Cybernetics and Systems 90

Mittelmann, Rudolf 1988 Object Oriented Implementation of Petri Nets Concepts,
in: Cybernetics and Systems '88 (ed. Trappl, R.), Kluver Academic Publishers.
Müller, Thomas 1986 LISAS - Linzer Systolic Array Simulator. Master Thesis (in ...

Cybernetics and Systems  90

Author: Robert Trappl

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981461162X

Page: 1128

View: 114

Contents:How Many "Demons" Do We Need? Endophysical Self-Creation of Material Structures and the Exophysical Mystery of Universal Libraries (G Kampis & O E Rössler)Some Implications of Re-Interpretation of the Turing Test for Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence (G Werner)Why Economic Forecasts will be Overtaken by the Facts (J D M Kruisinga)Simulation Methods in Peace and Conflict Research (F Breitenecker et al)Software Development Paradigms: A Unifying Concept (G Chroust)Hybrid Hierarchies: A Love-Hate Relationship Between ISA and SUPERC (D Castelfranchi & D D'Aloisi)AI for Social Citizenship: Towards an Anthropocentric Technology (K S Gill)Organizational Cybernetics and Large Scale Social Reforms in the Context of Ongoing Developments (E Bekjarov & A Athanassov)China's Economic Reform and its Obstacles: Challenges to a Large-Scale Social Experiment (J Hu & X Sun)Comparing Conceptual Systems: A Strategy for Changing Values as well as Institutions (S A Umpleby)and others Readership: Researchers in the fields of cybernetics and systems, artificial intelligence, economics and mathematicians.

Organization Structure Cybernetic Systems Foundation

... coordination variables for the i - th operational level unit 108 COT 202
cybernetics 1 environmental variety 186 Equifinality 2 equilibrium state ( point )
88 Ereqc 211 ereqp 210 Euclidean space 237 extended topology 89 external
behavior 16 ...

Organization Structure  Cybernetic Systems Foundation

Author: Yasuhiko Takahara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306478086

Page: 288

View: 708

Organization Structure: Cybernetic Systems Foundation utilizes a cybernetic systems framework for the study of organizations using GST (General Systems Theory) and presents a comprehensive formal view of organizations assessing regulation, coordination and adaptation managements. The use of GST in this book is in sharp contrast to previous attempts. It addresses structural problems totally based on qualitative, non-numerical mathematics. The book lays a framework for initial efforts to investigate the potential of using formal GST to address organizational dilemmas. The text has been tested in several graduate courses. It can serve as an excellent textbook or reference for graduate level research in this field, as well as a reference for researchers in related fields.

Systems Science and Cybernetics Volume III

[Theoretical considerations about the way a cybernetic system perceives,
decides, and acts, with views on epistemology ... (1986-88), And Director-
General and Honorary Fellow of the World Organisation of Systems and
Cybernetics (1987–).

Systems Science and Cybernetics   Volume III

Author: Francisco Parra-Luna

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262043

Page: 402

View: 453

The subject “Systems sciences and cybernetics” is the outcome of the convergence of a number of trends in a larger current of thought devoted to the growing complexity of (primarily social) objects and arising in response to the need for globalized treatment of such objects. This has been magnified by the proliferation and publication of all manner of quantitative scientific data on such objects, advances in the theories on their inter-relations, the enormous computational capacity provided by IT hardware and software and the critical revisiting of subject-object interaction, not to mention the urgent need to control the efficiency of complex systems, where “efficiency” is understood to mean the ability to find a solution to many social problems, including those posed on a planetary scale. The result has been the forging of a new, academically consolidated scientific trend going by the name of Systems Theory and Cybernetics, with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary focus and therefore apt for understanding realities still regarded to be inescapably chaotic. This subject entry is subdivided into four sections. The first, an introduction to systemic theories, addresses the historic development of the most commonly used systemic approaches, from new concepts such as the so-called “geometry of thinking” or the systemic treatment of “non-systemic identities” to the taxonomic, entropic, axiological and ethical problems deriving from a general “systemic-cybernetic” conceit. Hence, the focus in this section is on the historic and philosophical aspects of the subject. Moreover, it may be asserted today that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, problems, in particular problems deriving from human interaction but in general any problem regardless of its nature, must be posed from a systemic perspective, for otherwise the obstacles to their solution are insurmountable. Reaching such a perspective requires taking at least the following well-known steps: a) statement of the problem from the determinant variables or phenomena; b) adoption of theoretical models showing the interrelationships among such variables; c) use of the maximum amount of – wherever possible quantitative – information available on each; d) placement of the set of variables in an environment that inevitably pre-determines the problem. That epistemology would explain the substantial development of the systemic-cybernetic approach in recent decades. The articles in the second section deal in particular with the different methodological approaches developed when confronting real problems, from issues that affect humanity as a whole to minor but specific questions arising in human organizations. Certain sub-themes are discussed by the various authors – always from a didactic vantage –, including: problem discovery and diagnosis and development of the respective critical theory; the design of ad hoc strategies and methodologies; the implementation of both qualitative (soft system methodologies) and formal and quantitative (such as the “General System Problem Solver” or the “axiological-operational” perspective) approaches; cross-disciplinary integration; and suitable methods for broaching psychological, cultural and socio-political dynamisms. The third section is devoted to cybernetics in the present dual meaning of the term: on the one hand, control of the effectiveness of communication and actions, and on the other, the processes of self-production of knowledge through reflection and the relationship between the observing subject and the observed object when the latter is also observer and the former observed. Known as “second order cybernetics”, this provides an avenue for rethinking the validity of knowledge, such as for instance when viewed through what is known as “bipolar feedback”: processes through which interactions create novelty, complexity and diversity. Finally, the fourth section centres around artificial and computational intelligence, addressing sub-themes such as “neural networks”, the “simulated annealing” that ranges from statistical thermodynamics to combinatory problem-solving, such as in the explanation of the role of adaptive systems, or when discussing the relationship between biological and computational intelligence.

Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists

Sydney. 82–88. Kirkpatrick, S., C. D. Gelatt, and M. P. Vecchi. 1983. Optimization
by simulated annealing: quantitative studies. Science 220:671–680. ...
Cybernetics and Systems: An International Journal 24:9–26. Kumar, M., N. Stoll,
D. Kaber, ...

Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists

Author: Adrian A. Hopgood

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466516178

Page: 451

View: 313

The third edition of this bestseller examines the principles of artificial intelligence and their application to engineering and science, as well as techniques for developing intelligent systems to solve practical problems. Covering the full spectrum of intelligent systems techniques, it incorporates knowledge-based systems, computational intelligence, and their hybrids. Using clear and concise language, Intelligent Systems for Engineers and Scientists, Third Edition features updates and improvements throughout all chapters. It includes expanded and separated chapters on genetic algorithms and single-candidate optimization techniques, while the chapter on neural networks now covers spiking networks and a range of recurrent networks. The book also provides extended coverage of fuzzy logic, including type-2 and fuzzy control systems. Example programs using rules and uncertainty are presented in an industry-standard format, so that you can run them yourself. The first part of the book describes key techniques of artificial intelligence—including rule-based systems, Bayesian updating, certainty theory, fuzzy logic (types 1 and 2), frames, objects, agents, symbolic learning, case-based reasoning, genetic algorithms, optimization algorithms, neural networks, hybrids, and the Lisp and Prolog languages. The second part describes a wide range of practical applications in interpretation and diagnosis, design and selection, planning, and control. The author provides sufficient detail to help you develop your own intelligent systems for real applications. Whether you are building intelligent systems or you simply want to know more about them, this book provides you with detailed and up-to-date guidance. Check out the significantly expanded set of free web-based resources that support the book at: http://www.adrianhopgood.com/aitoolkit/

Directory of Published Proceedings

7 / 88 - 2985 7 / 88 - 2986 7 / 86 - 3570 6 / 89 - 1919 2 / 81 - 3552 1 / 90 - 1189 19
/ 89 - 2295 1789 - 1851 1 / 90 - 1185 6 / 87 ... Cybernetics & systems ' 90
Cybernetics , Systems , man , & Cybernetics & systems research , European mtg .

Directory of Published Proceedings

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Critical Issues in Systems Theory and Practice

Rukeyser, M., 1988, “Willard Gibbs”, Ox Bow Press, Westbridge, CN. Warfield,
J.N., 1988, The Magical Number Three—Plus or Minus Zero, Cybernetics and
Systems. 19: 339-358. Warfield, J.N., 1990, Cybernetics, Systems Science, and
the ...

Critical Issues in Systems Theory and Practice

Author: K. Ellis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475798830

Page: 712

View: 844

The systems movement, now 40 years old, is made up of many associations of systems thinkers from different disciplines all over the world. The United Kingdom Systems Society (UKSS) was formed in 1978. Today it has over 300 members and is committed to the development and promotion of "systems" philosophy, theory, concepts and methodolo gies for improving decision making for the benefit of organizations and wider society. The first UKSS International Conference was held at the University of Hull in July ofHuddersfield 1989. Since then we have held International Conferences at the Universities (1991) and Paisley (1993). The UKSS International Conferences are now an established biannual event and this, our fourth international conference, will be jointly hosted by the Universities of Hull and Humberside. Systems science is considered to be a trans-discipline which promotes critical and effective intervention in complex organisational and social problem situations. As such it traverses "hard", through "soft" to "critical" systems thinking and methodologies. Yet, despite the currently robust state of the UKSS the systems movement cannot be described as an international movement: different subdisciplines are at different stages of development and are often engaged in pursuing their own particular interests and themes with little "conversation" between the subdisciplines despite their common interest in systems.

... Lincoln , NE M17-87-1873 Circuits and systems - 29th Midwest symposium -
Papers - University of Nebraska ISBN 044401201x < 29179 ) 1988 Apr , Vienna
M17-89-0896 Cybernetics and systems '88 9th European meeting on cybernetics
 ...

Author: 国立国会図書館 (Japan)

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 298

Fuzzy Systems

Current Topics in Cybernetics and Systems ( Proceedings of the Fourth
International Comgress of Cybernetics and ... 87 . D . Ponasse , ' Algèbres floues
et algèbres de Lukasiewicz Rev . Roumaine Math . Pure Appl . No . 1 ( 1978 ) .
88 .

Fuzzy Systems

Author: Constantin Virgil Negoiță

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780856261640

Page: 111

View: 693

Cybernetics Abstracts

34 , 47 - 54 ( Polish ; English and Russian summaries ) A cybernetic system is
described which includes the apparatus of set theory . ... 34 , 85 - 88 ( Polish ;
English and Russian summaries ) 9 E155 Krolikowski Andrzej UDC 62 - 5 : 681 .

Cybernetics Abstracts

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Selected Readings on Strategic Information Systems

This work was previously published in International Journal of Enterprise
Information Systems, Vol. 2, Issue 1, edited by E. ... Cybernetics and Systems: An
International Journal, 32(7) ... Italian Management Review, 9, 72-88. Retrieved
from ...

Selected Readings on Strategic Information Systems

Author: Hunter, M. Gordon

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605660914

Page: 444

View: 295

"This book offers research articles on key issues concerning information technology in support of the strategic management of organizations"--Provided by publisher.

Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering

Rechtin 97 Robertson 98 Rumbaugh 9 1 Sheard 96 Shenhar 97 Shlaer 88 SOCE
Taylor 95 Weinberg 88 , and Paul C. ... Toward an Adaptive Systems Engineering
Framework,” IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol.

Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering

Author: Derek Hatley

Publisher: Addison-Wesley

ISBN: 0133488543

Page: 456

View: 160

This is the digital version of the printed book (Copyright © 2000). Derek Hatley and Imtiaz Pirbhai—authors of Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—join with influential consultant Peter Hruschka to present a much anticipated update to their widely implemented Hatley/Pirbhai methods. Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering introduces a new approach that is particularly useful for multidisciplinary system development: It applies equally well to all technologies and thereby provides a common language for developers in widely differing disciplines. The Hatley-Pirbhai-Hruschka approach (H/H/P) has another important feature: the coexistence of the requirements and architecture methods and of the corresponding models they produce. These two models are kept separate, but the approach fully records their ongoing and changing interrelationships. This feature is missing from virtually all other system and software development methods and from CASE tools that only automate the requirements model. System managers, system architects, system engineers, and managers and engineers in all of the diverse engineering technologies will benefit from this comprehensive, pragmatic text. In addition to its models of requirements and architecture and of the development process itself, the book uses in-depth case studies of a hospital monitoring system and of a multidisciplinary groundwater analysis system to illustrate the principles. Compatibility Between the H/H/P Methods and the UML: The Hatley/Pirbhai architecture and requirements methods—described in Strategies for Real-Time System Specification—have been widely used for almost two decades in system and software development. Now known as the Hatley/Hruschka/Pirbhai (H/H/P) methods, they have always been compatible with object-oriented software techniques, such as the UML, by defining architectural elements as classes, objects, messages, inheritance relationships, and so on. In Process for System Architecture and Requirements Engineering, that compatibility is made more specific through the addition of message diagrams, inheritance diagrams, and new notations that go with them. In addition, state charts, while never excluded, are now specifically included as a representation of sequential machines. These additions make definition of the system/software boundary even more straightforward, while retaining the clear separation of requirements and design at the system levels that is a hallmark of the H/H/P methods—not shared by most OO techniques. Once the transition to software is made, the developer is free to continue using the H/H/P methods, or to use the UML or any other software-specific technique.

Systems Theory for Pragmatic Schooling Toward Principles of Democratic Education

systemic, 71, 80 in systems, 59 of systems, 47 transformative, 95 chaos, 35, 53,
55, 77 character, 30, 33, 93, 110, 120 ... 54, 88, 102, 103, 109, 116, 118 coverage
of, 8 emergent, 88 cybernetics, 30, 43, 70, 90, 111 Declaration of Independence,
 ...

Systems Theory for Pragmatic Schooling  Toward Principles of Democratic Education

Author: C. Cunningham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137449322

Page: 142

View: 124

Writing for educators and education leaders, Cunningham shows that combining a philosophy of pragmatism with thinking about education as systems can illuminate challenges in contemporary schooling and provide practical solutions for creating a democratic education.

Geographical Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning

1954, Stiboka, Wageningen Radford, K.J. (1978) Information Systems for
Strategic Decisions, Reston Publishing Co. ... support and dedicated
Geographical Information Systems, Journal of Geographical Information Systems
(in preparation) Reitsma, R.F. (1988) ... a knowledge-based interactive system for
planning and decision support, IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and
Cybernetics, 14(1), 35-47 ...

Geographical Information Systems for Urban and Regional Planning

Author: Henk J. Scholten

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401716773

Page: 278

View: 635

In August 1989, a Summer Institute was held at the Academie van Bouwkunst, the seventeenth century home of Amsterdam's School of Architecture, Town Planning and Landscape. The meeting brought together experts in Geographical Information Systems from throughout the world to address an international audience of planners. The contents of this book reflect many of the themes that were presented and discussed at the conference. The Summer Institute, let alone this volume, would not have been possible without the support of the International Association for the Development and Management of Existing and New Towns (INTNAIVN), the International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISoCaRP), The National Physical Planning Agency of the Netherlands (RPD) and the Berlage Studio. We wish to acknowledge the assistance provided by these organisations and by the various sponsors: The Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment, the Municipality of Amsterdam, Logisterion b.v., ESRI, UNISYS, MABON b.v., SPSS, PRIME Computer Inc., PANDATA. The provision of hardware facilities by the various computer companies allowed immensely valuable 'hands on' experience to be gained by all the participants.