Design Studies

The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis.

Design Studies

Author: Audrey Bennett

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568985862

Page: 464

View: 511

In an age of globalization and connectivity, the idea of "mainstream culture" has become quaint. Websites, magazines, books, and television have all honed in on ever-diversifying subcultures, hoping to carve out niche audiences that grow savvier and more narrowly sliced by the day. Consequently,the discipline of graphic design has undergone a sea change. Where visual communication was once informed by a designer's creative intuition, the proliferation of specialized audiences now calls for more research-based design processes. Designers who ignore research run the risk of becoming mere tools for communication rather than bold voices. Design Studies, a collection of 27 essays from an international cast of top design researchers, sets out to mend this schism between research and practice. The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis. Each author outlines methods in which research has aided their designwhether by investigating how senior citizensreact to design aesthetics, how hip hop culture can influence design, or how design for Third World nations is affected by cultural differences. Contributors also outline inspired ways in which design educators can teach research methods to their students. Finally, Design Studies is rounded out by five annotated bibliographies to further aid designers in their research. This comprehensive reader is the definitive reference for this new direction in graphic design, and an essential resource for both students and practitioners.

Design Studies

Reflecting the diverse range of perspectives on design, this book brings together over seventy key texts.

Design Studies

Author: Hazel Clark

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: 1847882366

Page: 572

View: 421

Reflecting the diverse range of perspectives on design, this book brings together over seventy key texts. It includes sections covering history, methods, theory, visuality, identity, consumption, labor, industrialization, new technology, sustainability, and globalization.

Instrumentation Design Studies

... isolation improves reliability of nanoinstrumentation, Laser Focus World,
October 2007, pp. 107–109. program name is beam_column_negative_springs.
xmcd computes data for beam/columns as negative 70 Instrumentation Design
Studies.

Instrumentation Design Studies

Author: Ernest Doebelin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439819491

Page: 725

View: 579

Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB and SIMULINK for dynamic system simulation, Minitab for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations.

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot

Briefing package presented at EDS Design Package Review Meeting, Houston,
Tex., August 9-10. Eco Logic. 2001e. EDS II Engineering Design Studies Final
Study Plan, March 30. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic
.

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309085284

Page: 172

View: 479

The U.S. Army is in the process of destroying the nation's stockpile of aging chemical weapons stored at eight locations in the continental United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. Originally, incineration was chosen for the destruction of these stores, but this method has met with public opposition, and Congress directed the Army to develop alternative technologies for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. To assist the Army in this process, the NRC was asked to evaluate the engineering design study of the three Blue Grass candidates. This book presents an analysis of various issues pertaining to the proposed engineering design package for the Blue Grass facility.

Discovering Design

The essays discuss such topics as the relation of aesthetics to technology, the place of design in social action, the role of the consumer in design decisions, and the need for ethical practice in contemporary design.

Discovering Design

Author: Richard Buchanan

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226078151

Page: 254

View: 250

Discovering Design reflects the growing recognition that the design of the everyday world deserves attention not only as a professional practice but as a subject of social, cultural, and philosophic investigation. Victor Margolin, cofounder and an editor of the journal Design Issues, and Richard Buchanan, also an editor of the journal, bring together eleven essays by scholars in fields ranging from psychology, sociology, and political theory to technology studies, rhetoric, and philosophy. The essayists share the editors' concern, first made clear in Margolin's Design Discourse: History, Theory, Criticism, with the the development of design studies as a field of interdisciplinary research. The contributors (Gianfranco Zaccai, Albert Borgmann, Richard Buchanan, Augusto Morello, Tufan Orel, Nigel Cross, Victor Margolin, Langdon Winner, Carl Mitcham, Tony Fry, and Ezio Manzini) focus on three broad themes that form a sequence of fundamental issues: how to shape design as a subject matter, how to distinguish the activity of designing in the complex world of action, and how to address the basic questions of value and responsibility that persistently arise in the discussion and practice of design. The editors' introduction provides a useful overview of these questions and offers a multidisciplinary framework for design studies. The essays discuss such topics as the relation of aesthetics to technology, the place of design in social action, the role of the consumer in design decisions, and the need for ethical practice in contemporary design. Manzini's concluding essay shows how the issue of ethics should connect responsible behavior to decisions made every day in the manufacture of objects.

A Method for Analyzing Effects of Dam Failures in Design Studies

1 A METHOD FOR ANALYZING EFFECTS OF DAM FAILURES IN DESIGN
STUDIES DIES ( 1 ) ( 2 ) by William A. Thomas ABSTRACT In the planning and
design of dams and embankments for large multiple - purpose projects , it is
usually ...

A Method for Analyzing Effects of Dam Failures in Design Studies

Author: William A. Thomas

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 25

View: 605

In the planning and design of dams and embankments for large multiple-purpose projects, it is usually necessary to evaluate the effect of potentially disastrous extreme events to insure that the proposed developments do not produce an unnecessary increase in the disaster potential. One such case which is being encountered more frequently now involves the design of dams and embankments for projects located downstream from an existing dam. If the existing structure is relatively old or if there is reason to believe that the probability of failure is relatively great, it may be desirable to consider the effect of a potential failure during the design of the downstream structure.

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot

The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (
PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National
Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs)
developed by ...

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309170512

Page: 114

View: 733

The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by Parsons/Honeywell and General Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to completely dispose of the assembled chemical weapons at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. To accomplish the task, the NRC formed the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II (ACW II Committee). This report presents the results of the committee's scientific and technical assessment, which will assist the Office of the Secretary of Defense in selecting the technology package for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo. The committee evaluated the engineering design packages proposed by the technology providers and the associated experimental studies that were performed to validate unproven unit operations. A significant part of the testing program involved expanding the technology base for the hydrolysis of energetic materials associated with assembled weapons. This process was a concern expressed by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (ACW I Committee) in its original report in 1999 (NRC, 1999). The present study took place as the experimental studies were in progress. In some cases, tests for some of the supporting unit operations were not completed in time for the committee to incorporate results into its evaluation. In those cases, the committee identified and discussed potential problem areas in these operations. Based on its expertise and its aggressive data-gathering activities, the committee was able to conduct a comprehensive review of the test data that had been completed for the overall system design. This report summarizes the study.

Geometry of Design

This work takes a close look at a broad range of 20th-century examples of design, architecture and illustration, revealing underlying geometric structures in their compositions.

Geometry of Design

Author: Kimberly Elam

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 9781568982496

Page: 107

View: 304

This work takes a close look at a broad range of 20th-century examples of design, architecture and illustration, revealing underlying geometric structures in their compositions.

Advanced Design Studies Final Report

The work herein describes efforts to help design one aspect of the device, the divertor, which is responsible for the removal of particle and heat flux from the system, acting as the first point of contact between the magnetically confined ...

Advanced Design Studies  Final Report

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 1

View: 802

The ARIES-CS project was a multi-year multi-institutional project to assess the feasibility of a compact stellarator as a fusion power plant. The work herein describes efforts to help design one aspect of the device, the divertor, which is responsible for the removal of particle and heat flux from the system, acting as the first point of contact between the magnetically confined hot plasma and the outside world. Specifically, its location and topology are explored, extending previous work on the sub ject. An optimized design is determined for the thermal particle flux using a suite of 3D stellarator design codes which trace magnetic field lines from just inside the confined plasma edge to their strike points on divertor plates. These divertor plates are specified with a newly developed plate design code. It is found that a satisfactory thermal design exists which maintains the plate temperature and heat load distribution below tolerable engineering limits. The design is unique, including a toroidal taper on the outboard plates which was found to be important to our results. The maximum thermal heat flux for the final design was 3.61 M W/m2 and the maximum peaking factor was 10.3, below prescribed limits of 10 M W/m2 and 15.6, respectively. The median length of field lines reaching the plates is about 250 m and their average angle of inclination to the surface is 2 deg. Finally, an analysis of the fast alphas, resulting from fusion in the core, which escape the plasma was performed. A method is developed for obtaining the mapping from magnetic coordinates to real-space coordinates for the ARIES-CS. This allows the alpha exit locations to be identified in real space for the first time. These were then traced using the field line algorithm as well as a guiding center routine accounting for their mass, charge, and specific direction and energy. Results show that the current design is inadequate for accommodating the alpha heat flux, capturing at most 1/3 of lost alphas. However the distribution of the alphas on the device first wall indicates that a viable solution likely exists. It is noted that future designs must be sought which specifically address the fusion alphas through an integrated approach involving physics and engineering teams.

The Routledge Companion to Design Research

®aDoingdesigning«: Onthe practicalanalysis of design in practice ̄, Design
Studies, 33, 521¥ 529. Manolescu, D., Voelter, M.and Nobl, J. (eds) (2006)
Pattern Languages of Program Design 5,Boston: Addison-Wesley. Manzini, E. (
2009) ...

The Routledge Companion to Design Research

Author: Paul Rodgers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317636244

Page: 522

View: 531

The Routledge Companion to Design Research offers a comprehensive examination of design research, celebrating the plurality of design research and the wide range of conceptual, methodological, technological and theoretical approaches evident in contemporary design research. This volume comprises 39 original and high quality design research chapters from contributors around the world, with offerings from the vast array of disciplines in and around modern design praxis, including areas such as industrial and product design, visual communication, interaction design, fashion design, service design, engineering and architecture. The Companion is divided into five distinct sections with chapters that examine the nature and process of design research, the purpose of design research, and how one might embark on design research. They also explore how leading design researchers conduct their design research through formulating and asking questions in novel ways, and the creative methods and tools they use to collect and analyse data. The Companion also includes a number of case studies that illustrate how one might best communicate and disseminate design research through contributions that offer techniques for writing and publicising research. The Routledge Companion to Design Research will have wide appeal to researchers and educators in design and design-related disciplines such as engineering, business, marketing, computing, and will make an invaluable contribution to state-of-the-art design research at postgraduate, doctoral, and post-doctoral levels and teaching across a wide range of different disciplines.

The Idea of Design

23 For a brief discussion of the pluralism of methods in design studies, see
Richard Buchanan, "A Response to Klaus Krippendorff," Design Issues 2 (Fall 1
985), 72-74. For a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of pluralism in the
 ...

The Idea of Design

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262631662

Page: 285

View: 153

The Idea of Design is an anthology of essays that addresses the nature and practiceof product design and graphic design in the contemporary world. The essays, selected from volumes4-9 of the international journal Design Issues, focus on three themes: reflection on the nature ofdesign, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. The authors aredistinguished scholars, historians, designers, and design educators. The diversity of their workillustrates the pluralistic and interdisciplinary dimensions of the idea of design in contemporaryculture.Contributors : Rudolf Arnheim. S. Balaram. Richard Buchanan. A. Cheng. MihalyCsikszentmihalyi. Yves Deforge. Clive Dilnot. Alain Findeli. Jorge Frascara. Tony Fry. RajeswariGhose. Takuo Hirano. Martin Krampen. Laus Krippendorf. Tomas Maldonado. Victor Margolin. AbrahamMoles. Victor Papanek. Gert Selle. Ann Tyler. Barbara Usherwood.A Design Issues Reader

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

Thus this design can overestimate benefit and underestimate toxicity . Another
drawback is that both ... If withdrawal studies are conducted , the same standards
used with other designs should be followed . Randomization , blinding where ...

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387985862

Page: 361

View: 340

This classic reference, now updated with the newest applications and results, addresses the fundamentals of such trials based on sound scientific methodology, statistical principles, and years of accumulated experience by the three authors.

Capstone Design Courses

Design. Course. Several industry surveys and academic studies confirm that
graduating engineers are inadequately prepared for careers in industry.1–
Among the competency gaps identified in these studies were teamwork,
communication, ...

Capstone Design Courses

Author: Jay Goldberg

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598292927

Page: 77

View: 502

The biomedical engineering senior capstone design course is probably the most important course taken by undergraduate biomedical engineering students. It provides them with the opportunity to apply what they have learned in previous years; develop their communication (written, oral, and graphical), interpersonal (teamwork, conflict management, and negotiation), project management, and design skills; and learn about the product development process. It also provides students with an understanding of the economic, financial, legal, and regulatory aspects of the design, development, and commercialization of medical technology.The capstone design experience can change the way engineering students think about technology, society, themselves, and the world around them. It gives them a short preview of what it will be like to work as an engineer. It can make them aware of their potential to make a positive contribution to health care throughout the world and generate excitement for and pride in the engineering profession. Working on teams helps students develop an appreciation for the many ways team members, with different educational, political, ethnic, social, cultural, and religious backgrounds, look at problems. They learn to value diversity and become more willing to listen to different opinions and perspectives. Finally, they learn to value the contributions of nontechnical members of multidisciplinary project teams. Ideas for how to organize, structure, and manage a senior capstone design course for biomedical and other engineering students are presented here. These ideas will be helpful to faculty who are creating a new design course, expanding a current design program to more than the senior year, or just looking for some ideas for improving an existing course.Contents: I. Purpose, Goals, and Benefits / Why Our Students Need a Senior Capstone Design Course / Desired Learning Outcomes / Changing Student Attitudes, Perceptions, and Awarenesss / Senior Capstone Design Courses and Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology Outcomes / II. Designing a Course to Meet Student Needs / Course Management and Required Deliverables / Projects and Project Teams / Lecture Topics / Intellectual Property Confidentiality Issues in Design Projects / III. Enhancing the Capstone Design Experience / Industry Involvement in Capstone Design Courses / Developing Business and Entrepreneurial Literacy / Providing Students with a Clinical Perspective / Service Learning Opportunities / Collaboration with Industrial Design Students / National Student Design Competitions / Organizational Support for Senior Capstone Design Courses / IV. Meeting the Changing Needs of Future Engineers / Capstone Design Courses and the Engineer of 2020

Design and Analysis of Clinical Nursing Research Studies

design. and. tests. Introduction. The relative merits of between-subjects design
and within-subjects design studies have been discussed in Chapters 6 and 7. It is
fair to say that, where experimental manipulation of an IV is concerned, the ...

Design and Analysis of Clinical Nursing Research Studies

Author: Colin R Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134589727

Page: 154

View: 232

This invaluable text on the design and analysis of clinical research studies explains the basis of experimental design and statistics in a way that is sensitive to the clinical context in which nurses work. It uses data from actual studies to illustrate how to: *design the study *use and select data *present research findings *use a computer for statistical analysis. The scope of the study designs and associated statistical techniques covered in the book allow both the beginning nurse researcher and the more seasoned professional nurse investigator to approach a research study with confidence and optimism. The authors show how qualitative data can be approached quantitatively, what the advantages of this are from the nursing viewpoint, and how quantitative methodology can help nurses to develop a common research language with other disciplines involved in patient care.