Forest Biotechnology and Its Responsible Use. Website. (Accessed 26 July
2018, as: http://www.responsibleuse.org/material/biotechtrees.html). 
Genetically Modified Forests From Stone Age to Modern Biotechnology, R.
Burdon and W.
Author: Mark Anthony Benvenuto
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
The book provides an excellent introduction to industrial biotechnology, addressing the applications of biomolecules and living systems in industrial manufacturing of various products. Each part of the book is devoted to a certain biotech sector, such as biofuels, food, chemicals, pharmaceuticals and materials. The book also covers the environmental aspects of industrial biotechnology and the principles of bio-based economy.
Improving the Scientific Basis for Safe Tree Development and Implementation of
EU Policy Directives Cristina Vettori, Fernando ... Silvae Genetica 55:285–291
Institute of Forest Biotechnology (2011) Responsible use: biotech tree principles.
Author: Cristina Vettori
This book provides up-to-date information on the environmental impact of transgenic trees on genetically modified tree (GMT) communication strategy. It is useful to public/private organisations as well as to private and public research bodies and universities worldwide since it reports on the global status of GMT research and policy. A high number of genetically modified trees (GMTs) with altered or novel characteristics have been produced in the last 15 years. However, their very low public acceptance is a basic problem in their commercialization. Breeders anticipate economic and ecological benefits, like reduced product costs and less pressure on native forests, while opponents fear risks, such as unintended spread of GMTs. But what is true? To answer this question, the COST Action FP0905 focused on key aspects related to GMTs: (a) biological characterization; (b) assessment of possible environmental impacts; (c) socio-economic implications and public acceptance/concerns; (d) providing science-based information to communicate with the public.
There is a strong onus on the institution that is developing a novel trait to exert a
level of self-discipline over the choice of ... the Institute of Forest Biotechnology
has recently released the “Responsible Use initiative” that takes a holistic look at
Author: William Nikolakis
The overarching contribution of this book is a review and assessment of the current and future impacts of globalization on the world’s forests. The work has been developed by the "Resources for the Future" Task Force for the International Union of Forest Research Organizations (IUFRO). Four key themes are addressed: the effect of globalization on forests (including future trade flows); plantations as the primary source of forest products and its consequences, including plant breeding and forest health; the effect of new products such as bio-products and markets on forests; and the emergence of forest ecosystem services and their impact on the landscape and human communities. These four themes are examined in detail to map out the impacts of these trends for forests throughout the world and at multiple scales, and how forest research needs to be adapted to address these trends. Overall, the volume provides a major synthesis of current thinking and knowledge on the topic for advanced students, as well as policy-makers and professionals in the forest sector.
The entity-level ministries of agriculture, health, and environment are responsible
for regulating the contained use of ... and public body consisting of members from
areas of genetics, biotechnology, agriculture, forestry, microbiology, medicine, ...
Author: Kishan Gopal Ramawat
Publisher: CRC Press
Forest trees cover 30% of the earth's land surface, providing renewable fuel, wood, timber, shelter, fruits, leaves, bark, roots, and are source of medicinal products in addition to benefits such as carbon sequestration, water shed protection, and habitat for 1/3 of terrestrial species. However, the genetic analysis and breeding of trees has lagged behind that of crop plants. Therefore, systematic conservation, sustainable improvement and pragmatic utilization of trees are global priorities. This book provides comprehensive and up to date information about tree characterization, biological understanding, and improvement through biotechnological and molecular tools.
As the previous sentence indicates, our presentation will use forestry, forest trees,
and forest tree biotechnology as ... Some exceptions are microbiologists and
molecular biologists, who were largely responsible for developing the new ...
Author: M.R. Ahuja
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This volume covers recent advances in the vegetative propagation of woody plants by tissue culture. A wide range of topics relevant to micropropagation of woody plants are discussed by renowned international scientists. These include cellular contro of morphogenesis, light regimes in tissue culture, maturation and rejuvenation, synthetic seed, genetics of micropropagated plants, haploid embryogenesis, protoplast culture, and acclimatization of ex vitro woody plants. In addition to micropropagation of selected woody plants, both gymnosperms and angiosperms, this volume also includes in vitro genetic selection, strategic planning for application of biotechnology for genetics and breeding, and clonal options for woody plant improvement. A balanced view of both perspectives and limitations of woody plant micropropagation is presented.
Canada is responsible for roughly one - quarter of the world's forest products
trade . In the ... Thus the forests of Canada are of both national and international
importance , to which forest biotechnology can make a positive contribution .
Author: Peter M. Gresshoff
Publisher: CRC Press
Plant Genome Analysis presents outstanding analyses of technologies, as well as explanations of molecular technology as it pertains to agriculture. Advances in genome analysis, including DNA amplification (DAF and RAPD) markers, RFLPs, and microsatellites are reviewed by accomplished scientists, many of whom are the developers of the technique. Articles by patent lawyers experienced in plant biotechnology present the legal viewpoint. Chapters focus on special elements of genome analysis, such as the: use of antisense technology investigation of telomeres production of plant YACs importance of cell cycle genes in plants. Other chapters focus on specialized topics of genome analysis. These include a description of antisense technology in the study of photosynthesis and a comprehensive review of the characterization and isolation of plant telomere, including their use in varietal discrimination. A detailed anaysis of cytoplasmic male sterility in the french bean that focuses on the mitochondrial genome is described. The book provides a chapter on the production of yeast artificial chromosomes (YACs) carrying soybean DNA. Genes of the cell cycle in plants and their importance in developmental processes are presented, as well as detailed chapters on the molecular mapping of trees (apples and pines), and nodulation-related genes in legumes. A comprehensive index and a complete glossary are included.
Cloning Forestry Species Vibha Dhavvan and Sanjay Saxena Bioresources and
Biotechnology Division, Tata Energy ... India Abstract: Over-exploitation of Indian
forests has led to progressive decline in the forest cover and its productivity. ... the
fact that forests belong to the State Governments and thus conservation is viewed
as the Government's responsibility while ... plans and policies directed towards
large-scale afforestation and using improved planting material for higher yields.
Author: S. Srivastava
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The genesis of the volume, Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Markers, has been the occasion of the retirement of Professor Sant Saran Bhojwani from the Department of Botany, University of Delhi. For Professor Bhojwani, retirement only means relinquishing the chair as being a researcher and a teacher which has always been a way of life to him. Professor Bhojwani has been an ardent practitioner of modern plant biology and areas like Plant Biotechnology and Molecular Breeding have been close to his heart. The book contains original as well as review articles contributed by his admirers and associates who are experts in their area of research. While planning this contributory book our endeavour has been to incorporate articles that cover the entire gamut of Plant Biotechnology, and also applications of Molecular Markers. Besides articles on in vitro fertilization and micropropagation, there are articles on forest tree improvement through genetic engineering. Considering the importance of conservation of our precious natural wealth, one article deals with cryopreservation of plant material. Chapter on molecular marker considers DNA indexing as markers of clonal fidelity of in vitro regenerated plants and prevention against bio-piracy. A couple of write-ups also cover stage-specific gene markers, DNA polymorphism and genetic engineering, including raising of stress tolerant plants to sustain productivity and help in reclamation of degraded land.
GUIDELINES FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN BIOTECHNOLOGY
STANLEY L. KRUGHAN TIMBER MANAGEMENT RESEARCH U.S. FOREST
SERVICE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20090 6090 USA ABSTRACT The new
Author: M.R. Ahuja
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Most forest tree species were considered recalcitrant a decade ago, but now with the improved in vitro techniques some progress has been made towards culture-of tree species. Micro propagation has been achieved from the juvenile tissues of a number of forest tree species. On the other hand, tissues from most mature trees are still very difficult to grow and differen tiate in vitro. Nevertheless, there has been slow but steady progress in the application of tissue culture technology for culture of tissues, organs, cells and protoplasts of tree species. As compared to most agricultural crops, and herbaceous plant species, trees are a different lot. They have long gene ration cycles. They are highly heterozygous and have a large reservoir of genetic variability. Because of this genetic variability, their response in vitro is also variable. On a single medium, the response of tissues from different trees (genotypes) of a single species may be quite different: some responding by induction of growth and differentiation, while others showing minimal or no growth at all. That makes the somatic cell genetics of woody plants somewhat difficult, but at the same time interesting.
In addition, resource-rich forest industry groups, agencies responsible for
implementing government policies, and policymakers ... Trade mediated
biotechnology transfer and its effective absorption: An application to the U.S.
Author: Daniel J. Zarin
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Neotropical forests sustain a wealth of biodiversity, provide a wide range of ecosystem services and products, and support the livelihoods of millions of people. But is forest management a viable conservation strategy in the tropics? Supporters of sustainable forest management have promoted it as a solution to problems of both biodiversity protection and economic stagnation. Detractors insist that any conservation strategy short of fully protected status is a waste of resources and that forest management actually hastens deforestation. By focusing on a set of critical issues and case studies, this book explores the territory between these positions, highlighting the major factors that contribute to or detract from the chances of achieving forest conservation through sustainable management.
Other agents of change: forestry, recreation and tourism, biotechnology Table 9.1
Wood and paper production in the major wood-producing ... Both forest
management and afforestation are responsible for direct and indirect
environmental change. ... Biotechnology involves the use of organisms in
industrial and technological processes and it is being applied to a variety of
environmental management ...
Author: Antoinette Mannion
Now in its second edition. This text has been extensively revised and rewritten to reflect the growth in environmental research during the last decade. Human-induced environmental change is occurring at such a rapid rate that, inevitably, the fundamental processes involved in biogeochemical cycling are being altered. Global Environmental Change considers alterations to the biogeochemical cycles of carbon, nitrogen, sulphur and other elements as a result of industrial/technological development and agriculture, which have significantly altered the natural environment. The book adopts a temporal and spatial approach to environmental change, beginning with the natural environmental change of the Quaternery period and continuing with the culturally-induced change since the inception of agriculture 10,000 years ago.
15.1 INTRODUCTION Over-exploitation of bioresources and shrinkage of the
resource base are mainly responsible for the loss of ... Any nation can increase
its agricultural production by converting the forest lands to arable lands, thus
increasing the land under cultivation. ... their allocation between competing uses
largely depends 504 Textbook of Environmental Biotechnology Management of
Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd
Environmental Biotechnology was conceived after scanning the available literature in the area, which indicated that references in the subject are scanty and highly sporadic. This book provides comprehensive information on the different aspects of environmental biotechnology and also discusses the processes and new technologies dealing with pollutants, degradation and resource recovery. It has been designed to serve as a good study material for the students and researchers in the field. At the end of the book there is an exhaustive reference section to guide the readers for additional reading. The book discusses: · New approaches to wastewater treatment · Use of endemic or exotic biota as a nutrient filter to purify nutrient-loaded wastewater and nutrient-enriched eutrophic surface water · Production of usable primary and secondary biomass using waste, wastewater and wasteland · Efficient biomass management techniques · Several emerging areas like microalgal cultivation techniques using wastewater · Production of value added products from algae · Statistical approach to analyze the toxic effects of xenobiotics using biological test batteries and biopesticides · Integrated pest management · Advanced techniques to study environmental contamination · Biological experimental procedures to determine the level of contamination