Community Seed Banks

This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies.

Community Seed Banks

Author: Ronnie Vernooy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134608535

Page: 270

View: 212

Community seed banks first appeared towards the end of the 1980s, established with the support of international and national non-governmental organizations. This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies. Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country. Surprisingly, despite 25 years of history and the rapid growth in number, organizational diversity and geographical coverage of community seed banks, recognition of their roles and contributions has remained scanty. The book reviews their history, evolution, experiences, successes and failures (and reasons why), challenges and prospects. It fills a significant gap in the literature on agricultural biodiversity and conservation, and their contribution to food sovereignty and security.

Banking on Seeds Community Seed Bank Network

GF takes farmers on exposure visits to well - established seed banks to
understand the way they work . “ Though we had heard about seed banks from
GF staff , we understood the concept only after they took us to a community seed
bank .

Banking on Seeds  Community Seed Bank Network

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 72

View: 701

Study with reference to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, states of India.

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

As such, they have an immediate impact on the operations of many community
seed banks, particularly those that focus on providing access to and availability of
seeds. Specific measures spelled out in policies and laws can offer concrete ...

Routledge Handbook of Agricultural Biodiversity

Author: Danny Hunter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317753291

Page: 692

View: 737

The world relies on very few crop and animal species for agriculture and to supply its food needs. In recent decades, there has been increased appreciation of the risk this implies for food security and quality, especially in times of environmental change. As a result, agricultural biodiversity has moved to the top of research and policy agendas. This Handbook presents a comprehensive overview of our current knowledge of agricultural biodiversity in a series of specially commissioned chapters. It draws on multiple disciplines including plant and animal genetics, ecology, crop and animal science, food studies and nutrition, as well as social science subjects which explore the socio-economic, cultural, institutional, legal and policy aspects of agricultural biodiversity. It focuses not only on the core requirements to deliver a sustainable agriculture and food supply, but also highlights the additional ecosystem services provided by a diverse and resilient agricultural landscape and farming practices. The book provides an indispensable reference textbook for a wide range of courses in agriculture, ecology, biodiversity conservation and environmental studies.

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Although the relationship of plant vigor to seed age is well documented for crops
(Barton, 1961), how reproductive and ... Community Seed Bank Dynamics The
same processes operating at the population level are important in determining ...

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Author: Mary Allessio Leck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323148654

Page: 484

View: 985

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks examines the factors that influence seed bank dynamics and the variety of patterns found among different species. This book presents seed banks in a community context to explore the ecological implications of different patterns, and thus begin the development of a synthesis by comparing various communities. Organized into five parts, this book first examines the general processes that influence inputs or losses from the seed bank, including predation, dormancy/germination mechanisms, and their evolutionary importance. Then, this text examines seed banks in a community context. Only eight vegetation types are included, but the range in diversity of life form, length of growing season, and dominant environmental conditions allow comparisons of seed bank patterns. This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers. Evolutionary consequences of seed banks should be of interest to population and theoretical biologists.

Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

Their use can be propagated by planting community nurseries/demo-farms and
through educational campaigns. Disaster resistant crops and other indigenous
crops can serve as a staple food source in times of disasters. 6.4.3 Seed Banks ...

Natural Disasters and Extreme Events in Agriculture

Author: Raymond P. Motha

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540224907

Page: 367

View: 720

Agricultural production is highly sensitive to weather and climate-related disasters such as drought, storm and flood. While it is not possible to prevent the occurrence of natural disasters, the resultant disastrous effects can be reduced mitigated through proper planning and effective preparation. This book, based on a gathering of experts in Beijing, discusses ways to reduce the vulnerability of agriculture to disaster and extreme events, both by accurate and timely warning, and by impact-reducing countermeasures.

Community Biodiversity Management

learning 16, 24, 69470, 131; community resilience 380; institutional 310; new
environmental governance 358, 361, 362 legumes 297, 298; Bhutan 40;
community seed banks 1 1 1; Ethiopia 26; India 319 livelihood development 61,
202, 378, ...

Community Biodiversity Management

Author: Walter de Boef

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415502195

Page: 418

View: 427

"The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in the environments where this diversity originated or is being used, are issues which are high on the policy agenda. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of community biodiversity management (CBM) as an approach to meet social, economic and environmental change"--

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Proceedings of a workshop organised by NAGRC, LI-BIRD and Bioversity International; held in Kathmandu, during 3-5 May 2018.

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 234

View: 553

Seed Libraries

In addition to the Swap Table at the event, a diversity of talks informed the public
about the international politics surrounding seed control. Rempel hoped that
Canadians would become involved in setting up community seed banks that
stored ...

Seed Libraries

Author: Cindy Conner

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 155092575X

Page: 192

View: 439

Community-based initiatives to preserve and protect our food supply Historically, seed companies were generally small, often family-run businesses. Because they were regionally based, they could focus on varieties well-suited to the local environment. A Pacific Northwest company, for example, would specialize in different cultivars than a company based in the Southeast. However the absorption of these small, independent seed businesses into large multinationals, combined with the advancement of biotechnology resulting in hybrids and GMO seeds, has led to a serious loss of genetic diversity. The public is now at the mercy of the corporations that control the seeds. In the past few years, gardeners have realized the inherent danger in this situation. A growing movement is striving to preserve and expand our stock of heritage and heirloom varieties through seed saving and sharing opportunities. Seed Libraries is a practical guide to saving seeds through community programs, including: Step-by-step instructions for setting up a seed library A wealth of ideas to help attract patrons and keep the momentum going Profiles of existing libraries and other types of seed saving partnerships Whoever controls the seeds controls the food supply. By empowering communities to preserve and protect the genetic diversity of their harvest, Seed Libraries is the first step towards reclaiming our self-reliance while enhancing food security and ensuring that the future of food is healthy, vibrant, tasty, and nutritious. Cindy Conner is a permaculture educator, founder of Homeplace Earth and producer of two popular instructional gardening DVDs. She is also the author of Grow a Sustainable Diet .

What on Earth is Biodiversity

215 This reflection began with the Articulation for the Bushlands of Paraíba's first
meeting on Seeds and Public Policies . ... seed distribution program , thus
strengthening the community seed banks and the organizations of the farming
families ...

What on Earth is Biodiversity

Author:

Publisher: Editora Peirópolis

ISBN: 9788575960721

Page: 418

View: 304

Edible Memory

See, for example, John Vidal, “India's Rice Warrior Battles to Build Living Seed
Bank as Climate Chaos Looms,” Guardian, March 17, 2014; the Ethiopian
Institute of Biodiversity (http://www.ibc.gov.et), or the 115 community seed banks
across ...

Edible Memory

Author: Jennifer A. Jordan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022622824X

Page: 336

View: 404

Each week during the growing season, farmers’ markets offer up such delicious treasures as brandywine tomatoes, cosmic purple carrots, pink pearl apples, and chioggia beets—varieties of fruits and vegetables that are prized by home chefs and carefully stewarded by farmers from year to year. These are the heirlooms and the antiques of the food world, endowed with their own rich histories. While cooking techniques and flavor fads have changed from generation to generation, a Ribston Pippin apple today can taste just as flavorful as it did in the eighteenth century. But how does an apple become an antique and a tomato an heirloom? In Edible Memory, Jennifer A. Jordan examines the ways that people around the world have sought to identify and preserve old-fashioned varieties of produce. In doing so, Jordan shows that these fruits and vegetables offer a powerful emotional and physical connection to a shared genetic, cultural, and culinary past. Jordan begins with the heirloom tomato, inquiring into its botanical origins in South America and its culinary beginnings in Aztec cooking to show how the homely and homegrown tomato has since grown to be an object of wealth and taste, as well as a popular symbol of the farm-to-table and heritage foods movements. She shows how a shift in the 1940s away from open pollination resulted in a narrow range of hybrid tomato crops. But memory and the pursuit of flavor led to intense seed-saving efforts increasing in the 1970s, as local produce and seeds began to be recognized as living windows to the past. In the chapters that follow, Jordan combines lush description and thorough research as she investigates the long history of antique apples; changing tastes in turnips and related foods like kale and parsnips; the movement of vegetables and fruits around the globe in the wake of Columbus; and the poignant, perishable world of stone fruits and tropical fruit, in order to reveal the connections—the edible memories—these heirlooms offer for farmers, gardeners, chefs, diners, and home cooks. This deep culinary connection to the past influences not only the foods we grow and consume, but the ways we shape and imagine our farms, gardens, and local landscapes. From the farmers’ market to the seed bank to the neighborhood bistro, these foods offer essential keys not only to our past but also to the future of agriculture, the environment, and taste. By cultivating these edible memories, Jordan reveals, we can stay connected to a delicious heritage of historic flavors, and to the pleasures and possibilities for generations of feasts to come.

Forest Biodiversity

Seed security has to be addressed at different levels : household , community
and national . The best general approach to increase seed security is to create
more and more community seed banks . The concept of community seed banks ...

Forest Biodiversity

Author: K. Muthuchelian

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 425

Transcript of papers presented in a national workshop held at Ooty, Tamil Nadu; organized by the National Biodiversity Authority.

Seeds 3rd Edition

The 3rd edition of Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities highlights the many advances in the field of seed ecology and its relationship to plant community dynamics that have taken place in recent years.

Seeds  3rd Edition

Author: Robert S Gallagher

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780641834

Page: 320

View: 833

The 3rd edition of Seeds: The Ecology of Regeneration in Plant Communities highlights the many advances in the field of seed ecology and its relationship to plant community dynamics that have taken place in recent years. The new edition also features chapters on seed development and morphology, seed chemical ecology, implications of climate change on regeneration by seed, and the functional role of seed banks in agricultural and natural ecosystems. The book is aimed at advanced level students and researchers in the fields of seed science, seed ecology and plant ecology.

Canadian Journal of Botany

The Typha community seed banks of the five study wetlands placed on the
conceptual diagram of seed bank resilience based on comparison to the
meadow community seed bank and the extant vegetation . Seed density is not
included in this ...

Canadian Journal of Botany

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 840

Women Working In The Environment

For example, in the late 1980s, RAFI developed a strategy for community seed
banks and held workshops for local nongovernmental organizations in Ethiopia,
Indonesia, and Chile (Mooney, 1992). Both GRAIN and RAFI emphasize that ...

Women Working In The Environment

Author: Carolyn E. Sachs

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135913293

Page: 330

View: 390

Based on theoretical insights from ecofeminism, women and development, and postmodernism, and the convincing empirical work of numerous scholars, this book is organized around five aspects of gender relationships with the environment: Part I-gender divisions of labor, Part 2-property rights, Part 3-knowledge and strategies for sustainability, Part 4-environmental and social movements, and Part 5- policy alternatives. Examining women's relationship with the environment using these five dimensions provides concrete, material examples of how women work with, control, know, and affect the environment and natural resources.

Plant Biology

Habitats vary enormously in their seed banks from fewer than 100 to 100000
seeds per square meter of surface. ... In mature communities the seed bank is
quite different in species composition from the existing vegetation and there may
be ...

Plant Biology

Author: Andrew J. Lack

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9780415356435

Page: 351

View: 808

The second edition of Instant Notes in Plant Biology, has been both updated and reorganized and gives an insight into the whole of plant science, integrating structure, function and physiology. A major addition is the section on understanding plants which introduces the major techniques in plant science and shows how advances are made. Molecular techniques are used in all areas of plant science and are included throughout.

Seed Quest

A Community Seed Bank Network [ CSBN ) project was planned to cover all the
agro - eco regions of Karnataka in a 3 - year period for this purpose . The main
objectives of the project are : to conserve inter and intra species diversity suited
to ...

Seed Quest

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 110

View: 552

Study with reference to Karnataka, India.

Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge

Also, this chapter analyzes whether place-based autonomous communities
would preserve indigenous knowledge ... and analyze various strategies of
community-based organizations (such as community seed banks, biodiversity
festivals, ...

Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge

Author: Tania Bubela

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781002622

Page: 373

View: 407

This fascinating study describes efforts to define and protect traditional knowledge and the associated issues of access to genetic resources, from the negotiation of the Convention on Biological Diversity to the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Nagoya Protocol. Drawing on the expertise of local specialists from around the globe, the chapters judiciously mix theory and empirical evidence to provide a deep and convincing understanding of traditional knowledge, innovation, access to genetic resources, and benefit sharing. Because traditional knowledge was understood in early negotiations to be subject to a property rights framework, these often became bogged down due to differing views on the rights involved. New models, developed around the notion of distributive justice and self-determination, are now gaining favor. This book suggests – through a discussion of theory and contemporary case studies from Brazil, India, Kenya and Canada – that a focus on distributive justice best advances the interests of indigenous peoples while also fostering scientific innovation in both developed and developing countries. Comprehensive as well as nuanced, Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge will be of great interest to scholars and students of law, political science, anthropology and geography. National and international policymakers and those interested in the environment, indigenous peoples' rights and innovation will find the book an enlightening resource.