Biogeography

This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world.

Biogeography

Author: C. Barry Cox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111896859X

Page: 500

View: 352

Through eight successful editions, and over nearly 40 years, Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach has provided a thorough and comprehensive exploration of the varied scientific disciplines and research that are essential to understanding the subject. The text has been praised for its solid background in historical biogeography and basic biology, that is enhanced and illuminated by discussions of current research. This new edition incorporates the exciting changes of the recent years, and presents a thoughtful exploration of the research and controversies that have transformed our understanding of the biogeography of the world. It also clearly identifies the three quite different arenas of biogeographical research: continental biogeography, island biogeography and marine biogeography. It is the only current textbook with full coverage of marine biogeography. It reveals how the patterns of life that we see today have been created by the two great Engines of the Planet - the Geological Engine, plate tectonics, which alters the conditions of life on the planet, and the Biological Engine, evolution, which responds to these changes by creating new forms and patterns of life.

Fundamentals of Biogeography

The first edition of Fundamentals of Biogeography was published in 1998. Since
that time, the subject has moved on, with some interesting developments. Other
textbooks have appeared. Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary ...

Fundamentals of Biogeography

Author: Richard J. Huggett

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415323475

Page: 439

View: 505

"Fundamentals of Biogeography presents an appealing introduction for students and all those interested in gaining a deeper understanding of key topics and debates within the fields of biogeography, ecology, and the environment. Revealing how life has been and is adapting to its biological and physical surroundings, Huggett stresses the role of ecological, historical, and human factors in fashioning animal and plant distributions, and explores how biogeography can inform conservation practice."--Jacket.

Physical Geography Biogeography

1 BIOGEOGRAPHY INTRODUCTION The study of biosphere is called
biogeography , which includes the consideration of physical environment , soil ,
animals and plants . ' Biogeography as the term indicates , is both a biological
and a ...

Physical Geography  Biogeography

Author: K. Bharatdwaj

Publisher: Discovery Publishing House

ISBN: 9788183561341

Page: 270

View: 278

It may well be said that there can be no geography which concerns itself with the actual shape and form of the land surface, solid rode, the configuration and extent of the seas and oceans, the enveloping atmosphere without which life as we know it cannot exist, the physical process which take place in that atmosphere. This book has been designed to cover the syllabus of physical geography required for the B.A. students of the Indian Universities. The subject matter has been arranged so as to provide clear and integrated approach to the subject with all essential tools of applicable geography for B.A. curriculum. Contents: Biogeography, Ecosystem, Biosphere, Biome, Food Chain.

Biogeography

Chapter 3 TIME SCALES IN BIOGEOGRAPHY J. R. Flenley Introduction Time is
different from the three other dimensions of the universe in that it moves in one
direction only. This does not, however, inhibit the progress of investigations ...

Biogeography

Author: James Allan Taylor

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780389205074

Page: 404

View: 570

Biogeography has been one of the great growth areas in geography in recent years, with much new research work and many new developments taking place. This book presents an authoritative, up-to-date, international review of all the major biogeographical themes. The chapters define each theme and its place within biogeography and consider the methods of study adopted. Each chapter then assesses recent trends and the latest state of the art, and concludes by examining where future developments are likely. Many case-studies and examples are provided, from throughout the world, including North America.

Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria

9 Biogeography of the Endemic Carabidae (Coleoptera) in the Central and
Eastern Balkan Peninsula Borislav Guéorguiev National Museum of Natural
History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Tsar Osvoboditel Blvd. 1, 1000 Sofia,
Bulgaria, ...

Biogeography and Ecology of Bulgaria

Author: Victor Fet

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402057814

Page: 687

View: 941

From single-celled organisms in Black Sea sand to endemic cave crustaceans, from mountain glacial relict insects to the most diverse bird fauna in Europe, the fauna of Bulgaria has been a subject of study for more than a century. This is the first English language survey of all vertebrate and many key invertebrate groups of Bulgaria, their faunistics, origin, geographical and ecological distribution, and conservation issues.

Foundations of Biogeography

PART 4 Revolutions in Historical Biogeography Vicki A. Funk a As we have seen
in previous recognized the identification of " botanical reparts of this volume , the
distribution of a taxon gions ” as a problem of general interest : the is the result ...

Foundations of Biogeography

Author: Dov V. Sax

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226492360

Page: 1291

View: 770

Foundations of Biogeography provides facsimile reprints of seventy-two works that have proven fundamental to the development of the field. From classics by Georges-Louis LeClerc Compte de Buffon, Alexander von Humboldt, and Charles Darwin to equally seminal contributions by Ernst Mayr, Robert MacArthur, and E. O. Wilson, these papers and book excerpts not only reveal biogeography's historical roots but also trace its theoretical and empirical development. Selected and introduced by leading biogeographers, the articles cover a wide variety of taxonomic groups, habitat types, and geographic regions. Foundations of Biogeography will be an ideal introduction to the field for beginning students and an essential reference for established scholars of biogeography, ecology, and evolution. List of Contributors John C. Briggs, James H. Brown, Vicki A. Funk, Paul S. Giller, Nicholas J. Gotelli, Lawrence R. Heaney, Robert Hengeveld, Christopher J. Humphries, Mark V. Lomolino, Alan A. Myers, Brett R. Riddle, Dov F. Sax, Geerat J. Vermeij, Robert J. Whittaker

Biogeography Time and Place Distributions Barriers and Islands

84 Abstract The present knowledge of the historical biogeography of aquatic
invertebrate groups is reviewed. Most orders of aquatic insects have a fossil
record starting in the Early Permian, or Middle Carboniferous (Odonata), making
even ...

Biogeography  Time and Place  Distributions  Barriers and Islands

Author: Willem Renema

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402063741

Page: 416

View: 562

This book offers exchanges between the fields of paleontology and zoology as patterns of biodiversity have long attracted the attention of both biologists and paleontologists. It covers the development of isolated island faunas, paleogeography and zoomorphology. The book shows that patterns are not always what they seem if looked at without a spatial or temporal reference.

Historical Biogeography

An Introduction Jorge CRISCI, Liliana Katinas, Paula Posadas, Jorge Víctor
Crisci. II TOPICS IN HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY 12 MOLECULAR
PHYLOGENIES IN BIOGEOGRAPHY IN THE LAST DECADE molecular II. Topics
in Historical ...

Historical Biogeography

Author: Jorge CRISCI

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674030044

Page: 264

View: 368

Though biogeography may be simply defined--the study of the geographic distributions of organisms--the subject itself is extraordinarily complex, involving a range of scientific disciplines and a bewildering diversity of approaches. For convenience, biogeographers have recognized two research traditions: ecological biogeography and historical biogeography. This book makes sense of the profound revolution that historical biogeography has undergone in the last two decades, and of the resulting confusion over its foundations, basic concepts, methods, and relationships to other disciplines of comparative biology. Using case studies, the authors explain and illustrate the fundamentals and the most frequently used methods of this discipline. They show the reader how to tell when a historical biogeographic approach is called for, how to decide what kind of data to collect, how to choose the best method for the problem at hand, how to perform the necessary calculations, how to choose and apply a computer program, and how to interpret results.

Island Biogeography

Island biogeography is an important subject for several reasons. First, it has been
and remains a field which feeds ideas, theories, models, and tests of same into
ecology, evolutionary biology, and biogeography. This is because islands ...

Island Biogeography

Author: Robert J. Whittaker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198566113

Page: 401

View: 229

Isolation, extinction, conservation, biodiversity, hotspots.

An Introduction to Applied Biogeography

In much of this book we consider the biogeography of species the distribution
patterns and the reasons for those patterns . This does not mean that
biogeography is concerned only with one level of taxonomic organisation , the
species .

An Introduction to Applied Biogeography

Author: Ian F. Spellerberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521457125

Page: 243

View: 479

Species distribution, conservation management, landscape planning.

Crustacean Biogeography

Crustacean Biogeography

Author: Robert H. Gore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789061915935

Page: 316

View: 824

This work covers the geographical distribution of Crustaceans with hypotheses on how the distribution took place, based on fossil and recent records.

Ecology and Biogeography of High Altitude Insects

I have described here the distinctive characters of the high altitude environment,
the ecological specializations of the high altitude insects, their ecological
interrelations and the outstanding peculiarities of their biogeography. I have also
 ...

Ecology and Biogeography of High Altitude Insects

Author: M.S. Mani

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789061931140

Page: 530

View: 373

In my book Introduction to High Altitude Entomology, published in 1962, I summa rized the results of eight years' studies, mainly on the Himalaya. I have since then had the opportunity of studying the collections of high altitude insects from the Alps, Carpathians, Caucasus, Urals, Alai-Pamirs, Tien Shan, Altai and other im portant mountains of the world in different museums and institutions in Europe. Through the courtesy and generosity of the Academy of Sciences of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, I was also able to personally collect insects and make valuable field observations on the Caucasus, the Alai-Pamirs, Ala-Tau and the Tien Shan mountains. Through comparative studies I have tried to synthesize the fundamental principles of high altitude entomology. I have described here the distinctive characters of the high altitude environment, the ecological specializations of the high altitude insects, their ecological inter relations and the outstanding peculiarities of their biogeography. I have also pre sented here an outline of the high altitude entomology of the principal mountains of the world, with brief accounts of their orogeny, geology and vegetation. This book differs from all other contributions in the field in its comparative ecological approach and in the fact that the main emphasis is throughout on the evolution of the high altitude ecosystem as an integral part of the orogeny. High mountains are, in all parts of the world, important and independent centres of origin and differ entiation of distinctive and highly specialized ecosystems and faunas.

The Theory of Island Biogeography

The study of insular biogeography has contributed a major part of evolutionary
theory and much of its clearest documentation . An island is certainly an
intrinsically appealing study object . It is simpler than a continent or an ocean , a
visibly ...

The Theory of Island Biogeography

Author: Robert H. MacArthur

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691088365

Page: 203

View: 261

Population theory.

Biogeography of Freshwater Algae

Biogeography of desmids Peter F. M. Coesel Department of Aquatic Ecology ,
University of Amsterdam , Kruislaan 320 , NL - 1098 SM Amsterdam , The
Netherlands Key words : Green algae , Desmidiaceae , distribution ,
biogeography ...

Biogeography of Freshwater Algae

Author: Jørgen Kristiansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792342533

Page: 161

View: 291

This book is based on a workshop on biogeography of freshwater algae held during the Fifth International Phycological Congress in China 1994. A group of outstanding specialists covering widely different approaches to the subject have been brought together, and this collection of their contributions forms a unique volume: there is no other book on the subject. It thus fills an evident gap in the phycological literature, and will be of major interest to researchers and teachers within phycology, limnology, and evolutionary biology. However, it may also be useful in courses for advanced students.

Comparative Biogeography

Discovering and Classifying Biogeographical Patterns of a Dynamic Earth Lynne
Parenti, Malte Ebach. Preface How do we discover patterns in nature and what
kinds of information and methods do we use to describe, evaluate, and interpret ...

Comparative Biogeography

Author: Lynne Parenti

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520944399

Page: 312

View: 129

To unravel the complex shared history of the Earth and its life forms, biogeographers analyze patterns of biodiversity, species distribution, and geological history. So far, the field of biogeography has been fragmented into divergent systematic and evolutionary approaches, with no overarching or unifying research theme or method. In this text, Lynne Parenti and Malte Ebach address this discord and outline comparative tools to unify biogeography. Rooted in phylogenetic systematics, this comparative biogeographic approach offers a comprehensive empirical framework for discovering and deciphering the patterns and processes of the distribution of life on Earth. The authors cover biogeography from its fundamental ideas to the most effective ways to implement them. Real-life examples illustrate concepts and problems, including the first comparative biogeographical analysis of the Indo-West Pacific, an introduction to biogeographical concepts rooted in the earth sciences, and the integration of phylogeny, evolution and earth history.

Foundations of Systematics and Biogeography

As the basic unit of classification is a three-item relationship (Chapter 7), its
application in biogeography is the three-area relationship, the smallest biotic
characteristic, an area homologue. Area homologies are simply the patterns “
expressed” ...

Foundations of Systematics and Biogeography

Author: David M. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387727302

Page: 310

View: 356

Anyone interested in comparative biology or the history of science will find this myth-busting work genuinely fascinating. It draws attention to the seminal studies and important advances that have shaped systematic and biogeographic thinking. It traces concepts in homology and classification from the 19th century to the present through the provision of a unique anthology of scientific writings from Goethe, Agassiz, Owen, Naef, Zangerl and Nelson, among others.

Biogeography and Ecology in South America

Vol. 1, 1018 p. DARLINGTON, P. J. 1965. Biogeography of the southern end of
the world. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press. 236 p. HARRINGTON,
H. J. 1962. Paleogeographic development of South America. Bull. Amer. Ass.
Petrol.

Biogeography and Ecology in South America

Author: E.J. Fittkau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789061930716

Page: 497

View: 773

With 'Biogeography and Ecology in South America' as the general theme, a total of twenty-nine contributions by thirty authors is offered here in two volumes, being volumes 18 and 19 of the Monographiae Biologicae. Most of these discussions deal with decidedly specialist themes and the editors have been particularly concerned to ensure that the authors enjoyed the greatest possible freedom in the preparation of their work in order that different points of view and interpretations, together with some questions of controversy, may be clarified. This also applies, of course, to the several chapters in which general themes (geographical substance, climate, geology, vegetation, amongst others) are discussed. Since the amount of material available is too great to enable one to aspire to a presentation of the complete biogeographical and ecological picture, this procedure seems expedient. However, these two volumes could well be regarded as being a preparatory work for just such a complete description. Each of the separate technical contributions refers to the continent as a whole, in order to characterise it as such from the viewpoint of the specialist. For this reason it was necessary to forgo special discussions of particular regions or types of landscape, although South America of all places is remarkably rich in unique regional phenom- ena, the altiplano of Peru and Bolivia, the relict forests of Fray Jorge, the shrub formations of Tierra del Fuego, the lakes of the High Andes, for example.

Dynamic Biogeography

1 Topics I define dynamic biogeography as the analysis and understanding of
spatial biological phenomena in terms of past and present factors and processes
. This definition implies five important topics . First , that we know what is meant
by ...

Dynamic Biogeography

Author: R. Hengeveld

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521437561

Page: 249

View: 490

Biogeography is an increasingly important area for ecology, dynamic biogeography being the study of biological patterns and processes on a broad scale both geographically and temporally. In this book, the spatial patterns and processes studied in dynamic biogeography are presented from an ecological perspective. Dynamic Biogeography opens with a survey of the different approaches encountered within the subject. The remainder of the book is arranged into four parts. The first is concerned with patterns of concordance; both quantitative and qualitative classifications are discussed. Geographical trends in species' diversity and biological traits are viewed, with Part 3 leading into areography or the analysis of species ranges. The book is drawn together by an overview of all the scales of variation and a glimpse into the future of biogeography.

Primate Biogeography

Biogeography. and. Anthropoid. Origins. K. Christopher. Beard. ABSTRACT The
continuity of phylogenetic descent requires that sister taxa originate in the same
place and at the same time. Resolving phylogenetic relationships can therefore ...

Primate Biogeography

Author: Shawn M. Lehman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387298711

Page: 536

View: 103

Primate Biogeography is a subject rarely addressed as a discipline in its own right. This comprehensive source introduces the reader to Primate Biogeography as a discipline. It highlights the many factors that may influence the distribution of primates, and reveals the wide range of approaches that are available to understanding the distribution of this order. The biogeography of primates in the past is a major component of our understanding of their evolutionary history and is an essential component of conservation biology. This book will appeal to primatologists, physical anthropologists, zoologists, and undergraduates in these areas.

A New Island Biogeography of the Sea of Cort s

TED J . CASE The reptiles of the islands of the Sea of Cortés have provided
many opportunities to test ecological and biogeographical hypotheses because
they support a diverse fauna with much insular endemism ; are numerous and of
 ...

A New Island Biogeography of the Sea of Cort  s

Author: Ted J. Case

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195350906

Page: 690

View: 472

This updated and expanded A New Island Biogeography of the Sea of Cortés, first published nearly 20 years ago, integrates new and broader studies encompassing more taxa and more complete island coverage. The present synthesis provides a basis for further research and exploration in upcoming years of the biologically fascinating Sea of Cortés region. The Gulf region is increasingly being exploited, for its natural resources by way of marine fisheries, and for its stunning natural beauty by way of a burgeoning tourism industry. Further, the region's human population is increasing apace. It is appropriate, therefore, that this volume discusses these evolving circumstances, and the efforts of the Mexican government to regulate and manage them. The new Biogeography includes a section on the conservation issues in the Sea of Cortés, past accomplishments and conservation needs as yet outstanding. This book should be of strong interest to conservation biologists, ecologists, and evolutionary biologists more generally.