The book also explores the history of political Islam in Central Asia and explains the concurrent roots of Islamic militancy from the early disputes between Salafis and traditionalists, through the period of Islamic revival in the late ...
Author: Vitaliĭ Vi͡acheslavovich Naumkin
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
This original study by distinguished scholar Vitaly V. Naumkin offers an authoritative analysis of the key militant Islamic organizations in Central Asia. Long veiled in secrecy, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, Hizb at-Tahrir al-Islami, and the Islamic Revival Party of Tajikistan are illuminated here for the first time. Drawing on his extensive fieldwork and an unprecedented array of Central Asian primary sources, the author thoroughly compares their doctrines, power bases, and political practices. The book also explores the history of political Islam in Central Asia and explains the concurrent roots of Islamic militancy from the early disputes between Salafis and traditionalists, through the period of Islamic revival in the late 1980s when radical groups first emerged, and up to their growing strength today. Naumkin analyzes the human dimension in Central Asian Islam through the lives of the most significant theologians, mullahs, underground preachers, and teachers in the region, evaluating their role in the spread of Islamic radicalism. Providing fresh insight into the balance between peaceful and militant means of struggle for power used by Islamic movements, the author considers into the possibility of dialogue with the Islamists and the outcome of the 'Tajik experiment' that brought former Islamic radicals into the government. All those interested in the development of political Islam will find this study an invaluable resource.
They are about hatred and the rejection of the secular way of development" Islam
Karimov, 20051 Islam and Islamic movements have become a crucial political
issue in Uzbekistan. Despite having taken some transitional democratic
Author: Franco Burgio
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject Orientalism / Sinology - Islamic Studies, grade: 17 von 20, Vrije University Brussel, 38 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Islamic movements have become a crucial political issue in Uzbekistan. Despite having taken some transitional democratic measures (opposition parties were granted legal status, an ombudsman was appointed, etc.), and even though President Karimov had shown an early interest in Western (and in particular European) institutional systems, it seems that over the past five years the democratic process in Uzbekistan has taken a step back to practices inherited from Soviet times. Much of the state’s repressive apparatus and many of the its negative economic policies have been attributed to the need to fight against Islamic extremist. The most prominent Islamic groups in Uzbekistan are the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU) and Hizb ut-Tahrir (HuT). After the IMU infrastructure and capacity was destroyed during the U.S.- led military campaign in Afghanistan in 2001 its role in challenging the regime of President Karimov ́s regime states has been taken over by the non-violent radical group Hizb ut-Tahrir. Unlike the IMU, the HuT is a true transnational organization that consists of semiindependent branches, only some of which are in Central Asia. In Central Asia, it has been most active in Uzbekistan. The purpose and the limit of this paper is to give an overview of the historical background, the ideology, the organisational structures and the aims of the HuT. Special attention will be paid to its political methodology and its attitude towards violence, which is essential to understand and assess the role of Islamic movements such as HuT Uzbekistan. Due to the government’s crackdown of the party, state propaganda, conflicting media reports lead by internal and external interest groups and the parties own propaganda agenda it is very difficult to find reliable information about the parties involvement in the region. However, the International Crisis Group (ICG) is the trustworthiest source in this aspect since it has a regular and extended coverage of the area and its political situation with a special focus on the Islamic movements. In addition, they have on the spot teams with direct contact to locals which gives them additional credibility. The papers statements regarding the party’s activities in Uzbekistan are thus mostly based on ICG report about HuT in Central Asia.
Transnational Islamic movements , such as Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan ,
which was closely linked to al - Qaeda , and others also contribute to the
globalization of conflicts in Central Asia . This kind of relation is being also seen
as efforts to ...
Author: Nirbhaya Nath Mishra
This book is about the regional problems in Central Asian region ever since the disintegration of the Soviet Union. This study analyses the development of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan in the Context of Central Asia. This has tried to examine the critical factors like ethnic, nationality, minority problems, drug trafficking and Muslim fundamentalism in the quest of all round development for this region. Moreover, areas where possible cooperation can be explored have also been covered in this writing. Since there are few studies available on this topic, therefore this will endeavour to fulfil the gap and contribute to understand the emerging issues of Central Asia.
Some experts on Islamic movements in Uzbekistan have stated that the religious
activists in Uzbekistan did not have any contact with corresponding groups from
abroad before 1990 , but they introduced their followers to the classics of the ...
Author: Resul Yalcin
This title examines Uzbekistan's development since the break-up of the Soviet Union, its social, political and economic orientation in the modern world and its role as a bridge between East and West, North and South.
HIZB - UT - TAHRIR AND THE ISLAMIC MOVEMENT OF UZBEKISTAN Within
broader Islamic movements , HT falls under the category of the socalled al - da '
wa al Islamiya ( the Islamic Call ) camp as opposed to al - thawra al - Muslimin (
Author: Elizabeth Van Wie Davis
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
Central Asia is a test of America's ability to promote liberal change, of Russia's foreign policy agenda, and of China's readiness to translate economic power into political influence. Focusing on Islamic political issues, energy security, and geopolitical maneuvering, this title presents the events in Central Asia, and how they affect the world.
It also assesses the motivations of these actors and which types of support matter most. This book concludes by assessing the implications for analysts of insurgent movements.
Author: Daniel Byman
Publisher: Rand Corporation
The most useful forms of outside support for an insurgent movement include safe havens, financial support, political backing, and direct military assistance. Because states are able to provide all of these types of assistance, their support has had a profound impact on the effectiveness of many rebel movements since the end of the Cold War. However, state support is no longer the only, or indeed necessarily the most important, game in town. Diasporas have played a particularly important role in sustaining several strong insurgencies. More rarely, refugees, guerrilla groups, or other types of non-state supporters play a significant role in creating or sustaining an insurgency, offering fighters, training, or other forms of assistance. This report assesses post-Cold War trends in external support for insurgent movements. It describes the frequency that states, diasporas, refugees, and other non-state actors back guerrilla movements. It also assesses the motivations of these actors and which types of support matter most. This book concludes by assessing the implications for analysts of insurgent movements.
Islam in Uzbekistan Following independence in Uzbekistan , President Islam
Karimov created a dictatorial regime . Fearing the threat of Islamic fundamentalist
movements , he began a campaign to crack down on Muslims not affiliated with ...
Author: John L. Esposito
Presents a comprehensive three-volume series on the Islamic world including over three hundred articles that answer questions concerning Islamic religious beliefs, definitions of unfamiliar terms used in the articles, sidebars that focus on people, places, and traditions, and cross references to related entries.
A large number of the party's followers in Tajikistan were said to be Uzbek
nationals from the Uzbek part of the Fergana Valley . ... 36 Another political
movement surfaced in 1996 , the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan ( IMU ) ,
headed by Tohir ...
Author: Yaacov Ro'i
Publisher: Royal Inst of International Affairs
The revival of Islam in Central Asia and the Caucasus led to a popular reawakening of religious consciousness and identity, to the restoration of ties with other Muslim communities, and to the emergence of radical new strands of Islamist thinking and activism. In this paper, Yaacov Ro'i highlights the complex factors influencing the evolution of Islam in different Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) nations, evaluates the prospects of Islam's further politicization and assesses the likelihood of radical Islamism posing a major threat to the stability of these states.