Ascetic Eucharists

The early Eucharist has usually been seen as sacramental eating of token bread and wine in careful or even slavish imitation of Jesus and his earliest disciples.

Ascetic Eucharists

Author: Andrew Brian McGowan

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198269724

Page: 312

View: 664

The early Eucharist has usually been seen as sacramental eating of token bread and wine in careful or even slavish imitation of Jesus and his earliest disciples. In fact the evidence suggests great diversity in its conduct, including the use of foods, in the first few hundred years. Eucharistic meals involving cheese, milk, salt, oil, and vegetables are attested, and some have argued that even fish was used. The most significant exception to using bread and wine, however, was a `bread-and-water' Christian meal, an ancient ascetic form of the Eucharist. This tradition also involved rejection of meat from general diet, and reflected the concern of dissident communities to avoid the cuisine - meat and wine - characteristic of pagan sacrifice. This study describes and discusses these practices fully for the first time, and provides important new insights into the liturgical and social history of early Christianity.

Ascetic Eucharists

The early Eucharist has been seen as sacramental eating of token bread and wine in imitation of Jesus. This text suggests diversity in its conduct, including the early use of foods.

Ascetic Eucharists

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 312

View: 187

The early Eucharist has been seen as sacramental eating of token bread and wine in imitation of Jesus. This text suggests diversity in its conduct, including the early use of foods.

Biblical Nutrition Forty Days of Meditations

81 McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists, p. 40. 82 McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists, p. 78,
citing: Philo, Prob. 72-91; Hypoth. 11:1-18; Cont. 1-90. 83 McGowan, Ascetic
Eucharists, p. 78 citing: Josephus, Jewish Wars 1:3:78-80; 2:7:111-13; 2:8:119-
61; ...

Biblical Nutrition Forty Days of Meditations

Author: James C. Tibbetts

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 1329175824

Page:

View: 855

Asceticism in the Graeco Roman World

I°7 This builds too much '0° McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists, passim. m1 Clement of
Alexandria, Stromata, 1.19.961. 'They set aside the mingling of the heavenly wine
and wish to be only the water of this world, not accepting the God who would ...

Asceticism in the Graeco Roman World

Author: Richard Damian Finn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521862817

Page: 182

View: 727

Asceticism was practised in every religious tradition in antiquity: pagan, Jewish, Christian and Manichean. This book presents for the first time a combined study of ancient ascetic traditions, which have been previously misunderstood by being studied separately.

Marcion and his impact on church history

This will offer an initial demonstration 1 The exception is Andrew MCGOWAN ,
Ascetic Eucharists , Oxford : Clarendon , 1999 , and now in " Marcion's love of
creation , ” Journal of Early Christian Studies 9 , 2001 , 295-311 . McGowan has ...

Marcion and his impact on church history

Author: Gerhard May

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110175998

Page: 333

View: 666

Der Band versammelt neue Forschungsbeiträge zu Marcion, dem bedeutendsten Ketzer der christlichen Antike, und setzt sich dabei insbesondere mit Adolf von Harnacks epochaler Marcioninterpretation auseinander. Harnacks Bild von Marcion als eines biblizistischen Theologen und treuen Paulusschülers, der den theologischen Entwicklungen des 2. Jahrhunderts fremd gegenübersteht, hat sich als historisch fragwürdige Modernisierung erwiesen. Die einzelnen Beiträge des Bandes ordnen Marcion und die marcionitische Kirche wieder in ihren historischen Kontext ein. Erstmals werden auch die theologiegeschichtlichen Hintergründe der Marciondeutung Harnacks und ihre Rezeption im 20. Jahrhundert gründlicher beleuchtet.

Einheit der Kirche im Neuen Testament

39 Focusing primarily on the bread - and - water eucharists of various ascetic
groups of the second century and beyond , but considering the roots of
eucharistic practice in the New Testament , McGowan valuably shows the
considerable ...

Einheit der Kirche im Neuen Testament

Author: Anatoly A. Alexeev

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161495601

Page: 311

View: 356

English summary: This collection of essays includes papers given at the Third European Orthodox-Western Symposium of Biblical Scholars in St. Petersburg (Russia). The Symposium is part of the activities of the Eastern Europe Liaison Committee of Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas. Main topics of the essays are: Unity and Diversity of the Church in the New Testament; The Eucharist according to the New Testament; The Mission of the Church in the New Testament and Today. German description: Der Band gibt die Vortrage der dritten europaischen orthodox-westlichen Exegetenkonferenz vom 24.-31. August 2005 in Sankt Petersburg wieder. Die Konferenz in Sankt Petersburg war der Frage der Einheit und Vielfalt der Kirche nach den Zeugnissen des Neuen Testaments gewidmet. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt auf Beitragen zum Verstandnis der Eucharistie und der Mission in ihrer Bedeutung fur die Einheit der Kirche. Daneben werden weitere historische und theologische Fragen zur neutestamentlichen Ekklesiologie sowie wirkungsgeschichtliche Aspekte des Themas behandelt. Zu allen Themenbereichen werden Beitrage aus orthodoxer, katholischer und evangelischer Perspektive geboten.Die Symposien von orthodoxen und 'westlichen' (evangelischen und katholischen) Neutestamentlern werden seit 1998 durchgefuhrt und widmen sich methodischen und hermeneutischen Grundfragen der biblischen Exegese. Sie dienen der Kontaktaufnahme und Kooperation zwischen Wissenschaftstraditionen der biblischen Exegese, die bisher weitgehend voneinander isoliert waren.

Eating and Believing

22 Vööbus, History of Asceticism, vol. 2, pp. 25, 27. 23 Vööbus, History of
Asceticism, vol. 2, p. 31. 24 Andrew McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and
Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (Oxford: Clarendon, 1999). 25 McGowan,
Ascetic ...

Eating and Believing

Author: David Grumett

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567577368

Page: 288

View: 206

What are the links between people's beliefs and the foods they choose to eat? In the modern Western world, dietary choices are a topic of ethical and political debate, but how can centuries of Christian thought and practice also inform them? And how do reasons for abstaining from particular foods in the modern world compare with earlier ones? This book will shed new light on modern vegetarianism and related forms of dietary choice by situating them in the context of historic Christian practice. It will show how the theological significance of embodied practice may be retrieved and reconceived in the present day. Food and diet is a neglected area of Christian theology, and Christianity is conspicuous among the modern world's religions in having few dietary rules or customs. Yet historically, food and the practices surrounding it have significantly shaped Christian lives and identities. This collection, prepared collaboratively, includes contributions on the relationship between Christian beliefs and food practices in specific historical contexts. It considers the relationship between eating and believing from non-Christian perspectives that have in turn shaped Christian attitudes and practices. It also examines ethical arguments about vegetarianism and their significance for emerging Christian theologies of food.

A Commentary on the Order of Mass of The Roman Missal A New English Translation

So, strict, ascetic Christian groups consumed food that was understood to be
culturally more ordinary, not sacral: bread (the “opposite” of meat) and water (the
“opposite” of wine).47 Other early sources ... 46 McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists,
142.

A Commentary on the Order of Mass of The Roman Missal   A New English Translation

Author: Edward Foley

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 0814662560

Page: 680

View: 522

A Commentary on the Order of Mass of The Roman Missal gathers the insights of some of today's foremost English-speaking liturgical scholars to aid in understanding this most recent edition of the Order of Mass and its new English translation. Developed under the auspices of the Catholic Academy of Liturgy this commentary was guided by three primary concerns: to situate the promulgation of a new English translation of the Roman Missal historically and theologically to aid in the pastoral implementation of these texts and rites to contribute to the ongoing development of vernacular worship for English-speaking Roman Catholics Contributors include: John Baldovin Anscar Chupungco Mary Collins Keith Pecklers David Power Joyce Ann Zimmermann The volume is edited by John Baldovin, SJ, Professor of Historical and Liturgical Theology at the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry Mary Collins, OSB, Professor Emerita at The Catholic University of America School of Theology and Religious Studies, Washington DC Edward Foley, Capuchin, the Duns Scotus Professor of Spirituality and Professor of Liturgy and Music at Catholic Theological Union in Chicago Joanne Pierce, Associate Professor in the Department of Religious Studies at the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, MA

The Eucharistic Liturgies

McGowan has assembled enough indications of “bread-and-water” Eucharists
from second- and third-century sources that it is not easy to dismiss them 30
McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists, passim. 31 For further exploration of the
background of ...

The Eucharistic Liturgies

Author: Paul F. Bradshaw

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 0814662668

Page: 384

View: 337

In graduate theology programs across the United States and elsewhere, Maxwell Johnson's The Rites of Christian Initiation: Their Evolution and Interpretation has become a standard text. Now Johnson and Paul Bradshaw together offer a companion volume on the historical development of the liturgy and theology of the Eucharist. Like the earlier volume, this study proceeds historically, from the origins of the Eucharist up to our own day. Unlike most studies of this kind, it includes an introduction to and developmental summary of the diverse eucharistic liturgies of the Christian East. It also explores the various Western rites (Ambrosian, Gallican, and Mozarabic) in addition to the Roman. With regard to theological themes, the authors give special attention to the topics of real presence (including the "consecration" of the bread and wine) and eucharistic sacrifice, the most central and most ecumenically challenging issues since the sixteenth-century Reformations. Making the book especially teacher- and student-friendly are the summary points at the end of each chapter. Each chapter also contains an abundance of liturgical texts for ease of reference.

The Acts of Paul

Unlike the vegetarian, teetotaling Christian fare, seasoned with prayer and godly
discourse, is an extravagant and far from abstemious repast. (On the meals in APl
, see Merz, “Tränken”; and, in general, McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists.) ...

The Acts of Paul

Author: Richard I. Pervo

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 163087146X

Page: 394

View: 899

This is the most complete translation of the Acts of Paul in English, together with a detailed commentary. The orientation is primarily literary, with detailed attention to the history of composition and revision. Unlike many studies, this commentary does not focus upon the story of Thecla.

Elenchus of Biblica

6663 McGowan , Andrew Ascetic eucharists : food and drink in early christian
ritual meals . 1999 = 15,6775 ; 16,6733 . RVigChr 55 ( 2001 ) 431-436 (
Rouwhorst , G. ) . 6664 Moreno García , Abdón ; Saez Gonzalvez , Ramón El
problema de ...

Elenchus of Biblica

Author: M. Schoenmaeckers

Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop

ISBN: 9788876536267

Page: 336

View: 438

Le 23 novembre 1964, jour de la promulgation de Lumen Gentium, la constitution dogmatique sur l'Eglise, marque un evenement: c'est la premiere fois dans l'histoire de l'Eglise qu'une assemblee de la Sainte Eglise s'exprime solennellement sur la vie consacree. Le sixieme chapitre de la constitution traite de la signification et de l'essence de la vie religieuse, la reliant au mystere de l'Eglise, peuple de Dieu. Ce texte conciliaire presente la vie religieuse comme un etat canonique, celui du chretien qui tend, dans un institut de perfection, a la charite parfaite et consacre sa vie a Dieu et aux hommes ppar la profession des conseils evangeliques de chastete, pauvrete et obeissance. De toute evidence, cette declaration doctrinale est importante pour l'Eglise et pour le developpement de la vie consacree dans l'Eglise. En lisant Lumen Gentium, on est assez vite frappe par le debut abrupt du sixieme chapitre sur les religieux; car tous les autres chapitres s'ouvrent par une breve introduction. Cepedant on ne peut deracher ce chapitre de ce que a ete dit precedemment sur la vocation universelle a la saintete. En fait, l'histoire du texte fait clairement ressortir le lien qui unit ces chapitres.

Augustus to Constantine

A. B. McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual
Meals. Oxford, l 999. J. C. Salzmann, Lehren und Ermahnen: zur Geschichte des
christlichen Wortgottesdienstes in den ersten drei Jahrhunderten. Tubingen,
1994.

Augustus to Constantine

Author: Robert McQueen Grant

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 9780664227722

Page: 350

View: 885

This masterful study of the early centuries of Christianity vividly brings to life the religious, political, and cultural developments through which the faith that began as a sect within Judaism became finally the religion of the Roman empire. First published in 1970, Grant's classic is enhanced with a new foreward by Margaret M. Mitchell, which assesses its importance and puts the reader in touch with the advances of current research.

The Eucharist

Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (Oxford,
1999a). —'“Is there a Liturgical Text in this Gospel?”: The Institution Narratives
and their Early Interpretative Communities', JBL 118 (1999b), pp. 73–87. McGrail,
P.

The Eucharist

Author: Thomas O'Loughlin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 0567213137

Page: 248

View: 873

Theological reflection upon the Eucharist is dominated by two paradigms: One approach interprets the Eucharist almost exclusively in theological terms, shaped by Scholasticism and the Reformation. Most discussions about the nature of the Eucharist, Eucharistic presence or the role of the priest follow these categories, even if they come in modern disguise. The other reads the Eucharist as an event which can be explored empirically. O'Loughlin develops a new understanding of the Eucharist. This can be done by looking afresh at the historical evidence and bringing it in dialogue with modern theology. In the past decades, historical research and new discoveries have changed our view of the origins and the development of the Eucharist. By bringing history into a fruitful dialogue with sacramental and liturgical theology, he shows not only ways how theology and practice can be brought closer together again, but also how current ecumenical divisions can be overcome. His book makes an important contribution to eucharistic theology, both for individual church traditions as well as for ecumenical dialogues.

The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering

This chapter will also discuss the question why the Sunday became the day for
Christian gatherings. Furthermore,. 44 Andrew McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists:
Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999),
250.

The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering

Author: Valeriy A. Alikin

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004183094

Page: 342

View: 477

Recent research has made a strong case for the view that Early Christian communities, sociologically considered, functioned as voluntary religious associations. This is similar to the practice of many other cultic associations in the Greco-Roman world of the first century CE. Building upon this new approach, along with a critical interpretation of all available sources, this book discusses the social and religio-historical background of the weekly gatherings of Christians and presents a fresh reconstruction of how the weekly gatherings originated and developed in both form and content. The topics studied here include the origins of the observance of Sunday as the weekly Christian feast-day, the shape and meaning of the weekly gatherings of the Christian communities, and the rise of customs such as preaching, praying, singing, and the reading of texts in these meetings.

Discipline and Diversity

25 McGowan , Ascetic Eucharists , 167 . 26 G . W . H . Lampe , ed . , A Patristic
Greek Lexicon ( Oxford , 1961 ) , 1215 . 27 F . Legge , Philosophumena , or the
Refutation of all Heresies ( London , 1921 ) , 114 . Cerrato similarly assumes the
 ...

Discipline and Diversity

Author: Ecclesiastical History Society. Summer Meeting

Publisher: Ecclesiastical History Society

ISBN:

Page: 427

View: 746

New essays on a central dichotomy of history and theology, the need to reconcile the diversity of the Church with a unifying discipline.

The Life of Polycarp

259 Leclerq , cited by McGowan , Ascetic Eucharists , 200 . 260 Note the
discussion at McGowan , Ascetic Eucharists , 199 - 204 . 201 Cf . Cacitti , Grande
Sabato , 40 - 41 , who suggests that Pionius and his companions are keeping the
 ...

The Life of Polycarp

Author: Alistair Stewart-Sykes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 168

View: 625

Journal of Early Christian Studies

Andrew McGowan Ascetic Eucharists : Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual
Meals Oxford Early Christian Studies Oxford : Clarendon Press , 1999 Pp . xiii +
312. $ 80.00 . In this revisionist study Andrew McGowan examines the varied and
 ...

Journal of Early Christian Studies

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 897

Focus is on the study of Christianity in the context of late ancient societies and religions from C.E. 100-700.