Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy capably fills practitioners’ and educators’ needs for an idea book, teaching text, or quick access to practical, workable interventions.

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Author: Stephanie Felgoise

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306485818

Page: 452

View: 832

One of the hallmarks of cognitive behavior therapy is its diversity today. Since its inception, over twenty five years ago, this once revolutionary approach to psychotherapy has grown to encompass treatments across the full range of psychological disorders. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy brings together all of the key aspects of this field distilling decades of clinical wisdom into one authoritative volume. With a preface by Aaron T. Beck, founder of the cognitive approach, the Encyclopedia features entries by noted experts including Arthur Freeman, Windy Dryden, Marsha Linehan, Edna Foa, and Thomas Ollendick to name but a few, and reviews the latest empirical data on first-line therapies and combination approaches, to give readers both insights into clients’ problems and the most effective treatments available. • Common disorders and conditions: anxiety, depression, OCD, phobias, sleep disturbance, eating disorders, grief, anger • Essential components of treatment: the therapeutic relationship, case formulation, homework, relapse prevention • Treatment methods: dialectical behavior therapy, REBT, paradoxical interventions, social skills training, stress inoculation, play therapy, CBT/medicine combinations • Applications of CBT with specific populations: children, adolescents, couples, dually diagnosed clients, the elderly, veterans, refugees • Emerging problems: Internet addiction, chronic pain, narcolepsy pathological gambling, jet lag All entries feature reference lists and are cross-indexed. The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy capably fills practitioners’ and educators’ needs for an idea book, teaching text, or quick access to practical, workable interventions.

Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

—Jill T. Ehrenreich, Tiffany Kyle-Linkovich, and Angela Rojas-Vilches See also:
Cognitive-Behavioral Approach to Bipolar Disorder (Vol. III), Cognitive Behavior
Therapy (Vols. I & III), Cognitive Behavior Therapy With Religious Beliefs and ...

Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Author: Michel Hersen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761927476

Page: 1637

View: 201

The three-volume Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy provides a thorough examination of the components of behavior modification, behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and applied behavior analysis for both child and adult populations in a variety of settings. Although the focus is on technical applications, entries also provide the historical context in which behavior therapists have worked, including research issues and strategies. Entries on assessment, ethical concerns, theoretical differences, and the unique contributions of key figures in the movement (including B. F. Skinner, Joseph Wolpe, Aaron T. Beck, and many others) are also included. No other reference source provides such comprehensive treatment of behavior modification—history, biography, theory, and application.

Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

This three-volume encyclopedia provides a thorough examination of the components comprising behavior modification, behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and applied behavior analysis for both child and adult populations in a variety ...

Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781412950534

Page: 1637

View: 917

This three-volume encyclopedia provides a thorough examination of the components comprising behavior modification, behavior therapy, cognitive behavior therapy, and applied behavior analysis for both child and adult populations in a variety of settings (e.g., outpatient, institutional, classroom). Although the focus is on technical applications, entries also provide historical context to apprise readers of the parameters in which behavior therapists have worked, including research issues and strategies.

Encyclopedia of Stress A D

Cognitive. Behavioral. Therapy. Giovanni. A. Fava. University of Bologna, Italy
and State University of New York at Buffalo 484 Combat, Acute Reactions to
Richard H. Rahe University of Nevada. I. Definition of Cognitive Behavioral
Therapy II.

Encyclopedia of Stress  A D

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780122267352

Page: 2328

View: 927

This encyclopaedia provides a reference source of knowledge on stressors, the biological mechanisms involved in the stress response, the effects of activating the stress response mechanisms and the disorders that may arise as a consequence of acute or chronic stress. In addition to subjects traditionally associated with hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, the encyclopaedia covers a range of related topics such as neuroimmune interactions, cytokines, psychiatric disorders, enzymatic disorders of adrenal steroids and opioids in the adrenal medulla and the brain. It goes beyond the biology of stress and includes such stress-related subjects as behaviour, psychiatric and psychosomatic disorders, the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems, reproductive function, immune function, work, post-traumatic stress, and predisposition to disease.

Counseling Theories and Techniques for Rehabilitation and Mental Health Professionals Second Edition

Journal of Rational-Emotive & Cognitive-Behavior Therapy, 15, 231–245. Balter,
R. (1997). ... In A. Freeman, S. H. Felgoise, C. M. Nezu, A. M. Nezu, & M. A.
Reinecke (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cognitive behavior therapy (pp. 321–324). New
York ...

Counseling Theories and Techniques for Rehabilitation and Mental Health Professionals  Second Edition

Author: Fong Chan, PhD, CRC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826198686

Page: 512

View: 993

The only text about counseling theories and techniques developed specifically for upper-level rehabilitation counseling students and practitioners, this book is now fully updated with a focus on evidence-based practice. It reflects the great strides made in incorporating research-based knowledge into counseling/therapy interventions since the first edition’s publication nearly 10 years ago. The book disseminates the expertise of many of the most esteemed leaders and academic scholars in rehabilitation counseling. These authors emphasize state-of-the-art scientific evidence that supports the effectiveness of various counseling approaches and techniques for people with and without disabilities.

Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy. Arthur Freeman, ed., and others.
New York, Springer Publishing, 2005. 451 p. index. $250.00. ISBN 0-306-48580-
X. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been reported to be among the most ...

Author: Shannon Graff Hysell

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781591585251

Page: 704

View: 687

For the past three decades, ARBA has kept librarians up to date on the latest reference materials by providing high-quality, critical reviews. The 2007 edition of ARBA continues this great tradition by providing users with access to 1,600-plus reviews of both print and online resources, written by more than 400 academic, public, and school librarians who are experts in their field. With coverage of nearly 500 subject disciplines, ranging from the social sciences and humanities to science and technology, users are guaranteed to find information on the latest resources available in the areas they are most trying to expand their collection. With ARBA in hand, collection development librarians can manage their library's high standards of quality, and make the best use of their budget.

Recommended Reference Books for Small and Medium sized Libraries and Media Centers

ISBN 0-306-48580-X. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been reported to be
among the most widely practiced therapy ... When browsing the article titles in the
Encyclopedia of Cognitive Behavior Therapy one can appreciate the breath of ...

Recommended Reference Books for Small and Medium sized Libraries and Media Centers

Author: Shannon Graff Hysell

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781591585268

Page: 355

View: 111

An annotated bibliography listing general reference works as well as those on social sciences, humanities, and science and technology

Overcoming Depression

Overcoming insomnia: A cognitivebehavioral therapy approach therapist guide.
New York: Oxford University ... In A. Freeman, S. H. Felgoise, A. M. Nezu, & C.
Nezu (Eds.), Encyclopedia of cognitive behavior therapy (pp. 421–426). New
York: ...

Overcoming Depression

Author: Mark Gilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199885168

Page: 224

View: 247

This therapist guide is designed to give mental health professionals the necessary tools to assess and treat a broad range of mood disorders, particularly depression. Based on the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy, the Taming the BEAST (TTB) program helps patients develop a set of coping strategies and skills to proactively manage their depressed mood. Using the acronym BEAST, treatment modules address biology, emotions, activity, situations, and thoughts. Each module comes complete with step-by-step instructions for delivering treatment including outlines and lists of materials needed. In-session exercises as well as home assignments help motivate the patient and allow for the monitoring of progress. Written by experts in the field, this guide comes complete with chapters on assessment, socialization, and termination. The TTB program offers both therapist and patient a roadmap for overcoming the depression 'beast.' TreatmentsThatWorkTM represents the gold standard of behavioral healthcare interventions! · All programs have been rigorously tested in clinical trials and are backed by years of research · A prestigious scientific advisory board, led by series Editor-In-Chief David H. Barlow, reviews and evaluates each intervention to ensure that it meets the highest standard of evidence so you can be confident that you are using the most effective treatment available to date · Our books are reliable and effective and make it easy for you to provide your clients with the best care available · Our corresponding workbooks contain psychoeducational information, forms and worksheets, and homework assignments to keep clients engaged and motivated · A companion website (www.oup.com/us/ttw) offers downloadable clinical tools and helpful resources · Continuing Education (CE) Credits are now available on select titles in collaboration with PsychoEducational Resources, Inc. (PER)

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Cognitive Behavioral Treatment of Obesity A goal-oriented treatment strategy
focusing on the direct modification of dietary and exercise habits, cognitive
behavioral therapy (CBT) is widely used in the treatment of obesity. With a clearly
defined ...

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080453961

Page: 1816

View: 607

Behavioral Neuroscientists study the behavior of animals and humans and the neurobiological and physiological processes that control it. Behavior is the ultimate function of the nervous system, and the study of it is very multidisciplinary. Disorders of behavior in humans touch millions of people’s lives significantly, and it is of paramount importance to understand pathological conditions such as addictions, anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, autism among others, in order to be able to develop new treatment possibilities. Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience is the first and only multi-volume reference to comprehensively cover the foundation knowledge in the field. This three volume work is edited by world renowned behavioral neuroscientists George F. Koob, The Scripps Research Institute, Michel Le Moal, Université Bordeaux, and Richard F. Thompson, University of Southern California and written by a premier selection of the leading scientists in their respective fields. Each section is edited by a specialist in the relevant area. The important research in all areas of Behavioral Neuroscience is covered in a total of 210 chapters on topics ranging from neuroethology and learning and memory, to behavioral disorders and psychiatric diseases. The only comprehensive Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience on the market Addresses all recent advances in the field Written and edited by an international group of leading researchers, truly representative of the behavioral neuroscience community Includes many entries on the advances in our knowledge of the neurobiological basis of complex behavioral, psychiatric, and neurological disorders Richly illustrated in full color Extensively cross referenced to serve as the go-to reference for students and researchers alike The online version features full searching, navigation, and linking functionality An essential resource for libraries serving neuroscientists, psychologists, neuropharmacologists, and psychiatrists

The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders

Treatment of acute posttraumatic stress disorder with brief cognitive behavioral
therapy: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 82–
90. Simpson, H. B., Foa, E. B., Liebowitz, M. R., Ledley, D. R., Huppert, J. D.,
Cahill, ...

The Encyclopedia of Neuropsychological Disorders

Author: Arthur MacNeill Horton, Jr., EdD, ABPP, ABPN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826198554

Page: 830

View: 143

"I am pleased to include this text in my library, and I am confident that it will serve as an excellent resource for years to come."--PsycCRITIQUES This book serves as an A-Z reference that addresses the neuropsychological aspects of 300 neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders. Each entry follows a 5 section structure that will cover (1) essential features of the disorder (2) physiological basis of the disorder (3) neuropsychological and other clinical presentation (4) assessment and diagnostic practices (5) evidence-based treatments and interventions. This book is written for clinical professionals and students in training to aid in clinical awareness, diagnostic accuracy, and intervention successfulness. The text goes beyond the emotional and behavioral aspects of each disorder and views the broader impacts of the symptoms. This approach emphasizes the importance of looking at the other functional impacts of these manifestations (e.g. cognitive deficits secondary to depression, orthodopaedic ambulation issues). The emphasis on neuropsychological sequelae, physiological basis, and means of diagnosing and treating of 300 conditions across the lifespan make this the most comprehensive resource available to professionals in and around neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry and the behavioral neurosciences. Key Features: Presents 300 highly-structured entries providing disorder features, pathology and physiology, clinical representation, assessment and diagnosis, and evidence-based treatments and interventions Covers neurological, neuropsychiatric, and neuromedical disorders across the lifespan (pediatric, adult, and geriatric populations) Includes interventions and methods of treatment for the outcomes patients may experience

Trends in Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies

This book provides a concise and critical guide to significant developments in cognitive and behavioral therapies (CBT). It both reflects and influence trends in the development and application of CBT.

Trends in Cognitive and Behavioural Therapies

Author: Paul M. Salkovskis

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471961727

Page: 174

View: 510

This book provides a concise and critical guide to significant developments in cognitive and behavioral therapies (CBT). It both reflects and influence trends in the development and application of CBT. Includes coverage of topics such as: social phobia; gambling; emotion; anxiety; drinking; psychosis; post traumatic stress disorder; and information processing.

Encyclopedia of Depression

... Worker Clinical Trial Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Cognitive ... Cognitive Therapy Comorbidity
Complementary and Alternative Medicine Conduct Disorder Continuation
Treatment ...

Encyclopedia of Depression

Author: Linda Wasmer Andrews

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313353662

Page: 570

View: 897

Written in clear, nontechnical language, this two-volume resource presents a complete contemporary portrait of depressive disorders, summarizing the latest scientific, medical, and societal thinking on a wide variety of depression-related topics.

Drugs in American Society An Encyclopedia of History Politics Culture and the Law 3 volumes

Both types of facilities as well as outpatient services likely include a combination
of the following treatment approaches. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Cognitive
Behavioral Therapy (CBT) attempts, by counseling and talk therapy, to change or
 ...

Drugs in American Society  An Encyclopedia of History  Politics  Culture  and the Law  3 volumes

Author: Nancy E. Marion

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610695968

Page: 1163

View: 547

Containing more than 450 entries, this easy-to-read encyclopedia provides concise information about the history of and recent trends in drug use and drug abuse in the United States—a societal problem with an estimated cost of $559 billion a year. • Contains more than 450 detailed entries on topics ranging from drugs themselves—such as alcohol, codeine, heroin, marijuana, and methamphetamines—to key individuals like Harry Anslinger to organizations such as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) • Covers the latest developments in U.S. policies and public attitudes toward drugs and drug use • Provides citations with each entry to guide users to other valuable research resources • Features carefully selected primary documents—including excerpts from important laws, policies, and campaigns—that have shaped American drug policy over the decades

The Social Science Encyclopedia

adolescence aggression and anger alcoholism and alcohol abuse anxiety
attachment behaviour therapy clinical psychology cognitive-behavioural therapy
consciousness counselling psychology defences delusions depressive disorders
 ...

The Social Science Encyclopedia

Author: Adam Kuper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134450842

Page: 952

View: 996

The Social Science Encyclopedia, first published in 1985 to acclaim from social scientists, librarians and students, was thoroughly revised in 1996, when reviewers began to describe it as a classic. This third edition has been radically recast. Over half the entries are new or have been entirely rewritten, and most of the balance have been substantially revised. Written by an international team of contributors, the Encyclopedia offers a global perspective on the key issues within the social sciences. Some 500 entries cover a variety of enduring and newly vital areas of study and research methods. Experts review theoretical debates from neo-evolutionism and rational choice theory to poststructuralism, and address the great questions that cut across the social sciences. What is the influence of genes on behaviour? What is the nature of consciousness and cognition? What are the causes of poverty and wealth? What are the roots of conflict, wars, revolutions and genocidal violence? This authoritative reference work is aimed at anyone with a serious interest in contemporary academic thinking about the individual in society.

Encyclopedia of Nursing Research Third Edition

Therefore, behavioral therapies are seen to be an important adjunct or alternative
to long-term pharmacological interventions ... The development and study of
cognitive and behavioral interventions, such as sleep cognitive behavioral
therapy ...

Encyclopedia of Nursing Research  Third Edition

Author: Joyce J. Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107516

Page: 732

View: 639

Named a 2013 Doody's Essential Purchase! Named a "Choice Outstanding Academic Title" for 2007 and an "AJN Book of the Year" The award-winning Encyclopedia of Nursing Research, now in its third edition, is the comprehensive resource for tracking developments in the field. With over 20 new areas of research, and meticulous updates of original entries, the encyclopedia presents key terms and concepts and their application to practice. Pithy entries provide the most relevant and current research perspectives, and will be a starting point for future content and references. Nurse researchers, educators, students, and all clinical specialties will find the encyclopedia an important introduction to the breadth of nursing research today. New topics include NIH-funded research areas, a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals, addictions care, palliative care, translational science, simulation, trauma care, family-centered care, mild cognitive impairment, active surveillance for cancer care, workplace and empowerment research, nurse engagement, nurse-physician collaboration, CAM and empowerment research, spirituality, synthesis and action research, mixed methods research, systematic review, ethnopharmacology, and more. Key Features: Includes NIH-funded research topics Provides a comprehensive survey of major nursing research journals Adds over 20 new areas of research and updates original entries Written by over 200 nursing research experts Organized alphabetically for easy access to information

The Encyclopedia of Elder Care

For example, anxiety in older adults with cognitive impairment may be confused
with dementia-associated agitation. ... Psychosocial Treatments Cognitive-
behavioral therapy (CBT) has received empirical support (Wetherell, Lenze, &
Stanley, ...

The Encyclopedia of Elder Care

Author: Eugenia L. Siegler, MD, FACP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826103536

Page: 908

View: 165

Focusing on the broad but practical notions of how to care for the patient, The Encyclopedia of Elder Care, a state-of-the-art resource features nearly 300 articles, written by experts in the field. Multidisciplinary by nature, all aspects of clinical care of the elderly are addressed. Coverage includes acute and chronic disease, home care including family-based care provisions, nursing home care, rehabilitation, health promotion, disease prevention, education, case management, social services, assisted living, advance directives, palliative care, and much more! Each article concludes with specialty web site listings to help direct the reader to further resources. Features new to this second edition: More extensive use of on-line resources for further information on topics Thoroughly updated entries and references Inclusion of current research in geriatrics reflecting evidence-based practice New topics, including Assisted Living, Nursing Home Managed Care, Self-Neglect, Environmental Modifications (Home & Institution), Technology, Neuropsychological Assessment, Psychoactive Medications, Pain--Acute and Chronic Still the only reference of it kind, The Encyclopedia of Elder Care will prove to be an indispensable tool for all professionals in the field of aging, such as nurses, physicians, social workers, counselors, health administrators, and more.

The Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma

See also: Anxiety Disorders; Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Adult; Cognitive
Behavior Therapy, Child Abuse; Coping Skills Training; ... the complexities of the
traumatic experience in ways that are physical, behavioral, emotional, and
cognitive.

The Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma

Author: Gilbert Reyes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470447486

Page: 752

View: 793

The Encyclopedia of Psychological Trauma is the only authoritative reference on the scientific evidence, clinical practice guidelines, and social issues addressed within the field of trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. Edited by the leading experts in the field, you will turn to this definitive reference work again and again for complete coverage of psychological trauma, PTSD, evidence-based and standard treatments, as well as controversial topics including EMDR, virtual reality therapy, and much more.

Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work

Using this cognitive model, behaviour change is made by helping the individual
attach a different meaning to the stimulus event (reframing), or by ... including
reality therapy, rational emotive therapy (Albert Ellis), cognitive therapy (Aaron
Beck), and cognitive behavioural therapy (Donald Meichenbaum). Each of these
cognitive behavioural theory is a distinct school that shares the same basic
principles.

Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work

Author: Francis J. Turner

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 1554588073

Page: 468

View: 790

All of us, as Canadians, are touched throughout our lives by some aspect of social welfare, either as recipients, donors, or taxpayers. But despite the importance of the social network in our country, there has been no single source of information about this critical component of our society. Even professionals in the field of social work or social services have not had a comprehensive volume addressing the myriad features of this critical societal structure. The Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work fills this need. Over five hundred topics important to Canadian social work are covered, written by a highly diverse group of social workers covering all aspects of the field and all areas of the country. Practitioners, policy makers, academics, social advocates, researchers, students, and administrators present a rich overview of the complexity and diversity of social work and social welfare as it exists in Canada. The principal finding from this project underscores the long-held perception that there is a Canadian model of social work that is unique and stands as a useful model to other countries. The Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work will be an important source of information, both to Canadians and to interested groups around the world. The Encyclopedia of Canadian Social Work is available in e-book version by subscription or from university and college libraries through the following vendors: Canadian Electronic Library, Ebrary, MyiLibrary, and Netlibrary.

Handbook of Psychological Assessment Case Conceptualization and Treatment Volume 1

Hersen & J. Rosqvist (Eds.), Encyclopedia of behavior modification and cognitive
behavior therapy (Vol. 2, pp. 704711). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. O'Brien, W. H.,
Kaplar, M., & Haynes, S. (2005). Behavioral assessment.In M.Hersen &J.

Handbook of Psychological Assessment  Case Conceptualization  and Treatment  Volume 1

Author: Michel Hersen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470173565

Page: 816

View: 111

Edited by recognized experts Michel Hersen and Johan Rosqvist, Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Case Conceptualization, and Treatment, Volume 1, Adults, is a thorough and practical reference for those working with adults. Bringing together the most current theories and evidence-based applications, chapters address issues of importance including ethics, medical issues, panic and agoraphobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Each chapter follows a structured format, opening with an overview of assessment, followed by case conceptualization, and, finally, recommended treatment.

Encyclopedia of Schizophrenia

The psychological treatment of schizophrenia has received less attention in the
literature, despite being applied to psychotic disorders for many years: early ... 66
Clozapine Clozapine Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for People
withSchizophrenia.

Encyclopedia of Schizophrenia

Author: W. Wolfgang Fleischhacker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1907673962

Page: 273

View: 643

This mini-encyclopedia aims to provide a survey of the wide range of interventions available for treating schizophrenia at a level appropriate for non-specialists who are beginning their engagement in the area and for others as a source of reference for the specialist. The pharmacological options are considered alongside psychosocial management approaches and the advantages and disadvantages of each treatment modality are outlined. The entries are written by leading experts, including basic and clinical scientists in academia and industry, and include descriptions of many relevant fundamental psychological and biological processes of the disorder. The volume owes much to the Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology edited by Ian Stolerman IP (published by Springer-Verlag in 2010), from which some entries are reproduced. Where entries deal with pharmacological interventions, the aim is to provide detailed information on the neuropsychopharmacology of the substances from domains such as clinical, experimental, and molecular pharmacology, insofar as they impact upon understanding of schizophrenia. Articles on non-drug interventions review the most recent evidence base related to commonly applied psychotherapeutic and rehabilitative measures. Other essays focus upon the key concepts and research methods used in the field, describing the main features of investigative techniques and outlining their roles, the types of information obtained and why they are needed; the advantages and limitations of a technique may also be summarized. The essays are complemented by many short definitions of important terms; in the interest of ease of reading, these definitions are not assigned to named authors; they are typically related to specific essays that they cross-reference and relevant authorship details can be found in the latter.