Adopting a hypothesis-testing and experimental approach, the book is intended for undergraduate and postgraduate students of marine biology, marine ecology, animal behaviour, oceanography and other biological sciences and also as an ...
Author: Ernest Naylor
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Do intertidal organisms simply respond to the rise and fall of tides, or do they possess biological timing and navigation mechanisms that allow them to anticipate when conditions are most favourable? How are the patterns of growth, development and reproduction of some marine plants and animals related to changes in day-length or to phases of the moon? The author describes how marine organisms, from single cells to vertebrates, on sea shores, in estuaries and in the open ocean, have evolved inbuilt biological clockwork and synchronisation mechanisms which control rhythmic processes and navigational behaviour, permitting successful exploitation of highly variable and often hostile environments. Adopting a hypothesis-testing and experimental approach, the book is intended for undergraduate and postgraduate students of marine biology, marine ecology, animal behaviour, oceanography and other biological sciences and also as an introduction for researchers, including physiologists, biochemists and molecular biologists entering the field of chronobiology.
... 3-hour growth hormone production cycle, 4-hour nasal cycle and/or 90-minute
REM cycle, (c) tidal rhythms are roughly 12.4-hour transition from high to low and
vice versa and are usually seen in marine life, (d) lunar rhythms follow the lunar ...
Author: Pavol Svorc
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
The regular alternation of light and dark affects not only human biological systems, but also the social organization of behavior. The effect of such light modes is manifested in periodic changes in physiological functions and biological rhythms exhibited at every level of life. The book discusses some of the specificities of the circadian rhythms in living organisms and mentions aspects of the control of circadian rhythms as well as experimental and clinical cases that are closely related to circadian disruption. This book can evoke interest in many researchers who want to use this information for the advancement of their research towards a better understanding of the biological time structure.
Reports on species presence and abundance from the deep ocean are too
limited in both space and time mainly because of observational technological
limitations (see the section 'The Missing Chronobiology Framework in Marine
Author: R. N. Gibson
Publisher: CRC Press
Ever-increasing interest in oceanography and marine biology and their relevance to global environmental issues creates a demand for authoritative reviews summarising the results of recent research. Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review has catered to this demand since its founding by the late Harold Barnes fifty years ago. Its objectives are to consider, annually, the basic areas of marine research, returning to them when appropriate in future volumes; to deal with subjects of special and topical importance; and to add new subjects as they arise. The favourable reception accorded to all the volumes shows that the series is fulfilling a very real need: reviews and sales have been gratifying. A milestone in the history of the series, the fiftieth volume follows closely the objectives and style of the earlier volumes, continuing to regard the marine sciences—with all their various aspects—as a unity. Physical, chemical, and biological aspects of marine science are dealt with by experts actively engaged in these fields. The series is an essential reference text for researchers and students in all fields of marine science and related subjects, and it finds a place in libraries of not only marine stations and institutes, but also universities. It is consistently among the highest ranking impact factors for the marine biology category of the citation indices compiled by the Institute for Scientific Information.
Thus, chronobiology is the study of science of life in relation with time, i.e.
studying the time sense of the organism (biological ... Tidal rhythms, commonly
observed in marine life, follow roughly 12-hour transition from high to low tide
Author: MANDAL, FATIK BARAN
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
This well-accepted book, now in its Third Edition, is an extension of the previous edition. The text has further enriched with more information to understand animal behaviour coherently and scientifically. The book attempts to provide a reasonably suitable account of animal behaviour for undergraduate as well as postgraduate students. Although behaviour of animals has fascinated people for a long, behavioural biology has been incorporated in the syllabi very recently. The study of behaviour received its important boost from the work of Charles Darwin who used the term ‘instinct’, to refer to the natural behaviour of animals. In the 1930s, a comprehensive theory of animal behaviour emerged through the work of Konrad Lorenz and, later of Niko Tinbergen. Biological study of behaviour, in fact came of age as a science when Lorenz, Tinbergen and Karl von Frisch received the Nobel Prize for their contribution to science. Observing and describing exactly what animals do is fascinating and scientific analysis of their behaviour is significant for several reasons. Each species tends to have an array of stereotyped behaviours, some of which are shared with related species, but others are unique. Ecology, natural selection, macroevolution, microevolution, and gene constitute the foundation of animal behaviour. Various animal groups exhibit diverse strategies for their survival and reproduction which are discussed in this book. The book is primarily intended for the students of B.Sc./M.Sc. (Zoology/Life Science) for their courses. It would be useful for the researchers in the field of animal behaviour, and conservation biologists. It would also attract students who are pursuing courses in Sociology and Anthropology. Key features • Presents a well-balanced view of ethology. • Discusses the current development in the field. • Includes a glossary of important terms. • Offers chapter-end questions to check the students’ understanding of the concept.
Thus , chronobiology is the study of science of life in relation with time , i.e.
studying the time sense of the organism ... Tidal rhythms , commonly observed in
marine life , follow roughly 12 - hour transition from high to low tide and back .
Author: FATIK BARAN MANDAL
Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
This well-accepted book, now stands in its second edition, is a time-honoured revision and extension of the previous edition. Beginning with an introduction to the study of animal behaviour, the book explains the various aspects of behavioural biology incorporating a wealth of information from molecular biology, neurobiology, and socio-biology with a new approach. It describes different kinds of innate and learned behaviours, animal communications, defensive behaviours such as camouflage and mimicry with suitable illustrations. The book incorporates the introductory concepts of biomimicry in an attractive manner. Further, it discusses biorhythms, migration in fish and birds, in addition to evolution and physiological basis of migration. The text also presents the important aspects of socio-biology and social behaviours, such as feeding, adaptation, prey defence, territoriality, aggression, altruism, sexuality, and parental care. Finally, it provides discussions on behavioural ecology in the context of conservation biology, and human behaviour. The book presents the basic principles of animal behaviour with the aid of carefully selected examples from both the recent and classic literature along with an emphasis on readability. In the present edition, topics like eusociality and behavioural theories have been incorporated. This edition also includes as many as 11 published articles by the author on different topics related to the subject matter in box format to further strengthen the text. The book is primarily intended for the students of B.Sc./M.Sc. (Zoology/Life Science) for their courses. It would be useful for the researchers in the field of animal behaviour, and conservation biologists. It would also attract readership studying Sociology and Anthropology. KEY FEATURES : Presents a well-balanced view of ethology. Discusses the current development in the field. Includes a glossary of important terms. Offers end-of-chapter questions to check the students' understanding of the concepts.
Advances in Marine Biology has been providing in-depth and up-to-date reviews on all aspects of Marine Biology since 1963 -- over 40 years of outstanding coverage! The series is well-known for both its excellence of reviews and editing.
Publisher: Academic Press
Advances in Marine Biology has been providing in-depth and up-to-date reviews on all aspects of Marine Biology since 1963 -- over 40 years of outstanding coverage! The series is well-known for both its excellence of reviews and editing. The serial publishes in-depth and up-to-date content on a wide range of topics which will appeal to postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries science, ecology, zoology, and biological oceanography. Rated "Number 1" in the highly competitive category of Marine & Freshwater Biology by ISI in the 2000 ISI journals citation report Maintains an Impact Factor of 3.37, the highest in the field Series features over 35 years of coverage of the research
Scientific evidence for biological clocks linked to the Moon has only recently become recognized. This book describes the growing evidence for lunar influences on animal behaviour, and considers whether humans may be affected too
Author: Ernest Naylor
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Throughout history, the influence of the full Moon on humans and animals has featured in folklore and myths. Yet it has become increasingly apparent that many organisms really are influenced indirectly, and in some cases directly, by the lunar cycle. Breeding behaviour among some marine animals has been demonstrated to be controlled by internal circalunar biological clocks, to the point where lunar-daily and lunar-monthly patterns of Moon-generated tides are embedded in their genes. Yet, intriguingly, Moon-related behaviours are also found in dry land and fresh water species living far beyond the influence of any tides. In Moonstruck, Ernest Naylor dismisses the myths concerning the influence of the Moon, but shows through a range of fascinating examples the remarkable real effects that we are now finding through science. He suggests that since the advent of evolution on Earth, which occurred shortly after the formation of the Moon, animals evolved adaptations to the lunar cycle, and considers whether, if Moon-clock genes occur in other animals, might they also exist in us?
Author: John D. Palmer
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Biochemical mechanisms within the bodies of plants and animals program almost all their activities to specific phases of periodic events such as the time of day, the state of the tide, and the season of the year. Those organisms living within the intertidal zone--the area between high and low tides--face many environmental challenges that are eased tremendously by such chronobiological means. This monograph provides an authoritative, up-to-date account of research on the workings of intertidal animals' biological clocks. The book begins with a description of how tides are generated, and how the difficulties involved in studying organismic tide-associated rhythms may be overcome. The rest of the work focuses on rhythms and their properties, and the nature of the clocks that govern them. Comprehensive in scope, the book synthesizes over 350 research papers and contains over 129 figures. It is intended as a sequel to the author's well-known 1974 monograph Biological Clocks in Marine Organisms, incorporating the many advances in the field since the publication of the earlier volume. Aquatic ecologists, animal behaviorists, comparative physiologists, marine biologists, chronobiologists, and interested general readers will all want to read this important new work.
chronobiology. The fluctuation of light between day and night is not the only
decisive external time giver and pacemaker for the regulation of internal rhythms.
In their natural environment, many marine plants and animals orient themselves ...
Author: Gunter Klein
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Nearly everything making up what we call the “environment” of a plant has an infuence on the way it grows. Sunlight, te- perature, moisture contents of soil and atmosphere and vib- tions are all obvious examples of environmental components, and transient variations in their amount or intensity lead the plant to manifest more or less immediate responses. Small changes in carbon dioxide level in the atmosphere can even have effects, but these take a longer time to be registered – at least those that are visible, albeit at the microscopic level. Plants meet the challenges of the environment by means of acclimation. In this respect, plants are notable for the pl- ticity of their development. However, where morphological or physiological plasticity is no longer an option, the responses would be by means of adaptations as a result of genetic - lection or genetic “assimilation” (Waddington 1957). Thus, a feature that was once a facultative transient response to an environmental perturbation becomes a constitutive charac- ristic of plant structure or function. It is in this way that the environment continually molds the way in which plants de- lop, and also defnes the areas upon planet Earth where they will thrive.
For example , would exposure of marine organisms to petroleum at a time when
feeding or reproductive activities were at a peak have more effect than when
such biological activities were minimal ? 3 . Serial chronobiological factors .
Author: Donald C. Malins
Publisher: New York : Academic Press
A compilation and evaluation of current knowledge on the effects of petroleum on arctic and subarctic marine environments and ecosystems. Volume 1 covers the nature and fate of petroleum; volume 2 the biological effects.
M.K. Chandrashekaran and V.K. Sharma Abstract Several marine organisms
living in the inter-tidal zone show tidal ... and inhospitable environment inundated
twice daily Chronobiology Laboratory, Evolutionary and Organismal Biology Unit,
Author: David Lloyd
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
5. 1. 1 Biological Rhythms and Clocks From an evolutionary perspective, the adaptation of an organism’s behavior to its environment has depended on one of life’s fundamental traits: biological rhythm generation. In virtually all light-sensitive organisms from cyanobacteria to humans, biological clocks adapt cyclic physiology to geophysical time with time-keeping properties in the circadian (24 h), ultradian (24 h) domains (Edmunds, 1988; Lloyd, 1998; Lloyd et al. , 2001; Lloyd and Murray, 2006; Lloyd, 2007; Pittendrigh, 1993; Sweeney and Hastings, 1960) By definition, all rhythms exhibit regular periodicities since they constitute a mechanism of timing. Timing exerted by oscillatory mechanisms are found throughout the biological world and their periods span a wide range from milliseconds, as in the action potential of n- rons and the myocytes, to the slow evolutionary changes that require thousands of generations. In this context, to understand the synchronization of a population of coupled oscillators is an important problem for the dynamics of physiology in living systems (Aon et al. , 2007a, b; Kuramoto, 1984; Strogatz, 2003; Winfree, 1967). Circadian rhythms, the most intensively studied, are devoted to measuring daily 24 h cycles. A variety of physiological processes in a wide range of eukaryotic organisms display circadian rhythmicity which is characterized by the following major properties (Anderson et al. , 1985; Edmunds, 1988): (i) stable, autonomous (self-sustaining) oscillations having a free-running period under constant envir- mental conditions of ca.
In addition, he has been actively involved in teaching activities (Physiology,
Chronobiology and Aquaculture as major ... the development and reproduction in
three marine species which are of special interest for aquaculture such as sea
Author: F. Javier Sánchez Vázquez
Publisher: CRC Press
Biology of European Seabass presents up-to-date reviews on key topics of seabass biology, written by leading scientific experts with extensive knowledge of seabass as well as their respective field of expertise. The book covers the biology and ecology of the different sea basses and the latest findings in molecular biology, physiology, and behavior of this species. Ranging from larval development to nutrition to pathology and immune system, the chapters cover a broad spectrum. The final chapter deals with novel tools such as transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. The social and commercial impact (fisheries and aquaculture) of seabass is also assessed.
PALMER , J. D. Biological Clocks in Marine Organisms : The control of
physiological and behavioral tidal rhythms ... Advances in Chronobiology , Part A.
, Proceedings of the XVIIth International Conference of the International Society
Author: Sue Ann Binkley
Publisher: Prentice Hall Direct
An introduction to the terminology of the biology of time, the general rhythmic phenomena that exist, and the underlying mechanisms. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR