Inside the Cell

Inside the Cell exposes the truth about forensic DNA, and shows us what it will take to harness the power of genetic identification in service of accuracy and fairness.

Inside the Cell

Author: Erin E. Murphy

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1568584709

Page: 400

View: 855

Josiah Sutton was convicted of rape. He was five inches shorter and 65 pounds lighter than the suspect described by the victim, but at trial a lab analyst testified that his DNA was found at the crime scene. His case looked like many others—arrest, swab, match, conviction. But there was just one problem—Sutton was innocent. We think of DNA forensics as an infallible science that catches the bad guys and exonerates the innocent. But when the science goes rogue, it can lead to a gross miscarriage of justice. Erin Murphy exposes the dark side of forensic DNA testing: crime labs that receive little oversight and produce inconsistent results; prosecutors who push to test smaller and poorer-quality samples, inviting error and bias; law-enforcement officers who compile massive, unregulated, and racially skewed DNA databases; and industry lobbyists who push policies of “stop and spit.” DNA testing is rightly seen as a transformative technological breakthrough, but we should be wary of placing such a powerful weapon in the hands of the same broken criminal justice system that has produced mass incarceration, privileged government interests over personal privacy, and all too often enforced the law in a biased or unjust manner. Inside the Cell exposes the truth about forensic DNA, and shows us what it will take to harness the power of genetic identification in service of accuracy and fairness.

Inside the Cell

Each cell is genetically customized to do its unique job in the body. Red blood
cells are shaped like lozenges so they can float easily through the bloodstream.
Nerve cells have long, invisibly thin fibers that carry electrical impulses
throughout ...

Inside the Cell

Author: National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Publisher: NIGMS

ISBN:

Page: 80

View: 393

Looking Inside Cells

Cells are the building blocks of life.

Looking Inside Cells

Author: Kimberly Fekany Lee

Publisher: Teacher Created Materials

ISBN: 9781433391125

Page: 32

View: 690

Cells are the building blocks of life. According to Cell Theory, all living things are made of cells; cells are the basic unit of life; and all cells come from other cells. The nucleus of a cell has chromosomes made of DNA, which make each individual unique.

Azkatraz 2009

The ultimate companion book for Azkatraz 2009 showcases 25 color illustrations including three illustrations by Mary Grandpre.

Azkatraz 2009

Author: Erin A. Pyne

Publisher: Nimble Books

ISBN: 9781608880003

Page: 80

View: 919

The ultimate companion book for Azkatraz 2009 showcases 25 color illustrations including three illustrations by Mary Grandpre.

Inside the Brain

COMMUNICATION Brain cell 141 Keys to Better Memory Pool of chemicals in
brain New connection established ... Cell Biology Chicago Tribune / Stephen
Ravenscraft , Rick Tuma , Terry Volpp Inside the cell , scientists can regulate ...

Inside the Brain

Author: Ronald Kotulak

Publisher: Andrews McMeel Publishing

ISBN: 9780836232899

Page: 222

View: 745

Describes recent scientific understanding of how the brain gets built, providing insight into human behavior and the effects of nature and nurture; and discusses how the brain gets damaged by environmental, internal, and external influences.

Biology for AQA

1.5 More transport in living organisms A cell is basically some chemicals in
solution in water inside a partially permeable bag . This internal concentration
needs to stay the same all the time for the reactions of life to take place . Outside
the cell ...

Biology for AQA

Author: Ann Fullick

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435583552

Page: 213

View: 206

Each of the student books offers full and accurate coverage of the AQA specification for separate award science. The organisation of the books allows you to see at a glance exactly what you've covered and where. In addition, the books offer:- integrated

Integral Biomathics

We write in(B) (really in(B−)) for the volume inside the cell, and out(B) (really out(
B+)) for the world outside the cell (but in general, we will only be concerned with
the area near to B+). If B1 and B2 are the boundaries of two different cells, then ...

Integral Biomathics

Author: Plamen L. Simeonov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642281117

Page: 432

View: 435

Perhaps the most distinct question in science throughout the ages has been the one of perceivable reality, treated both in physics and philosophy. Reality is acting upon us, and we, and life in general, are acting upon reality. Potentiality, found both in quantum reality and in the activity of life, plays a key role. In quantum reality observation turns potentiality into reality. Again, life computes possibilities in various ways based on past actions, and acts on the basis of these computations. This book is about a new approach to biology (and physics, of course!). Its subtitle suggests a perpetual movement and interplay between two elusive aspects of modern science — reality/matter and potentiality/mind, between physics and biology — both captured and triggered by mathematics — to understand and explain emergence, development and life all the way up to consciousness. But what is the real/potential difference between living and non-living matter? How does time in potentiality differ from time in reality? What we need to understand these differences is an integrative approach. This book contemplates how to encircle life to obtain a formal system, equivalent to the ones in physics. Integral Biomathics attempts to explore the interplay between reality and potentiality.

Measuring Calcium and Calmodulin Inside and Outside Cells

This protocol describes the transfer of a single cell into an optically-flat capillary (
microslide), microinjection of aequorin into the cell, and detection of the signal.
Inside the microslide, the cell is suspended within an agarose gel. Such an ...

Measuring Calcium and Calmodulin Inside and Outside Cells

Author: Ole H. Petersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540675365

Page: 301

View: 691

The study of signal transduction mechanisms has become one of the most important branches of biomedical science, indispensable to understanding the normal actions of hormones, neurotransmitters and other extracellular signaling molecules as well as many pathophysiological processes, including inflammation and cancer. In this volume, the various techniques for measuring Ca2+ in the cytosol, in the various organelles, and in the immediate surroundings of individual cells are described in practical detail by experts. Also included is a chapter on tracking calmodulin inside cells using fluorescence technology. A Springer Lab Manual

Inside SQLite

If the intkey flag bit is true, it means that the key is an integer that is stored in the
key size entry in the cell header rather than ... Because of random inserts and
deletes of cells, a page may have cells and free space interspersed (inside the
cell ...

Inside SQLite

Author: Sibsankar Haldar

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 0596550065

Page:

View: 527

Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians E Book

Sodiumpotassium Inside cell Outside cell FIGURE 9-4 Sodium–potassium pump.
This cellular mechanism is located in the cell membrane and actively pumps
sodium ions (Na+) out of the neuron and potassium ions (K+) into the neuron.

Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians   E Book

Author: Thomas P. Colville

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323356206

Page: 656

View: 960

Start your veterinary technician education off on the right foot with Clinical Anatomy and Physiology for Veterinary Technicians, 3rd Edition. Combining expert clinical coverage with engaging writing and vivid illustrations, this popular text is the key to helping you understand the anatomic and physiologic principles that will carry you throughout your career. In addition to its comprehensive coverage of the diverse ways in which animal bodies function at both the systemic and cellular levels, the new third edition features a variety of helpful application boxes, vocabulary lists, and Test Yourself questions in every chapter to ensure you have a firm grasp of anatomic structure and its relevance to clinical practice. High quality, full color illustrations highlight the details of anatomic structure to enhance understanding of anatomy functions. Chapter outlines summarize the contents of each chapter at the major concept level. Clinical Application boxes throughout the text demonstrate the clinical relevance of anatomic and physiologic principles. Test Yourself questions recap important information that appeared in the preceding section. Comprehensive glossary at the end of the text provides concise definitions and phonetic pronunciations of terms. NEW! Vocabulary Fundamentals list of terms at the beginning of each chapter introduce readers to new scientific terms and their pronunciations.

Pumps Transporters and Ion Channels

In animal cells, however, energy production is performed by mitochondria, the
descendents of symbiotic bacteria long ago incorporated inside the cell. Why
then does an animal cell have a resting potential? The short answer is that it
needs a ...

Pumps  Transporters  and Ion Channels

Author: Francisco Sepulveda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306486593

Page: 165

View: 538

This book is a compilation of articles based on some of the talks given at the Centro de Estudios Cientificos (CECS) in Valdivia during the course of a celebration to th mark the 60 birthdays of Ramon Latorre and Enrico Stefani. Ramon Latorre is one of the most outstanding figures in channel Biophysics today. The first surprise is that he trained as a Biochemist! He soon, however, became a biophysicist through his work with Guayo (Eduardo) Rojas who guided him during his Ph. D thesis in the Laboratorio de Fisiologia Celular in Montemar. His work at N. I. H with Gerald Eherenstein and Harold Lecar constitutes one of the milestones of single ion channel Biophysics. This classical work, done in planar bilayers, set the basis for understanding voltage-dependent conductances with single channel studies and predates, by many years, later studies using patch clamping techniques. Ramon was one of the firsts to find and recognize the importance of calci- activated potassium channels and to begin a detailed study of channel properties. He pioneered the ideas of voltage and calcium modulation of the open probability and he added detailed studies of gating and its modulation by other ions. Ramon is also interested in permeation and selectivity and he produced classical studies on the number of water molecules in the channel and sites occupied by barium. Results and concepts that have recently taken front page as the structure of KcSa has been described.

The Cell

This remarkable book offers a firsthand account of what it is to be a police officer, an FBI agent or a reporter obsessed with a case few people will take seriously.

The Cell

Author: John J. Miller

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 140139728X

Page: 348

View: 430

In The Cell, John Miller, an award-winning journalist and coanchor of ABC's 20/20, along with veteran reporter Michael Stone and Chris Mitchell, takes readers back more than 10 years to the birth of the terrorist cell that later metastasized into al Qaeda's New York operation. This remarkable book offers a firsthand account of what it is to be a police officer, an FBI agent or a reporter obsessed with a case few people will take seriously. It contains a first-person account of Miller's face-to-face meeting with bin Laden and provides the first full-length treatment to piece together what led up to the events of 9/11, ultimately delivering the disturbing answer to the question: Why, with all the information the intelligence community had, was no one able to stop the 9/11 attacks?

View Inside the Barrel

Cell 93, 125-138. Dobrzynski, J. K., Sternlicht, M. L., ... Protein folding and
misfolding inside and outside the cell. In The EMBO journal, pp. ... Review:
cellular substrates of the eukaryotic chaperonin TRiC/CCT. J. Struct. Biol. 135,
176—184.

View Inside the Barrel

Author:

Publisher: Stanford University

ISBN:

Page:

View: 616

Chaperonins are a unique class of molecular chaperone that assist in the folding of newly synthesized, partially folded, and misfolded proteins. The importance of these folding machines is evident by their conservation across all three branches of life. The general structure of the chaperonins consists of 14-18 subunits, which form two back-to-back cavities. Unfolded polypeptide substrate is captured in one of the two cavities, and assisted to its native conformation in an ATP dependent fashion. The chaperonins can be separated into two, related, but unique groups. The group I chaperonins, typified by GroEL from bacteria, are fairly well understood, however, there are substantial gaps in our knowledge of the group II chaperonins, such as TRiC from the eukaryotic cytosol. Gaining a mechanistic understanding of the group II chaperonins is of great importance, as it has been shown that TRiC malfunction is associated with a variety of diseases. Toward this end the group II chaperonin conformation cycle, ATPase, and substrate folding mechanism have been investigated. This work elucidates key components of the folding cycle and greatly increases our understanding of these folding machines.

Skeletal Muscle

Resting Membrane Potential It has been known for more than a century that a
difference in electrical potential exists between the inside of a cell and its external
fluid environment . It is possible to determine this potential difference directly by ...

Skeletal Muscle

Author: Brian R. MacIntosh

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 9780736045179

Page: 423

View: 284

Provides readers with a detailed understanding of the different facets of muscle physiology. Examines motoneuron and muscle structure and function. It is intended for those need to know about skeletal muscle--from undergraduate and graduate students gaining advanced knowledge in kinesiology to physiotherapists, physiatrists, and other professionals whose work demands understanding of muscle form and function.

Inside the Photon

Diffusion. Multi-cellular life forms require many cellular divisions within colonies
to achieve growth and development. According to selffield theory (SFT) there are
biophotonic stages involved in the overall process termed the cell cycle.

Inside the Photon

Author: Tony Fleming

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9814241881

Page: 312

View: 137

Over the past decade biophotonics has appeared as a new department within the academic structure across the globe. With experimental work going back for more than a century, application of the scientific method has shown the importance of biophotonics within biological and medical practice. At the same time, a new mathematical description of physics and biophysics has emerged. Self-Field Theory (SFT) describes the role of photon as a binding agent between an electron and a proton within atomic structures. SFT is being rapidly accepted by the physics community as a distinct physical theory. This is now an alternative view, in addition to classical electromagnetics and the quantum theories, that forms the basis of a chemical bond. Atomic chemistry underpins biochemistry, the pharmaceutical approach to medical therapy, and has been a staple of biological and medical knowledge over the 20th century. The biophoton within SFT provides another layer of structural organization that sits underneath atomic chemistry. This book is the first to describe SFTs role within biophotonics and as such provides a theory of biophotonics capable of describing a wide range of experimental biophotonic phenomena. Inside the Photon: A Journey towards Health describes the newly discovered layer of biophotonics underlying all atomic chemistry and biochemistry. As with the variety of snowflakes, the range in biological species within flora for instance is dependent on this biophotonic layer of interaction within atomic and biomolecular structures. A new range of energies that can be balanced only within the biophotonic states are responsible for these innumerable varieties of biological species. The phonon, the quantum of acoustic, or vibrational, energy is also described and given status alongside the photon. Hence the ‘biophonon’ sits aside the biophoton as an element within biological structures. Sounds can create structure in the same way biophotons can use structure to communicate. Therapies such as homeopathy, acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicines are given fresh impetus including putative understanding of mechanism. Mitosis is understood via the cell cycle and how electric, acoustic, and magnetic fields can induce changes at the biophotonic level. The possibility arises of medical therapy without invasive surgery and without the side effects of drug-based therapies.

Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle

In order for the cell membrane to do its job, it must be impermeable to the organic
molecules inside the cell. But if the compositions of the extracellular and
intracellular fluids are the same, with the exception of the internal organic
molecules, ...

Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle

Author: Gary G. Matthews

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444311301

Page: 248

View: 470

Cellular Physiology of Nerve and Muscle, Fourth Edition offers a state of the art introduction to the basic physical, electrical and chemical principles central to the function of nerve and muscle cells. The text begins with an overview of the origin of electrical membrane potential, then clearly illustrates the cellular physiology of nerve cells and muscle cells. Throughout, this new edition simplifies difficult concepts with accessible models and straightforward descriptions of experimental results. An all-new introduction to electrical signaling in the nervous system. Expanded coverage of synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity. A quantitative overview of the electrical properties of cells. New detailed illustrations.