experiences of common soldiers and not just those of the high command. Moreover, since society, along with the army, was mobilized to provide military and non-military support, this volume sheds light on the repercussions of this mass mobilization on the structure of British rule in South Asia. Using rare archival materials, published autobiographies, and diaries, Roy’s work offers a holistic analysis of the military performance of the Indian Army in major theatres during the war.

The Meinertzhagen Mystery

In mid-January 1915, after a change of commanders in East Africa, Mackay
would be made commandant of the ... studies like S. D. Pradhan's The Indian
Army in East Africa, 1914-1918 (New Delhi: National Book Organisation/ South
Asia ...

The Meinertzhagen Mystery

Author: Brian Garfield

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597974471

Page: 353

View: 780

Tall, handsome, charming Col. Richard Meinertzhagen (1878-1967) was an acclaimed British war hero, a secret agent, and a dean of international ornithology. His exploits inspired three biographies, movies have been based on his life, and a square in Jerusalem is dedicated to his memory. Meinertzhagen was trusted by Winston Churchill, David Lloyd George, Chaim Weizmann, David Ben Gurion, T. E. Lawrence, Elspeth Huxley, and a great many others. He bamboozled them all. Meinertzhagen was a fraud. Many of the adventures recorded in his celebrated diaries were imaginary, including a meeting with Hitler while he had a loaded pistol in his pocket, an attempt to rescue the Russian royal family in 1918, and a shoot-out with Arabs in Haifa when he was seventy years old. True, he was a key player in Middle Eastern events after World War I, and during the 1930s he represented Zionism's interests in negotiations with Germany. But he also set up Nazi front organizations in England, committed a half-century of major and costly scientific fraud, and -- oddly -- may have been innocent of many killings to which he confessed (e.g., the murder of his own polo groom -- a crime of which he cheerfully boasted, although the evidence suggests it never occurred at all). Further, he may have been guilty of at least one homicide of which he professed innocence. A compelling read about a flamboyant rogue, The Meinertzhagen Mystery shows how recorded history reflects not what happened, but what we believe happened.

Battlefield Rations

19141918. R. egiments of the British Army fought in six other theatres of
operations beyond the Western Front. Two battalions participated in the four-year
long campaign in German East Africa (now mainland Tanzania); larger
formations ...

Battlefield Rations

Author: Anthony Clayton

Publisher: Helion and Company

ISBN: 1910294284

Page: 120

View: 377

An Army marches on its stomach, observed Napoleon, a hundred and fifty years later General Rommel remarked that the British should always be attacked before soldiers had had an early morning cup of tea. This book, written to raise money for the Army Benevolent Fund and with a Foreword by General Lord Dannatt, sets out the human story of the food and "brew-ups" of the front-line soldier from the Boer War to Helmand. Throughout, the importance of the provision of food, or even a simple mug of tea, for morale and unit fellowship as well as for the need of the calories required for battle is highlighted with many examples over the century. For many, until 1942, the basis of food was "bully beef" and hard biscuit, supplemented by whatever could be found locally, all adequate but monotonous. Sometimes supply failed, on occasions water also. The extremes of hardship being when regiments were besieged, as in Ladysmith in the Boer War and Kut el-Amara in Iraq in the 1914-18 war. At Kut soldiers had, at best, hedgehogs or birds fried in axle-grease with local vegetation. On the Western Front the Retreat from Mons in August 1914 was almost as severe. The transport of food is as interesting a story as the food itself, ranging from oxen, horses, mules, camels, even reindeer and elephants to motor transport and aircraft in different theatres at different times. The first airdrop of food, not very successful, was in fact at Kut el-Amara in 1916. The inter-war years experiences of mountaineers and polar explorers, supplemented by academic diet studies of the unemployed in London and North England led to the introduction of the varied composite, or 'compo' rations, marking an enormous improvement in soldiers' food, an improvement commented upon by the bully beef and biscuits-fed 8th Army advancing into Tunisia from Libya on meeting the 1st Army which had landed in Algeria with tins of compo. The Italian campaigns of 1943-45, especially the Salerno and Anzio landings and the battle for Monte Cassino, presented particular difficulties. At Cassino food reached forward units on mules with Basuto muleteers and Indian porters for the last stage to men in ground holes or scrapes. Soldiers landing in Normandy and fighting on into Germany were generally well fed even during a hard 1944-45 winter. The worst suffering, though, fell on soldiers in the Burma campaign, especially in the Chindit columns. In one unit, the only food available at one time was the chaplain's store of Communion wafers. Many men died unnecessarily from the results of poor feeding. In the end of empire colonial campaigns soldiers were generally well fed even if the food was monotonous. Units in the Korean War experienced difficulties at the onset; in the Borneo jungle campaigns of the 1960s the problem was not so much the provision of food for patrols as how to eat it without the smell of the food and refuse from the packs giving positions away. For the Falklands War special cold weather compo had to be provided and was eaten on the long 'yomps' or 'tabs' marches. The soldier on the streets of Northern Ireland often lived on egg "banjo" sandwiches but real hardship was suffered by one Welsh battalion besieged by the Serbs in Gorazde during the Bosnia operations when Vitamin C deficiency led to scurvy. The book ends with food supply, often based on whole or part swapping with American military food (usually below British standards) in the Iraq operations and in Afghanistan. An appendix sets out the contents of a typical box of rations issued to a soldier in Helmand in 2011, very generous in quantity and easily prepared. One side of the box carries a stern message to the effect that a soldier must consume the entire contents in order to maintain full fighting efficiency. Such injunctions were not marked on the boxes of food sent forward to the troops in the Boer War; there the boxes were stamped with the initials of the Senior Catering Office Field Force. "Scoffs here at last." The work has been compiled from documents in the Royal Logistic Corps Museum at Deepcut, from memoirs, letters and interviews, and from the superb collection of regimental histories in the library of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. All royalties due to the author for this book will be sent to the Army Benevolent Fund, The Soldiers' Charity.

The Great War in Africa 1914 1918

A history of the Allied campaigns against the German colonies in North Africa chronicles the battles using spears, bare hands, armored cars, and airplanes in sites that were far from the main action of the war

The Great War in Africa  1914 1918

Author: Byron Farwell

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393305647

Page: 382

View: 960

A history of the Allied campaigns against the German colonies in North Africa chronicles the battles using spears, bare hands, armored cars, and airplanes in sites that were far from the main action of the war

1914 1918

Europe and Africa in the South African Native Labour Contingent. From the
Caribbean 16,000 volunteered, British East Africa raised some 34,000 fighting
troops, the British West African colonies 25,000; and the Africans pressed into
service ...

1914 1918

Author: David Stevenson

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141904348

Page: 784

View: 300

1914-1918, David Stevenson's history of the First World War, has been acclaimed as the definitive one-volume account of the conflict In the summer of 1914 Europe exploded into a frenzy of mass violence. The war that followed had global repercussions, destroying four empires and costing millions of lives. Even the victorious countries were scarred for a generation, and we still today remain within the conflict's shadow. In this major analysis David Stevenson re-examines the causes, course and impact of this 'war to end war', placing it in the context of its era and exposing its underlying dynamics. His book provides a wide-ranging international history, drawing on insights from the latest research. It offers compelling answers to the key questions about how this terrible struggle unfolded: questions that remain disturbingly relevant for our own time. 'It's harder to imagine a better single-volume comprehensive history of the conflict than this superb study' Ian Kershaw 'Perhaps the best comprehensive one-volume history of the war yet written' New Yorker 'David Stevenson is the real deal ... His defining characteristic is his outstanding rigour as an historian ... tremendously clever' Niall Ferguson 'This history of the 1914-1918 conflict surpasses all others. It is tough, erudite and comprehensive' Independent

South Africa

... 10 to 1, rebelled. The Natal militia (citizen army) crushed the uprising, killing
three thousand blacks, but whites remained afraid of further violent outbreaks. ...
Two years later, world events forced many South Africans to set aside domestic
issues during World War I (19141918). South African troops fought in Europe
and East Africa alongside Britain and other countries to defeat Germany and its

South Africa

Author: Janice Hamilton

Publisher: Lerner Books [UK]

ISBN: 1580134513

Page: 80

View: 909

The 'Visual Geography series' explores the government and history, economy, people, geography and cultural life of different countries around the world. Pedagogical features of the books include: glossaries, further resources and links to the series website.

The Guinness History of the British Army

GERMAN EAST AFRICA, 1914-18 devote 130,000 troops to East Africa, at a cost
of £72 million. It was an object lesson in the effectiveness of guerrilla warfare,
and one that the British were to remember in years to come. THE GALLIPOLI ...

The Guinness History of the British Army

Author: John Pimlott



Page: 224

View: 611

South Africa in Pictures

The Natal militia (citizen army) crushed the uprising, killing three thousand blacks
, but whites remained afraid of further violent outbreaks. The Union of South ...
two years later, world events forced many South Africans to set aside domestic
issues during World War I (1914-1918). South African troops fought in Europe
and East Africa alongside Britain and other countries to defeat Germany and its

South Africa in Pictures

Author: Janice Hamilton

Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books

ISBN: 9780822509387

Page: 80

View: 508

Text and illustrations present detailed information on the geography, history and government, economy, people, cultural life, and society of traditional and modern South Africa.

The History of Nigerian Army The Missing Link

The West African Frontier Force (WAFF) had two regiments in Nigeria. ...
Amalgamation policy to form what he called the Nigerian Regiment which took
part in the First World War 1914 -1918 in the Cameroon and East African

The History of Nigerian Army   The Missing Link

Author: Oyewole Olusegun


ISBN: 1471604292


View: 696

The Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies 1662 1982

Battle Honours East and West Africa 1914 - 1918 East Africa 1914 - 18 East
Africa 1914 - 17 East Africa 1914 – 16 East Africa 1914 East Africa 1915 - 18 East
Africa 1915 - 17 Kilimanjaro Nyangao Behobeho Narungombe d Royal Fusiliers

The Battle Honours of the British and Indian Armies  1662 1982

Author: Hugh C. B. Cook

Publisher: Leo Cooper Books


Page: 552

View: 634

A unique reference work that shows what units were at what battles through Britain's military history.


World War I INDIAN ARMY IN EAST AFRICA 1914 - 1918 SD Prahan * Kay
Printers , New Delhi , ' First Published in India in 1991 by Mrs A H Marwah on
behalf of the National Book Organisation ' , 1991 . Green , white , 8 . 5 x 5 . 5 , xi /
172 .


Author: Roger Perkins

Publisher: Newton Abbot, Devon : R. Perkins


Page: 806

View: 653

Intended as a work of reference, this critical bibliography is a description of the historical records published by, or in the name of, all the military, para-military and police forces which served the British Empire and Commonwealth. It is based upon information received from 200 contributors and from contacts with 78 military libraries worldwide. It gives a listing of all such books, for all of the dominions, colonies, protectorates and mandated territories, from the time of Robert Clive's India through to 1993.

The Battle of Tanga 1914

Hodges , G . W . T . , ' African Manpower Statistics for the British Forces in East
Africa , 19141918 ' , Journal of ... Birenda , ' Development of the transport
system in the Indian Army from 1760 to 1914 ' , Army Quarterly , LXXVII ( 1959 ) ,
pp .

The Battle of Tanga 1914

Author: Ross Anderson

Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited


Page: 158

View: 123

"The first history of the abortive Allied campaign to invade Turkey during World War I ... to incorporate research from the Ottoman Turkish archives."--Jacket.

Reflections of Twelve Decades

... East Africa as soldiers with the British Army, which fought the Germans in East
Africa, i.e., Tanganyika during the 19141918 war. The British forces on the East
African sector were all assembled and organized as a fighting unit at the port of ...

Reflections of Twelve Decades

Author: Frank Morgan

Publisher: Strategic Book Publishing

ISBN: 1625162405

Page: 218

View: 691

This informative and loving memoir about the life and times of author Frank Morgan tells the story of his years in East Africa with his beloved wife. But the story is even much richer than that, in that it also covers twelve decades of time in an area of the world most can only dream about. Now age 88 and retired, the author has always wanted to share his East African adventures, as well as his work for the British government in the development of the region. Morgan also tells of his ancestors' involvement in East Africa and the Seychelles that began in 1830. His epic story takes readers up to the year 1958. Reflections of Twelve Decades is a fascinating mixture of what ifs and what could have beens.

World War I and Propaganda

In total, France supplemented its metropolitan army with nearly 500,000 soldiers
from Africa and Southeast Asia. ... 2 See Michelle Moyd, “We don't want to die for
nothing': askari at war in German East Africa, 19141918,” in Santanu Das, ed., ...

World War I and Propaganda


Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004264574

Page: 374

View: 892

World War I and Propaganda offers a new look at a familiar subject. Scholars examine the complex negotiations involved in propaganda within the British Empire, in occupied territories, in neutral nations, and how war should be conducted.

Encyclopedia of African History 3 Volume Set

... on African troops. The 11,500 soldiers serving under the Union Jack in West
Africa, East and central Africa, and northern Nigeria in 1902 included no more
than 300 white officers and NCOs. The Great War of 19141918 in Africa
required an ...

Encyclopedia of African History 3 Volume Set

Author: Kevin Shillington

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135456690

Page: 1912

View: 522

Covering the entire continent from Morocco, Libya, and Egypt in the north to the Cape of Good Hope in the south, and the surrounding islands from Cape Verde in the west to Madagascar, Mauritius, and Seychelles in the east, the Encyclopedia of African History is a new A-Z reference resource on the history of the entire African continent. With entries ranging from the earliest evolution of human beings in Africa to the beginning of the twenty-first century, this comprehensive three volume Encyclopedia is the first reference of this scale and scope. Also includes 99 maps.