Today, Baku is undergoing its second major oil boom. The book examines how urban design, planning, and architecture have dealt with the issue of oil in varying political conditions.
Author: Eve Blau
Publisher: Park Publishing (WI)
Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan and formerly part of the Russian Empire and Soviet Union, is the original oil city, with oil and urbanism thoroughly intertwined--economically, politically, and physical--in the city's fabric. Baku saw its first oil boom in the late nineteenth century, driven by the Russian branch of the Nobel family modernizing the oil fields around Baku as local oil barons poured their new wealth into building a cosmopolitan city center. During the Soviet period, Baku became the site of an urban experiment: the shaping of an oil city of socialist man. That project included Neft Dashlari, a city built on trestles in the Caspian Sea and designed to house thousands of workers, schools, shops, gardens, clinics, and cinemas as well as 2,000 oil rigs, pipelines, and collecting stations. Today, as it heads into an uncertain post-oil future, Baku's planners and business elites regard the legacy of its past as a resource that sustains new aspirations and identities. Richly illustrated with historical images and archival material, this book tells the story of the city, paying particular attention to how the disparate spatial logics, knowledge bases, and practices of oil production and urban production intersected, affected, and transformed one another creating an urban cultural environment unique among extraction sites. The book also features a new photo essay by celebrated photographer Iwan Baan.
Baku, Oil and Urbanism and Rotes Wien: Architektur 1919–1934. Stadt-Raum-
Politik [German edition of The Architecture of Red Vienna] will be published in
2014. She is Co-Principal Investigator of the Harvard Mellon Foundation Grant ...
Author: Michael Minkenberg
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Capital cities have been the seat of political power and central stage for their state's political conflicts and rituals throughout the ages. In the modern era, they provide symbols for and confer meaning to the state, thereby contributing to the "invention" of the nation. Capitals capture the imagination of natives, visitors and outsiders alike, yet also express the outcomes of power struggles within the political systems in which they operate. This volume addresses the reciprocal relationships between identity, regime formation, urban planning, and public architecture in the Western world. It examines the role of urban design and architecture in expressing (or hiding) ideological beliefs and political agenda. Case studies include "old" capitals such as Rome, Vienna, Berlin and Warsaw; "new" ones such as Washington DC, Ottawa, Canberra, Ankara, Bonn, and Brasília; and the "European" capital Brussels. Each case reflects the authors' different disciplinary backgrounds in architecture, history, political science, and urban studies, demonstrating the value of an interdisciplinary approach to studying cities.
The motivations and explanations of reaching Baku expressed by the design
firms in a corporate publication are telling ... but about the approach as well:
Azerbaijan has seen tremendous economic growth fueled by the oil and gas
Author: Davide Ponzini
Transnational Architecture and Urbanism combines urban planning, design, policy, and geography studies to offer place-based and project-oriented insight into relevant case studies of urban transformation in Europe, North America, Asia, and the Middle East. Since the 1990s, increasingly multinational modes of design have arisen, especially concerning prominent buildings and places. Traditional planning and design disciplines have proven to have limited comprehension of, and little grip on, such transformations. Public and scholarly discussions argue that these projects and transformations derive from socioeconomic, political, cultural trends or conditions of globalization. The author suggests that general urban theories are relevant as background, but of limited efficacy when dealing with such context-bound projects and policies. This book critically investigates emerging problematic issues such as the spectacularization of the urban environment, the decontextualization of design practice, and the global circulation of plans and projects. The book portends new conceptualizations, evidence-based explanations, and practical understanding for architects, planners, and policy makers to critically learn from practice, to cope with these transnational issues, and to put better planning in place.
The singular image of the isolated oil platform has typically dominated the
narrative construction of the energy extractive ... regime.69 The world's first
offshore oil platform was built in the Caspian Sea, off the coast from the city of
Baku in 1947.
Author: Martin J. Murray
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book challenges the conventional (modernist-inspired) understanding of urbanization as a universal process tied to the ideal-typical model of the modern metropolis with its origins in the grand Western experience of city-building. At the start of the twenty-first century, the familiar idea of the 'city' - or 'urbanism' as we know it - has experienced such profound mutations in both structure and form that the customary epistemological categories and prevailing conceptual frameworks that predominate in conventional urban theory are no longer capable of explaining the evolving patterns of city-making. Global urbanism has increasingly taken shape as vast, distended city-regions, where urbanizing landscapes are increasingly fragmented into discontinuous assemblages of enclosed enclaves characterized by global connectivity and concentrated wealth, on the one side, and distressed zones of neglect and impoverishment, on the other. These emergent patterns of what might be called enclave urbanism have gone hand-in-hand with the new modes of urban governance, where the crystallization of privatized regulatory regimes has effectively shielded wealthy enclaves from public oversight and interference.
The island of Zira, located at the south of the main island Baku in the Caspian
Sea, is 3.1km long and 600m wide. ... on oil this will serve as a showcase for a
new way of thinking — sustainable planning” (Property Wire, 2009, n.p.n.). The
Author: Peter Newman
Publisher: World Scientific
The world is facing an age of scarcity which will challenge all cities to reduce their resource footprint, especially carbon, improve biodiversity and at the same time continue to create economic opportunities and liveable places. This is green urbanism. Asian urban growth is leading the world in the rapidity of its change but how is it doing on green urbanism? This book finds emerging innovations and first signs of green urbanism in Asia and suggests they may be the guiding light for the rest of the world. The authors highlight seven archetypal cities exhibiting green urbanism: the renewable energy city, the bioregional carbon neutral city, the distributed city, the biophilic city, the eco-efficient city, the place-based city and the sustainable transport city. The book is a must-read for all who are concerned with the future of our cities as it instills hope that a greener urban future is possible.
-Honoré de Balzac Houston is popularly known as " the oil city . " It has siblings
bearing the same name in the great oil - producing regions of the world : Baku ,
Kirkuk , Luanda , Fort McMurray , MidlandOdessa , and Murmansk . Some cities ...
Author: Mohsen Mostafavi
Publisher: Lars Muller Publishers
With the aim of projecting alternative and sustainable forms of urbanism, the book asks: What are the key principles of an ecological urbanism? How might they be organized? And what role might design and planning play in the process? While climate change, sustainable architecture, and green technologies have become increasingly topical, issues surrounding the sustainability of the city are much less developed. The premise of the book is that an ecological approach is urgently needed both as a remedial device for the contemporary city and an organizing principle for new cities. Ecological urbanism approaches the city without any one set of instruments and with a worldview that is fluid in scale and disciplinary approach. Design provides the synthetic key to connect ecology with an urbanism that is not in contradiction with its environment. The book brings together design practitioners and theorists, economists, engineers, artists, policy makers, environmental scientists, and public health specialists, with the goal of reaching a more robust understanding of ecological urbanism and what it might be in the future. Contributors include: Homi Bhabha, Stefano Boeri, Chuck Hoberman, Rem Koolhaas, Sanford Kwinter, Bruno Latour, Nina-Marie Lister, Moshen Mostafavi, Matthias Schuler, Sissel Tolaas, Charles Waldheim
Crude oil is carried from Baku to Astrakhan, where it is transshipped along the
Volga for industrial and commercial use in ... Israeli literature, Castel-Bloom's
prose style and alienated urbanism is considered the Israeli voice of
Author: Reeva S. Simon
Publisher: MacMillan Reference Library
Encompasses the interaction of political, historical, social, economic, and cultural movements as well as relevant persons (living and dead), places, and events. Spans the geographical area from Afghanistan to Morocco. Covers topics in politics, economics, religion, hsitory, literature, the arts, and more.
1976 M . 150 Oil and tempera on fibrewood . ... The children seem to inhabit a
twilight world lying somewhere between oppressive urbanism and spectral
daydreams . ( A . D . ) 181 Contiguity . 1977 IU . 158 From the Leningrad
Kilometres of BAM series Oil on canvas . ... Studied at the Azim Azimzade School
of Art in Baku ( 1959 – 64 ) , Urals Polytechnical Institute ( 1964 – 65 ) and the
Leningrad Institute ...
Author: Vladimir Alekseevich Leni︠a︡shin
This book addresses the theme of pairs in works of painting, graphic art and sculpture from the collection of the Russian Museum in St. Petersburgh
... Architecture and Urbanism Publishing Co . , Tokyo 1972 - , Bldg . Inst . ,
London 1972 – 76 , Int . Jury Panel , Competition for Urban Environment in ...
MPLA , Brazzaville 1961 ; sent with group of students for training in Moscow 1963
; graduated as Petroleum Engineer , Inst . of Oil and Gas , Baku 1969 ; then
military course in telecommunications ; returned to Angola and participated in
war against ...
Author: Europe Publication
The coverage of this 63rd edition spans a wide range of occupations, from heads of state and major political figures to art and entertainment, education and law. It acknowledges merit and achievement on a global scale.