Variation and Change in Gallo Romance Grammar

The domain of diachronic grammatical change is hardly an unploughed furrow
for French. Studies on the medieval language abound (e.g. Foulet 1919; Herman
1954; Moignet 1973; Skårup 1975; Vance 1997; Zink 1997; Buridant 2000) as do

Variation and Change in Gallo Romance Grammar

Author: Sam Wolfe

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198840179

Page: 496

View: 826

This volume offers a wide-range of case studies on variation and change in the sub-family of the Romance languages that includes French and Occitan: Gallo-Romance. Both standard and non-standard Gallo-Romance data can be of enormous value to studies of morphosyntactic variation and change, yet, as the volume demonstrates, non-standard and comparative Gallo-Romance data have often been lacking in both synchronic and diachronic studies. Following an introduction that sets out the conceptual background, the volume is divided into three parts whose chapters explore a variety of topics in the domains of sentence structure, the verb complex, and word structure. The empirical foundation of the volume is exceptionally rich, drawing on standard and non-standard data from French, Occitan, Francoproven�al, Picard, Wallon, and Norman. This diversity is also reflected in the theoretical and conceptual approaches adopted, which span traditional philology, sociolinguistics, formal morphological and syntactic theory, semantics, and discourse-pragmatics. The volume will thus be an indispensable tool for researchers and students in French and (Gallo-) Romance linguistics as well as for readers interested in grammatical theory, sociolinguistics, and historical linguistics.

Change in Contemporary English

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this ...

Change in Contemporary English

Author: Geoffrey Leech

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521867223

Page: 341

View: 995

Based on the systematic analysis of large amounts of computer-readable text, this book shows how the English language has been changing in the recent past, and discusses the linguistic and social factors that are contributing to this process.

Grammatical Change

reflected in the grammatical change literature , so that changes in the
morphological or phonological domain are not only seen as ' side - effects of
grammatical change but as playing a driving role in the change itself ( cf. Schlüter
2003 ...

Grammatical Change

Author: Rachel Hendery



Page: 201

View: 362

This volume comprises a collection of papers on the theme of grammatical change that evolved out of a workshop sponsored by the Centre for Research on Language Change (The Australian National University). The papers extend the boundaries of what has been addressed under the label of 'grammatical change' by applying theories and models of grammatical change to new evidence; by illuminating the historical relationships between grammar and other levels of linguistics; and by extending the range of languages that have been examined from the perspective of grammatical change. Languages discussed include Murriny Patha, Walpiri, Gurindji, Walmajarri, and Kayardild, Lardil, Yukulta, English, Dutch, German, Afrikaans, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Slovenian, Albanian, Greek, Old Church Slavonic, Tocharian, Mandarin, Cantonese, Quechua, Basque, and Tok Pisin

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

The Rosendal Papers Þórhallur Eyþórsson. Introduction Thórhallur Eythórsson
Background This book grew out of the symposium Linguistic Theory and
Grammatical Change held at Rosendal , Norway , May 31 - June 4 , 2005 , and a
follow ...

Grammatical Change and Linguistic Theory

Author: Þórhallur Eyþórsson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027233776

Page: 441

View: 100

This book contains 15 revised papers originally presented at a symposium at Rosendal, Norway, under the aegis of The Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. The overall theme of the volume is 'internal factors in grammatical change.' The papers focus on fundamental questions in theoretically-based historical linguistics from a broad perspective. Several of the papers relate to grammaticalization in different ways, but are generally critical of 'Grammaticalization Theory'. Further papers focus on the causes of syntactic change, pinpointing both extra-syntactic (exogenous) causes and – more controversially – internally driven (endogenous) causes. The volume is rounded up by contributions on morphological change 'by itself.' A wide range of languages is covered, including Tsova-Tush (Nakh-Dagestan), Zoque, and Athapaskan languages, in addition to Indo-European languages, both the more familiar ones and some less well-studied varieties.

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

The evolution of various languages from one common ancestor with their
converging , and possibly diverging , histories provides an excellent testing
ground for competing hypotheses on grammatical change . What is at stake in
controversies ...

The Paradox of Grammatical Change

Author: Ulrich Detges

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027248084

Page: 252

View: 116

Recent years have seen intense debates between formal (generative) and functional linguists, particularly with respect to the relation between grammar and usage. This debate is directly relevant to diachronic linguistics, where one and the same phenomenon of language change can be explained from various theoretical perspectives. In this, a close look at the divergent and/or convergent evolution of a richly documented language family such as Romance promises to be useful. The basic problem for any approach to language change is what Eugenio Coseriu has termed the paradox of change: if synchronically, languages can be viewed as perfectly running systems, then there is no reason why they should change in the first place. And yet, as everyone knows, languages are changing constantly. In nine case studies, a number of renowned scholars of Romance linguistics address the explanation of grammatical change either within a broadly generative or a functional framework.

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

This suffix also gave origin to the neuter nominative-accusative plural, formerly a
collective rather than a count plural. The semantic development is accompanied
by morphological change: in the case of the neuter nominative-accusative plural,

Grammatical Change in Indo European Languages

Author: Vít Bubeník

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027248214

Page: 262

View: 440

The product of a group of scholars who have been working on new directions in Historical Linguistics, this book is focused on questions of grammatical change, and the central issue of grammaticalization in Indo-European languages. Several studies examine particular problems in specific languages, but often with implications for the IE phylum as a whole. Given the historical scope of the data (over a period of four millennia) long range grammatical changes such as the development of gender differences, strategies of definiteness, the prepositional phrase, or of the syntax of the verbal diathesis and aspect, are also treated. The shifting relevance of morphology to syntax, and syntax to morphology, a central motif of this research, has provoked lively debate in the discipline of Historical Linguistics.

Grammatical Change

This idea precedes generative grammar, of course, going back at least to Paul (
), but in diachronic generative syntax work it remains the central idea, driving,
for example, the discussion on putative general principles of change in .

Grammatical Change

Author: Dianne Jonas

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199582629

Page: 384

View: 262

This book advances research on grammatical change and shows the breadth and liveliness of the field. International scholars report on the nature and outcomes of all aspects of syntactic change, including grammaticalization, variation, syntactic movement, determiner-phrase syntax, pronominal systems, case systems, negation, and alignment.

Language Change and Typological Variation Grammatical universals and typology

444 Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism Michael
Clynel Monash University This paper uses ... Special attention is paid to changes
towards SVO word order and to grammatical rather than pragmatic word order .

Language Change and Typological Variation  Grammatical universals and typology

Author: Edgar C. Polomé

Publisher: Study of Man

ISBN: 9780941694698

Page: 641

View: 862

PREFACE: Grammatical AbbreviationsBibliographical Abbreviations.I. UNIVERSAL ISSUES:Paolo Ramat: On Categories and CategorizationsPieter A. M. Seuren: Topic and CommentRobert Longacre: A Footnote to Lehmann?s OV/VO Typology. II. TYPOLOGICAL ISSUES:A. CATEGORIES AND RELATIONS: Theodora Bynon: Schleicher?s Reconstruction of a Sentence?Back to Pre Pre Indo EuropeanFrancisco R. Adrados: Hacia una tipologia de las combinaciones de rasgos linguisticosHenrik Birnbaum: On the Relationship of Typology and Genealogy in Language Classification?Some Theoretical Considerations and Applications to Indo EuropeanAnthony Aristar: Typology and the Saussurean Dichotomy. B. CONSTITUENT ORDER: Subhadra Kumar Sen: On the Syntax of the Anitta TextDouglas Mitchell: Lehmann?s Use of Syntactic TypologyMichael Clyne: Typology and Language Change in Bilingualism and Trilingualism. C. ALIGNMENT & CONTENTIVE TYPE: Bridget Drinka: Alignment in Early Proto Indo EuropeanHelena Kurzova: Syntax in the Indo European Morphosyntactic TypeGeorgij A. Klimov: On the Pre accusative Component of the Structure of the Kartvelian LanguagesKarl Horst Schmidt: On Congruence in Languages of Active TypologyLaszlo Deszo: On the Structuring of Early Indo European in Areal Typological PerspectiveBernard Comrie & Maria Polinsky: Gender in Historical Perspective?Radial Categories Meet LanguageBrigitte Bauer: Impersonal Habet constructions in Latin?At the Crossroads of Indo European InnovationCarol F. Justus: Indo European 'have??a Grammatical Etymology.

Grammatical Relations in Change

International Conference of Historical Linguistics in Vancouver 1999 I organized
a workshop called Grammatical Relations and Grammatical Change. This
workshop was the beginning of the collective work resulting in this book. Of the
eleven ...

Grammatical Relations in Change

Author: Jan Terje Faarlund

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027298041

Page: 326

View: 352

The eleven selected contributions making up this volume deal with grammatical relations, their coding and behavioral properties, and the change that these properties have undergone in different languages. The focus of this collection is on the changing properties of subjects and objects, although the scope of the volume goes beyond the central problems pertaining to case marking and word order. The diachrony of syntactic and morphosyntactic phenomena are approached from different theoretical perspectives, generative grammar, valency grammar, and functionalism. The languages dealt with include Old English, Mainland Scandinavian, Icelandic, German and other Germanic languages, Latin, French and other Romance languages, Northeast Caucasian, Eskimo, and Popolocan. This book provides an opportunity to compare different theoretical approaches to similar phenomena in different languages and language families.

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need.

Quantitative Approaches to Grammar and Grammatical Change

Author: Sam Featherston

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110402122

Page: 240

View: 980

The newly-emerging field of theoretically informed but simultaneously empirically based syntax is dynamic but little-represented in the literature. This volume addresses this need. While there has previously been something of a gulf between theoretical linguists in the generative tradition and those linguists who work with quantitative data types, this gap is narrowing. In the light of the empirical revolution in the study of syntax, even people whose primary concern is grammatical theory take note of processing effects and attribute certain effects to them. Correspondingly, workers focusing on the surface evidence can relate more to the concepts of the theoreticians, because the two layers of explanation have been brought into contact. And these workers too must account for the data gathered by the theoreticians. An additional innovation is the generative analysis of historical data – this is now seen as psycholinguistic theory-relevant data like any other. These papers are thus a snapshot of some of the work currently being done in evidence-based grammar, using both experimental and historical data.

Current Procedural Terminology

... Code added Grammatical Change Code added + A 96571 Grammatical
Change Grammatical Change Grammatical ... Category Il Codes 0500F
Grammatical Change 0501F A0519F A 0520F Grammatical Change Planned
chemotherapy ...

Current Procedural Terminology





View: 273

Sketch of Cornish Grammar

I think the following rule will conveniently shew its practical operation : —
whenever a word with a or e for its final vowel ( and sometimes the influence
reaches a preceding vowel ) receives by grammatical change the addition of a
syllable ...

Sketch of Cornish Grammar

Author: Edwin Norris



Page: 94

View: 293

An Outline of Anglo Saxon Grammar from the Appendix of Harrison Baskervill s Anglo Saxon Dictionary

Grammatical change " frequently found in the Pres . Pl . This affects h , s , and đ ,
especially , and they are changed respectively to 8 , r , and a , as cêosan , ceas ,
curon , coren ; liđan , lâđ , lidon , liden ; têon , têah , tugon , togen , & c.— sêon ...

An Outline of Anglo Saxon Grammar  from the Appendix of Harrison   Baskervill s Anglo Saxon Dictionary

Author: William Malone Baskervill



Page: 66

View: 820