Ethical Issues in Aviation

Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics.

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Author: Elizabeth Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317141520

Page: 314

View: 630

Applied ethics has been gaining wide attention in a variety of curriculums, and there is growing awareness of the need for ethical training in general. Well-publicized ethical problems such as the Challenger disaster, the Ford Pinto case and the collapse of corporations such as Enron have highlighted the need to rethink the role of ethics in the workplace. The concept of applied ethics originated in medicine with a groundbreaking book published in 1979. Business ethics books began to appear in the 1980s, with engineering ethics following in the 1990s. This volume now opens up a new area of applied ethics, comprehensively addressing the ethical issues confronting the civil aviation industry. Aviation is unique in two major ways: firstly it has a long history of government regulations, and secondly its primary focus is the safety of its passengers and crew. For decades commercial aviation was viewed in the same manner as public utilities, and thus it was highly regulated by the government. Since the Deregulation Act of 1978, aviation has been viewed as any other business while other experts continue to believe that the sudden switch to deregulation has caused problems, especially since many airlines were unprepared for the change. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on current concerns and trends, to reflect the changes that have occurred in this deregulated era. The book provides the reader with an overview of the major themes in civil aviation ethics. It begins with theoretical frameworks, followed by sections on the business side of aviation, employee responsibility, diversity in aviation, ground issues regarding airports, air traffic control and security, as well as health and the environment. The contributors to the volume include both academics doing research in the field as well as professionals who provide accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the workplace.

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Although there is a chain of command (namely, Captain, First Officer, First Flight
Attendant, etc.), flight attendants are basically responsible for themselves. The
way they conduct themselves, their level of integrity and personal ethics are
highly ...

Ethical Issues in Aviation

Author: Elizabeth A. Hoppe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429791992

Page: 336

View: 876

The aviation industry is unique in two major ways: firstly, it has a long history of government involvement dating back to the early days of aviation; and secondly, its primary concern is the safety of its passengers and crew. These features highlight the importance of ethical decision-making at all levels of the industry. However, well-publicized problems such as the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 highlight the need for ethics to take a more prominent role in the field. Ethical Issues in Aviation focuses on both past and current topics in aviation, providing the reader with an overview of the major themes in aviation ethics that cover a broad range of subjects. Contributors include academics who do research in the field as well as professionals who provide first-hand accounts of the ethical situations that arise in the aviation industry. This second edition has been thoroughly revised throughout to bring it up to date, and features several new chapters that cover recent events and topics. This book enhances student learning by providing faculty, students, and those interested in aviation with discussion of the most pressing ethical issues that continue to impact the industry.

Safety Ethics

However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems.

Safety Ethics

Author: Manoj S. Patankar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000083004

Page: 246

View: 449

Much of the previous literature in the field of safety focuses on either the technical equipment issues or the human performance factors that contribute to the active failures in safety-critical systems. However, this book provides guidance in the moral or ethical aspects of decision-making that perpetuate many of the latent failures in safety-critical systems. The book provides a concise introduction to the ethical foundations and follows up with case studies from aviation, healthcare, and environmental and occupational health.

Climate Change and Aviation

The rapid growth in emissions from the aviation industry presents a number of
challenges if we are to avoid climate change ... requirementsasaresult
ofcorporate social responsibility policy,efforts to improve brandimage or
individual ethical ...

Climate Change and Aviation

Author: Stefan Gossling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136569669

Page: 408

View: 437

'This is a timely, challenging and fascinating book on a topic of central importance to the success or otherwise of our climate change policies. It sets down a clear marker for what has to be done in the aviation sector.' Professor John Whitelegg, Stockholm Environment Institute, University of York, UK 'Climate Change and Aviation presents a clear picture of the transport sector's greatest challenge: how to reconcile aviation's immense popularity with its considerable environmental damage and its dependence on liquid hydrocarbon energy sources. This book avoids wishful thinking and takes the much harder, but more productive, path of considering difficult solutions that clash with short-term and short-sighted expectations about the unlimited growth potential for flying.' Professor Anthony Perl, Urban Studies Program, Simon Fraser University, Canada 'A convincing and timely collection that brings together an impressive range of expertise. The book integrates various perspectives into a powerful core argument - we must do something, and quickly, to tackle the impact of aviation on our environment. The authors recognise the political difficulties associated with promoting change but present constructive options for policy makers. Required reading, especially for transport ministers set on promoting the growth of air travel.' Professor Jon Shaw, Director of the Centre for Sustainable Transport, University of Plymouth, UK Trends such as the massive growth in availability of air travel and air freight are among those which have led to aviation becoming one of the fastest growing emitters of greenhouse gases. These trends have also caused a shift in expectations of how we do business, where we go on holiday, and what food and goods we can buy. For these reasons aviation is (and is set to stay) high up on global political, organizational and media agendas. This textbook is the first to attempt a comprehensive review of the topic, bringing together an international team of leading scientists. Starting with the science of the environmental issues, it moves on to cover drivers and trends of growth, socio-economics and politics, as well as mitigation options, the result being a broad yet detailed examination of the field. This is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in transport, tourism, the environment, geography and beyond, while also being a valuable resource for professionals and policymakers seeking a clear understanding of this complex yet urgently pressing issue.

The DC 10 Case

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by ...

The DC 10 Case

Author: John H. Fielder

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791410875

Page: 346

View: 748

Designed as a textbook for courses in ethics, this book provides the material needed to understand the accidents in which more that 700 people were killed -- accidents that many believe were the result of unethical actions and inactions by individuals, organizations, and government agencies. An introduction to ethical analysis and discussions of the ethical responsibilities involved are also provided. The case study offers material for a sustained inquiry into every level of ethical responsibility reflecting the rich ethical complexity of actual events. The DC-10 Case presents these issues through a collection of original and published articles, excerpts from official accident reports, congressional hearings, and other writing on the DC-10. The authors allow the readers to examine the ethical issues of airline safety as they actually occur, taking account of the circumstances in which they arise.

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes The pay by weight policy

The idea of charging passengers based on their weight emerged after
economists in the aviation industry discovered a significant increase in fuel cost
that was attributable to flying obese people. In a nutshell, the issue of introducing
 ...

Ethical issues regarding the charging of overweight people on airplanes  The  pay by weight  policy

Author: Patrick Kimuyu

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3668615799

Page: 9

View: 533

Essay from the year 2018 in the subject Medicine - Public Health, grade: 1, Egerton University, language: English, abstract: Debates over ethical issues do not seem to end anytime soon. Over the past half century, ethical issues have been emerging in the global society, especially the industrialized world. For instance, the debate over the decriminalization of abortion and euthanasia has lingered around for quite too long without a consensus decision. On the other hand, the issue of gay marriages that emerge in 1970s remained surrounded by immense controversy until a few months ago when the US Supreme Court brought the issue to rest through upholding gay rights. Surprisingly, the termination of gay marriages debate did not seem to change the course of ethical phenomena among the global society. Recently, a new ethical issue emerged: the pay-as-you-weigh policy. This policy requires obese people to pay extra charge in the airlines. In retrospect, obesity is considered as an ethical issue and it has emerged to be a controversial subject. It is an ethical issue because it causes adverse consequences to obese individuals, as well as, the society. However, these factors do not seem to be part of the justification for the introduction of pay-as-you-weigh pricing in the aviation industry. Instead, the core argument by airline administrators and economists is that flying obese people increases fuel costs; thus, the so-called "fat-taxes" will address the issue of financial costs. Contrary to this perspective held within the aviation industry, environmentalists view obesity as an issue that has environmental cost. The increased fuel consumption by airplanes is believed to exacerbate climate change, primarily global warming due to increased greenhouse gas emissions. From these perspectives, it is apparent that obesity is a controversial issue. Therefore, this research will provide a comprehensive overview of the ethical issue of charging overweight people on airlines.

The Ethics of Tourism

Discuss issues of responsibility and harm in relation to tourists, aviation and
climate change. Use the 'Prisoner's Dilemma' and 'Tragedy of the Commons' to
help explain the ethical problems of flying in relation to climate change. Describe
the ...

The Ethics of Tourism

Author: Brent Lovelock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136991239

Page: 384

View: 853

There are increasingly strident calls from many sectors of society for the tourism industry, the world’s largest industry, to adopt a more ethical approach to the way it does business. In particular there has been an emphasis placed on the need for a more ethical approach to the way the tourism industry interacts with consumers, the environment, with indigenous peoples, those in poverty, and those in destinations suffering human rights abuses. This book introduces students to the important topic of tourism ethics and illustrates how ethical principles and theory can be applied to address contemporary tourism industry issues. A critical role of the book is to highlight the ethical challenges in the tourism industry and to situate tourism ethics within wider contemporary discussions of ethics in general. Integrating theory and practice the book analyses a broad range of topical and relevant tourism ethical issues from the urgent ‘big-picture’ problems facing the industry as a whole (e.g. air travel and global warming) to more micro-scale everyday issues that may face individual tourism operators, or indeed, individual tourists. The book applies relevant ethical frameworks to each issue, addressing a range of ethical approaches to provide the reader with a firm grounding of applied ethics, from first principles. International case studies with reflective questions at the end are integrated throughout to provide readers with valuable insight into real world ethical dilemmas, encouraging critical analysis of tourism ethical issues as well as ethically determined decisions. Discussion questions and annotated further reading are included to aid further understanding. The Ethics of Tourism: Critical and Applied Perspectives is essential reading for all Tourism students globally.

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine 4E

In this specialist circumstance, advice must be subject to the additional
considerations of the flight environment. There are occasions when it may ...
Some problems arise due to cultural differences that raise ethical issues. In some
countries, for ...

Ernsting s Aviation Medicine  4E

Author: David Gradwell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1444113364

Page: 800

View: 910

Ernsting's Aviation Medicine applies current understanding in medicine, physiology and the behavioural sciences to the stresses faced by both civil and military aircrew on a daily basis. The fourth edition of this established textbook has been revised and updated by a multi-disciplinary team of experienced contributors, and includes new chapters on aeromedical evacuation, commercial passenger fitness to fly, transport aircraft and passenger safety cosmic radiation, and naval air operations. It remains the recommended textbook for those studying for the Diploma in Aviation Medicine of the Faculty of Occupational Medicine of the Royal College of Physicians, recognized worldwide as a standard in the field, and for similar overseas qualifications. This is an essential text for all civil or military aviation medicine practitioners, both when preparing for professional examinations and in daily practice, and for those in the many disciplines of the behavioural and life sciences that include some study of aviation, its physiology and related issues. It is also recommended reading for those with a wider interest in the medical problems of professional or recreational flying, air transport and the aviation industry.

Litigation in Aviation

... Ethical Considerations in Aviation Litigation For the Plaintiff James J .
McCarthy Magaña , Cathcart , McCarthy & Pierry ... President ICALM Group 3 : 30
Afternoon Break Insurance Issues in Aviation Litigation Assignment of Causes of
Action ...

Litigation in Aviation

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 474

ASTNA Patient Transport E Book

The flight nurse uses available resources to help formulate ethical decisions. The
flight nurse uses available mechanisms to identify and resolve ethical issues
related to client care. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Standard VI. Collaboration The flight nurse ...

ASTNA Patient Transport   E Book

Author: ASTNA

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323066135

Page: 848

View: 965

Whether you’re caring for patients on the ground or in the air, this trusted, one-of-a-kind resource is an essential tool for your success in transport nursing. The 4th edition has been extensively revised to keep you up to date with the latest technological advances and help you meet the ever-changing needs of this critical nursing field. Comprehensive overviews familiarize you with the most common diseases and injuries encountered in practice, accompanied by important management considerations to help you ensure the most effective communication and the safest patient care in all transport settings. Case studies presented at the end of each clinical chapter demonstrate how to apply concepts to scenarios similar to those you’ll encounter in practice. Special Populations Unit helps you meet the unique care needs of pregnant, neonatal, pediatric, and military patients. Competencies listed at the beginning of each chapter help you identify key components of effective patient care. Collaborative, multidisciplinary focus meets the educational and reference needs of all transport health care providers and emphasizes the importance of teamwork in ensuring successful patient outcomes. 3 new chapters highlight emerging trends in transport care: The Use of Technology During Transport, including ventricular assist devices, a chapter devoted to Mechanical Ventilation, and Military Transport with EnRoute care. Updated content throughout provides a balance of ground and air coverage and reflects the recently published Flight and Ground Transport Nursing Core Curriculum to help you prepare for the CTRN or CFRN examination. Expanded disaster management coverage addresses front-line response to major disasters. Expanded disaster management coverage addresses important concerns for improving front-line response to major disasters. Additional pathophysiology content helps you better understand the effects of diseases and injuries on the body’s normal physiologic processes. Clear instructions for reading radiographs and CT scans simplify the use of these diagnostic tools and help you improve related outcomes. Information based on the latest updates from the Federal Aviation Association and the National Transportation Safety Board alerts you to important safety regulations. Obesity considerations included in the Patient Assessment and Preparation for Transport chapter outline special challenges and possible solutions for the care of obese patients.

Medical Ethics in the Contemporary Era

And consequently these individuals fight their cases in Ombudsmen office or in
the High Court and often such unsuitable ... These vital ethical issues in Aviation
medicine / psychiatry need urgent attention by the PM & DC besides the medical
 ...

Medical Ethics in the Contemporary Era

Author:

Publisher: Royal Publishing Company

ISBN:

Page: 289

View: 299

Megatrends and Air Transport

This book discusses megatrends and subsequently applies them to the air transport industry from a legal, ethical and economic perspective.

Megatrends and Air Transport

Author: Ruwantissa Abeyratne

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319611240

Page: 253

View: 633

This book discusses megatrends and subsequently applies them to the air transport industry from a legal, ethical and economic perspective. Starting with a detailed discussion on what these megatrends are, the book provides an essential overview of megatrends and air transport, including analytical discussions on how megatrends could affect basic issues such as nationalism and sovereignty, market access in air transport, and commercial space transport. It also delves into the rights of the airline passenger as affected by megatrends. Further, the book analyses a broad range of topics, including: the digital transformation of air transport; technology and air transport; robotic pilots and their legal ramifications; the human-robot interface and the law with focus on the pilot; cognitive computing; and issues of empowerment and connectivity. It discusses in detail United Nations initiatives and initiatives of the International Civil Aviation Organization, considering aspects such as: the new world order; e-trends and air transport; apps that make air travel easier; and apps designed to help the aviation authorities. Further topics include artificial intelligence and air transport and related technical, ethical and economic issues, as well as a legal inquiry into manufacturer’s defects; design defects; and liability for failure to warn of defects. Questions are posed and answers provided on the effects of artificial intelligence and legal issues stemming from its use in air transport. Two major discussions follow on millennials and air transport, and on the Internet of everything as related to air transport. The conclusion ties in megatrends with air transport and offers the industry a way forward for adapting to these trends.

Business Ethics and Values

Merely flying to broaden our minds may show a lack of awareness of
sustainability issues . Aviation ... The charges of McDonaldisation and Logo -
isation define the ethical questions surrounding the cultural and social aspects of
globalisation .

Business Ethics and Values

Author: Colin Fisher

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780273716167

Page: 616

View: 517

Blending academic theory with real-world cases, the third edition of this book provides a self-contained course in business ethics. The book is suitable for undergraduate and postgraduate students with or without practical experience in the business world.

Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics

Business ethics is a form of the art of applied ethics that examines ethical rules and principles within a commercial context, the various moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business setting, and any special duties or obligations ...

Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics

Author: Mary W. Vilcox

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600217739

Page: 203

View: 875

Business ethics is a form of the art of applied ethics that examines ethical rules and principles within a commercial context, the various moral or ethical problems that can arise in a business setting, and any special duties or obligations that apply to persons who are engaged in commerce. Business ethics can be both a normative and a descriptive discipline. As a corporate practice and a career specialisation, the field is primarily normative. In academia descriptive approaches are also taken. The range and quantity of business ethical issues reflects the degree to which business is perceived to be at odds with non-economic social values. Historically, interest in business ethics accelerated dramatically during the 1980s and 1990s, both within major corporations and within academia. For example, today most major corporate websites lay emphasis on commitment to promoting non-economic social values under a variety of headings (e.g. ethics codes, social responsibility charters). In some cases, corporations have redefined their core values in the light of business ethical considerations. Catching business ethics in action, however, remains a seldom-spotted nugget for in reality it depends on the characters of the characters.

Atmospheric Flight in the Twentieth Century

They claimed civilian designers sacrificed ease of production and maintenance
for superior flight performance. ... and ethical questions more complex, many of
the organizational issues of modern, multi-billion-dollar aerospace R&D are not ...

Atmospheric Flight in the Twentieth Century

Author: P. Galison

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940114379X

Page: 383

View: 419

All technologies differ from one another. They are as varied as humanity's interaction with the physical world. Even people attempting to do the same thing produce multiple technologies. For example, John H. White discovered more than l 1000 patents in the 19th century for locomotive smokestacks. Yet all technologies are processes by which humans seek to control their physical environment and bend nature to their purposes. All technologies are alike. The tension between likeness and difference runs through this collection of papers. All focus on atmospheric flight, a twentieth-century phenomenon. But they approach the topic from different disciplinary perspectives. They ask disparate questions. And they work from distinct agendas. Collectively they help to explain what is different about aviation - how it differs from other technologies and how flight itself has varied from one time and place to another. The importance of this topic is manifest. Flight is one of the defining technologies of the twentieth century. Jay David Bolter argues in Turing's Man that certain technologies in certain ages have had the power not only to transform society but also to shape the way in which people understand their relationship with the physical world. "A defining technology," says Bolter, "resembles a magnifying glass, which collects and focuses seemingly disparate ideas in a culture into one bright, sometimes piercing ray." 2 Flight has done that for the twentieth century.

Aviation Law

Coursen (Director of Education, Northeastern US, Shakespeare Globe Center) examines modern interpretations of Shakespeare's work within the context of New Historicism, looking at films and teleplays from the 1930s and beyond.

Aviation Law

Author: Robert M. Jarvis

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781594600302

Page: 947

View: 768

This new casebook, the most comprehensive ever written about the subject, is sure to be a hit with both students and instructors. Unlike previous works, which have treated aviation law as a narrow and technical specialty, this text is driven by a broad and unique vision. Through the use of contemporary cases, extensive notes, intriguing problems, and frequent references to popular culture, it is the first to make clear just how large a role aviation plays in everyday life and explain why all lawyers can profit from having at least a passing familiarity with the field. The text—fresh and crisply written—is organized into six chapters that can be taught as sequenced or in an instructor's preferred order. After an introductory chapter that explains the principles of flight, identifies the sources of aviation law, and reflects on the ethical challenges faced by aviation practitioners, the book proceeds to look at the legal issues surrounding aircraft, airmen (pilots, mechanics, flight attendants), airlines (both passenger and cargo), and airports.Inside the book users will find 112 principal readings, 168 notes, 25 problems, and 30 appendices. The principal readings are drawn from a rich variety of sources, including cases, law review and bar journal articles, newspaper reports, and legislative and executive pronouncements. The notes both expand on the principal readings and provide commentary on additional issues and subjects. The problems, one for each section, allow students to quickly determine if they have successfully mastered the materials they have just read. And the appendices reproduce the most important air treaties—from Paris (1919) and Warsaw (1929) to Montreal (1999) and Cape Town (2001)—thereby further increasing the book's utility and flexibility (while obviating the need for students to purchase and carry with them a separate statutory supplement). A particularly distinguishing feature of the book is its focus on the social history of aviation. Thus, sprinkled liberally throughout the notes are references to the men and women who have become part of aviation lore, including the Wright Brothers, Charles Lindbergh, Amelia Earhart, Howard Hughes, Chuck Yeager, D.B. Cooper, and Jessica Dubroff. Also covered are notable historical incidents, such as the 1948 Berlin Airlift, the 1960 U-2 spy plane crisis, the 1976 Entebbe Airport raid, and the 1983 U.S.S.R. shoot-down of a civilian airliner. As one would expect, special attention is paid to 9/11 and its aftermath—from the renaming of Newark International Airport to the numerous changes that have been made in boarding procedures to the dispute over how to compensate the victims and their families.The notes also draw heavily from popular culture. Thus, students learn not only from treaties, cases, and statutes, but from such varied and fun fare as Erica Jong's Fear of Flying, Donald Trump's The Apprentice, and that TV show “about nothing” (Seinfeld). As a result, students are far more likely to come to class prepared, excited, and eager to participate. Lastly, the Teacher's Manual will help both new and experienced instructors get the most out of the book. In addition to comprehensively analyzing the text, it offers tips for preparing extra credit assignments, leading field trips, tapping guest speakers, and incorporating video clips into class presentations.

High Performance with High Integrity

Federal Aviation Administration quality processes and record keeping were
integrated into aircraft engine manufacturing. Sourcing leaders were accountable
for technical, financial, and ethical issues in qualifying and requalifying suppliers.

High Performance with High Integrity

Author: Ben W. Heineman Jr.

Publisher: Harvard Business Press

ISBN: 1422146065

Page: 208

View: 184

Our free-market capitalist system is the world's greatest driver of prosperity, but it has a dark side. Under intense pressure to make the numbers, executives and employees face temptation to cut corners, fudge accounts, or worse. And in today's unforgiving environment, such lapses can be catastrophic. Fines and settlements have amounted to billions of dollars. Careers and companies have imploded. In High Performance with High Integrity, Ben Heineman argues that there is only one way for companies to avoid such failures: CEOs must create a culture of integrity through exemplary leadership, transparency, incentives, and processes, not just rules and penalties. Heineman, GE's chief legal officer and a member of both Jack Welch's and Jeff Immelt's senior management teams for nearly twenty years, reveals crucial "performance with integrity" principles and practices that you can begin applying immediately, and shows how you can drive performance by integrating integrity systems and processes deep into company operations. Such principles and practices also create affirmative benefits: inside the corporation, in the marketplace and in society. Concise and insightful, this book provides a much-needed corporate blueprint for doing well while doing good in the high-pressure global economy. From our new Memo to the CEO series--solutions-focused advice from today's leading practitioners.