Plant Ecology Herbivory and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

Nordicana (Québec) 47:159–164 Tenow O (1996) Hazards to a mountain birch
forest – Abisko in perspective. ... J Appl Ecol 36:111–122 Tenow O, Bylund H,
Holmgren B (2001) Impact on mountain birch forests in the past and the future of

Plant Ecology  Herbivory  and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

Author: Frans E. Wielgolaski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540265953

Page: 370

View: 141

This work analyzes vegetation and soils, and investigates the influence of climate change, insect pests, grazing pressure by sheep and reindeer, construction of roads and other consequences of increasing tourism in the Nordic mountain birch forests.

Human Impact on Mountains

Mountains clearly affect people and people clearly affect mountains . The
challenge has been to isolate those elements of mountain environments which
are most closely and forcefully related to human coping behavior itself . Each
chapter in ...

Human Impact on Mountains

Author: Nigel J. R. Allan

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated


Page: 308

View: 672

To learn more about Rowman & Littlefield titles please visit us at

Human Impact on Erosion and Sedimentation

245 , 1997 Soil erosion and reservoir sedimentation in the High Atlas Mountains ,
southern Morocco H. R. FOX , H. M. ... of authors to produce estimates of Human
Impact on Erosion and Sedimentation ( Proceedings of the Rabat Symposium ...

Human Impact on Erosion and Sedimentation

Author: International Association of Hydrological Sciences. Scientific Assembly

Publisher: IAHS Press

ISBN: 9781901502305

Page: 311

View: 378

Mountain Geography

The volume begins with an introduction to how mountains are defined, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography: origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife.

Mountain Geography

Author: Martin F. Price

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520956974

Page: 396

View: 781

Mountains cover a quarter of the Earth’s land surface and a quarter of the global population lives in or adjacent to these areas. The global importance of mountains is recognized particularly because they provide critical resources, such as water, food and wood; contain high levels of biological and cultural diversity; and are often places for tourism and recreation and/or of sacred significance. This major revision of Larry Price’s book Mountains and Man (1981) is both timely and highly appropriate. The past three decades have been a period of remarkable progress in our understanding of mountains from an academic point of view. Of even greater importance is that society at large now realizes that mountains and the people who reside in them are not isolated from the mainstream of world affairs, but are vital if we are to achieve an environmentally sustainable future. Mountain Geography is a comprehensive resource that gives readers an in-depth understanding of the geographical processes occurring in the world’s mountains and the overall impact of these regions on culture and society as a whole. The volume begins with an introduction to how mountains are defined, followed by a comprehensive treatment of their physical geography: origins, climatology, snow and ice, landforms and geomorphic processes, soils, vegetation, and wildlife. The concluding chapters provide an introduction to the human geography of mountains: attitudes toward mountains, people living in mountain regions and their livelihoods and interactions within dynamic environments, the diverse types of mountain agriculture, and the challenges of sustainable mountain development.

Mountain Environments

Publisher's acknowledgements Table 1 from UNEP—WCMC Mountains and
forests: global statistical survey (12 ... K. 1992); Table 3 from High mountains as
human habitat from Human Impact on Mountain Environments edited by N.R.].
Allan ...

Mountain Environments

Author: Romola Parish

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317875540

Page: 368

View: 858

This book breaks the ground in Geographical texts by transcending a strictly regional or topical focus. It presents the opportunities and constraints that mountains and their resources offer to local and global populations; the impacts of environmental and economic change, development and globalisation on mountain environments. Part of the Ecogeography series edited by Richard Hugget

The Long Term Perspective of Human Impact on Landscape for Environmental Change and Sustainability

Mid-mountain ecosystems show a high diversity of resources, based on a
heterogeneous relief and a mild climate that allows a number of strategies such
as terracing the slopes or a huge crop variety. Therefore, it's so easy to find
human ...

The Long Term Perspective of Human Impact on Landscape for Environmental Change and Sustainability

Author: Anna Maria Mercuri

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 3039217968

Page: 258

View: 171

The research studies included in this Special Issue highlight the fundamental contribution of the knowledge of environmental history to conscious and efficient environment conservation and management. The long-term perspective of the dynamics that govern the human–climate ecosystem is becoming one of the main focuses of interest in biological and earth system sciences. Multidisciplinary bio-geo-archaeo investigations into the underlying processes of human impact on the landscape are crucial to envisage possible future scenarios of biosphere responses to global warming and biodiversity losses. This Special Issue seeks to engage an interdisciplinary dialog on the dynamic interactions between nature and society, focusing on long-term environmental data as an essential tool for better-informed landscape management decisions to achieve an equilibrium between conservation and sustainable resource exploitation.

Health Height

Mountains of the World – Challenges for the 21st Century Bruno Messerli Institute
of Geography, University of Berne ... Human impact on mountain ecosystems has
a long and informative history with periods of sustainable use and others of ...

Health   Height

Author: Ginés Viscor Carrasco

Publisher: Edicions Universitat Barcelona

ISBN: 8447527336

Page: 325

View: 426

Human Impact on the Earth

... earth could be described as unmistakable , were it not often mistaken for the
work of nature or natural phenomena for human impacts . Traditional societies
that ascribed particular mountains , lakes , and rivers to the deeds of great
ancestors ...

Human Impact on the Earth

Author: William B Meyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521558471

Page: 253

View: 888

At a level accessible to the general reader, this balanced and non-polemical book describes the changes human activities have produced in the global environment from 300 years ago to today.

The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

Likens (2010) reported that since the 1960s, more than half of large canopy red
spruce in the Adirondack Mountains of New York and the Green mountains of
Vermont and approximately one quarter of large canopy red spruce in the White ...

The Human Impact on the Natural Environment

Author: Andrew S. Goudie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118578252

Page: 424

View: 140

The seventh edition of this classic student text explores the multitude of impacts that humans have had over time upon vegetation, animals, soils, water, landforms and the atmosphere. It also looks into the future and considers the ways in which climate changes and modifications in land cover may change the environment in coming decades. Extensively re-written, it contains many new statistical tables, figures, and references. It is essential reading for undergraduates in geography and environmental science, and for those who want a thorough, wide-ranging and balanced overview of the impacts of humans upon natural processes and systems from the Stone Age to the Anthropocene and who wish to understand the major environmental issues that concern the human race at the present time. Additional resources for this book can be found at:

Global Change and Mountain Regions

One consequence of increasing human impact is the alteration of nature reserves
, many of which are in mountain regions. While nature reserves are generally
well-protected within their borders (Bruner et al. 2001 ), evidence is mounting that

Global Change and Mountain Regions

Author: Uli M. Huber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402035067

Page: 650

View: 282

Enviroment, mountain biodiversity, ecological changes.

Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

This book reports on a comprehensive study of a neotropical mountain rain forest
, a type of an ecosystem that has received ... In spite of human impact the
Ecuadorian Andes still represent one of the “hottest” biodiversity hotspots

Gradients in a Tropical Mountain Ecosystem of Ecuador

Author: Erwin Beck

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540735267

Page: 525

View: 269

A fascinating work that provides a wealth of information on one of the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems. This is the result of investigations by almost 30 groups of researchers from various disciplines. They performed ecosystem analyses following two gradients: an altitudinal gradient and a gradient of land use intensity and ecosystem regeneration following human use. Based on these analyses, this volume discusses these findings in a huge variety of subject areas.

Mountain Timberlines

The recently published books on 'Nordic ecology, herbivory, and human impact
in Nordic mountain birch forests' (edited by Wielgolaski et al., 2005), constitute a
very valuable reference and summary of the present scientific knowledge on ...

Mountain Timberlines

Author: Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402097050

Page: 438

View: 814

For more than 40 years I have been engaged in timberline research. Thus, one could suppose that writing this book should not have been too difficult. It was harder, however, than expected, and in the end I felt that more questions had arisen than could be answered within its pages. Perhaps it would have been easier to write the book 30 years ago and then leave the subject to mature. Lastly it was the late Prof. Heinz Ellenberg who had convinced me to portray a much needed and complete picture of what we know of the timberline with special respect to its great physiognomic, structural and ecological variety. The first version of this book was p- lished in the German language (Holtmeier, 2000). Nevertheless, I was very delighted when Prof. Martin Beniston encouraged me to prepare an English edition for the series ‘Advances in Global Change Research’, which guaranteed a wider circulation. Timberline is a worldwide and very heterogeneous phenomenon, which can only be presented by way of examples. My own field experience is necessarily limited to certain timberline areas, such as the Alps, northern Scandinavia, northern Finland and many high mountain ranges in the western United States and Canada. However, my own observations and the results of my and my previous collaborators research were essential for developing the concept of the book and became integrated into the picture of timberline that is presented in the following chapters.

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Mountains always bring forth images of height, waterfalls, tall green trees,
sometimes glaciers and evoke the feelings and the sense of ... Mountains are
highly critical from the view point of ecosystem services that sustain human
society both in ...

Impact of Global Changes on Mountains

Author: Velma I. Grover

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482208911

Page: 528

View: 195

Mountain regions encompass nearly 24 percent of the total land surface of the earth and are home to approximately 12 percent of the world’s population. Their ecosystems play a critical role in sustaining human life both in the highlands and the lowlands. During recent years, resource use in high mountain areas has changed mainly in response to the globalization of the economy and increased world population. As a result, mountain regions are undergoing rapid environmental change, exploitation, and depletion of natural resources leading to ecological imbalances and economic unsustainability. Moreover, the changing climatic conditions have stressed mountain ecosystems through higher mean annual temperatures and the melting of glaciers and snow. Altered precipitation patterns have also had an impact. This book addresses these critical issues and looks at ways to stop the downward spiral of resource degradation, rural poverty, and food and livelihood insecurity in mountain regions. The book also discusses new and comprehensive approaches to mountain development that are needed to identify sustainable resource development practices, how to strengthen local institutions and knowledge systems, and how to increase the resilience between mountain environments and their inhabitants.

Sandia Mountain Hiking Guide

Use of picnic grounds in the Sandia Mountains by groups is by reservation only
through the Sandia Ranger District Office at ( 505 ) 281 - 3304 . Group fees for ...
This will limit the spread of human impact on the mountain . Try to use a camp ...

Sandia Mountain Hiking Guide

Author: Michael Elliott Coltrin

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 9780826336613

Page: 177

View: 513

This guide to fifty-seven hiking trails in New Mexico's Sandia Mountains includes twenty-five contour maps and one large four-color pull-out map on water-resistant paper.

Changing Mountain Environments

Written according to state and national STEM standards, this book explores the impact that humans have on mountain environments, from the creation of roads and ski slopes to the use of explosives to create mines.

Changing Mountain Environments

Author: Daniel R. Faust

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc

ISBN: 1725300273

Page: 32

View: 581

Earth is constantly changing. However, over the last several decades, human activity has accelerated these changes around the world. Mountains, for example, may seem permanent and unchanging, but they are just as fragile as Earth's other environments. Written according to state and national STEM standards, this book explores the impact that humans have on mountain environments, from the creation of roads and ski slopes to the use of explosives to create mines. Age-appropriate text is supported by full-color photographs, fact boxes, and sidebars.

Wildflowers and Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont

They adversely impact floodplain forests by felling trees for food and dam
building. By feeding on the ... that flow through the piedmont and lower
mountains. These wetland ... There is a long history of human impact on
piedmont alluvial forests.

Wildflowers and Plant Communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains and Piedmont

Author: Timothy P. Spira

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807877654

Page: 540

View: 245

This richly illustrated field guide serves as an introduction to the wildflowers and plant communities of the southern Appalachians and the rolling hills of the adjoining piedmont. Rather than organizing plants, including trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants, by flower color or family characteristics, as is done in most guidebooks, botanist Tim Spira takes a holistic, ecological approach that enables the reader to identify and learn about plants in their natural communities. This approach, says Spira, better reflects the natural world, as plants, like other organisms, don't live in isolation; they coexist and interact in myriad ways. Full-color photo keys allow the reader to rapidly preview plants found within each of the 21 major plant communities described, and the illustrated species description for each of the 340 featured plants includes fascinating information about the ecology and natural history of each plant in its larger environment. With this new format, readers can see how the mountain and piedmont landscapes form a mosaic of plant communities that harbor particular groups of plants. The volume also includes a glossary, illustrations of plant structures, and descriptions of sites to visit. Whether you're a beginning naturalist or an expert botanist, this guidebook is a useful companion on field excursions and wildflower walks, as well as a valuable reference. Southern Gateways Guide is a registered trademark of the University of North Carolina Press

Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains

... Delcourt, Patricia A. Cridlebaugh, and Jefferson Chapman, ''Holocene
Ethnobotanical and Paleoecological Record of Human Impact on Vegetation in
the Little Tennessee River Valley, Tennessee,'' Quaternary Research 25 (1986):

Mount Mitchell and the Black Mountains

Author: Timothy Silver

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807863149

Page: 352

View: 302

Each year, thousands of tourists visit Mount Mitchell, the most prominent feature of North Carolina's Black Mountain range and the highest peak in the eastern United States. From Native Americans and early explorers to land speculators and conservationists, people have long been drawn to this rugged region. Timothy Silver explores the long and complicated history of the Black Mountains, drawing on both the historical record and his experience as a backpacker and fly fisherman. He chronicles the geological and environmental forces that created this intriguing landscape, then traces its history of environmental change and human intervention from the days of Indian-European contact to today. Among the many tales Silver recounts is that of Elisha Mitchell, the renowned geologist and University of North Carolina professor for whom Mount Mitchell is named, who fell to his death there in 1857. But nature's stories--of forest fires, chestnut blight, competition among plants and animals, insect invasions, and, most recently, airborne toxins and acid rain--are also part of Silver's narrative, making it the first history of the Appalachians in which the natural world gets equal time with human history. It is only by understanding the dynamic between these two forces, Silver says, that we can begin to protect the Black Mountains for future generations.

Mountain Environments

Ives has argued that much of this interest was stimulated by the Unesco Man and
the Biosphere Programme (Project 6: Study of the Impact of Human Activities on
Mountain Environments) and the conference on the Use of Mountain ...

Mountain Environments

Author: John Gerrard

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262071284

Page: 317

View: 129

Using examples chosen from a variety of geographical settings and scales, A. J. Gerrard presents a novel approach to the study of mountain environments. He provides a framework in which mountains as special environments can be studied and shows how, no matter what their location or origin all mountain regions share common characteristics and undergo similar shaping processes. Gerrard's integrated approach combines ecological, climatological, hydrological, volcanic, and environmental management concerns in a systematic treatment of mountain geomorphology. He begins by examining the special nature of mountains, including a new classification of mountain types. He discusses mountain ecosystems, stressing the interaction between biota, soil, climate, relief, and geology, examines the high-energy systems of weathering and mass movement, and analyzes the role of rivers and hydrology and the processes of slope evolution. Two chapters are devoted to the particular characteristics of glaciation and vulcanism in mountain formation. The book concludes with a discussion of the special problems that human use of mountain regions create, including engineering, natural hazards, soil erosion, and the concept of integrated development.

Mountain Resorts

Nevertheless, human useof these mountains continued throughout the twentieth
century. ... ownership controlover their fate,and they enacted environmental
regulations thatattempted tomitigate the impact of human activitiesonthe

Mountain Resorts

Author: Julia LeMense

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409496406

Page: 490

View: 281

Mountain Resorts analyzes whether the law protects the ecological systems of mountains from the adverse impacts associated with resorts, examining how it might better recognize the value of the mountain ecosystem.