Compact Stellar X ray Sources

New observational opportunities have led to an explosion of knowledge in this field. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the astrophysics of compact objects that emit X-rays.

Compact Stellar X ray Sources

Author: Walter Lewin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139451774

Page:

View: 903

X-ray astronomy is the prime available window on astrophysical compact objects: black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfs. New observational opportunities have led to an explosion of knowledge in this field. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the astrophysics of compact objects that emit X-rays. Sixteen chapters written by the foremost experts in the field cover the observations and the astrophysical interpretation of these objects. Topics covered include binary systems, gamma ray burst sources, anomalous X-ray pulsars, super-soft sources, and enigmatic fast X-ray transients. Further chapters are dedicated to isolated neutron stars and the X-ray source populations of globular clusters. The properties of X-ray binaries are discussed in depth in chapters on quasi-periodic oscillations and related aperiodic X-ray variability, X-ray bursts, black holes, and relativistic jets. This is a valuable reference for both graduate students and active researchers.

X ray Binaries

This long-awaited volume provides graduate students and researchers with the standard reference on X-ray binaries.

X ray Binaries

Author: Walter H. G. Lewin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521599344

Page: 676

View: 843

This long-awaited volume provides graduate students and researchers with the standard reference on X-ray binaries.

Accretion Disks in Compact Stellar Systems

X-ray source has an extent larger than the size of the companion star. This X-ray
emission is believed to come from material above the disk plane, usually called
an "accretion disk corona" (ADC), which scatters photons into the line of sight ...

Accretion Disks in Compact Stellar Systems

Author: J Craig Wheeler

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814504599

Page: 432

View: 334

Accretion disks in compact stellar systems containing white dwarfs, neutron stars or black holes are the principal laboratory for understanding the role of accretion disks in a wide variety of environments from proto-stars to quasars. Recent work on disk instabilities and dynamics has given a new theoretical framework with which to study accretion disks. Modeling of time-dependent phenomena provides new insight into the causes and interpretation of photometric and spectroscopic variability and new constraints on the fundamental physical problem — the origin of viscosity in accretion disks. This book contains expert reviews on the nature of limit cycle thermal instabilities and a variety of closely related topics from the theory of angular momentum transport to eclipse mapping of the disk structure. The result is a comprehensive contemporary survey of the structure and evolution of accretion disks in compact binary systems. Contents:Introduction to Accretion Disk Research (J Wood)The Limit Cycle Instability in Dwarf Nova Accretion Disks (J K Cannizzo)Angular Momentum Transport in Low Mass Accretion Disks (E T Vishniac & P H Diamond)The Emission Lines from Accretion Disks in Cataclysmic Variable Stars (E L Robinson et al.)Eclipse Mapping of Accretion Disks: The First Decade (K Horne)Atmospheres of Accretion Disks and the Emerging Spectra (G Shaviv & R Wehrse)Disks and Magnetospheres (A R King & J P Lasota)Mass Loss and the Boundary Layer (J E Drew & W Kley)The Interaction between the Stream and the Accretion Disk (M Livio)Tidal Effects on Accretion Disks in Close Binary Systems (Y Osaki et al.)Accretion Disks in Bright X-Ray Binaries (H Inoue)X-Ray Illumination Models of Soft X-Ray Transients (J M Hameury et al.)Black Hole Accretion Disk Instabilities (S Mineshige & M Kusunose) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in astrophysics. keywords:Accretion Disks in Compact Stellar Systems;Accretion Disks;Cataclysmic Variables;Magnetospheres;Tides;X-Ray Novae;Black Holes;White Dwarfs;Neutron Stars;Eclipse Mapping;Mass Transfer “… a useful source of information on the recent developments of accretion disks as well as a reference book. I would recommend this book to scientists who wish to enlarge their knowledge on the present state of art of the field. Of course, it should be present in any astronomical library.” Classical & Quantum Gravity

The Universe in X Rays

X-ray binaries where the mass receiving compact object is a White Dwarf or
Black Hole, as well as isolated NS, which are ... X-Ray Binaries [2], Accretion
driven stellar X-ray sources [5], X-ray astronomy [6], Compact stellar X-ray
sources [8].

The Universe in X Rays

Author: Joachim E. Trümper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540344124

Page: 496

View: 319

With contributions from leading scientists in the field, and edited by two of the most prominent astronomers of our time, this is a totally authoritative volume on X-ray astronomy that will be essential reading for everyone interested – from students to astrophysicists and physicists. All the aspects of this exciting area of study are covered, from astronomical instrumentation to extragalactic X-ray astronomy.

Compact Objects in Astrophysics

The prediction of the existence of neutron stars as a possible endpoint of stellar
evolution was independent of ... A comprehensive and up-to-date survey on
compact stellar X-ray sources written by leading experts in the field can be found
in ...

Compact Objects in Astrophysics

Author: Max Camenzind

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540499121

Page: 679

View: 936

Modern comprehensive introduction and overview of the physics of White Dwarfs, Neutron Stars and Black Holes, including all relevant observations. Contains a basic introduction to General Relativity, including the modern 3+1 split of spacetime and of Einstein’s equations. The split is used for the first time to derive the structure equations for rapidly rotating neutron stars and Black Holes. Detailed discussions and derivations of current theoretical results. In particular also the most recent equations of state for neutron star matter are explained. Topics , such as colour superconductivity are discussed and used for modelling. A book for graduate students and researchers. Contains exercises and some solutions.

Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma Ray Sources

Recently, reheating of baryonic material in X-ray jets of SS433 is inferred to take
place within ~ 1017 cm from the core, based on the observed iron emission lines
(Migliari, Fender and Mendez, 2002). ... Compact Stellar X-Ray Sources.

Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma Ray Sources

Author: K.S. Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402032141

Page: 438

View: 820

Nearly one half of the point-like gamma-ray sources detected by EGRET instrument of the late Compton satellite are still defeating our attempts at identifying them. To establish the origin and nature of these enigmatic sources has become a major problem of current high-energy astrophysics. The second workshop on Multiwavelength Approach to Unidentified Gamma-ray Sources intends to shed new and fresh light on the problem of the nature of these mysterious sources and the objects behind them. The proceedings contain 46 contributed papers in this subject, which cover theoretical models on gamma-ray sources as well as the best multiwavelength strategies for the identification of the promising candidates. The topics of this conference also include energetic phenomena ocurring both in galactic and extragalactic scenarios, phenomena that might lead to the appearance of what we have called high-energy unidentified sources. The book will be of interest for all active researchers in the high-energy astrophysics and related research areas as well as for scientists and graduate students interested in understanding the recent progress in this field.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Precise timing of pulsars has yielded a wealth of information on neutron stars.2
Next are the X-ray binaries, about 200 in ... and Graham-Smith, F.: 1998, Pulsar
Astronomy, Cambridge U.P. 3 See Compact Stellar X-ray Sources, W.H.G. Lewin,
 ...

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Author: Peter Hoyng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402045212

Page: 291

View: 944

"This textbook offers a succint and self-contained introduction into general relativity and its main areas of application: compact objects, gravitational waves and cosmology."--Pref.

The Universe

The X-rays are of great importance for solar physics because they carry
information about the chemical composition of the coronal ... (d) X-Ray Stars This
type of galactic sources is also called “compact X-ray sources' or 'stellar X-ray
Sources'.

The Universe

Author: Josip Kleczek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940101485X

Page: 260

View: 510

The universe is the largest system of all. It consists of elementary particles bound together by gravitational, electromagnetic and nuclear forces. Its structural hierar chy in space (from atomic nuclei to supergalaxies) and its evolutionary sequence (from the fireball to the diversity of present forms) is governed by the properties of elementary particles and their interactions. This book is an attempt to interpret the structure and evolution of the universe in terms of elementary particles and of their interactions. This book is intended to present a background for students in astronomy and related sciences, such as geophysics, meteorology, plasma physics, chemistry, nuc lear physics, space sciences and some others. The universe forms a general framework fo: all the phenomena studied by these sciences. It was possible to squeeze an extensive range of topics from various disciplines into one book of acceptable size only under some severe limitations: (a) no references are given; (b) arguments are shortcut; (c) quantities are often expressed in the order of magnitude; and (d) formulae have been limited to a minimum. Often more hypo theses or theories exist for a phenomenon. We have chosen only one. The preference for a theory or hypothesis may be personal and the theory itself may later prove incorrect. But, many theories about a particular phenomenon would cover many pages and might lead to confusing effects.

The Evolution of Galactic X Ray Binaries

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Ringberg-Castle, Rottach-Egern, Germany, June 17-21, 1985

The Evolution of Galactic X Ray Binaries

Author: J. Truemper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027721846

Page: 309

View: 206

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Ringberg-Castle, Rottach-Egern, Germany, June 17-21, 1985

Neutron Stars Theory and Observation

NEUTRON STARS IN X - RAY BINARIES JAN VAN PARADIJS Astronomical
Institute " Anton Pannekoek " , University of ... Amsterdam ABSTRACT , The
galaxy contains two major groups of accretion - driven stellar X - ray sources , the
high - mass and the low - mass X - ray binaries . ... accretion onto compact
objects as a source of energy for quasars and X - ray sources [ 342,460,461 ) the
properties of ...

Neutron Stars  Theory and Observation

Author: J.E Ventura

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792313977

Page: 592

View: 461

Some twenty-three years after the discovery of pulsars and their identification as rotating neutron stars, neutron star physics may be regarded as comingofage. Pul sars and accreting neutron stars have now been studied at every wavelength, from the initial radio observations, through optical, X-, and "{-ray, up to the very recent observations in the TeV region, while theorists have studied in some detail relevant physical processes both outside and inside neutron stars. As a result, comparisonof theory with observation provides a test ofour theoretical ideas in fields as diverse as neutron and nuclear matter, superfluidity and superconductivity, the acceleration of high energy particles, and the generation and maintenance of intense magnetic fields. For example, through observations of glitches and post glitch behavior of pulsars, it has become possible to establish the presence ofsuperfluid neutron mat ter in the inner crust of neutron stars, and to determine some of its properties, while neutron stars in compact binary systems offer one ofthe most efficient energy generation mechanisms known. It is in fact the interactive interpretation of these ,diverse pieces of information that can lead to major advances in our understanding of the physics of these exotic objects, and justifies the characterization of neutron stars as hadron physics laboratories.

Black Hole Astrophysics

Lewin, W. & van der Klis, M., eds., Compact Stellar X-ray Sources (Cambridge
Univ. Press, Cambridge, 2006). Chapter 1 7. Eddington, A.S., Mon. Not. R. Astron
. Soc., 77, 596, (1917). 8. Ghez, A., et al., Astroph. J., 689, 1044–1062, (2008). 9.

Black Hole Astrophysics

Author: David L. Meier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642019366

Page: 927

View: 696

As a result of significant research over the past 20 years, black holes are now linked to some of the most spectacular and exciting phenomena in the Universe, ranging in size from those that have the same mass as stars to the super-massive objects that lie at the heart of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way. This book first introduces the properties of simple isolated holes, then adds in complications like rotation, accretion, radiation, and magnetic fields, finally arriving at a basic understanding of how these immense engines work. Black Hole Astrophysics • reviews our current knowledge of cosmic black holes and how they generate the most powerful observed pheonomena in the Universe; • highlights the latest, most up-to-date theories and discoveries in this very active area of astrophysical research; • demonstrates why we believe that black holes are responsible for important phenomena such as quasars, microquasars and gammaray bursts; • explains to the reader the nature of the violent and spectacular outfl ows (winds and jets) generated by black hole accretion.

Supernovae and Stellar Wind in the Interstellar Medium

What we presently know of supernova explosions has been gleaned from two
major sources ... optical nebulosity, an extended radio and x-ray source, and in
two instances a compact stellar remnant, have been identified with each of these.

Supernovae and Stellar Wind in the Interstellar Medium

Author: Tatjana A. Lozinskaya

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780883186596

Page: 467

View: 195

A leading stellar astronomer summarizes our understanding of supernovae and their interaction with interstellar gas, including the ambient interstellar medium, the gas ejected in the explosion itself, and the gas emitted as stellar wind. She examines the evolution of supernova remnants as they interact with the gas and considers the role of supernovae and stellar wind in the physical state of the interstellar medium. Essential reading for specialists in supernovae and stellar evolution.

Production and Analysis of Polarized X Rays

Theoretical Models for Stellar X - ray Polarization in Compact Objects P .
Mészáros Pennsylvania State University ... Park , PA 16802 ABSTRACT
Degenerate stellar objects are expected to be strong sources of polarized X - ray
emission .

Production and Analysis of Polarized X Rays

Author: D. P. Siddons

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN:

Page: 198

View: 849

The Lives of the Neutron Stars

Galactic accretion-driven stellar X-ray sources can be divided into groups in
different ways. ... Some Historical Background The connection between the bright
cosmic X-ray sources and compact stars is an old one: soon after the discovery of
 ...

The Lives of the Neutron Stars

Author: NATO Advanced Study Institute Staff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792332466

Page: 576

View: 982

As the most compact known observable form of matter, neutron stars offer a fascinating range of problems to astrophysicists. This book offers a collection of reviews of current research on neutron stars, variously observed as radio pulsars, X-ray binaries, gamma-ray sources and sources of thermal X-ray emission. The reviews are meant for an audience of graduate students and scientists in the field, so they combine a tutorial approach with the objectives of a scientific review. The central theme of the book is evolution, stressing the changes of thermal, magnetic and dynamical properties throughout the lives of neutron stars.

X Ray Spectroscopy in Astrophysics

The phenomenon has also been observed in Galactic radio sources, for example
, the source GRS 1915+105, which is a binary X-ray source in which the compact
X-ray source is associated with a stellar-mass black hole (Mirabel & Rodriguez ...

X Ray Spectroscopy in Astrophysics

Author: Jan van Paradijs

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540655480

Page: 532

View: 562

This volume contains a comprehensive treatment of X-ray spectroscopy, as applied in astrophysics. It is presented in the form of extensive notes of lectures given by seven distinguished scientists at the Tenth Summer School of the European Astrophysics Doctoral Network. The subjects covered are: basic line and continuum radiation processes in X-ray and gamma-ray astronomy; atomic physics of collision- and radiation-dominated plasmas; X-ray spectroscopic observations with ASCA and BeppoSAX; future X-ray spectroscopy missions; X-ray optics, and X-ray spectroscopy instrumentation. The book, which will appeal to both researchers and graduate students, is timely in view of the scheduled launches of the big X-ray observatories AXAF and XMM in 1999.

Variable Stars and Stellar Evolution

Two problems of X-ray astronomy are discussed: (1) Optical identifications of X-
ray sources, and (2) Optical and X-ray ... optical identifications in extending our
knowledge of the nature and distribution of compact X-ray sources cannot be ...

Variable Stars and Stellar Evolution

Author: International Astronomical Union Staff

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789027705785

Page: 614

View: 863

Proceedings of IAU Symposium No. 67 held in Moscow, U.S.S.R., July 29-August 4, 1974