The average division therefore possessed 30 close-support tanks, or enough to
equip three five-tank troops per tank battalion. ... The situation was aggravated
when in 1942 Hitler ordered a further increase in the number of Panzer divisions,
Author: Chris McNab
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The Panzers that rolled over Europe were Germany's most famous fighting force, and are some of the most enduring symbols of World War II. However, at the start of the war, Germany's tanks were nothing extraordinary and it was operational encounters such as facing the Soviet T-34 during Operation Barbarossa which prompted their intensive development. Tactical innovation gave them an edge where technological development had not, making Hitler's tanks a formidable enemy. Hitler's Tanks details the development and operational history of the light Panzer I and II, developed in the 1930s, the medium tanks that were the backbone of the Panzer Divisions, the Tiger, and the formidable King Tiger, the heaviest tank to see combat in World War II. Drawing on Osprey's unique and extensive armour archive, Chris McNab skilfully weaves together the story of the fearsome tanks that transformed armoured warfare and revolutionised land warfare forever.
TANKS. OF. HITLER'S. EASTERN. ALLIES. 1941–45. INTRODUCTION. During
World War II, the Wehrmacht's eastern allies fielded the equivalent of several
armored divisions. These tank formations are little known in the English-speaking
Author: Steven J. Zaloga
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The titanic armor battles of the Russian Front are widely known, but the role of Germany's eastern allies is not as well known. Two of these countries, Romania and Hungary, manufactured their own tanks as well as purchasing tanks from Germany. These ranged from older, obsolete types such as the PzKpfw 35(t) all the way up to the latest and best German vehicles including the Tiger I and Hetzer. These tanks played a frequent role in the battles in southern Russia and Ukraine and were especially prominent in the disaster at Stalingrad where the Red Army specifically chose the weaker Romanian and Hungarian salients for their critical envelopment operation. This New Vanguard will provide a broad survey of the various and colorful tanks used. Besides covering the largest of these Axis tank forces, this book will cover the many smaller and lesser known forces including the Italian contingent in Russia, the Finnish armored force, and the small but interesting armored forces of the Russian Vlasov (RONA), Croatian, Bulgarian and Slovakian armies. This subject is seeing increasing interest in the modeling world; for example Tamiya recently announced a PzKpfw 35 (t) (suitable for Romanian, Slovak armies) a Finnish StuG III, and a Finnish BT-42.
These anti-tank guns were used on the Eastern Front mainly between 1941 and
1942. The gun was light and had good mobility, and sufficient armour-penetrating
performance to pierce the T-34 and KV tanks in many situations. PaK 40 (7.5cm ...
Author: Hans Seidler
Publisher: Pen and Sword Military
Hitler’s Wehrmacht and SS units will be remembered for their aggressive ‘Blitzkrieg’ tactics. But, as the war progressed, the Germans, recognizing the offensive capability of armored warfare, developed an impressive range of anti-tank warfare weaponry and munitions. Using many rare unpublished images this Images of War book covers the full Nazi anti-armor capability from the 3.7cm Pak 35, 5cm Pak 38 and 7.5cm Pak 40 to the versatile 8.8cm Flak feared by the Allies. Also featured are the half-tracks and converted Panzers that pulled or mounted these weapons and carried forward observers and reconnaissance elements. Later hand-held anti-tank weapons came into service and were effective and economic against Allied armor. The Panzerfaust, with its shaped charge warhead, became the first disposable anti-tank weapon in history. This comprehensive book shows this formidable range of weapons in action from Poland in 1939, through North Africa and the Eastern Front to the final collapse in 1945.
Considering the numbers, one wonders how the Germans advanced at all
against such a mass of Soviet tanks. Hitler and the Balance Between the Soviet
and German Tank Forces In a conversation with Guderian in July 1941, knowing
Author: R.H.S. Stolfi
Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press
How close did Germany come to winning World War II? Did Hitler throw away victory in Europe after his troops had crushed the Soviet field armies defending Moscow by August 1941? R.H.S. Stolfi offers a dramatic new picture of Hitler’s conduct in World War II and a fundamental reinterpretation of the course of the war. Adolf Hitler generally is thought to have been driven by a blitzkrieg mentality in the years 1939 to 1941. In fact, Stolfi argues, he had no such outlook on the war. From the day Britain and France declared war, Hitler reacted with a profoundly conservative cast of mind and pursued a circumscribed strategy, pushing out siege lines set around Germany by the Allies. Interpreting Hitler as a siege Führer explain his apparent aberrations in connection with Dunkirk, his fixation on the seizure of Leningrad, and his fateful decision in the summer of 1941 to deflect Army Group Center into the Ukraine when both Moscow and victory in World War II were within its reach. Unaware of Hitler’s siege orientation, the German Army planned blitz campaigns. Through daring operational concepts and bold tactics, the army won victories over several Allied powers in World War II, and these led to the great campaign against the Soviet Union in summer of 1941. Stolfi postulates that in August 1941, German Army Group Center had the strength both to destroy the Red field armies defending the Soviet capital and to advance to Moscow and beyond. The defeat of the Soviet Union would have assured victory in World War II. Nevertheless, Hitler ordered the army group south to secure the resources of the Ukraine against a potential siege. And a virtually assured German victory slipped away. This radical reinterpretation of Hitler and the capabilities of the German Army leads to a reevaluation of World War II, in which the lesson to be learned is not how the Allies won the war, but how close the Germans came to a quick and decisive victory?long before the United States was drawn into the battle.
By 1930 all the motor battalions conducted similar exercises built around dummy
tanks and wooden antitank guns. In April 1931, Oswald Lutz was appointed
Inspector of Motor Troops. He requested as his chief of staff Heinz Guderian,
Author: Dennis Showalter
A fascinating account of Nazi Germany's armored forces by the author of Patton and Rommel. Determined to secure a quick, decisive victory on the World War II battlefields, Adolf Hitler adopted an attack plan that combined tools with technique- the formidable Panzer divisions. Self-contained armored units able to operate independently, the Panzers became the German army's fighting core as well as its moral focus, establishing an entirely new military doctrine. In Hitler's Panzers, renowned World War II scholar Dennis Showalter presents a comprehensive and unbiased study of Nazi Germany's armored forces. By delving deeply into a detailed history of the theory, strategy, myths, and realities of Germany's technologically innovative approach to warfare, Showalter provides a look at the military lessons of the past, and a speculation on how the Panzer ethos may be implemented in the future of international conflict.
... a Small Box Girder bridge, 'Bobbin' carpet laying tanks and the 'Goat' explosive
device The AVRE played an important ... north-western Europe, and later
versions of the AVRE tank remained in use long after the Churchill had been
Author: Paul Williams
Publisher: Pen and Sword
This highly informative book begins with an examination of the background to Germany's primary military objectives in relation to the western end of their self-styled 'Fortress Europe' including the early foundation of shore defences in northern France.In 1941, there was a switch in emphasis of the Atlantic Wall's role from attack to defence. Beach defences became more elaborate and the Nazi-controlled Todt Organisation began a massive building programme constructing new bunkers and reinforcing existing sites, using forced labour.Hitler appointed Rommel to formulate Germany's anti-invasion plans in early 1944. At the same time the Allies were making extensive studies of the fortifications and preparing for the challenge of overcoming this most formidable of obstacles.Using, in many cases, previously unpublished accounts of the soldiers on the ground this book follows Britain's 79th Armoured Division, Sir Percy Hobart's 'Funnies', as they utilised their unique weaponry in support of Allied efforts to ensure the success of the invasion. The author draws on British, American, Canadian and German sources.Hitler's Atlantic Wall Normandy also includes information on war cemeteries along with travel information and accommodation suggestions and a guide to the relevant museums.
The place was full of our troops - SS divisions and the 3rd tank division together
with other tank divisions. I was in a Panther tank along with fourteen others. We
were the reserve. Two men were assigned to each tank. They sat on top at the ...
Publisher: Coda Books Ltd
History is always written by the victors. . . this is the other sie of the coin. This is the front line perspective on World War II as seen through the eyes of the losing side, the men who fought for Hitler. These are the recollections of the men of the Kriegsmarine, the Luftwaffe and the Heer. Altogether they formed the Wehrmacht which in 1940 was the most efficient fighting force the world had ever seen. By 1942 the tide had begun to turn and the men of the once mighty Wehrmacht fought in vain at Stalingrad, El Alamein, Monte Cassino, Caen and Berlin. These are the U-boat men, the Panzer crews and the air aces. This is military history at its best and most enlightening as told from primary sources. Written by Emmy award winning author Bob Carruthers, this unique publication documents the primary accounts of many of those who fought in Hitler's army.
Bock protested so strongly against this timidity that Hitler let him have his way.
Minsk was surrounded on June 29, and the battle ended on July 3. Bock had
captured 324,000 men and captured or destroyed 3,332 tanks and 1,809 guns.8
Author: James Lucas
Publisher: Pen and Sword
As absolute as Hitler's control over the German war machine was, it depended on the ability, judgment and unquestioning loyalty of the senior officers charged with putting his ideas, however difficult, into effect.Top military historian James Lucas examines the stories of fourteen of these men: all of different rank, from varied backgrounds, and highly awarded, they exemplify German military prowess at its most dangerous. Among his subjects are Eduard Dietl, the commander of German forces in Norway and Eastern Europe; Werner Kampf, one of the most successful Panzer commanders of the war; and Kurt Meyer, commander of the Hitler Youth Division and one of Germany's youngest general officers.The author, one of the leading experts on all aspects of German military conduct of the Second World War, offers the reader a rare look into the nature of the German Army a curious mix of individual strength, petty officialdom and pragmatic action.
additional BT tanks . The rifle - machine gun brigade had three rifle battalions , an
engineer battalion , and an antiaircraft battalion . 35 Five additional independent
mechanized brigades were formed in the next few years — the 2nd in the ...
Author: Walter Scott Dunn
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
The thesis of this book is that by early 1943 the Red Army was superior to the German Army.
Another problem the Panzerwaffe were facing on the Eastern Front was heavier
Russian tank fire power, for example their T35 tank. Hitler's light panzers were
often no match against these vehicles and as a consequence a number of tanks ...
Author: Paul Thomas
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Hitler's Light Panzers at War is a highly illustrated record of the German light tank from its beginnings in the 1930s to the key battles it fought in Poland, France, North Africa, Russia and North Western Europe. The book analyses the development of the light Panzer, which ranged from the Panzer I, II and the Czech build Panzer 35 & 38t. It describes how the Germans carefully utilized the development of these light machines for war, and depicts how these tanks were adapted and up-gunned to face the ever-increasing enemy threat.Using 250 rare and unpublished photographs together with detailed captions and accompanying text, Hitler's Light Panzers At War provides a unique insight into the many variants that saw action on the battlefield. It provides a vivid account of light Panzer operational deployment from the early Blitzkrieg campaigns to the final demise of the Nazi war machine.
1, 32–34 (Paul J. Rose); Omer Bartov, Hitler's Army, 83–84. “kinds of vehicles.”
Fuller, vol. 3,379–81. “'had time to react.'” Rommel, 124. “infantryman could walk.”
France had about 3,400 modern tanks, though not all were in organized tank ...
Author: Bevin Alexander
Publisher: Broadway Books
Most of us rally around the glory of the Allies' victory over the Nazis in World War II. The story is often told of how the good fight was won by an astonishing array of manpower and stunning tactics. However, what is often overlooked is how the intersection between Adolf Hitler's influential personality and his military strategy was critical in causing Germany to lose the war. With an acute eye for detail and his use of clear prose, acclaimed military historian Bevin Alexander goes beyond counterfactual "What if?" history and explores for the first time just how close the Allies were to losing the war. Using beautifully detailed, newly designed maps, How Hitler Could Have Won World War II exquisitely illustrates the important battles and how certain key movements and mistakes by Germany were crucial in determining the war's outcome. Alexander's harrowing study shows how only minor tactical changes in Hitler's military approach could have changed the world we live in today. How Hitler Could Have Won World War II untangles some of the war's most confounding strategic questions, such as: Why didn't the Nazis concentrate their enormous military power on the only three beaches upon which the Allies could launch their attack into Europe? Why did the terrifying German panzers, on the brink of driving the British army into the sea in May 1940, halt their advance and allow the British to regroup and evacuate at Dunkirk? With the chance to cut off the Soviet lifeline of oil, and therefore any hope of Allied victory from the east, why did Hitler insist on dividing and weakening his army, which ultimately led to the horrible battle of Stalingrad? Ultimately, Alexander probes deeply into the crucial intersection between Hitler's psyche and military strategy and how his paranoia fatally overwhelmed his acute political shrewdness to answer the most terrifying question: Just how close were the Nazis to victory? Why did Hitler insist on terror bombing London in the late summer of 1940, when the German air force was on the verge of destroying all of the RAF sector stations, England's last defense? With the opportunity to drive the British out of Egypt and the Suez Canal and occupy all of the Middle East, therefore opening a Nazi door to the vast oil resources of the region, why did Hitler fail to move in just a few panzer divisions to handle such an easy but crucial maneuver? On the verge of a last monumental effort and concentration of German power to seize Moscow and end Stalin's grip over the Eastern front, why did the Nazis divert their strength to bring about the far less important surrender of Kiev, thereby destroying any chance of ever conquering the Soviets? From the Hardcover edition.
1 The poor weather and heavy seas eventually forced a major change—the DD
tanks, instead of swimming in before the initial assault waves, were now to be
carried in all the way to the beach on their LCT. The weather was bad for an
Author: Richard C. Anderson Jr.
Publisher: Stackpole Books
Refreshingly different perspective on the momentous events of D-Day.
The first had become apparent at dawn that day, when German tanks rolled into
Poland. ... According to Beschloss, “both Kennedy and Chamberlain interpreted
Hitler's eastward expansionism as a bid mainly for resources and markets.
Author: E. Fuller Torrey
Publisher: Oxford University Press
E. Fuller Torrey's book provides an insider's perspective on the birth of the federal mental health program.
3 In 1933 Guderian had visited a single Russian tank factory which was
producing 22 tanks a day . ... Hitler , anxious to awe and intimidate his soon -
tobe foe , had encouraged the visit of a Russian tank commission in the spring of
1941 to ...
Author: James Steiner
Publisher: McFarland Publishing
"The body of the work uses contemporary sources to delve into the incomprehensible reasoning behind the loyalty of Hitler's chief lieutenants. In addition, it discusses those who attempted to dissuade Hitler from his course of action. Appendices contain a list of postwar indictments; a chronology of the Third Reich; information regarding treaties and agreements; and comparative army ranks"--Provided by publisher.
by Popov's 1 Independent Armored Battalion (twenty-one tanks) opposite Second
of 262 to the October Railroad. Echeloned behind Popov and 63 Guards was 45
Guards (129, 131, 134 Regiments). To the east massed 43 Rifle Division (65, ...
Author: Gerald R. Kleinfeld
Publisher: Stackpole Books
Classic story of the 47,000 Spaniards who fought for the Third Reich in World War II.
fire into the French defences across the river . They then forded on 13 May 1940 ,
losing just one tank , which sank up to its turret . Over the next three days Bake ' s
company accounted for seven French tanks , two of which Bake knocked out .
Author: Anthony Tucker-Jones
The prowess of the German panzers is the stuff of legend, but it is not generally known that Hitler stole thousands of British, Czech, French, Italian, Polish, and Soviet tanks and armored fighting vehicles to feed his war machine. At its height, more than 25 percent of the German tank fleet was of foreign origin. In this meticulously research investigation, Anthony Tucker-Jones tells this hitherto unrecorded story, describing how captured fighting vehicles were reused by the German military throughout World War II.
Facing it were no less than 3383 French, British, Belgian, and Dutch tanks.
Moreover, only 725 of the German tanks were of the advanced Panzer III and 12
IV models, and even they had great difficulties in confronting 1: The
Author: Omer Bartov
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Historical account of the ideological motives that permeated both the German army and the nation during World War II
As bad as the conditions were, for both sides in the conflict, the rather small but
very effective T-34 and KV tank force of General Zhukov was outperforming
Hitler's tanks in the appalling conditions to this point. While Zhukov lacked
Author: Philip Kaplan
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The tank is such a characteristic feature of modern warfare that its difficult to imagine a time when its presence wasn't felt on the battlefield in some form or another. Rolling Thunder, from eminent historian and author Philip Kaplan, traces the history of the vehicle from its developmental early days on the battlefields of the Great War, to modern-day uses and innovations in response to the growing demands of twenty-first century warfare.Featured in this volume are images of some of the most highly regarded and imposing types, such as the Chrysler-built Grant, the Skoda-built Hungarian Turan and the M-26 Pershing tank, employed so extensively during the Korean War. Tanks employed during the battles of Barbarossa, El Alamein, Kursk and Ardennes all feature, their histories depicted in words and images.From the battlefields of the Great War to modern-day theaters such as Iraq and Afghanistan, the history of this impressive war machine is tracked in detail.
Six days after the Brittany campaign had begun, Patton's tanks pulled up to the
outskirts of Brest, penning thirty thousand ... To execute the attack, hundreds of
Hitler's tanks had to abandon important defensive positions and move forward
into a ...
Author: Colin Beavan
A thrilling account of one of the most important covert operations of World War II In 1943, less than a year before D-Day, nearly three hundred American, British, and French soldiers—shadow warriors—parachuted deep behind enemy lines in France as part of the covert Operation Jedburgh. Working with the beleaguered French Resistance, the "Jeds" launched a stunningly effective guerrilla campaign against the Germans in preparation for the Normandy invasion. Colin Beavan, whose grandfather helped direct Operation Jedburgh for the Office of Strategic Services, draws on scores of interviews with the surviving Jeds and their families to tell the thrilling story of the rowdy daredevils who carried out America's first specialforces missions—forever changing the way Americans wage war.
Wasting design and production effort on the Maus and E-100, two separate and
competing heavy tanks, at such a crucial stage of the war was inexcusable – but
that was Hitler's way of doing things, as witnessed during his development of the
Author: Anthony Tucker-Jones
Publisher: Pen and Sword
The German Tiger I and Tiger II (known to the Allies as the 'King Tiger' or 'Royal Tiger') were the most famous and formidable heavy tanks of the Second World War. In their day their awesome reputation inspired such apprehension among Allied soldiers that the weaknesses of these brilliant but flawed designs tended to be overlooked. Anthony Tucker-Jones, in this illustrated history, tells the story of their conception and development and reconsiders their operational history, and he dispels the legends and misunderstandings that have grown up around them.The Tigers were over-engineered, required raw materials that were in short supply, were time-consuming to manufacture and difficult to recover from the battlefield. Only around 1,300 of the Tiger I and fewer than 500 of the Tiger II were produced, so they were never going to make anything more than a local impact on the outcome of the fighting. Yet the myth of the Tigers, with their 88mm guns, thick armour and brutal profiles, has grown over time to the extent that they are regarded as the deadliest tanks of the Second World War.Anthony Tucker-Jones's expert account of these remarkable fighting vehicles is accompanied by a series of colour plates showing the main variants of the designs and the common ancillary equipment and unit markings.Anthony Tucker-Jones is a prolific writer on the history of fighting vehicles and armoured warfare. He has also written extensively on military affairs and terrorism. After a career in the intelligence community, he became a freelance defence writer and military historian. His most recent books are Armoured Warfare on the Eastern Front, Armoured Warfare in the North African Campaign, Armoured Warfare in the Battle for Normandy, The Kalashnikov in Combat and The Soviet-Afghan War.