Application of Basic Neuroscience to Child Psychiatry

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 29.433–445, 1988 Brask BH: A prevalence
investigation of childhood psychoses, in Nordic Symposium on the
Comprehensive Care of the Psychotic Children. Oslo, Norway, Barnespsykiatrisk
Forening-Norge, 1972, ...

Application of Basic Neuroscience to Child Psychiatry

Author: S.I. Deutsch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146130525X

Page: 420

View: 666

The idea for this book developed during the course of several discussions among the editors while we were working together as staff scientists in the laboratories of the Clinical Neuro science Branch of the National Institute of Mental Health. It was a happy coincidence that the three of us, child psychiatrists with predominantly clinical interests, selected a collaborative bench research project involving neurotransmitter receptor characterization and regulation. We appreciated the relevance of our work to child psychiatry and wished for a forum to share the excitement we enjoyed in the laboratory with our clinical colleagues. Moreover, it seemed to us that much of the pharmacological research in child psychiatry proceeded on an empirical basis, often without a compelling neurochemical rationale. This could reflect the paucity of neurochemical data that exists in child psychiatry and the very limited understanding of the pathophysiology in most psychiatric disorders that occur in childhood. Also, we bemoaned the fact that there was a virtual absence of meaningful interchange between clinical investigators in child psychiatry and their colleagues in the neurosciences. We believed that an edited book appealing to clinicians and basic scientists could serve as an initial effort to foster interchange between them. The editors wish to emphasize that this book is viewed as only a beginning in the process of interchange that must take place.

In patient Child Psychiatry

Through this close contact in basic child-care I came to recognise an
accompanying physical 'numbness' to the emotional flatness he often displayed.
At nights Matt would be racked with a rough bronchial cough. I covered him
several times ...

In patient Child Psychiatry

Author: Jonathan Green

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134759886

Page: 464

View: 483

Essential Reading for clinicians, managers and researchers in child psychiatry, this authoritative book provides accessible coverage of essential theory as well as clear practical guidance to inpatient child psychiatric treatment. This method of treatment has fallen out of fashion in recent years in favour of community-based care, but remains a useful setting for treating more seriously ill patients. Bringing together contributions from across the profession, this book covers the 'state-of-the-art' in current clinical treatment, and sets a bold new agenda for the future, arguing that inpatient child psychiatric units retain great potential for creative, effective, relevant treatment.

Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood

Child and adolescent psychiatry, as a relatively young profession, has the
opportunity to take a developmental pathway that is ... The medical model reigns
supreme and the basic diagnostic categories imposed are based on those
originally ...

Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood

Author: Sami Timimi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317710819

Page: 200

View: 339

Currently, it is common practice among the child psychiatric establishment to prescribe powerful and potentially addictive drugs to children who have emotional or behavioural problems. Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood is a strong challenge to this way of thinking. Sami Timimi uses a wide variety of sources that shape our understanding including his personal experiences to highlight the role of culture, beliefs, science, social hierarchy and power, in shaping our understanding of childhood problems and how to deal with them. He urges professionals who work with children to question their assumptions in a manner that will enable them to access a greater variety of potentially helpful therapeutic frameworks. Since the 1960s, psychiatry has had to learn to accommodate critical analysis of its beliefs and methods. The legitimacy of its core assumptions continues to be questioned. Now child psychiatry too must engage with such a debate, if it wishes to develop into a genuinely democratic and inclusive profession. Pathological Child Psychiatry and the Medicalization of Childhood will be of great interest to professionals and trainees in psychiatry and child psychiatry, social work, family therapy and other psychotherapies for children and adolescents.

Principles and Practice of Child Psychiatry

Some authors have conceptualized the subject of prevention as activities that
promote mental health rather than those that ... and psychological milieu, and
correcting a depriving or traumatizing situation are the basic tasks of child
psychiatry.

Principles and Practice of Child Psychiatry

Author: Stella Chess

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 146132145X

Page: 550

View: 261

Stella Chess's many admirers throughout the world have long looked forward to the day when she would produce her own textbook of child psychiatry. They will not be disappointed in this thoughtful and per ceptive account of the principles and practices of the subject, written in collaboration with Dr. Hassibi. It has all the hallmarks we have come to recognize as distinctive of the Chess approach to child psychiatry-gentle yet subtle and penetrating, always appreciative of the feelings and concerns of both the children and their parents, well informed and critically aware of research findings but far from over awed by the contributions of science, and above all immensely practi cal. Anyone who wants to know how one of the world's outstanding clinicians appraises what child psychiatry has to offer could do no bet ter than to read this book. Child psychiatry differs from general psychiatry in being con cerned with a developing organism, and it is entirely appropriate that the book begins with an account of child development and of the prin cipal theories put forward to explain it. Chess and Hassibi recognize the importance of theory in organizing ideas and in suggesting expla nations, but they remain skeptical of how far existing theories do in fact account for the outstanding issues in development. They note the limitations of all theories in explaining how development takes place and why individual differences occur in the way they do.

Emergency Psychiatry

J Am Acad Child Psychiatry 18:647–657, 1979. Simmons JE: Psychiatric
Examination of Children. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1974. Goodman JD, Sours
JA: The Child Mental Status Examination. New York, Basic Books, 1967. . Cohen
RL.

Emergency Psychiatry

Author: Ellen L. Bassuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468447513

Page: 445

View: 198

This eagerly awaited volume occupies an important place in the series Critical Issues in Psychiatry. Most mental health professionals are quite at home with ordinary day-to-day crises of clinical practice but relatively unprepared for the true psychiatric emergency. Such emergencies are too infrequent for most of us to experience a real sense of competence. On the other hand, emergency room psychiatrists as well as residents and other trainees have long wished for a truly comprehensive textbook that would cover the spectrum of emergency psychiatry. This book is just such a definitive and comprehensive volume for the specialist, while at the same time a clear, succinct, and comprehensive reference for the clinician. of emergency care, The authors consistently present a systematic model emphasizing the interconnection between the process of emergency interven tion and the specific features of clinical crisis. They are true to the principle that one's system of care should be built on priorities. It is immediately apparent that these are highly experienced clinicians as well as teachers. It is difficult to imagine a clinical situation that is not addressed by this book. It includes chapters on triage, assessment, and treatment planning; emer gencies associated with all the various psychopathologies; age groups from childhood to old age; the emergency management of violent and suicidal pa tients as well as rape and disaster victims; emergencies secondary to substance abuse and prescribed medications; psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacol ogic intervention; as well as the relevant legal, social, and community issues in emergency care.

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1986

Part IV SOCIOCULTURAL ISSUES The drive for desegregation of schools rests
on the premise and evidence that segregated schools are damaging to the self -
esteem and selfimage of black children . This premise was basic to the 1954 ...

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development  1986

Author: Stella Chess

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780876304372

Page: 706

View: 962

First published in 1992. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Child Psychiatry in the Soviet Union

Social Perspectives IMPLICATIONS FOR MENTAL HEALTH AND ILLNESS The
family is still valued as the basic unit of Soviet society and the first collective ,
although there are contemporary forces common to other industrialized societies
 ...

Child Psychiatry in the Soviet Union

Author: Nancy Rollins

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674114753

Page: 293

View: 259

In the first extensive American study of child psychiatry in the Soviet Union, Dr. Nancy Rollins explains that her aim is two-fold: to expand knowledge of the theory, diagnosis, and treatment of psychiatric disorders of children and adolescents and to stimulate a professional dialogue. Her attainment of this goal is clearly evidenced here by means of her astute assessment of the findings of her four-month visit to Russia as an individual investigator on the Medical Cultural Exchange program. The author's basic concern about the relationship between a society's child-rearing practices, character formation, and psychiatric disorder propelled her to ponder such questions as: Is there a describable difference between the Soviet conscience and the American conscience, as it develops during the years of childhood and adolescence? What about the problems of sexual identity in the two societies? Identity crises? Why have Soviet psychiatrists and educators remained so consistently anti-Freudian? In addressing herself to the various questions that intrigued her, Dr. Rollins first considers the history of Soviet psychiatric thought, with the major influences shaping the direction of Soviet child psychiatry and the social perspective with personal impressions of Soviet culture and society. Ensuing chapters, based upon first-hand observations and case material, take a close look at such topics as the organization of psychiatric services, diagnosis, general treatment methods, special psychotherapy, research, and psychiatric training programs. The author's reactions to the people she encountered in children's psychoneurological hospitals, polyclinics, sanatoria, and research institutions contributes a lively dimension to this impressive work. The study points out some differences between Soviet and American treatment methods; for example, Soviet treatment aims at inducing peace and relaxation in the patient, whereas American methods encourage exposure to and mastery of conflicts and tolerance of anxiety. Dr. Rollins also offers suggestions for further study and reflects on the relation of psychiatry and culture in the two countries.

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Europe

As to the basic disciplines (psychiatry is among them together with internal
medicine, surgery, pediatrics, etc.), socalled attestation (postgraduate
examination) of the first and second degree can be passed. Child psychiatry is a
specialized ...

Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Europe

Author: Helmut Remschmidt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642960030

Page: 409

View: 255

The intention of this book is to provide an overview of child and adolescent psychiatry in Europe, focusing on the historical development, current situation, and future perspectives of the specialty. Child and adolescent psychiatry is now acknowledged as a medical specialty or subspecialty in almost all European countries. Also, the number of child psychia trists has increased dramatically over the last decade. However, there are still enormous differences from country to country, not only with regard to the num ber of specialists, but also with regard to the extent and nature of services provided and their diagnostic and therapeutic orientation. Furthermore, important differ ences exist in the training curricula for child and adolescent psychiatry within medicine and other professional fields, both inside and outside the universities, and in the image and importance of this discipline to the public. This diversity is also reflected in the reports on the historical development, current situation and future perspectives of child and adolescent psychiatry in 31 European countries, all following the same structure in order to facilitate compa rability. This structure comprises (1) the historical development and the current situation, (2) classification systems and diagnostic and therapeutic methods, (3) structure and organization of services, (4) cooperation with other medical and non-medical disciplines, (5) training and continuing medical education, (6) research, and (7) future perspectives.

Child Health

Depressed adults and children will frequently misinterpret everyday events
around them , for example seeing another difficulty as something for which they
are directly responsible . This could explain Jack's ... Basic Child Psychiatry .
Oxford ...

Child Health

Author: Gill Campbell

Publisher: Greenwich Medical Media

ISBN: 9781841100135

Page: 256

View: 571

This book addresses the needs of the undergraduate nurse by presenting a series of classic case studies in nursing, in the child population. Each case follows a standardised layout for ease of reference and includes photographs or clear line diagrams where appropriate, to illustrate key points. Each case is also accompanied by timed, structured questions with comprehensive referenced model answers to enhance the book's utility as a self-assessment tool.

The Woman Patient

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 15:275-291,
1974. 6. ... Presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Child
Psychiatry, San Francisco, Calif., 1974. 9. ... In Basic Handbook of Child
Psychiatry.

The Woman Patient

Author: Malkah Notman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468440942

Page: 314

View: 222

This volume continues some of the issues raised in Volume 2 and fo cuses more closely on therapeutic intervention. The theoretical discus sion of aggression provides a background for the presentation of pat terns of aggression and violence affecting women, as well as possible connections between physical and emotional symptoms and indirect expressions of aggression. The section on aggression against and by women is an extension of some of the content of The Woman Patient, Volume 1 (e. g. , the chapter on rape). Theoretical and clinical views that are not often linked in this fashion are included here because we are interested in understanding the development of a self-concept that incorporates the constructive aspects of "aggression" as well as an un derstanding of violence. In this context, loss, abandonment, delin quency, and child and adolescent suicide are also extensions of these issues. The chapters that follow address aspects of symptom formation and concepts of illness. There is, as yet, no definitive explanation for why women experience certain illness patterns more or less than men. Current considerations have been reviewed, but these do not answer. They are a beginning on which we must build. It is apparent that any discussion of these subjects better elucidates the complexity if it in cludes an intermingling of general problems with concrete symptoms. Those specific problems that are usually thought of as psychological such as depression, and behaviors (such as substance abuse) provide a focus for understanding wider issues.

The Clinical Guide to Child Psychiatry

For the majority of children, the basic language acquisition process is completed
by age four, and children of this age are fluent speakers of their native language.
The language learning process is usually so smooth that it is taken for granted.

The Clinical Guide to Child Psychiatry

Author: David Shaffer

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029290201

Page: 619

View: 106

Clinical Child Psychiatry

School is an environment in which children are asked to learn certain basic
academic and social skills and in which their performance is judged and
compared with that of other children. If children perform well, they learn that
success provides ...

Clinical Child Psychiatry

Author: William M. Klykylo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119967708

Page: 568

View: 658

Making a psychiatric diagnosis in children can be challenging: some clinicians say the incidence of some childhood disorders, such as bipolar disorder and ADHD, is over-diagnosed while others saying they are undiagnosed, undertreated, and are a large burden on society. The drug treatment of child psychiatric disorders can also be controversial in children and adolescents. This book fulfills the need for an objective, clinically relevant source to dispel this confusion. Clinical Child Psychiatry is a textbook of current clinical practice in child and adolescent psychiatry. It is designed as a reference for clinicians that is both easily usable and authoritative, a “chairside” reference for the consultation room. This book addresses a defined series of clinical entities that represent the bulk of current treatment modalities and disorders encountered in 21st century practice. It is authoritative in the areas addressed while at the same time being rapidly accessible in format. To facilitate access, it presents disorders in declining order of frequency. The authors believe that worthwhile clinical work must be informed by both evidence-based practice and by psychiatry’s traditional attention to internal and interpersonal dynamics. They are committed to an approach that is broadly biopsychosocial while based on current clinical evidence for a pragmatic, clinical focus. The book is divided into four sections. The first, Fundamentals of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Practice, addresses assessment, treatment modalities, and planning. Common Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Disorders and Developmental Disorders cover the diagnosis and treatment of the large majority of disease entities encountered in practice. The final section, Special Problems in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, includes a variety of topics such as foster care and adoption, loss and grief, and forensics. The book also includes: New evidence relating to the areas of depression, psychosis, trauma. New insights from genetics, genomics, and proteomics cleverly integrated into chapters on the individual disease with focus on their clinical application. New chapter on consultation and collaboration within systems of care The book addresses a need for clinicians, many of whom are beginners, non-psychiatrists, or psychiatrists entering unfamiliar territory, to come up to speed rapidly in providing more than perfunctory service to needy populations. This challenge grows ever greater. The book has a companion website with questions to facilitate learning.

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1997

An integrated and comprehensive system of care has been proposed for
improving the availability and delivery of mental health services for children .
Stroul and Friedman ( 1986 ) outlined the basic principles and components of an
accessible ...

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1997

Author: Margaret E. Hertzig

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780876308707

Page: 481

View: 765

This volume traces the modern critical and performance history of this play, one of Shakespeare's most-loved and most-performed comedies. The essay focus on such modern concerns as feminism, deconstruction, textual theory, and queer theory.

The Mosaic of Contemporary Psychiatry in Perspective

The field of child psychiatry has been relatively slow in developing its academic
research base. Many of the seminal issues are discussed by Tanguay in
Chapter36. Several other issues will be emphasized in this chapter. It should be
noted ...

The Mosaic of Contemporary Psychiatry in Perspective

Author: Anthony Kales

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461391946

Page: 448

View: 578

Psychiatry has undergone a dynamic evolution in the last 40 years, an evolution to which Dr. Louis West made many contributions. Psychiatry today and Dr. West's career are intertwined in a mosaic of interaction. It is therefore fitting that this compilation of essays in honor of Dr. West is entitled The Mosaic of Contemporary Psychiatry: Current Perspectives. The papers collectively form a snapshot of the field of psychiatry today. Each chapter offers a historical perspective of the topic discussed, followed by a description of modern day issues and a look at the future of psychiatry. This book will enhance the knowledge and technical skills of psychiatrists as well as other clinicians in the mental health care field.

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1983

PART IV : SOCIAL ISSUES 18 Prevention of Children's Psychosocial Disorders :
Myth and Substance Michael Rutter Institute ... ( 6 ) the main issue in prevention
is implementing what we know ; ( 7 ) the best approach is to tackle the basic
cause ...

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1983

Author: Stella Chess

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780876303436

Page: 554

View: 382

A selection of the year's outstanding contributions to the understanding and treatment of the normal and disturbed child.

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development 1988

Overprotective parents who attempt to shield their children from stress are not
helpful and may even prevent their children from acquiring the basic sense of self
- confidence and self - esteem that comes from successive mastery of the
stresses ...

Annual Progress in Child Psychiatry and Child Development  1988

Author: Stella Chess

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780876305386

Page: 686

View: 834

The 21st annual edition of a respected review. Covers developmental studies, child-care and methodological issues, temperament, clinical issues, autism, physical illness, child abuse, adolescence. Not indexed. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Functional Neuroimaging in Child Psychiatry

To provide a foundation for understanding these methods, particularly as applied
to the study of brain development and deviance, Part 1 delineates the basic
principles, advantages, and disadvantages of these modalities. Herscovitch and
 ...

Functional Neuroimaging in Child Psychiatry

Author: Monique Ernst

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521650441

Page: 426

View: 356

An authoritative account of clinical and research applications of functional imaging techniques in child psychiatry.