Biodiversity and Conservation

Edited by Richard Ladle of Oxford University's Centre for the Environment, this new Major Work brings together in five volumes the foundational and the very best cutting-edge scholarship to provide a synoptic view of all the key issues and ...

Biodiversity and Conservation

Author: Richard J. Ladle

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 420

View: 336

Although 'biodiversity' is a relatively new coinage, scientists have been studying the subject it describes long before the word's first appearance in the language in the mid-1980s. In 1973, for instance, the UK Systematics Association held a symposium on 'The Changing Flora and Fauna of Britain' which concluded that not enough attention was being paid to the conservation of rarities, a conclusion also reached, said the symposium, at a meeting of the Linnaean Society some forty years earlier. By 1980, the Global 2000 Report to the President published by the US Council on Environmental Quality starkly warned of a diminution of up to one-fifth of all species by the turn of the century, and there is now a growing consensus that the world faces a 'biodiversity crisis' - a potentially catastrophic global loss of genetic, ecosystem, and, most obviously, species diversity. Indeed, especially since the UN Convention on Biological Diversity was promulgated in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, conserving biodiversity has become the principal focus of the global conservation movement. Indeed, the study of the origins, maintenance, and protection of diversity has become perhaps the most vibrant offshoot of ecology and conservation studies. It is increasingly taught and studied in universities - and other research institutions - around the world. Addressing the need for an authoritative reference work to make sense of this rapidly growing subject, and its ever more complex and multidisciplinary corpus of scholarly literature, Biodiversity and Conservation is a new title in the Routledge series, Critical Concepts in the Environment. Edited by Richard Ladle of Oxford University's Centre for the Environment, this new Major Work brings together in five volumes the foundational and the very best cutting-edge scholarship to provide a synoptic view of all the key issues and current debates

Biodiversity and Conservation

This introductory guide through the maze of interdisciplinary themes combined in the concept of 'biodiversity' defines and explains all the core concepts and issues with the use of engaging examples drawn from across the world.

Biodiversity and Conservation

Author: Mike J. Jeffries

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415149044

Page: 208

View: 465

Biodiversity and Conservation offers an introductory guide through the maze of interdisciplinary themes that combine under the concept of 'biodiversity'. Featuring lively and engaging examples from the UK, Africa and several oceanic islands and elsewhere the book defines and explains core topics of biodiversity, from creation and natural processes, measurements and patterns of extant biodiversity, losses, causes and consequences, to legislative, species/habitat protection and economic approaches to conservation.

Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation

This book wil be of enormous interest and value to the students and teachers of colleges and universities, scientists of research centers and institutes, and professional as well as amateur wildlife biologists, ecologists, conservationists, ...

Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation

Author: Mallapureddi Vikram Reddy

Publisher: Daya Books

ISBN: 9788170355298

Page: 390

View: 714

Wildlife Biodiversity is of paramount importance to mankind as it is the storehouse of myried types of ecosystem resources that serve the vital need food, fiber, fuel, fodder, medicines, etc. indispensable for human beings. It is of ecological, economical, aesthetic, scientific and recreational value and supplies a variety of ecosystem services . However, various types of human activities annihilate the biodiversity in nature leading to their abandonment befor their beneficial characteristics are discovered. Thus, there is an imperative need for the conservation of biodiversity in wilderness. This book includes various aspects of wildlife biodiversity spread over diverse parts including different protected areas-Wildlife Sancturaries, National Parks, Tiger Reserves and Marine Biosphere Reserves of Indian subcotinent, starting from Western Ghats (Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Kalakad-Mundanthuri Tiger Reserve, Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve and others) to Eastern Ghats, Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary and Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary in the East, Bhagvan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary and Mollem National Park and others in the West, and Keolodeo National Park Sariska, and other protected areas in the North. The chapters of the book include fascinating first-hand information on diverse species, about 78 species of wild animals (invertebrates-annelids and arthropods to Vertebrates-reptiles, birds and mammals) (Part-I of the Book) and about 500 species of wild plants (medicinal herbs to trees) (Part-II of the Book). This book wil be of enormous interest and value to the students and teachers of colleges and universities, scientists of research centers and institutes, and professional as well as amateur wildlife biologists, ecologists, conservationists, Officials of Forest Departments of State and Central Government, and others with an interest on wildlife biodiversity and conservation. Contents Chapter 1: Wildlife Biodiversity Conservation with Special Reference to Soil Biodiversity for a Sustainable Society (The Keynote Address Delivered at the Inaugural Session of the Seminar) by M C Dash; Chapter 2: Importance of Taxonomy in Conservation of Biodiversity by T C Narendran; Chapter 3: Joining Hands for Biodiversity Conservation by B K Mishra, Ruchi Badola and A K Bhardwaj; Chapter 4: Ecological Analysis of Spatial Distributions of Important Wildlife Species on the Western Anamalai Region (Kerala) by P V Karunakaran, M Balasubramanian, P Couteron and B R Ramesh; Part-I: Biodiversity and Conservation of Wildlife (Animals); Chapter 5: Ungulate Conservation in India by K Sankar; Chapter 6: Mammalian Diversity in Kerala by P Padmanabhan and N U Cini; Chapter 7: Man-Wildlife Conflict in Protected Areas: A Case Study of Gaur Bos gaurs H Smith from Bhagvan Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary and Mollem National Park, Goa by Suman D Gad and S K Shyama; Chapter 8: Scent Marking by Indian Blackbuck: Characteristics and Spatial Distribution of Urine, Pellet, Preorbital and Interdigital Gland Marking in Captivity by T Rajagopal and G Archunan; Chapter 9: Conservation Status of Indian Flying Foxd Pteropus giganteus in Tamil Nadu, South India by S Ezil Vendan, B Kaleeswaran, K Baskar and A Alwin Prem Anand; Chapter 10: Factors Influencing Waterbird Populations at Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India by C Venkatraman, K Thiyagesan R Nagarajan and J T Jothinayagam; Chapter 11: Diversity of Coastal Birds in Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve, Southern India by C Venkatraman; Chapter 12: Avifauna of Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary: A Management Perspective by Justus Joshua, S F Wesly Sunderraj, Vijayakumar and V Gokula; Chapter 13: Foraging Pattern of Birds During the Breeding Season in Dry Deciduous Forest of Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu, India by V Gokula; Chapter 14: The Nest and Nest Materials of Wire Tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithi) in Kodiyampalayam Area Near Pichavaram Mangrove, Tamil Nadu (India) by S Sandilyan, K Thiyagesan and S Balamuragan; Chapter 15: Avian Biodiversity in Paddy Agroecosystem in Relation to Different Crop Stages and Species Conservation Strategies by V Ravinder Reddy; Chapter 16: Impact of Land-Use Change on Fan Throated Lizard (Sitana ponticeriana) Population by J Subramanean and M Vikram Reddy; Chapter 17: Butterfly Abundance and Diversity Patterns in Urban Habitats of Kolkata and Adjoining Suburban Areas, West Bengal by Upamanyu Hore; Chapter 18: Isolation of Bioinsecticides from Lepidoptera: Striped Tiger Butterly, Danaus genutia by Arunava Das, Chandan Mithra, R Revanna and K Chandrashekar; Chapter 19: Biodiversity and Niches of Ants in Alagar Hills, Tamil Nadu by B Kaleeswaram, S Ezil Vendan, B Poovalinga Ganesh and S Bhavatarini; Chapter 20: Migratory Potential of Assassin Bugs of Keeripparai Range of Agasthia Malai Biosphere, Southern Western Ghats by S Israel Stalin, S Anitha, E Eyarine Jeha Malar, S Kiruba and S Sam Manohar Das; Chapter 21: Conservation of Natural Aquatic Resources and their Biodiversity with Reference to Lake Ecosystems by A Yudhistra Kumar and M Vikram Reddy; Chapter 22: Current Population, Distribution and Dynamics of Aquatic Animal Diversity of Chambal River, Madhya Pradesh and its Threats to Sand Mining by S R Taigor, Faiyaz, A Khudsar and R J Rao; Chapter 23: Ecology of Polychaetes (Annelida: Polychaeta) Associated with Seaweeds in Kudankulam Coast, Gulf of Mannar by S Satheesh, I Sreevidya, Y Leninraj and S Godwin Wesley; Chapter 24: Conservation of Endangered Earthworms by Swati Pattnaik and M Vikram Reddy; Chapter 25: Depletion of Wildlife in Eturnagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh by Ch Sammaian, E Narayana, Ch Samatha and Ch Sravanthi; Part-II Biodiversity and Conservation of Endangered Wildlife (Plants); Chapter 26: Commonly Used Medicinal Plants of the Coastal Belt of Kanyakumari District and their Role in Conservation of Butterfly Diversity by S Kiruba, S Ruba Gnana Solomon, S Israel Stalin, S Jeeva and Sam Manohar Das; Chapter 27: Endemic Medicinal Plants Used by Tribal People in Tirunelveli Hills, Western Ghats of India by M Ayyanar and S Ignacimuthu; Chapter 28: Medicinal Plant Diversity in Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary, Orissa: Utilization, Exploitation and Conservation by Chiranjibi Pattanaik and C Sudhakar Reddy; Chapter 29: Conservation through in vitro Propagation of a Critically Endangered Medicinal Plant, Dactylorhiza hatagirea (D Don) Soo by Anjuli Agarwal, D Khokhar and Vishwanth; Chapter 30: An Attempt to Conserve Centella asiatica L.: A Highly Essential Medicinal Plant, through in vitro Nodal Segment Culture by H Mohapatra, D P Barik and S P Rath; Chapter 31: Conservation Strategy and Status of Trees in Tamil Nadu by S Anbazhakan, G Jayanthi, S Nirmala and K Kuzhalini; Chapter 32: Biodiversity, Complex Web of Specie Interactions and Holistic Approach in Wildlife Conservation by N Parthasarathy; Chapter 33: Diversity and Distribution of Dipterocarps in Andaman Islands by M Rajkumar and N Parthasarathy; Chapter 34: Conservation of Mangrove Forest for Preventing Ecological Disaster in the Coastal Belt of Orissa by M Pradhan; Chapter 35: Ecotourism Development and Biodiversity Conservation in the Protected Areas: A Prospective Study by Sampad Kumar Swain; Chapter 36: Biodiversity and Eco-Conservation with Special Reference to NEH Region by B Gopichand; Chapter 37: The Carring Capacity and the Problems of Future Conservation of Andaman and Nicobar Islands by T Subramanyam Naidu; Chapter 38: True Chronicles: The Jungle Narratives of Jim Corbett and Kenneth Anderson- From Big Game Hunting to Conservation of Wildlife and Biodiversity by Murali Sivaramakrishnan

Biodiversity Conservation and Systematics

This volume compiles the `state of the art' knowledge on several aspects of ``Biodiversity, Conservation, and Systematics".

Biodiversity  Conservation and Systematics

Author: P. Singh

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9388449738

Page: 282

View: 270

This volume compiles the `state of the art' knowledge on several aspects of ``Biodiversity, Conservation, and Systematics". The International Botanical Community recognizes "that plants create the ecological habitat for all terrestrial organisms, and that their management and conservation depend on a good understanding of their taxonomy". Biodiversity is considered as "an immense economic resource". Its conservation and sustainable use ensures food security, safeguards human health, and provides ecological as well as aesthetic and cultural benefits. Systematics, as a fundamental science, serves as a very important discipline for understanding biodiversity. In this volume, emphasis has been laid on the simplest Prokaryotic organisms, the diverse Algae, the "Adaptive Strategies of Bryophytes and the "Diversity in Pteridophytes". There is stress on the importance of Ethnic Knowledge, Botanic Gardens, and Reproductive Biology in conservation. Interesting aspects of `Invasive Plant Species', `Analysis of Plant Biodiversity and Evolution at Genome Level' and `Leaf Epidermal Diversity in Grasses' are discussed. Detailed accounts of the fauna and flora of Punjab have also been provided. Dr. Prithipalsingh is a Senior Reader in Botany in Kirorimal College. He has been teaching since 1971. The areas of special interest in which he is recognized as an expert include, besides Plant Taxonomy, Biodiversity Studies, Ecology and Environmental Biology. He has published numerous research papers in National and International Journals. Dr. Prithipalsingh served on the National Consultation Committee for discussing the "State of the Environment Report of India 2001" prepared by the United Nations Environment Programme. He has completed a project on "Status of biodiversity conservation in Punjab" for the Punjab Forest Department, as a member of the Tata Energy Research Institute team. As a consultant for Biodiversity with “The Energy Research Institute (TERI)”, Dr. Prithipalsingh participated in several World Bank funded research projects of the Uttar Pradesh/Uttranchal State Forest Department. He has obtained first hand information on the effect of 'fire', 'grazing', 'collection of non-timber forest products' and 'natural regeneration', focusing on the ground realities for evaluating the impact of different parameters necessary for formulating “management recommendations”.

Human Values and Biodiversity Conservation

This pioneering book explores the influence of human values on the willingness of individuals to pay for the conservation of individual wildlife species (and classes of these), to be for or against their survival, and to favour or oppose ...

Human Values and Biodiversity Conservation

Author: Clement A. Tisdell

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783477415

Page: 400

View: 988

This pioneering book explores the influence of human values on the willingness of individuals to pay for the conservation of individual wildlife species (and classes of these), to be for or against their survival, and to favour or oppose their harvesting.

Biodiversity Conservation

The biodiversity conservation represents an unparalleled attempt to provide on independent scientific analysis of the current issues.

Biodiversity Conservation

Author: M. P. Dahiya

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 272

View: 707

The survival of the Earth s biological resources is under threat from rapidly expanding human populations that are degrading the environment at an accelerating rate. Despite the increased awareness of the importance of biological diversity, the scientific foundations on which to plan conservation and development policies are still being developed. The biodiversity conservation represents an unparalleled attempt to provide on independent scientific analysis of the current issues. It assesses the present state of knowledge, identifies gaps in understanding and draws attention to those issues where scientists have reached a consensus as well as those where uncertainity has led to conflicting viewpoints and a need for further research. The assessment provides an unprecedented source of information for decision-makers, officials, scientists and others interested in the future of the planet.

Biodiversity and Conservation

This volume provides an enlightening and pragmatic approach to preserving biological diversity by gathering a wide range of peer-reviewed scientific content from biodiversity researchers and conservators from around the world.

Biodiversity and Conservation

Author: Jeyabalan Sangeetha

Publisher: Apple Academic Press

ISBN: 9780429425790

Page: 444

View: 392

This volume provides an enlightening and pragmatic approach to preserving biological diversity by gathering a wide range of peer-reviewed scientific content from biodiversity researchers and conservators from around the world. It brings comprehensive knowledge and information on the present status of conservation of biological diversity including floral, faunal, and microbial diversity. A detailed account of recent trends in conservation and applications under changing climate conditions, focusing mainly on agriculturally and industrially important microbes and their sustainable utilization, is presented as well. Over the past five decades, extensive research work has been done on many aspects of biodiversity conservation and sustainable utilization of biological resources. This book examines this crucial issue. Chapters discuss biodiversity concepts, benefits, and values for economic and sustainable development; explores applications and strategies for biodiversity preservation; and considers the role of biodiversity conservation in public awareness services and cultural significance. The volume also examines the process of evolution and the future of biodiversity in conjunction with climate change factors, with special reference to infectious diseases.

Biodiversity Conservation Using Umbrella Species

This book focuses on Blakiston’s fish owl and the red-crowned crane as umbrella species. Healthy river, riparian and wetland ecosystems are necessary to maintain the populations of the two species.

Biodiversity Conservation Using Umbrella Species

Author: Futoshi Nakamura

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811072035

Page: 263

View: 198

This book focuses on Blakiston’s fish owl and the red-crowned crane as umbrella species. Healthy river, riparian and wetland ecosystems are necessary to maintain the populations of the two species. Both species have been revered by people since ancient times, but both are currently listed as endangered because of their small population sizes. The population decline of the two species can be mainly attributed to the degradation of the natural riparian and wetland habitats, which is associated with land use development. The populations of the two species are now recovering in Japan due to recent conservation and reproduction efforts, but the genetic diversity of the two species are still low due to previous bottleneck effects. To develop conservation and dispersal plans to establish the species over the East Asian mainland and on the island of Hokkaido, basic information, such as their regional distribution, genetic diversity, food availability, reproductive traits, and nesting, breeding, rearing, and commuting habitat, is essential. The intensive, collaborative studies conducted in Japan and Russia has clarified the status quo and the ecology of the two species. This is the first book that comprehensively compiles the above information for the mainland and island populations. In addition, it verifies their suitability as umbrella species of an ecosystem and the possibility of their future population expansion, taking into account changes in land use in Hokkaido, which is about to experience a dramatic decline in human population. As such, the book provides valuable information for students who wish to learn about these beautiful symbolic creatures, for NGOs engaged in conservation activities, and for managers who are involved in creating conservation plans and implementing restoration projects.

The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity

Discusses the various options for conserving plants at the level of the gene, species and community.

The Conservation of Plant Biodiversity

Author: Otto Herzberg Frankel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521467315

Page: 299

View: 983

Discusses the various options for conserving plants at the level of the gene, species and community.

Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management Volume II

These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management   Volume II

Author: Franccesa Gherardi

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1905839219

Page: 424

View: 798

Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management is a component of Encyclopedia of Natural Resources Policy and Management in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Biodiversity is declining worldwide at a very unprecedented rate as a complex response to several human-induced changes in the global environment. The magnitude of these changes is so large and their effects are so strongly linked to the altered ecosystem processes and to human (ab-)use of natural resources that biodiversity loss is today perceived as one of the most important issues that humankind should face with extreme urgency. Disseminating information, raising awareness, and propelling concern within a diversified target audience (general public, schools, local authorities, and government agencies) are also essential to develop shared responsibility and to encourage collaborative efforts and compliance. This has been the main objective of “Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management”. The Theme on Biodiversity Conservation and Habitat Management provides the essential aspects and a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world in eight major topics of discussion, and is focused on 1) History and Overview of Biodiversity Conservation and Protected Areas, 2) Management of Forests and other Wooded Habitats, 3) Management of Savannahs and Other Open Habitats, 4) Management of Wetlands, 5) Management of Tourism and Human Recreation Pressure, 6) Conservation Strategies, Species Action Plans and Translocation, 7) Captive Breeding and Gene Banks, and 8) Eradication and Control of Invasive Species. These two volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

The Economics of Biodiversity Conservation

This ground-breaking work is the most comprehensive and detailed examination of the economics of environmental valuation and biodiversity conservation to date.Focusing on the Western Ghats of India, one of the top biodiversity hotspots in ...

The Economics of Biodiversity Conservation

Author: K. N. Ninan

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849772975

Page: 289

View: 105

Economic valuation of biodiversity and ecosystem services is possibly the most powerful tool for halting the loss of biodiversity while maintaining incomes and livelihoods. Yet rarely have such approaches been applied to tropical forest ?hotspots?, which house the vast majority of the planets plant and animal species. This ground-breaking work is the most comprehensive and detailed examination of the economics of environmental valuation and biodiversity conservation to date. Focusing on the Western Ghats of India, one of the top biodiversity hotspots in the world, this volume looks at a cross-section of local communities living within or near sanctuaries and reserve forests such as coffee growers, indigenous people and farmers-cum-pastoralists to assess the use and non-use values that people derive from tropical forests. It also looks at the extent of their dependence on forests for various goods and services, and examines their perceptions and attitudes towards biodiversity conservation and wildlife protection. The book concludes with an assessment of the institutional alternatives and policies for promoting biodiversity conservation through economic valuation methods.Related titlesEconomics for Collaborative Environmental Management (2005) 1-84407-095-6

Biodiversity Conservation

This book is a remarkably informative anthology edited by one of the world's most well informed thinkers on biodiversity, Vandana Shiva.

Biodiversity Conservation

Author: Vandana Shiva

Publisher: Indian National Trust for Art & Cultural Heritage

ISBN:

Page: 315

View: 138

This book is a remarkably informative anthology edited by one of the world's most well informed thinkers on biodiversity, Vandana Shiva. The book has articles by leading Indian conservations on agricultural knowledge, GATT, IPRs, Biodiversity Convention, Bioprospecting and Biosafety.

Biodiversity Conservation

This book reports the more policy-oriented results of the Biodiversity programme of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Beijer Institute.

Biodiversity Conservation

Author: Charles A. Perrings

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401102775

Page: 405

View: 824

This book reports the more policy-oriented results of the Biodiversity programme of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences Beijer Institute. The programme brought economists and ecologists together to consider where the problem in biodiversity loss really lies, what costs it has for society, and how it might best be addressed. The results are strikingly different from those reported in other works on the subject. Biodiversity loss matters for all ecosystems -- not just the megadiversity tropical forests. And it matters because it compromises the resilience and so the productivity of those systems. Biodiversity conservation requires the development of policies that change the behaviour of resource use everywhere -- not just in parks and reserves. The book is required reading for researchers and policy makers alike. It canvasses options for the reform of park management, biodiversity conservation projects, property rights, tax, trade and price regimes that are within the reach of governments everywhere.