Diary of the Dark Years is a sharply observed record of day-to-day life in occupied Paris, but far more: it is "a remarkable essay on courage and cowardice" (Wall Street Journal), expressing both shame at French collaboration with the Nazis ...
Author: Jean Guéhenno
Publisher: Oxford University Press
"Jean Guéhenno's [diary] ... is the most oft-quoted piece of testimony on life in occupied France. A sharply observed record of day-to-day life under Nazi rule in Paris and a bitter commentary on literary life in those years, it has also been called 'a remarkable essay on courage and cowardice' ... Here, David Ball provides not only the first English translation of this important historical document, but also the first ever annotated, corrected edition"--
This diary is one of the most precious--and readable--pieces of testimony about life in Vichy France under Nazi occupation. Werth was a Jewish writer who left Paris in June 1940 and hid out in a small village.
Author: Léon Werth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Historians agree: the diary of Léon Werth (1878-1955) is one of the most precious--and readable--pieces of testimony ever written about life in France under Nazi occupation and the Vichy regime. Werth was a free-spirited and unclassifiable writer. He is the author of eleven novels, art and dance criticism, acerbic political reporting, and memorable personal essays. He was Jewish, and left Paris in June 1940 to hide out in his wife's country house in Saint-Amour, a small village in the Jura Mountains. His short memoir 33 Days recounts his struggle to get there. Deposition tells of daily life in the village, on nearby farms and towns, and finally back in Paris, where he draws the portrait of a Resistance network in his apartment and writes an eyewitness report of the insurrection that freed the city in August, 1944. From Saint-Amour, we see both the Resistance in the countryside, derailing troop trains, punishing notorious collaborators--and growing repression: arrests, torture, deportation, and executions. Above all, we see how Vichy and the Occupation affect the lives of farmers and villagers and how their often contradictory attitudes evolve from 1940-1944. Werth's ear for dialogue and novelist's gift for creating characters animate the diary: in the markets and in town, we meet real French peasants and shopkeepers, railroad men and the patronne of the café at the station, schoolteachers and gendarmes. They come off the page alive, and the countryside and villages come alive with them. With biting irony, Werth records, almost daily, what Vichy-German propaganda was saying on the radio and in the press. We follow the progress of the war as people did then, day by day. These entries make interesting, often amusing reading, a stark contrast with his gripping entries on the persecution and deportation of the Jews. Deposition is a varied and complex piece of living history, and a pleasure to read.
Take for example the Catholic poet and playwright Paul Claudel, whose activity
in the Occupation is frequently reduced to two 'facts': that he wrote an 'Ode' to
Pétain in 1940 and another one to de Gaulle in 1944. Claudel's diary, however ...
Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The French call them 'the Dark Years'... This definitive new history of Occupied France explores the myths and realities of four of the most divisive years in French history. Taking in ordinary people's experiences of defeat, collaboration, resistance, and liberation, it uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.
WHEN PARIS WENT DARK evokes with stunning precision the detail of daily life in a city under occupation, and the brave people who fought against the darkness.
Author: Ronald C. Rosbottom
Publisher: Back Bay Books
The spellbinding and revealing chronicle of Nazi-occupied Paris On June 14, 1940, German tanks entered a silent and nearly deserted Paris. Eight days later, France accepted a humiliating defeat and foreign occupation. Subsequently, an eerie sense of normalcy settled over the City of Light. Many Parisians keenly adapted themselves to the situation-even allied themselves with their Nazi overlords. At the same time, amidst this darkening gloom of German ruthlessness, deportations, shortages, and curfews, a resistance arose. Parisians of all stripes---Jews, immigrants, adolescents, communists, rightists, cultural icons such as Colette, de Beauvoir, Camus, and Sartre, as well as police officers, teachers, students, and store owners---rallied around a little-known French military officer, Charles de Gaulle. WHEN PARIS WENT DARK evokes with stunning precision the detail of daily life in a city under occupation, and the brave people who fought against the darkness. Relying on a range of resources---memoirs, diaries, letters, archives, interviews, personal histories, flyers and posters, fiction, photographs, film and historical studies---Rosbottom has forged a groundbreaking book that will forever influence how we understand those dark years in the City of Light.
' 'There is none,' replied Gamelin.This exciting book by Julian Jackson, a leading historian of twentieth-century France, charts the breathtakingly rapid events that led to the defeat and surrender of one of the greatest bastions of the ...
Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
On 16 May 1940 an emergency meeting of the French High Command was called at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris. The German army had broken through the French lines on the River Meuse at Sedan and elsewhere, only five days after launching their attack. Churchill, who had been telephoned by Prime Minister Reynaud the previous evening to be told that the French were beaten, rushed to Paris to meet the French leaders. The mood in the meeting was one of panic and despair; there was talk ofevacuating Paris. Churchill asked Gamelin, the French Commander in Chief, 'Where is the strategic reserve?' 'There is none,' replied Gamelin.This exciting book by Julian Jackson, a leading historian of twentieth-century France, charts the breathtakingly rapid events that led to the defeat and surrender of one of the greatest bastions of the Western Allies, and thus to a dramatic new phase of the Second World War. The search for scapegoats for the most humiliating military disaster in French history began almost at once: were miscalculations by military leaders to blame, or was this an indictment of an entire nation?Using eyewitness accounts, memoirs, and diaries, Julian Jackson recreates, in gripping detail, the intense atmosphere and dramatic events of these six weeks in 1940, unravelling the historical evidence to produce a fresh answer to the perennial question of whether the fall of France was inevitable.
It is the most personal account of those years. ... Paris Opera: described by Jean
Guéhenno, Diary of the Dark Years 1940– 1944: Collaboration, Resistance and
Daily Life in Occupied Paris (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 58.
Author: Stanley Meisler
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
For a couple of decades before World War II, a group of immigrant painters and sculptors, including Amedeo Modigliani, Marc Chagall, Chaim Soutine and Jules Pascin dominated the new art scene of Montparnasse in Paris. Art critics gave them the name "the School of Paris" to set them apart from the French-born (and less talented) young artists of the period. Modigliani and Chagall eventually attained enormous worldwide popularity, but in those earlier days most School of Paris painters looked on Soutine as their most talented contemporary. Willem de Kooning proclaimed Soutine his favorite painter, and Jackson Pollack hailed him as a major influence. Soutine arrived in Paris while many painters were experimenting with cubism, but he had no time for trends and fashions; like his art, Soutine was intense, demonic, and fierce. After the defeat of France by Hitler's Germany, the East European Jewish immigrants who had made their way to France for sanctuary were no longer safe. In constant fear of the French police and the German Gestapo, plagued by poor health and bouts of depression, Soutine was the epitome of the tortured artist. Rich in period detail, Stanley Meisler's Shocking Paris explores the short, dramatic life of one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture During the Naze Occupation, 1940–
1944. New York: Berg, 1989. Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940–
1944. London: Oxford ... Laval, Pierre. The Unpublished Diary of Pierre Laval.
Author: Howard M. Sachar
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
In this fascinating volume, renowned historian Howard M. Sachar relates the tragedy of twentieth-century Europe through an innovative, riveting account of the continent's political assassinations between 1918 and 1939 and beyond. By tracing the violent deaths of key public figures during an exceptionally fraught time period—the aftermath of World War I—Sachar lays bare a much larger history: the gradual moral and political demise of European civilization and its descent into World War II. In his famously arresting prose, Sachar traces the assassinations of Rosa Luxemburg, Kurt Eisner, Matthias Erzberger, and Walther Rathenau in Germany—a lethal chain reaction that contributed to the Weimar Republic's eventual collapse and Hitler's rise to power. Sachar's exploration of political fragility in Italy, Austria, the successor states of Eastern Europe, and France completes a mordant yet intriguing exposure of the Old World's lethal vulnerability. The final chapter, which chronicles the deaths of Stefan and Lotte Zweig, serves as a thought-provoking metaphor for the assassination of the Old World itself.
The Diary of Anne Frank: The Revised Critical Edition. New York: Doubleday. A
worldwide bestseller, it is undoubtedly the most ... France: The Dark Years, 1940
–1944. New York: Oxford University Press. An exhaustive history of occupation, ...
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Twentieth-Century Europe: A Brief History presents readers with a concise and accessible survey of the most significant themes and political events that shaped European history in the 20th and 21st centuries. Features updates that include a new chapter that reviews major political and economic trends since 1989 and an extensively revised chapter that emphasizes the intellectual and cultural history of Europe since World War II Organized into brief chapters that are suitable for traditional courses or for classes in non-traditional courses that allow for additional material selected by the professor Includes the addition of a variety of supplemental materials such as chronological timelines, maps, and illustrations
World War II: The Definitive Visual Guide 2009 Horne, Alistair, To Lose a Battle:
France 1940 1969 Horner, David, High Command: ... The Pegasus Diaries: The
Private Papers of Major John Howard 2006 Howard, Michael, The Mediterranean
Strategy in the Second ... Julian, France: The Dark Years 1940–1944 2001
Jackson, Robert, The Fall of France 1972 eds Jacobsen, Hans-Adolf, and
Author: Andrew Roberts
Publisher: Penguin UK
On 2 August 1944, in the wake of the complete destruction of the German Army Group Centre in Belorussia, Winston Churchill mocked Adolf Hitler in the House of Commons by the rank he had reached in the First World War. 'Russian success has been somewhat aided by the strategy of Herr Hitler, of Corporal Hitler,' Churchill jibed. 'Even military idiots find it difficult not to see some faults in his actions.' Andrew Roberts's previous book Masters and Commanders studied the creation of Allied grand strategy; Beating Corporal Hitler now analyses how Axis strategy evolved. Examining the Second World War on every front, Roberts asks whether, with a different decision-making process and a different strategy, the Axis might even have won. Were those German generals who blamed everything on Hitler after the war correct, or were they merely scapegoating their former Führer once he was safely beyond defending himself? In researching this uniquely vivid history of the Second World War Roberts has walked many of the key battlefield and wartime sites of Russia, France, Italy, Germany and the Far East. The book is full of illuminating sidelights on the principle actors that bring their characters and the ways in which they reached decisions into fresh focus.
France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Litoff, Judy Barrett. An American Heroine in the French Resistance. The Diary
and Memoir of Virginia d'Albert-Lake. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.
Author: Kristin Hannah
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
A #1 New York Times bestseller, Wall Street Journal Best Book of the Year, and soon to be a major motion picture, this unforgettable novel of love and strength in the face of war has enthralled a generation. With courage, grace, and powerful insight, bestselling author Kristin Hannah captures the epic panorama of World War II and illuminates an intimate part of history seldom seen: the women's war. The Nightingale tells the stories of two sisters, separated by years and experience, by ideals, passion and circumstance, each embarking on her own dangerous path toward survival, love, and freedom in German-occupied, war-torn France—a heartbreakingly beautiful novel that celebrates the resilience of the human spirit and the durability of women. It is a novel for everyone, a novel for a lifetime. Goodreads Best Historical Novel of the Year • People's Choice Favorite Fiction Winner • #1 Indie Next Selection • A Buzzfeed and The Week Best Book of the Year Praise for The Nightingale: "Haunting, action-packed, and compelling." —Christina Baker Kline, #1 New York Times bestselling author "Absolutely riveting!...Read this book." —Dr. Miriam Klein Kassenoff, Director of the University of Miami Holocaust Teacher Institute "Beautifully written and richly evocative." —Sara Gruen, #1 New York Times bestselling author “A hauntingly rich WWII novel about courage, brutality, love, survival—and the essence of what makes us human.” —Family Circle “A heart-pounding story.” —USA Today "An enormous story. Richly satisfying. I loved it." —Anne Rice "A respectful and absorbing page-turner." —Kirkus Reviews "Tender, compelling...a satisfying slice of life in Nazi-occupied France." —Jewish Book Council “Expect to devour The Nightingale in as few sittings as possible; the high-stakes plot and lovable characters won’t allow any rest until all of their fates are known.” —Shelf Awareness "I loved The Nightingale." —Lisa See, #1 New York Times bestselling author "Powerful...an unforgettable portrait of love and war." —People
Author: Donna Evleth
Over 700 books and periodical articles are reviewed by leading historians in this selective annotated bibliography of the German occupation of France from 1940 to 1944. The most important works were selected, including official documents and proceedings of colloquiums printed in book form, studies, memoirs, biographies, some novels, and periodical articles. Both factual and critical information is provided for these works. All phases of the period in Metropolitan France are addressed: the Vichy government, daily life, collaboration, resistance, the French Communists, the Liberation, and the postwar purge of collaborators.
... World War II ( Lexington : University Press of Kentucky , 1995 ) , which is based
on memoirs and diaries of German soldiers . ... 2005 ) , and Julian Jackson ' s
France : The Dark Years , 1940 – 1944 ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2001 )
Author: Raffael Scheck
Publisher: Berg Pub Limited
Germany, 1871-1945 presents an original, lucid, and thought-provoking history. Its aim is to inspire readers to weigh the historical evidence. At the end of the Second World War, the first unified German state collapsed, a disintegration with European and global ramifications. Ever since, historians have sought to explain what went wrong in German history. Many have focused on the violence which forged unification; others have highlighted the clash of authoritarian, anti-democratic, and anti-Semitic traditions with rapid industrialization and modernization. Germany, 1871-1945 presents a pragmatic interpretation of German history, from the unification to the end of the Nazi regime. This more open approach acknowledges the strong trend in German society towards modernization and democratization, particularly before 1914, while also highlighting the factors which propelled Germany toward World War I. The rise of the Nazis also demands a close analysis of the economic and political instability of the 1920s and early 1930s. Finally, a detailed assessment of the Third Reich explains how the regime's early successes fostered a loyalty and acceptance that remained hard to shake until disaster was obvious and unavoidable.
The rise in crime figures is mentioned by David Hughes in his entertaining essay
“ The Spivs , " collected in Age of Austerity , 1945 - 1951 , eds . ... For details of
Lucien Rebatet ' s book launch , see Julian Jackson , France : The Dark Years ,
1940 - 1944 , chapter 9 , “ Collaboratonism , " " Collaboration as Hatred ... For
Anne Frank ' s diary entry “ many Jewish friends , " see The Diary of a Young Girl ,
Author: Jon Savage
Publisher: Viking Adult
A history of teen culture documents how its twentieth-century foundations were established in the urban youth cultures of America and Europe during the 1890s, in a social analysis that considers such influences as Peter Pan, Oscar Wilde, and Anne Frank.
Between 1941, itself a boom year, and 1946, operating income would rise by 46
percent, employee population by 20 ... Between 1940 and 1944, the rise was
even more dramatic—a 60 percent jump in operating profits. ... 340–45, for a
detailed discussion of the issue; Greenewalt's remark, which first appeared in his
diary, ... In 1957, Groves reiterated how large this dark possibility loomed at the
Author: Peter Bacon Hales
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
Code-named the Manhattan Project, the detailed plans for developing an atomic bomb were impelled by urgency and shrouded in secrecy. This book tells the story of the project's three key sites: Oak Ridge, Tennessee; Hanford, Washington; and Los Alamos, New Mexico.