Catalysis

Vol. 3, p. 39 Burwell, R. L.: Determination of Mechanism in Heterogeneous
Catalysis, Vol. 9, p. 1 Butt, J. B.: Catalyst ... Vol. 6, p. 1 Carberry, J. J.; Physico-
Chemical Aspects of Mass and Heat Transfer in Heterogeneous Catalysis. Vol. 8,
p.

Catalysis

Author: John R. Anderson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642759564

Page: 190

View: 530

Our understanding of catalytic reactions exists at various levels which are mainly defined from detailed knowledge of reaction mechanism. When viewed in terms of the stoi chiometric reaction equation, most catalytic reactions are complex processes which occur via a sequence of elementary (i. e. irreducible) steps, and the elucidation ofthese elementary steps and the identification of a rate determining step (if one exists) constitutes the traditional approach to the problem of mechanism. The term "traditional" is not used here in a pejorative sense since mechanistic knowledge of this sort makes an important contribution to catalyst design, improvement, and optimization. This is the field which is discussed by Professor R. L. Burwell in Chapter 1 where the very wide range of useful approaches and techniques is made apparent, even when one is restricted to quasi-steady state conditions. Techniques which depend on observations under non steady state conditions (i. e. relaxation methods) have also been used in mechanistic studies, increasingly so in recent years. This topic is discussed in detail by Professor K. Tamaru in Chapter 2. At a deeper level of understanding, one may seek to enquire how an elementary reaction proceeds in terms of movement in a multicoordinate space where the variables define atomic positions and energy. This is a problem of great complexity even in relatively simple cases. Nevertheless, despite the problems some progress is being made, and this and allied topics are discussed in Chapter 3 by Professor G. L. Haller and Dr. G. W. Coulston.

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Phys . , 1941 , Vol . 9 , p . 645 - 653 . [ 3 ] Otozai K . Sci . Pap . Osaka Univ . , 1951
, No . 20 , p . 1 - 8 . [ 4 ] Otozai K . Bull . Chem . Soc . Jap . , 1951 , Vol . 24 , No . 2
, p . 257 - 261 . [ 5 ] Woodward R . B . , Hoffmann R . Die Erhaltung der Orbital ...

Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: Georgiĭ Konstantinovich Boreskov

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781590338643

Page: 236

View: 362

Table of contents

Quantum Theory of Chemical Reactions

The second part of the book is devoted to biochemical applications of quantum chemistry. Two papers are concerned with the quantum theory of enzyme activity. Two others present recent progress of quantum pharmacology.

Quantum Theory of Chemical Reactions

Author: Raymond Daudel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027714671

Page: 178

View: 840

The third and last volume of this treatise IS concerned with important applications of the quantum~theory of chemical reactions to chemisorption, catalysis and biochemical reactions. The book begins with an important paper devoted to the theoretical background of heterogeneous catalysis. It is followed by two papers showing typical applications of wave mechanics to the analysis of chemisorption. Catalysed gas-solid reactions are chosen to illustrate gas, organic solid state reaction and some aspects of the mechanism of the FISCHER-TROPSCH synthesis are presented. The second part of the book is devoted to biochemical applications of quantum chemistry. Two papers are concerned with the quantum theory of enzyme activity. Two others present recent progress of quantum pharmacology. Finally an important contribution to the theory of intermolecular forces is made in the view of possible applications to biochemical problems. vii R. Daudel, A. Pullman, L. Salem, and A. Viellard reds.), Quantum Theory o/Chemical Reactions, Volume III, vii. Copyright © 1982 by D. Reidel Publishing Company. THEORETICAL BACKGROUND OF HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS J.E.Germain Laboratoire de Catalyse Appliquee et Cinetique Heterogene L.A. 231 du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Universite Claude Bernard Lyon I, E.S.C.I.L. 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, 69622 Villeurbanne Cedex. Heterogeneous Catalysis is a surface Kinetic phenomenon by which a chemical reaction between molecules of a fluid phase is accelerated (activity) and oriented (selectivity) by contact with a solid phase (catalysts, without change of the solid.

Introduction to Non linear Kinetics in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Wauquier J . P . and Jungers J . C . , Compt . Rend . , 243 ( 1956 ) 1766 . 2 .
Wheeler A . , In : W . G . Frankenburg , V . I . Komarewsky and E . K . Rideal (
Editors ) , Advances in Catalysis , Vol . 3 , Academic Press . New York , 1951 , p .
250 . 3 .

Introduction to Non linear Kinetics in Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: Yuri I. Pyatnitsky

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560728191

Page: 190

View: 904

This book comprises seven chapters. The first chapter addresses a phenomenological approach to the concept 'reaction rate', which views the complex reaction as a single unit whose progress if judged from measurements of the formation rates of the reaction participants; it also sets forth the main strategies by which to determine the rates of heterogeneous catalytic reactions. Another approach, a mechanistic one, relying upon the reaction mechanisms considered in the second chapter that has recourse to the Horiuti-Temkin complex reaction kinetics theory and the elementary statement of the graph method application in chemical kinetics. The third, fourth and fifth chapters consistently expound the philosophy of the steady state multiplicity, auto-oscillations, and the reciprocal effect of competitive catalytic reactions. The sixth and seventh chapters concentrate on the kinetics of some pragmatically important heterogeneous and heterogeneous-homogeneous catalytic reactions. Most results, presented in these chapters were obtained in the authors' laboratories.

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Thomas, W.J. (1971) Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 49, 204. Further Reading A
comprehensive account of promoters and poisons is given by Koel, B.E. and Kim,
J. (2008) in Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, vol. 3 (eds G. Ertl, H.
Knözinger, ...

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: John Meurig Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352768378X

Page: 768

View: 130

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Advances in Catalysis

Ricci, M.; Rivetti, F. Encyclopedia of Hydrocarbons; In: Beccani, M.; Romano, U.
Eds.; Vol. 3, Instituto Della Enciclopedia Italiana Roma: Italy, 2006; pp 661–686.
3. (a) Bellussi, G.; Fattore, V. Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis; In: Jacobs
, ...

Advances in Catalysis

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128003006

Page: 434

View: 869

Advances in Catalysis fills the gap between the journal papers and the textbooks across the diverse areas of catalysis research. For more than 60 years Advances in Catalysis has been dedicated to recording progress in the field of catalysis and providing the scientific community with comprehensive and authoritative reviews. This series is invaluable to chemical engineers and chemists working in the field of catalysis in academia or industry. Authoritative reviews written by experts in the field Topics selected to reflect progress of the field Insightful and critical articles, fully edited to suit various backgrounds

Enzyme Kinetics Catalysis and Control

In M. Sinnott (Ed.), Comprehensive Biological Catalysis, vol. 3 (p. 439). London:
Academic Press. Peracchi, A. (2001). Trends Biochem. Sci., 26, 497. Pereverzev,
Y. V., & Prezhdo, O. V. (2006). Biophys. J., 91, L19. Pereverzev, Y. V., Prezhdo ...

Enzyme Kinetics  Catalysis and Control

Author: Daniel L. Purich

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0123809258

Page: 920

View: 926

Far more than a comprehensive treatise on initial-rate and fast-reaction kinetics, this one-of-a-kind desk reference places enzyme science in the fuller context of the organic, inorganic, and physical chemical processes occurring within enzyme active sites. Drawing on 2600 references, Enzyme Kinetics: Catalysis & Control develops all the kinetic tools needed to define enzyme catalysis, spanning the entire spectrum (from the basics of chemical kinetics and practical advice on rate measurement, to the very latest work on single-molecule kinetics and mechanoenzyme force generation), while also focusing on the persuasive power of kinetic isotope effects, the design of high-potency drugs, and the behavior of regulatory enzymes. Historical analysis of kinetic principles including advanced enzyme science Provides both theoretical and practical measurements tools Coverage of single molecular kinetics Examination of force generation mechanisms Discussion of organic and inorganic enzyme reactions

Metal Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons

CatalysisfromA to Z: a Concise Encyclopedia, (B. Cornits, W.A. Hermann, R. Schl
̈ogl and C.-H. Wong, eds.). Wiley-VCH: Weinheim (2000). 5. M. Boudart in;
Handbook of Heterogeneous Catalysis, Vol. 3 (G.Ertl. H. Kn ̈ozinger and J.

Metal Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons

Author: Geoffrey C. Bond

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387261117

Page: 666

View: 926

This unique book, drawing on the author’s lifetime experience, critically evaluates the extensive literature on the field of Metal-Catalysed Reactions of Hydrocarbons. Emphasis is placed on reaction mechanisms involving hydrogenation, hydrogenolysis, skeletal and positional isomerisation, and exchange reactions. The motivation for fundamental research in heterogeneous catalysis is to identify the physicochemical characteristics of active centres for the reaction being studied, to learn how these may be modified or manipulated to improve the desired behavior of the catalyst, and to recognize and control those aspects of the catalyst's structure that limit its overall performance. By restricting the subject of the book to hydrocarbons, Bond has progressively developed the subject matter to include areas of importance both to researchers and to those working in the industry.

Dendrimer Catalysis

Vol 3 (in press) 46. Lang H, Auten B, Chandler BD (2005) J Catal (submitted) 47.
Ye H, Crooks RM (2005) J Am Chem Soc 127:4930–4934 48. Ye H, Scott RWJ,
Crooks RM (2004) Langmuir 20:2915–2920 49. Beakley L, Yost S, Cheng R, ...

Dendrimer Catalysis

Author: Lutz H. Gade

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540344748

Page: 189

View: 236

With contributions by numerous experts

New Developments in Catalysis Research

Table 6. The Al/Si ratio, SCD conditions, zinc chloride content, surface area, pore
volume and conversion of benzyl chloride in benzylation of benzene (XB) of
different aerogel catalyst samples Reprinted from Catalysis Communications. Vol
3.

New Developments in Catalysis Research

Author: Lawrence P. Bevy

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594544408

Page: 225

View: 557

The chemical or biological process whereby the presence of an external compound, a catalyst, serves as an agent to cause a chemical reaction to occur or to improve reaction performance without altering the external compound. Catalysis is a very important process from an industrial point of view since the production of most industrially important chemicals involve catalysis. Research into catalysis is a major field in applied science, and involves many fields of chemistry and physics. The new book brings together leading research in this vibrant field.

Privileged Chiral Ligands and Catalysts

74 (a) Pfaltz,A.and Lautens, M. (1999)in Comprehensive Asymmetric Catalysis,
Vol. 2 (eds E.N. Jacobsen, A. Pfaltz, and H. Yamamoto), ... E.M. (1999) in
Comprehensive Asymmetric Catalysis, Vol. 3 (eds E.N. Jacobsen, A. Pfaltz, andH
.

Privileged Chiral Ligands and Catalysts

Author: Qi-Lin Zhou

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527635214

Page: 484

View: 410

Catalytic asymmetric synthesis has been one of the most active research areas in chemistry (Nobel Prize in 2001). The development of efficient chiral catalysts plays a crucial role in asymmetric catalysis. Although many chiral ligands/catalysts have been developed in the past decades, the most efficient catalysts are derived from a few core structures, called "privileged chiral catalysts". This ultimate "must have" and long awaited reference for every chemist working in the field of asymmetric catalysis starts with the core structure of the catalysts, explaining why a certain ligand or catalyst is so successful. It describes in detail the history, the basic structural characteristics, and the applications of these "privileged catalysts". This novel presentation provides readers with a much deeper insight into the topic and makes it a must-have for organic chemists, catalytic chemists, chemists working with/on organometallics, chemists in industry, and libraries. From the contents: * BINAP * Bisphosphacycles - From DuPhos and BPE to a Diverse Set of Broadly Applied Ligands * Josiphos Ligands: From Discovery to Technical Applications * Chiral Spiro Ligands * Chiral Bisoxazoline Ligands * PHOX Ligands * Chiral Salen Complexes * BINOL * TADDOLate Ligands * Cinchona Alkaloids * Proline Derivatives

Fundamentals of Organometallic Catalysis

Bibliography and Sources Textbooks on Organometallic Catalysis and
Organometallic Chemistry [T1] Astruc, D. (2007) Organometallic ... an Integrated
Approach to Homogeneous, Heterogeneous and Industrial Catalysis (Studies in
Surface Science and Catalysis, Vol. ... 3–4 (Chain Polymerization), Pergamon,
Oxford.

Fundamentals of Organometallic Catalysis

Author: Dirk Steinborn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527327177

Page: 456

View: 466

Catalysis, the basic principle for overcoming the kinetic inhibition of chemical reactions, is fundamental in chemistry. In particular, organometallic catalysis plays an overwhelming role in both research and industry. It opens the way to entirely novel synthetic methods and finds widespread applications ranging from mass-production of everyday polymers to stereocontrolled synthesis of bioactive chemicals used as pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals. The targeted development of improved and novel catalysts demands understanding of the relationships between their structures and catalytic properties. Accordingly, this textbook offers the reader a fundamental understanding of the course of organometallic-catalyzed reactions, starting at the molecular level. The initial chapters explain the principles of catalysis and the elementary steps in organometallic catalysis. The book then explores important organometallic-catalyzed reactions, with a focus on mechanism. Current developments are emphasized throughout. Asymmetric synthesis is covered in depth. Finally, the book examines the catalytic behavior of particular metalloenzymes. A look at nitrogen fixation offers a comparative examination of the three major areas of catalysis - homogeneous, heterogeneous, and enzymatic. In addition to problems, the textbook offers solutions, making the book an invaluable learning tool. It is a must-have for advanced students in chemistry and biochemistry, as well as for inorganic and organic chemists, for those working with organometallics, and for those specializing in catalysis.

Oxygenates by Homologation or CO Hydrogenation with Metal Complexes

8 References 1 . B.D. Dombek: Adv. Catal. 32, 325 (1983). 2. The Research
Association for C. Chemistry; Kodansha, Tokio-Elsevier, Amsterdam ( 1989). 3.
P.H Emmett: Catalysis Vol.4, Van Nostrand- Reinhold, Princeton.New Jersey (
1956). 4.

Oxygenates by Homologation or CO Hydrogenation with Metal Complexes

Author: A. Braca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792326281

Page: 227

View: 408

Born and initially developed in various industrial laboratories, mainly in U.S.A. and Gennany, homogeneous phase catalytic carbon monoxide hydrogenation and alcohols and their derivatives carbonylation and homologation, have generally been considered and reviewed separately in the course of their 40 years history without concern for common aspects in the chemical transfonnations and in catalysis. Thanks to researchers of Japanese companies participating in the National C 1 Chemistry Project (1980-1987) the scientific and technical approaches in this field have been unified and applied in parallel, in the light of some common aspects of the chemical reactions and mechanisms. Now, at a moment when research seems becahned, a general presentation and discussion of the most recent topics might be an useful basis for further development of this chemistry. To delimit and simplify the discussion of the chemical aspects and the nature of the catalysts involved, the present review is limited to reactions employing homogeneous metal complexes for the direct conversion of syngas to oxygenates and to the hydrocarbonylation of these last to homologous derivatives. Since the previous practically contemporary reviews by Dombek [in Adv. Organomet. Chern. (1983)] on CO hydrogenation and by the present authors [in Asp.Homog.Catal.(Reidel Pu.l984)] on alcohol homologation fully cover the literature up to 1982, here we mainly refer to work done after 1982, and consider the cited reviews as covering the historical development of research in the 1940- 1980 period.

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis Leningrad USSR September 24 28 1984

Energy Resources through Photochemistry and Catalysis , edited by M . Gràtzel (
Academic Press , New ni York , 19834ed by M . Greet Photochemistr o si 3 . ... 8th
Intern Congress on Catalysis ( Verlag Chemie , Weinheim , 1984 ) , Vol .

Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Homogeneous Catalysis  Leningrad  USSR  September 24 28  1984

Author: Aleksandr Evgenʹevich Shilov

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9782881240508

Page: 1284

View: 429

Amino Acids Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry Building Blocks Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry

The latter may occur because the butterfly shape of the penicillin molecule [3]
prevents the normalplanararrangement of theoxygen,carbon,and nitrogenatoms
assumed to be ... Vol.3 – Building Blocks, Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry.

Amino Acids  Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry  Building Blocks  Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry

Author: Andrew B. Hughes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527633057

Page: 604

View: 946

This is the third of five books in the Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Synthesis series. Closing a gap in the literature, this is the only series to cover this important topic in organic and biochemistry. Drawing upon the combined expertise of the international "who's who" in amino acid research, these volumes represent a real benchmark for amino acid chemistry, providing a comprehensive discussion of the occurrence, uses and applications of amino acids and, by extension, their polymeric forms, peptides and proteins. The practical value of each volume is heightened by the inclusion of experimental procedures. The 5 volumes cover the following topics: Volume 1: Origins and Synthesis of Amino Acids Volume 2: Modified Amino Acids, Organocatalysis and Enzymes Volume 3: Building Blocks, Catalysis and Coupling Chemistry Volume 4: Protection Reactions, Medicinal Chemistry, Combinatorial Synthesis Volume 5: Analysis and Function of Amino Acids and Peptides This third volume in the series presents an in depth account of recent developments in the (bio-)synthesis of amino acids and peptides. Divided into two parts, the first section deals with amino acids as building blocks, including the generation of alpha-amino acids, beta-lactams, and heterocycles. The second section is devoted to the synthesis of peptides, with the focus on solid phase synthesis. However, solution phase peptide synthesis is covered as well, as are topics such as coupling reagents, chemical ligation, peptide purification and automation. Originally planned as a six volume series, Amino Acids, Peptides and Proteins in Organic Chemistry now completes with five volumes but remains comprehensive in both scope and coverage. Further information about the 5 Volume Set and purchasing details can be viewed here.

Topics in Stereochemistry

A. P. G. Kielboom and F. van Rantwijk, Hydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis in
Synthetic Organic Chemistry, Delft University Press, 1977. I. Ojima, K. Yamamoto,
and M. Kumada, in Aspects of Homogeneous Catalysis, Vol. 3, Ugo Ed., D.
Reidel, ...

Topics in Stereochemistry

Author: Ernest L. Eliel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470147415

Page: 349

View: 185

This seminal series, first edited by Ernest Eliel, responsible for some of the major advances in stereochemistry and the winner of the ACS Priestley Medal in 1996, provides coverage of the major developments of the field of stereochemistry. The scope of this series is broadly defined to encompass all fields of chemical and biological sciences that are founded on molecular and supramolecular interactions. Insofar as chemical, physical, and biological properties are determined by molecular shape and structure, the importance of stereochemistry is fundamental to and consequential for all natural sciences. Topics in Stereochemistry serves as a multidisciplinary series that enriches all of chemistry. Aimed at advanced students, university professors and teachers as well as researchers in pharmaceutical, agricultural, biotechnological, polymer, materials, and fine chemical industries, Topics in Stereochemistry publishes definitive and scholarly reviews in stereochemistry and has long been recognized as the gold standard reference work in this field. Covering the effect of chirality on all aspects of molecular interaction from the fundamental physical chemical properties of molecules and their molecular physics to the application of chirality in new areas such as its applications in materials science, Topics in Stereochemistry explores a wide variety of properties, both physical and chemical of isomers with a view to their applications in a number of disciplines from biochemistry to materials science.

Catalysis An Integrated Approach

3 H . P . Böhm , Adv . Catal . , 16 ( 1966 ) 220 . ... 11 D . W . Breck , U . S . Patent 3
, 130 , 007 ( 1964 ) . ... P . Grange , P . A . Jacobs and G . Poncelet ( Editors ) ,
Preparation of Catalysts IV , Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis Vol .

Catalysis  An Integrated Approach

Author: R.A. van Santen

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444505934

Page: 602

View: 622

This book concentrates on industrially relevant reactions which are catalyzed by heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts. Homogeneous catalysis by metal complexes is treated jointly with heterogeneous catalysis using metallic and non-metallic solids. In both areas the high degree of sophistication of spectroscopic techniques and theoretical modelling has led to an enormous increase in our understanding at the molecular level. This holds for the kinetics of the reactions and the reactivities of the catalysts, as well as for the syntheses of the catalytic materials. The development of catalysis science since the first edition of this book has necessitated a thorough revision, including special chapters on biocatalysis, catalyst characterization and adsorption methods. The multidisciplinary nature of catalysis is reflected in the choice of a novel combination of basic disciplines which will be refreshing and inspiring to readers.