Cocaine Death Squads and the War on Terror

This book asks an obvious question: are the official reasons given for the wars on drugs and terror in Colombia plausible, or are there other, deeper factors at work?

Cocaine  Death Squads  and the War on Terror

Author: Oliver Villar

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1583673075

Page: 273

View: 252

Since the late 1990s, the United States has funneled billions of dollars in aid to Colombia, ostensibly to combat the illicit drug trade and State Department-designated terrorist groups. The result has been a spiral of violence that continues to take lives and destabilize Colombian society. This book asks an obvious question: are the official reasons given for the wars on drugs and terror in Colombia plausible, or are there other, deeper factors at work? Scholars Villar and Cottle suggest that the answers lie in a close examination of the cocaine trade, particularly its class dimensions. Their analysis reveals that this trade has fueled extensive economic growth and led to the development of a "narco-state" under the control of a "narco-bourgeoisie" which is not interested in eradicating cocaine but in gaining a monopoly over its production. The principal target of this effort is the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), who challenge that monopoly as well as the very existence of the Colombian state. Meanwhile, U.S. business interests likewise gain from the cocaine trade and seek to maintain a dominant, imperialist relationship with their most important client state in Latin America. Suffering the brutal consequences, as always, are the peasants and workers of Colombia. This revelatory book punctures the official propaganda and shows the class war underpinning the politics of the Colombian cocaine trade.

Counter Terrorism and State Political Violence

The 'war on Terror' as Terror Scott Poynting, David Whyte ... His forthcoming co-
authored book, Cocaine, Death Squads, and the War on Terror, is a study of the
political economy of Colombia, cocaine and the US imperial state and the class ...

Counter Terrorism and State Political Violence

Author: Scott Poynting

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415607205

Page: 252

View: 862

This edited volume aims to deepen our understanding of state power through a series of case studies of political violence arising from state ‘counter-terrorism’ strategies. The book examines how state counter-terrorism strategies are invariably underpinned by terror, in the form of state political violence. It seeks to answer three key questions: To what extent can counter-terror strategies be read as a form of state terror? How fundamental is state terror to the maintenance of a neo-liberal social order? What are the features of counter-terrorism that render it so easily reducible to state terror? In order to explore these issues, and to reach an understanding of what it means to say that the ‘war on terror’ is terror , the contributing authors draw upon case studies from a range of geographical contexts including the UK and Northern Ireland, the US and Colombia, and Sri Lanka and Tamil Eelam. Analysing these case studies from a psychological-warfare and hegemonic perspective, the book also includes two chapters from Noam Chomsky and John Pilger, which provide a global and historical context. This book will be of great interest to students of critical terrorism studies, political violence, war and conflict studies, sociology, international security and IR.

Understanding Terrorism

frontier wars reservations. Case. in. Point: Death. Squads. in. Latin. America.
State terrorism in Latin America has come primarily from two sources:
government security forces and ... the left, paramilitary death squads on the right,
a weak central government, and the problems of being the world's principal
supplier of cocaine.

Understanding Terrorism

Author: Gus Martin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506385834

Page: 552

View: 338

“[Gus Martin] has expertly curated the most important topics and sources in the field and put them together in an ideal manner to assist students in understanding the breadth and complexity of modern-day terrorism. Coupled with the instructor and student resources, this text is a perfect introduction to the field.” —Ryan Vogel, Director of National Security Studies, Utah Valley University Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues offers a multidisciplinary, comprehensive exploration of domestic and international terrorism that helps students develop the knowledge and skills needed to critically assess the expressions and underlying causes of terrorism. The Sixth Edition has been updated with new information on terrorist attacks and organizations, as well as key topics such as failed states, the lone-wolf model, state terrorism, human rights violations, and cyberterrorism. Discussion of policies and counterterrorism has been augmented to help students understand the challenges, perspectives, and issues relevant to terrorism today. Give your students the SAGE edge! SAGE edge offers a robust online environment featuring an impressive array of free tools and resources for review, study, and further exploration, keeping both instructors and students on the cutting edge of teaching and learning. Learn more at edge.sagepub.com/martin6e.

War on Terror Inc

the way in which the war on terror was used to justify foreign battles as a
response to terrorist destruction in the US . ... The Latin American nation was one
of the world's leading cocaine producers , and cocainefunded criminals were
intimately entwined in ... A bloody civil war was being - and continues to be –
fought between radical guerrillas and a government augmented by right - wing
death squads .

War on Terror  Inc

Author: Solomon Hughes

Publisher: Verso Books

ISBN:

Page: 262

View: 753

A critical assessment of the practices of commercial military suppliers who have profited from the War on Terror evaluates the relationships between political decision-makers and wartime commercial ventures, the wartime contributions of private contractors, and the moral issues associated with wartime profit making.

Covertaction Quarterly

CROSSROADS OF WAR AND BIODIVERSITY : CIA , COCAINE , AND DEATH
SQUADS BY THE ECO - SOLIDARITY WORKING ... and their counterparts in the
Colombian gered ecosystems in the world , are élite is the main problem , but
cocaine use under attack by the U ... a key part of the death squads ' continuing
terror campaign against guerrillas and anyone who speaks out for change or
peace .

Covertaction Quarterly

Author:

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ISLA

But Colombia's military , its drug - rich and commercial elite , and of course , the
paramilitary death * squads want to pursue a Salvadoran ... of Colombians , by
saying No to this latest billion - dollar installment to a government that rules its
people by means of terror ? ... The country's two overwhelming problems are a
growing trade in cocaine and heroin , and a 35 - year civil war against Marxist
guerrillas .

ISLA

Author:

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ISBN:

Page:

View: 462

Clippings of Latin American political, social and economic news from various English language newspapers.

The Para state

In this book, Aldo Civico draws on interviews with paramilitary death squads and drug lords to provide a cultural interpretation of the country's history of violence and state control.

The Para state

Author: Aldo Civico

Publisher:

ISBN: 0520288521

Page: 236

View: 564

"Since its independence in the nineteenth century, the South American state of Colombia has been shaped by decades of bloody political violence. In this book, Aldo Civico draws on interviews with paramilitary death squads and drug lords to provide a cultural interpretation of the country's history of violence and state control. Between 2003 and 2008, Civico gained unprecedented access to some of Colombia's most notorious leaders of the death squads. He also conducted interviews with the victims of paramilitary's violence, drug kingpins, and vocal public supporters of the paramilitary groups. Drawing on the work of Deleuze and Guattari, this riveting work demonstrates how the paramilitaries have in essence become the war machine deployed by the Colombian state to control and maintain its territory and political legitimacy"--Provided by publisher.

The politics of counterterrorism

"Tina Rosenberg, "Murder City," 26; Bruce M. Bagley, "Colombia and the War on
Drugs," 82; and "Colombia Struggles to Stem Rampant Cocaine Abuse," New
York Times, September 18, 1989, D17. Death Squads In some instances the ...

The politics of counterterrorism

Author: Barry M. Rubin

Publisher: Natl Book Network

ISBN:

Page: 222

View: 397

Soldier of Fortune

Cocaine were killed last year . Death squads are not production fell by nearly half
between 2002 uncommon . ... A stable , democratic and tranquil Colombia would
be It ' s Colombia — the other war on terror — the belea proof that American ...

Soldier of Fortune

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

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Violence at the Urban Margins

For example, the flooding of highquality, lowcost cocaine into the Florida Keys by
the Colombian cartels during the early 1980s at the initiation of Reagan's war on
drugs ... Nations become hypermilitarized, death squads and paramilitaries
technified, and human rights abuses legitimized or rendered invisible when the
priority becomes the enforcing the new USled wars on drugs and terror (Carter
2014).

Violence at the Urban Margins

Author: Javier Auyero

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190221488

Page: 352

View: 398

In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Davis and Trayvon Martin, to those that recurrently dominate the airwaves in Latin America--are dominated by members of the middle and upper-middle classes. However, a cursory count of the victims of urban violence in the Americas reveals that the people suffering the most from violence live, and die, at the lowest of the socio-symbolic order, at the margins of urban societies. The inhabitants of the urban margins are hardly ever heard in discussions about public safety. They live in danger but the discourse about violence and risk belongs to, is manufactured and manipulated by, others--others who are prone to view violence at the urban margins as evidence of a cultural, or racial, defect, rather than question violence's relationship to economic and political marginalization. As a result, the experience of interpersonal violence among the urban poor becomes something unspeakable, and the everyday fear and trauma lived in relegated territories is constantly muted and denied. This edited volume seeks to counteract this pernicious tendency by putting under the ethnographic microscope--and making public--the way in which violence is lived and acted upon in the urban peripheries. It features cutting-edge ethnographic research on the role of violence in the lives of the urban poor in South, Central, and North America, and sheds light on the suffering that violence produces and perpetuates, as well as the individual and collective responses that violence generates, among those living at the urban margins of the Americas.

Crime and Social Justice

23 The P - 2 ' s support for Latin American terror seems to have been in part a
matter of internal Vatican politics : an attempt to use right - wing death squads to
... That number multiplied after 1980 as civil war spread through Guatemala and
El Salvador ” ( Anderson , 1986 : 145 – 156 ) ... the Argentine - Paraguayan
cocaine traffic , and to have used French members of the Ricord drug network as
terrorists ...

Crime and Social Justice

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

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America s Backyard

The United States has shaped Latin American history, condemning it to poverty and inequality by intervening to protect the rich and powerful. America’s Backyard tells the story of that intervention.

America s Backyard

Author: Grace Livingstone

Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.

ISBN: 1848136110

Page: 280

View: 140

The United States has shaped Latin American history, condemning it to poverty and inequality by intervening to protect the rich and powerful. America’s Backyard tells the story of that intervention. Using newly declassified documents, Grace Livingstone reveals the US role in the darkest periods of Latin American history, including Pinochet’s coup in Chile, the Contra War in Nicaragua and the death squads in El Salvador. She shows how George W Bush’s administration used the War on Terror as a new pretext for intervention; how it tried to destabilise leftwing governments and push back the ‘pink tide’ washing across the Americas. America’s Backyard also includes chapters on drugs, economy and culture. It explains why US drug policy has caused widespread environmental damage yet failed to reduce the supply of cocaine, and it looks at the US economic stake in Latin America and the strategies of the big corporations. Today Latin Americans are demanding respect and an end to the Washington Consensus. Will the White House listen?

Averting Global War

... of the leadership's involvement with death squads and drug traffickers.34 The
U.S. war on drugs has additionally sought the ... The irony is that, despite the war
on drugs, the price, quality, and availability of cocaine on American streets has
remained virtually unchanged. ... crime (permitting the latter to act as a cartel)—
and one can add—for “narcoterrorist” groups that have crossed the line to sell
drugs.

Averting Global War

Author: H. Gardner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230108717

Page: 285

View: 368

Averting Global War examines major regional disputes and conflicts throughout the world as they impact upon both American domestic and foreign policy. These include: The ongoing _war on terrorism_; NATO enlargement to Russian borders; US intervention in Iraq; US confrontation with Iran; the feud between Israel and the Palestinians; the widening _zone of conflict_ from Central Asia to sub-Saharan Africa; the global ramifications of North Korea_s nuclear program and China_s claims to Taiwan; Venezuela_s _Bolivarian Revolution_ and the _war on drugs_ in Latin America, the domestic socio-political effects of Latin American immigration upon the US. The book_s goal is to articulate an irenic American strategy intended to resolve, or at least transform, a number of these disputes and conflicts so as to prevent them from further _deepening_ or _widening__and to avert the real possibility of major power confrontation involving both clandestine and overt methods of warfare.

The Evolution of Special Forces in Counter terrorism

U . S . Goes on Alert for New York ' s Terrorists ; Security Is Widespread , Intense
as Nation Readies for Trouble from ... U . S . Spies in Guatemala Never Came in
from Cold War : Declassified Reports Show the CIA Kept Close Ties to the
Central American Country ' s Death Squads for 40 ... SAS in Secret War on
Cocaine .

The Evolution of Special Forces in Counter terrorism

Author: J. Paul de B. Taillon

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN:

Page: 190

View: 559

Investigates the role that international cooperation plays in assisting elite military forces engaged in counter-terrorist operations, particularly hostage rescue efforts.

Colombia

Colombia has not known a single day of peace since its inception: this book is an urgent political narrative setting out to tell the tragic story of a people who, despite everything, remain unbroken.

Colombia

Author: Geoffrey Leslie Simons

Publisher: Al Saqi

ISBN:

Page: 384

View: 921

Colombia has not known a single day of peace since its inception: this book is an urgent political narrative setting out to tell the tragic story of a people who, despite everything, remain unbroken.

New Statesman

Rarely has the Foreign Office " war on drugs ” , whose real purpose has been to
so brazenly paraded the killers it mentors ... 2005 seized the third - highest
amount of cocaine Last year , four leading journalists received death in the world
. ... Colombia ' s death public alliance ( with ) the Farc ” ( see “ Dangerous squads
, wrote Jenny Pearce , author of the ac ... that it had begun the process of placing
Venezuela ' s popular democracy on a list of “ terrorist states " , along with North
Korea ...

New Statesman

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

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Power Ideology and the War on Drugs

... that Colombian cocaine dealers financed and trained right - wing death squads
, which committed most of the political ... the administration continually attempts to
use the narco - terrorism charge to legitimate the subversion or rollback of left ...

Power  Ideology  and the War on Drugs

Author: Christina Jacqueline Johns

Publisher: Praeger Publishers

ISBN:

Page: 207

View: 314

Why does the administration continue to follow a drug policy of criminalization and enforcement? In this probing volume, Johns demonstrates that while the War on Drugs has been a failure in some respects, it has been highly successful in others--it has diverted attention from severe social problems, legitimated the virtual abandonment of the lower class, legitimated a vast expansion of U.S. state power and a consequent erosion of civil liberties, and furthered projections of U.S. power into Latin America. This book changes a trend in the literature by unmasking the real consequences of the Drug War.

Third World Resource Directory

ANDORA ht A 2473 - VIS Behind the Cocaine War During the late 1980s more
that 6 , 000 Colombians — including prominent politicians - were killed in a
complex battle involving the army , cocaine traffickers , paramilitary death squads
, and guerrilla forces . The violence ... In the 1990s , " authors Scott and Marshall
argue , " the national security community has finally found a new threat :
narcoterrorism .

Third World Resource Directory

Author: Thomas P. Fenton

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 685