The electromagnetic radiation ( E- and B - fields ) from a transmitter will
experience refractive index and propagate at the velocity of light in air , the
magnetic vector potential ( A - field ) does not interact with matter ( it alters the
phase of the ...
Author: Derek Clements-Croome
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Electromagnetic Environments and Health in Buildingsbrings together the work of an international group of specialists in this fragmented subject area. The book covers health effects of electromagnetic fields, emission standards and offers some
Determining Health Risk of 154kV, 50Hz Power Transmission Line Cihan
GUNESER, Ozge SAHIN, Hacer SEKERCI ... Power transmission line, magnetic
field, health, international standards Introduction In recent years, electromagnetic
Author: Andrzej Krawczyk
Publisher: IOS Press
Electromagnetic Field, Health and Environment mirrors the image of the EHE 07 conference which attracted people investigating the phenomenon of interaction of electromagnetic field and biological objects. This book tries to enlighten the problem with the use of scientifically founded facts kept within methodological discipline. The particular targets of the book can be briefly summarized as reviewing, presenting and discussing innovations in computer modeling, measurement and simulation of bioelectromagnetic phenomena, analyzing physical and biological aspects of bioelectromagnetic phenomena, and discussing environmental safety and policy issues as well as relevant international standards. The book is divided into five chapters of which the first three chapters deal with the electromagnetic field in combination with environment, health and biology respectively. The fourth chapter focuses on computer simulation in bioelectromagnetics, whereas the fifth chapter sees to the electromagnetic field in policy and standards. An additional three contributions are included: the first contribution shows the brief essay on Heinrich Rudolf Hertz in which the occasion of his birth 150 years ago is celebrated. The second summarizes the long-lasting research in magnetic stimulation and bioimaging and the third one considers some theoretical aspects of electromagnetic field.
Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields : Is there any effect , and if so , how much
of an effect ? 1 . Previous Studies on the Health Effects of Electromagnetic Fields
1 . 1 . The beginnings of the issue Widespread discussion of the possible ...
Author: Hiraku Takebe
Publisher: IOS Press
The possible health effects of electro-magnetic (EMF) from high-voltage electric power lines have been discussed sine the 1970s. The concern was triggered by epidemilogical studies in the United States and Europe that suggested a slightly increased incidence of leukaemia's and brain tumours occured among those living and working near high-voltage power lines. Although studies can indicate an associate between factor and effect, the studies themselves cannot confirm a cause-effect relationship. Whether EMF is producing these ill effects must be confirmed by experimental studies.
As the introductory chapter indicates, the subject of this book is nonionizing
electromagnetic radiation and its biological and/or health effects, although it also
includes ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Typically, UV radiation comes under the
Author: Anne Perrin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
A good number of misconceptions are currently circulating on the effects of non-ionizing radiations on our health, which can lead to an oversimplification of the issue, to potentially dangerous assumptions or to misleading data analysis. Health effects may be exaggerated, or on the contrary underplayed. The authors of this work (doctors, engineers and researchers) have endeavored to supply validated and easily understandable scientific information on the electromagnetic fields and their biological and health effects. After a general review of the physics of the waves and a presentation of non-ionizing radiations, the authors review the main emission sources encountered in our daily environment. They summarize simply but as accurately as possible the current knowledge on their biological effects. The safety limits recommended by international organizations are presented for the different frequency ranges. This book is intended for doctors, teachers, scientists, students, policy makers and anyone else interested in a deeper understanding of the health effects of electromagnetic fields. Intended to serve a broad readership, everyone will approach it according to their respective level of curiosity and knowledge. It is neither an exhaustive inventory of all the studies made to date, nor a survey text focusing only on some chosen studies. Nor is the objective to present all the sources of non-ionizing radiations. Interested readers will be given the opportunity to broaden their knowledge, also by consulting the selected bibliography presented by the authors at the end of each chapter.
Health Perspect., 2000; 108(11):1059–1062. Navarro EA, Segura J, Portole ́s M,
and Go ́mez-Perretta de Mateo C. The microwave syndrome: a preliminary study
in Spain. Electromagnetic biology and medicine 2003; 22:161–169. Santini R ...
Author: Frank S. Barnes
Publisher: CRC Press
Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields examines potential health hazards, exposure standards, and medical applications of electromagnetic (EM) fields. The second volume in the bestselling and newly revisedHandbook of Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields, Third Edition, this book draws from the latest studies on the effects of exposure to electric and magnetic fields. In addition to extensive reviews of physiological effects, the book contains now separate reviews of behavioral and cognitive responses to various exposures. The book also describes an approach to setting standards for exposure limits and explores a few of the beneficial uses of EM fields in medical applications, both diagnostics and in treatment. Biological and Medical Aspects of Electromagnetic Fields provides a practical overview of the experiments and methods used to observe ELF and RF fields and the possible useful and hazardous implications of these observations.
This review consists of three main parts.
Author: J. A. Dennis
This review consists of three main parts. In the first the general features of electromagnetic fields and their interactions with the human body are described. It is pointed out that some evidence from biological experiments means that it is not a priori possible to conclude that there are no longterm effects on human health from exposure to levels of electric and magnetic fields below the thresholds for electric shock, bum and overheating. The second part deals with the epidemiological evidence for effects on general health and birth outcome. It is considered that the bulk of the evidence suggests that there are no long-term effects on general health from the levels to which people are normally exposed from power frequencies, radiofrequencies or microwaves. As regards birth outcomes, the average female user of visual display units (VDUs) does not seem to be at risk of adverse birth outcome. There is a little evidence suggesting that intensive use is associated with an increase in spontaneous abortion, but this could be a result of higher job stress and postural problems rather than of exposure to the small electromagnetic fields. The third part describes the epidemiological evidence from occupational and residential studies of a possible association between electromagnetic field exposures and cancer. Studies of electrical and electronic workers are suggestive of such a link, but are subject to the confounding factor of occupational class. If the association is real the average excess risk appears to be small.
Examines the public's exposure to the electromagnetic fields that are emitted from federally owned power lines.
Author: Victor S. Rezendes
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Examines the public's exposure to the electromagnetic fields that are emitted from federally owned power lines. Reviews the responses of states and utilities to the public's concerns about these fields and the efforts of various federal agencies to implement a federal research and communication program. Charts and tables.
International Labour Office Jeanne Mager Stellman. Figure 49.1 • The
electromagnetic spectrum . f = frequency 2 = wavelength f ( Hz ) a ( m ) 1024
3x10-16 1023 3x 10-15 1022 + 3 x 10-14 Y rays 1021 + 3x10-13 1020 + 3x10-12
lonizing 1019 ...
Author: International Labour Office
Publisher: International Labour Organization
Developed through an extensive process of consultation with leading professionals and health and safety institutions worldwide, the new, expanded, and long-awaited Fourth Edition of this well-respected reference provides comprehensive, timely, and accurate coverage of occupational health and safety. Aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike, such as lawyers, doctors, nurses, engineers, toxicologists, regulators, and other safety professionals, this compendium is organized and designed to provide the most critical information in an easy-to-read format. It uses more than 1,000 illustrations, a new attractive layout, and provides thousands of cited references that provide up-to-date literature reviews. Indexes by subject, chemical name, and author make navigating through information quick and easy. The CD-ROM version includes the same information as the print volumes, plus the benefit of a powerful search and retrieval engine to make searching for information as easy as a mouse click. Here's a sampling of what's covered in each volume and the CD-ROM: Volume 1: The body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches Volume 2: Psychological and organizational factors, hazards, the environment, accidents, and safety Volume 3: Chemicals, industries and occupations Volume 4: Index by subject, chemical name, author, cross-reference guide, directory of contributors.
8.1 INTRODUCTION Advances in electronics and electromagnetic theory have
set the stage for an unprecedented drive towards the development of medical
devices with various diagnostic and therapeutic applications. RF (hundreds of ...
Author: Riadh Habash
Publisher: CRC Press
From cell phones to treating cancer, EM energy plays a part in many of the innovations that we take for granted everyday. A basic force of nature, like nuclear energy or gravity, this energy can be harnessed and used, but still holds the potential to be harmful. The question remains, how safe are EM products? Bioeffects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Energy provides a review of cutting-edge research in EM health effects and EM therapy along with emerging areas of bioengineering and biomedical engineering. The book allows you to · Understand the necessary EM theory in the context of its interaction with the human body · Review cutting-edge research on EM health effects and EM therapy · Explore techniques developed to ensure adequate EM and thermal dosimetry required for health effects and thermal therapy · Strengthen your understanding of the rapidly emerging areas of bioengineering and biomedical engineering Taking a transdisciplinary approach drawn from several intellectual streams that include physics, epidemiology, medicine, environment, risk assessment, and various disciplines of engineering, this book ventures into the conflicting studies to access research on bioeffects and therapeutic applications of EM energy. It is the only resource currently available that covers bioeffects and risk assessment of both extremely low frequency (ELF) fields and radiofrequency radiation (RFR) along with the recent developments in thermal therapy and imaging techniques.
Adverse health effects, if they exist at all within exposure guideline levels, are
likely to confer very small relative and absolute risks, or risks ... Epidemiological
studies are often let down by poor assessments of electromagnetic field exposure
Author: Irene A. Kreis
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection guides front line public health practitioners through the decisions they are likely to face when dealing with environmental health problems. It does this by showing how to integrate relevant aspects of environmental science, communication sciences, toxicology, and most importantly environmental epidemiology skills to conduct initial investigations which encompass all relevant issues. The book uses a problem orientated style, using case studies, to provide practical examples of how to plan and carry out investigations or research projects. It emphasises the scoping and planning stages of a study in order to avoid common pitfalls, and includes discussions of the limitations of epidemiological studies, how to communicate with the public and funders, ethics and handling large datasets. Through the case studies the book also covers the practice of environmental public health in developed countries. Each chapter is written by knowledgeable practitioners in the topic, making Essentials of Environmental Epidemiology for Health Protection essential reading for all professionals in environmental public health in the UK and abroad.
Arthur Pilla and Michael Manning conducted bone density's conservation circuitry
experiments which NASA uses in the Space Shuttle currently . These
examples evidence the essential role of electromagnetic interactions in the
Author: S. Fulder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
With all the enormous resources that are invested in medicine, it is sometimes a mystery why there is so much sickness still in evidence. Our life span, though higher than at any time in history, has now leveled off and has not significantly increased in the last two generations. There is a one-third increase in long-term illness in the last 20 years and a 44% increase in cancer incidence, which are not related to demographic issues. In some modern countries, the level of morbidity (defined as days off work because of sickness) has increased by two thirds in this time. Despite $1 trillion spent on cancer research in 20 years, the "War On Cancer" has recently been pronounced a complete failure by the u. s. President's Cancer Panel. Evidently we still have a long way to go. The goal of "Health for All by the Year 2000" as the World Health Organization has put it, is another forgotten dream. As ever, the answer will be found in breaking out of the old philosophical patterns and discovering the new, as yet unacceptable concepts. The problems of medicine today require a Kuhnian breakthrough into new paradigms, and new ways of thinking. And these new ways will not be mere variations of the old, but radical departures. This book, and the conference upon which it was based, is part of a search for these new pathways.
Electromagnetic. Therapy. and. Hypothermia. In this chapter, we present a partial
summary of the latest developments on ... are presently a major subject of interest
and research, due to their enormous potential to improve human health.
Author: David A. Sánchez-Hernández
Publisher: Artech House
Along with the growth of RF and microwave technology applications, there is a mounting concern about the possible adverse effects over human health from electromagnetic radiation. Addressing this issue and putting it into perspective, this groundbreaking resource provides critical details on the latest advances in high frequency electromagnetic dosimetry. The book takes a scientific and rigorous engineering point of view, helping you achieve highly accurate exposure assessments.
Early studies of possible health effects from occupational exposure to extremely
low frequency ( ELF , 30 to 300 Hz ) electric and magnetic fields were published
in the literature of the former Soviet Union in the mid1960s . Electric switchyard ...
Author: R. Timothy Hitchcock
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Tailored especially for the working health professional, Radio Frequency and ELF Electrogmagnetic Energies is a practical guide to understanding, evaluating, and controlling the human health effects of radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields. Providing a perfect blend of applied information and theory, you'll find all you need to know about radiation safety, from the basic physics to how to set up a safety program. This book brings you cutting-edge discussions of exposure limits, monitoring instrumentation, new measurements required by human exposure standards, induced currents and contact currents, and the latest data on biological effects.
... the use of electromagnetic radiation sensors to record attributes of the
environment ( Patterson 1998 ) . The most common types of remote sensing in
studies of ecosystem change and public health use instruments on satellites and
Author: Joan Leslie Aron
Publisher: JHU Press
"The purpose of this textbook on global ecosystem change and human health is twofold:(1) to raise awareness of changes in human health related to global ecosystem change and (2) to expand the scope of the traditional curriculum in environmental health to include the interactions of major environmental forces and public health on a global scale."—from the Introduction Ecosystem Change and Public Health focuses on how human health is affected by global ecosystem changes. It is the first textbook devoted to this emerging field, offering a global perspective on research methods and emphasizing empirical investigations of health outcomes in combination with integrated assessment for policy development. The book covers such topics as global climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion, water resources management, and ecology and infectious disease. Case studies of cholera, malaria, the effects of water resources, and global climate change and air pollution illustrate the analysis and methodology. The book also includes a resource center describing places to start searches on the World Wide Web, guidelines for finding and evaluating information, suggested study projects, and strategies for encouraging communication among course participants.
Health Psychology (2000) 19 (3): 211–222. ... Mendelsohn, R.S. Confessions of a
medical heretic. ... accessed January 29, 2013, http://electromagnetichealth.org/
Author: Raymond Francis
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
Described as "one of the few scientists who has achieved a breakthrough understanding of health and disease," Raymond Francis draws deeply from his years of personal experience and professional training. A chemist and a graduate of MIT, Raymond exposes the truth about why the conventional approaches to health and disease aren't working. In The Health Hoax, Francis blends wisdom from his previous books with new information and research, then he pulls out all the stops and creates a simple roadmap to health so that you can get well, stay well and never be sick again. Francis believes that, through education, we can put an end to the epidemic of chronic disease while providing a solution to the biggest social and economic problem of this century—the costs of global aging. In The Health Hoax, Francis exposes the truth about how to stay healthy and introduces us to a way of life that can become a "highway to health", while he quite effectively demonstrates that we really don't have to be sick. Then, he reminds us that not only is there absolutely no fun in being sick, but we are going broke trying to pay the cost. Francis realizes that the only solution for individuals and society as a whole is to maintain health. But health is a solution that we must choose, and once we make that choice, we must learn how to achieve it. Fortunately, learning how to be healthy has never been easier—The Health Hoax makes it simple. Because the human organism is a magnificent self-regulating, self-repairing system, it is capable of being completely functional and in excellent health for well over 100 years of vital, productive life. We are the sum of everything that goes into our system – it is our job to support it. When we make the choice to properly care for ourselves, our bodies will reward us with the gift of good health and long life. All we need is a tool to help us master the elements of health that are the most important. This book is that tool. It will empower you to choose health and never be sick again!
211 9.8 Good Practices for Preventing Electromagnetic Hazards. ... of the fields
they generate, assess the severity of workers' exposure in the context of
occupational health and safety and reduce identified hazards where necessary.
Author: Danuta Koradecka
Publisher: CRC Press
Occupational safety and health — safe work in a safe environment. The challenge, of course, is how to make this happen and make it happen economically. A comprehensive study presenting the state of the art in the field, Handbook of Occupational Safety and Health provides a wide range of methods along with specific criteria for assessing hazard and exposure in the workplace environment. More importantly, it also offers ways to reduce these hazards. The book supplies a compendium of interdisciplinary knowledge that includes physical, chemical, and psychosocial risk factors in the working environment, highlighting issues in Occupational Safety and Health management. The book discusses the ergonomic principles of shaping products, workstands, and work processes, highlighting the significance of international requirements for competitiveness in world economy. It presents the scientific basis for each safety and health issue, followed by well-illustrated case studies to demonstrate the concepts and theories and their application in real-world situations. Based on the results of international research, the book covers: Psychological capabilities of humans in the working environment Basic risk factors in the working environment Law-based protection of labor The effects of hazards in work processes Basic directions in shaping conditions of occupational safety and ergonomics Developed by a team of renowned contributors, the book includes strategies for creating safe working conditions, accurately assessing hazards posed by harmful environmental factors, and preventing occupational accidents and diseases. Meticulously designed to be user-friendly, it provides the tools to create a safety culture beginning at the enterprise level through to the individual employee.
Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine 9(3 Suppl):A31–A43 Resources
National Federation of Spiritual Healers: www.nfsh.org.uk/distanthealing Bio-
electromagnetic therapy/magnetic field therapy/ electromagnetic therapy
Author: Fiona Mantle
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
A-Z of Complementary and Alternative Medicine provides a pocket-size quick reference of CAM, allowing conventional and complementary health practitioners to ascertain: - what the CAM intervention is - what it does - contraindications, precautions and interactions. With entries grouped under therapies, the guide provides easy access to many unfamiliar terms therefore providing an excellent resource for improving communication about CAM with patients. Contains approximately 3500 entries Grouped by therapy Includes information on contraindications, precautions and interactions Pocket size for convenience and portability Attractive design and durable flexi cover