Causes of War

Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to ...

Causes of War

Author: Stephen Van Evera

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801467187

Page: 288

View: 684

What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? A prominent political scientist here addresses these questions, offering ideas that will be widely debated. Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions—false optimism—rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.

Causes of War

Causes of War has a structure and clarity that will make this volume a joy to use in the classroom.

Causes of War

Author: Jack S. Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444357093

Page: 288

View: 214

Written by leading scholars in the field, Causes of War provides the first comprehensive analysis of the leading theories relating to the origins of both interstate and civil wars. Utilizes historical examples to illustrate individual theories throughout Includes an analysis of theories of civil wars as well as interstate wars -- one of the only texts to do both Written by two former International Studies Association Presidents

An Introduction to the Causes of War

Written with the modern business world in mind, this adaptation of the principles text--PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING, 24E--offers an innovative four-step system for students: (1) read the accounting concept and illustration, (2) follow the same ...

An Introduction to the Causes of War

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742555105

Page: 423

View: 591

ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES USING EXCEL® FOR SUCCESS, 2E, International Edition leads students to accounting mastery while increasing Excel® proficiency. Written with the modern business world in mind, this adaptation of the principles text--PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING, 24E--offers an innovative four-step system for students: (1) read the accounting concept and illustration, (2) follow the same concept using the Excel® Success Example, (3) practice using the "Try It" Tutorial, and (4) apply knowledge by completing the Excel® Success Problem.This text reinforces key accounting concepts through six basic Excel® formulas. Students build an Excel® portfolio to demonstrate basic competencies in accounting and Excel®. Each new copy of the book comes packaged with an access code that allows students to use the online Excel® "Try It" Tutorials. These tutorials guide students through the hands-on process of entering formulas and understanding how to Excel® for accounting. Excel® Success Special Activities at the end of the chapter require students to manipulate spreadsheets and save the files to demonstrate Excel® competency.

What Causes War

Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war.

What Causes War

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742566528

Page: 620

View: 917

Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war. For each theory, Greg Cashman examines the arguments and counterarguments, considers the empirical evidence and counterevidence generated by social-science research, looks at historical applications of the theory, and discusses the theory’s implications for restraining international violence. Among the questions he explores are: Are humans aggressive by nature? Do individual differences among leaders matter? How might poor decision making procedures lead to war? Why do leaders engage in seemingly risky and irrational policies that end in war? Why do states with internal conflicts seem to become entangled in wars with their neighbors? What roles do nationalism and ethnicity play in international conflict? What kinds of countries are most likely to become involved in war? Why have certain pairs of countries been particularly war-prone over the centuries? Can strong states deter war? Can we find any patterns in the way that war breaks out? How do balances of power or changes in balances of power make war more likely? Do social scientists currently have an answer to the question of what causes war? Cashman examines theories of war at the individual, substate, nation-state, dyadic, and international systems level of analysis. Written in a clear and accessible style, this interdisciplinary text will be essential reading for all students of international relations.

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace.

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

Author: Michael Howard

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674104174

Page: 286

View: 414

Public consciousness of the threat of nuclear war is rising steadily. Responses to the nuclear dilemma are conflicting and often confusing. Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace. His book includes an examination of nuclear strategy today, views of the past about the conduct of international relations, ethics, modes of defense, and studies of military thinkers and leaders. The Causes of Wars illuminates the interrelationship between men and ideas, between war and other social forces, and between our present situation and its roots in the past.

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

And has there been a decline in war-making over time - or is this just a pious hope?Azar Gat here draws together insights from evolutionary theory, anthropology, history, historical sociology, and political science to address these ...

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198795025

Page: 303

View: 466

Why do humans go to war? Have we been waging war ever since we first existed as a species? Is a propensity to wage war part of what it is to be human, or more a result of the evolution of human society? And has there been a decline in war-making over time - or is this just a pious hope?Azar Gat here draws together insights from evolutionary theory, anthropology, history, historical sociology, and political science to address these fundamental questions about the history of our species - the answers to which also have big implications for our species' future survival.The book reveals that theories regarding the recent decline of war, such as the "democratic peace" and "capitalist peace", capture merely elements of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since the onset of the industrial age in the early 19th century.

The Causes of War

Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another.

The Causes of War

Author: David Sobek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745655467

Page: 240

View: 671

Wars often spring out of nowhere with little warning. One need only look at the recent troubles at the Lebanon-Israeli border for evidence of this claim. At other points in history, such as the run-up to the Second World War, wars seem all but foretold. How does one understand a phenomenon that, at times, seems so random, while at others so predictable? Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another. Understanding the onset of war, he contends, requires a movement away from single theories towards one that embraces the multi-faceted causes of war. The characteristics of individual states, the strategic interaction of multiple states, and the broad structure of the international system all affect the risk of war. Throughout the book Sobek draws on a wide range of examples – from the rise of Japan in the 19th century to the emergence of Hamas in the 21st century – to show how both domestic and international politics push states to, or pull them from, the brink of armed conflict. While civil war and terrorism are often viewed as a from of violence distinct from interstate war, Sobek examines them as simply an extreme form of asymmetric warfare. From this perspective terrorism emerges as just another tactic used by actors engaged in armed conflict. The Causes of War will be essential reading for students of security and strategic studies as well as anyone seeking to understand the rise of violent conflict in the contemporary world.

Theory and Research on the Causes of War

Som et bidrag til konfliktforskningen har de to redaktører samlet 20 udvalgte artikler vedr. kriser og krige/konflikter og årsagerne dertil.

Theory and Research on the Causes of War

Author: Richard Christopher Snyder

Publisher: Englewood Cliffs, N.J : Prentice-Hall

ISBN:

Page: 314

View: 166

Som et bidrag til konfliktforskningen har de to redaktører samlet 20 udvalgte artikler vedr. kriser og krige/konflikter og årsagerne dertil. Artiklerne er udvalgt til at belyse bogens syv afsnit. Part One: The Study of War: Theory and Method; Part Two: Motives and Perceptions underlying into War; Part Three: Movement toward War: From Motives and Perceptions to Actions; Part Four: Restraints against Use of Violence: Military Preparations; Part Five: Nonmilitary Restraints and the Peaceful Resolution of Controversy; Part Six: The Incidence of War: Statistical Evidence; Part Seven: Toward an Integrated Theory and Cumulative Research.

Causes of War 3rd Ed

The peace that passeth understanding -- Paradise is a bazaar -- Dreams and delusions of a coming war -- While waterbirds fight -- Death-watch and scapegoat wars -- War chests and pulse beats -- A calendar of war -- The abacus of power -- ...

Causes of War  3rd Ed

Author: Geoffrey Blainey

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0029035910

Page: 325

View: 546

On the Causes of War

This is an analysis of one of the fundamental questions of international relations: what causes war? The author draws upon historical, statistical and philosophical perspectives to produce an innovative new theory.

On the Causes of War

Author: Hidemi Suganami

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019827338X

Page: 235

View: 258

In this highly original and important book, Hidemi Suganami analyses one of the fundamental questions of international relations: what causes war? Drawing on historical, statistical, and philosophical perspectives to produce an innovative theory, he rejects the simplistic notion that war can be explained by some straightforward formula, yet demonstrates that there are basic similarities among the diverse origins of wars. Such similarities, he argues, are rooted in the way the origins of wars, conventionally, are narrated. Comparing various narrative accounts of the origins of wars, Suganami shows that enquiry into the causes of war is inseparable from the question of responsibility.

Conflict After the Cold War

7.2 The Offensive/Defensive Balance of Military Technology -- 7.3 Why Nuclear Proliferation May Be Good -- 7.4 Drones: Technology Serves Strategy -- 7.5 Drones: Tactics Undermine Strategy -- PART VIII Terrorism, Revolution, and ...

Conflict After the Cold War

Author: Richard K. Betts

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351864874

Page: 666

View: 462

7.2 The Offensive/Defensive Balance of Military Technology -- 7.3 Why Nuclear Proliferation May Be Good -- 7.4 Drones: Technology Serves Strategy -- 7.5 Drones: Tactics Undermine Strategy -- PART VIII Terrorism, Revolution, and Unconventional Warfare -- 8.1 The Strategic Logic of Terrorism -- 8.2 Speech to the American People -- 8.3 Science of Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.4 On Guerrilla Warfare -- 8.5 Patterns of Violence in World Politics -- 8.6 Insurgency and Counterinsurgency -- 8.7 Principles, Imperatives, and Paradoxes of Counterinsurgency -- 8.8 A Strategy of Tactics: The Folly of Counterinsurgency -- PART IX Threat Assessment and Misjudgment: Recurrent Dilemmas -- 9.1 The German Threat? 1907 -- 9.2 The German Threat? 1938 -- 9.3 The Threat to Ukraine From the West -- 9.4 The Threat From Russia -- 9.5 How Could Vietnam Happen? An Autopsy -- 9.6 Afghanistan's Legacy : Emerging Lessons -- 9.7 China: Can the Next Superpower Rise Without War? -- PART X New Threats and Strategies for Peace -- 10.1 Environmental Changes as Causes of Acute Conflict -- 10.2 Why Cyberdeterrence Is Different -- 10.3 A World of Liberty Under Law -- 10.4 Peace Among Civilizations?

International and Regional Security

Finally, the book addresses the debate on the future of war and peace in the 21st century. This book will be essential reading for students of international security, regional security, Middle Eastern politics, foreign policy and IR.

International and Regional Security

Author: Benjamin Miller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317285549

Page: 294

View: 200

This volume is a collection of the best essays of Professor Benjamin Miller on the subjects of international and regional security. The book analyses the interrelationships between international politics and regional and national security, with a special focus on the sources of international conflict and collaboration and the causes of war and peace. More specifically, it explains the sources of intended and unintended great-power conflict and collaboration. The book also accounts for the sources of regional war and peace by developing the concept of the state-to-nation balance. Thus the volume is able to explain the variations in the outcomes of great power interventions and the differences in the level and type of war and peace in different eras and various parts of the world. For example, the book’s model can account for recent outcomes such as the effects of the 2003 American intervention in Iraq, the post-2011 Arab Spring and the conflicts between Russia and Ukraine. The book also provides a model for explaining the changes in American grand strategy with a special focus on accounting for the causes of the invasion of Iraq in 2003. Finally, the book addresses the debate on the future of war and peace in the 21st century. This book will be essential reading for students of international security, regional security, Middle Eastern politics, foreign policy and IR.

Human Nature and the Causes of War

This book examines the effects of six types of regime on foreign policy: monarchy, republic and sultanistic, charismatic, and military and totalitarian dictatorship.

Human Nature and the Causes of War

Author: John David Orme

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319771671

Page: 293

View: 911

What are the causes of war? Wars are generally begun by a revisionist state seeking to take territory. The psychological root of revisionism is the yearning for glory, honor and power. Human nature is the primary cause of war, but political regimes can temper or intensify these passions. This book examines the effects of six types of regime on foreign policy: monarchy, republic and sultanistic, charismatic, and military and totalitarian dictatorship. Dictatorships encourage and unleash human ambition, and are thus the governments most likely to begin ill-considered wars. Classical realism, modified to incorporate the impact of regimes and beliefs, provides a more convincing explanation of war than neo-realism.

Causes of War

Theories on the origins of war are often based on the premise that the rational actor is in pursuit of material satisfaction, such as the quest for power or for wealth.

Causes of War

Author: Thomas Lindemann

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 1907301011

Page: 176

View: 138

Theories on the origins of war are often based on the premise that the rational actor is in pursuit of material satisfaction, such as the quest for power or for wealth. These perspectives disregard the need for homo symbolicus – meaning the preservation of a positive self-image for both emotional and instrumental reasons. A good reputation ensures authority and material resources. Non-recognition can be as much as an explanation of war as that of other explicative 'variables'. Two empirical studies examining the role of non-recognition in great power conflicts and in international crises will demonstrate the value of this symbolic approach.

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa

The contributors discuss the limitations of traditional military peacekeeping, and the importance of geopolitics and political economy in the resolution of disputes.

The Causes of War and the Consequences of Peacekeeping in Africa

Author: Ricardo René Laremont

Publisher: Greenwood

ISBN:

Page: 311

View: 452

The contributors discuss the limitations of traditional military peacekeeping, and the importance of geopolitics and political economy in the resolution of disputes.

Causes of War

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

Causes of War

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: Books LLC, Wiki Series

ISBN: 9781155696133

Page: 250

View: 835

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 81. Chapters: Regime change, Origins of the American Civil War, Causes of World War I, Origins of the Cold War, Causes of World War II, Events leading to the Falklands War, Background of the Winter War, Events leading to the Sino-Indian War, Causes of the Franco-Prussian War, Never at War, Origins of the War of 1812, Origins of the Sri Lankan civil war, Origins of the Sino-Indian border dispute, Baltimore Plot, Causes of the Polish-Soviet War, Export Control Act, Background to the Vietnam War, Casus belli, War cycles, Pro-war rhetoric, International crisis, Powder keg of Europe, Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms, Greed versus grievance, Correlates of War, Casus foederis, War Is a Force That Gives Us Meaning. Excerpt: The main explanation for the origins of the American Civil War is slavery, especially Southern anger at the attempts by Northern antislavery political forces to block the expansion of slavery into the western territories. Southern slave owners held that such a restriction on slavery would violate the principle of states' rights. In 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln, who won the national election without receiving a single electoral vote from any of the Southern states, triggered declarations of secession from the United States by slave states of the Deep South, and their formation of the Confederate States of America. Nationalists (in the North and elsewhere) refused to recognize secession, nor did any foreign government. War began in April 1861 when Confederates attacked Fort Sumter, a major fortress held by the U.S. in lands claimed by the Confederacy. As a panel of historians emphasized in 2011, "while slavery and its various and multifaceted discontents were the primary cause of disunion, it was disunion itself that sparked the war." States' rights and the tariff issue became entangled...