Whereas most studies of Islamism focus on politics and religious ideology, this book analyses the ways in which Islamism in the Arab world is defined, reflected, transmitted and contested in a variety of creative and other cultural forms.
Author: Abir Hamdar
Whereas most studies of Islamism focus on politics and religious ideology, this book analyses the ways in which Islamism in the Arab world is defined, reflected, transmitted and contested in a variety of creative and other cultural forms. It covers a range of contexts of production and reception, from the early twentieth century to the present, and with reference to cultural production in and/or about Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, the Gulf, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine. The material engaged with is produced in Arabic, English and French and includes fiction, autobiography, feature films, television series, television reportage, the press, rap music and video games. Throughout, the book highlights the multiple forms and contested interpretations of Islamism in the Arab world, exploring trends and tensions in the ways Islamism is represented to (primarily) Arab audiences and complicating simplistic perspectives on this phenomenon. The book considers repeated and idiosyncratic themes, modes of characterisation, motifs, structures of feeling and forms of engagement, in the context of an ongoing struggle for symbolic power in the region.
CULTURAL EXPRESSION Literature Traditionally , literature in the Arabian
Peninsula meant poetry , and although this has ... Muslim believers accept the
Koran , the holy book of Islam , as the exact words of God as revealed to the
Author: Marshall Cavendish
Publisher: Marshall Cavendish
Describes the geography, people, culture, and politics of the countries of the Middle East, Central Asia, and North Africa.
Included in the 'Arab cultural base pattern', for instance, are the various Arab
nations with their diverse cultural expressions. Similarly, the 'western cultural
base pattern' includes patterns of various countries, and even within countries ...
Author: Anne-Sofie Roald
Women in Islam investigates the ongoing debate across the Muslim world and the West on the position of women in Islam. Anne-Sofie Roald focuses on how Islamic perceptions of women and gender change in Western Muslim communities. She shows how Islamic attitudes towards social concerns such as gender relations, female circumcision, and female dress emerge as responsive to culture and context, rather than rigid and inflexible.
and Arabs who are not Muslims (Arab Christian or Jewish minorities in the Middle
East), but because Islam was originally ... the regional cultural expression of
Islam, the fact remains that the importance of Arabic as the original language of
Author: Fatima Mernissi
Publisher: Hachette UK
Is Islam compatible with democracy? Must fundamentalism win out in the Middle East, or will democracy ever be possible? In this now-classic book, Islamic sociologist Fatima Mernissi explores the ways in which progressive Muslims--defenders of democracy, feminists, and others trying to resist fundamentalism--must use the same sacred texts as Muslims who use them for violent ends, to prove different views. Updated with a new introduction by the author written in the wake of the September 11 terrorist attacks on the United States, Islam and Democracy serves as a guide to the players moving the pieces on the rather grim Muslim chessboard. It shines new light on the people behind today's terrorist acts and raises provocative questions about the possibilities for democracy and human rights in the Islamic world. Essential reading for anyone interested in the politics of the Middle East today, Islam and Democracy is as timely now as it was upon its initial, celebrated publication.
Within Arab countries, on a more limited scale, there are other kinds of protest
movements that make a more immediate appeal to Islam. ... Arab world as a
whole imply that it is the Arab culture, nation, and identity that are to be defended,
whereby Islam and Islamic values are ... However, a close analysis of cultural
expressions in literature for instance will reveal an indirect, even “symbolic”
character of ...
Author: Jacques Waardenburg
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
This book presents some twenty essays on different aspects of Islam in history and the present. These essays are grouped into eight larger sections. The first, "The Beginnings", deals with the transition from pre-Islamic understandings and reason, an essential part of the Quranic message. The next two sections deal with Islam specifically as a religion with its particular signs and symbols. The question of rules of interpretation in Islam and its structural features is discussed here. Sections four and five deal with ethics in Islam, including Muslim identity and human rights, and certain social functions of Islam. Section six introduces some 19th and 20th century reform movements, with special attention given to developments in Saudi Arabia and the "puritan" characteristics of present-day Islamic revival movements. The final two sections discuss contemporary issues: Islamization processes and policies, Islamic ideologies, the ideologization of Islam, and the political uses of religion. Throughout the book the author shows the links between the religious and other interpretations and uses made of Islam and the contexts in which they are made. The Introduction signals some important developments in Islamic studies since World War II.
... not an introduction to Islam; in fact, it assumes that the reader is already
acquainted with the basic proclamation of the Islamic faith, the history of the
Muslims as a community, and the major cultural expressions of Islam in various
nations and ...
Author: Paula Youngman Skreslet
Publisher: Scarecrow Press
_This book introduces the literature of Islam as it is presented in English translation. For scholars in other fields who need to understand the vast and complex literary heritage of this erudite and vigorous faith community (but are unable to devote years of their lives to achieving a reading proficiency in classical Arabic), for faculty members called upon to teach introductory or survey courses outside their own disciplines, and for graduate students in theology, medieval studies, world religions, or related fields who need access to these primary sources in English translation, The Literature of Islam is a welcome resource. Even lay readers who are interested in understanding the modern Arab or Islamic world may grasp something of the currents of thought and belief through the centuries that produced these important works, which continue to exert a powerful influence upon Muslims today.
cultural, financial, and social conditions as well as traditional taboos of the
developing countries. Evidently, the ... However, Arab Islamists want
multinational corporations to reconcile their cultural products with third-world
cultural values, norms and faiths. ... What they do see is the denial of free self-
expression and human rights and the opposition of reactionary thinkers to
cultural innovation and creativity.
Author: Mohamed El-Shibiny
Publisher: Dorrance Publishing
Since 9-11-01, misunderstandings and stereotypical judgments between the West and the Arab states have become increasingly evident. This clear, useful book blends economics, politics, and history to provide insights into different perspectives of Western and Arab Cultures regarding globalization, presenting a spectrum of opinions and beliefs on each side, with particular attention to the psychology of Arab decision-makers. Too many people hold uninformed opinions without understanding the expectations, the fears, and the concerns of the stakeholders. The Threat of Globalization to Arab Islamic Culture will bring about a more defined comprehension of the issues involved with globalization.
The Islamic world was by no means homogeneous, but it was culturally unified
and diversified at the same time. ... culture received its fullest expression within
town and city, and was found at its weakest among nomads, whether Arab,
Author: J. Spencer Trimingham
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Sufism, the name given to Islamic mysticism, has been the subject of many studies, but the orders through which the organizational aspect of the Sufi spirit was expressed has been neglected. The Sufi Orders in Islam is one of the earliest modern examinations of the historical development of Sufism and is considered a classic work in numerous sources of Islamic studies today. Here, author J. Spencer Trimingham offers a clear and detailed account of the formation and development of the Sufi schools and orders (tariqahs) from the second century of Islam until modern times. Trimingham focuses on the practical disciplines behind the mystical aspects of Sufism which initially attracted a Western audience. He shows how Sufism developed and changed, traces its relationship to the unfolding and spread of mystical ideas, and describes in sharp detail its rituals and ceremonial practices. Finally, he assesses the influence of these Sufi orders upon Islamic society in general. John O. Voll has added a new introduction to this classic text and provides readers with an updated list of further reading. The Sufi Orders in Islam will appeal not only to those already familiar with Triminghams groundbreaking research, but also to the growing reading public of Islamic studies and mysticism.
The newly arriving Islamic faith came to represent the latest element in a melting
pot of cultures and creeds . ... The Malay world witnessed a body of Islamic
literature being grafted on to the literary expression of the existing Malay society .
Author: Peter G. Riddell
Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
This text examines the history of the arrival of Islam in South East Asia and the manner in which it has developed in this setting.
... a tremendous deepening of Islamic culture and identity within the old Islamic
lands of North Africa and the Middle East. ... Islam came to provide not only a
system of beliefs, but also a framework for social action and cultural expression.
Author: James E. Lindsay
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
From the time of its birth in Mecca in the 7th century C.E., Islam and the Islamic world rapidly expanded outward, extending to Spain and West Africa in the west, and to Central Asia and the Indian Subcontinent in the east. An examination of the daily life in these Islamic regions provides insight into a civilized, powerful, and economically stable culture, where large metropolitan centers such as Damascus, Baghdad, and Cairo thrived in many areas, including intellectual and scientific inquiry. In contrast with medieval Europe, there is little common knowledge in the West of the culture and history of this vibrant world, as different from our own in terms of the political, religious, and social values it possessed, as it is similar in terms of the underlying human situation that supports such values. This book provides an intimate look into the daily life of the medieval Islamic world, and is thus an invaluable resource for students and general readers alike interested in understanding this world, so different, and yet so connected, to our own.
Islam has influenced virtually every aspect of Arab culture in terms of its influence
on art, morals, law, customs, social behaviour and the structure of knowledge
itself. The expression of cultural forces in the urban 162 The Arab world.
Author: Allan M. Findlay
Disruption following the Gulf War, and the need to satisfy both rising economic aspirations and the Islamic values of the region's peoples, demands fresh examination of development issues in the Arab world. This introductory text assesses how agricultural, industrial and urban development has evolved in the Arab region. Contrasting Arab and Western interpretations of `development', it draws on case studies covering states as diverse as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Morocco and Jordan. The author suggests that until the Arabs define their own identity, there will continue to be `change' but not necessarily `progress' in the region.
Within the Dar - al - Islam ( the Muslim World ) Islam has contributed to common
traditions and common cultural expressions , but Islamic art is also the art of
ethnic groups or nations within defined geographical as well as political areas .
Author: Karin Ådahl
Publisher: Coronet Books Incorporated
Documents the presentations made at an international conference held at Uppsala University in 1992, entitled Islamic art and culture in sub -Saharan Africa.
In 2011, the Arab world was rocked by popular protests that brought down
seemingly invincible structures of power, toppling systems of governance and
expanding the spaces for cultural expression and cultural transformation. ...
imaginations of the region as a coherent, self-sealed and self-explanatory space,
with yet again a singular culture (Islam) named as the main obstacle on the road
Author: Anastasia Valassopoulos
This book seeks to both showcase and further develop innovative research and debates on contemporary Arab cultural production. Popular culture in the form of cinema, popular music, literature, visual media and cyber-cultures, both local and imported, enjoy a central role in Arab cultural life, and the contributors to this innovative collection showcase the tremendous cultural output emerging from the Arab world. They present sensitive, conceptual readings whilst remaining mindful of the place of this work within a wider framework that seeks to prevent isolationist readings of cultural phenomena. Making sense of the place of culture in the Arab world, and agreeing upon a broadly recognisable and commonly accepted set of terms within which to discuss this output, is a new and urgent challenge. Arab Cultural Studies aspires to understand, communicate and theorise these forms. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal for Cultural Research.
To Arabs , this is a sign of socially condoned promiscuity and a value void (
Chapter 8 , “ Honor ” ) . ~ WESTERN PUBLIC DISPLAY OF AFFECTION : In the
Arab world , male - female intimacy is reserved for private expression only .
Author: William G. Baker
Publisher: Brown Books
This book provides first-hand, solid information about who Arabs are, how they interact within Arab society, their mores, customs, habits, cultural obligations, and taboos. This is a must-read for Americans in the post-September 11 era to understand Arab perceptions of Americans, what they find positive and admirable about the West, and what they find offensive and unacceptable.
“The term Arab is associated with a particular region of the world. ... “The religion
of Islam is closely associated with Arab identity because of the origin of Islam in
the Arabian peninsula and the fact ... China” and the Islamic culture's perception
of itself as an expression of the primordial wisdom tradition stimulated
Author: William B. Ward
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book reviews the elder care literature pertaining to the Arab world and proposes steps that can be taken to improve the health and quality of life of older people in this region. Organized in three main sections (Program Assessment, Program Planning, Conclusions and Recommendations), the book addresses such topics as developing a conceptual framework; Arab world elder demographics; quality of life issues; demand for services; training issues; training capacity and capabilities; and conclusions and recommendations for improving the health of older persons in the Arab world. While the countries of the Arab world have the advantage of a unified language and culture that can be used to expedite development of area-wide approaches to a system of elder care, the lack of economic and political unification (such as common market and open trade) along with institutionalized age discrimination (some Arab countries restrict hiring for government and private jobs to persons younger than 45) present barriers to improving the health of older people. In addition, modernization and ease of transportation have resulted in a heavy focus on Western-style fast food, with an accompanying increase in chronic diseases such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer.
It was also, however, the last great expression of the universality of the world of
Islam. ... the system of government, and in the Arab countries there developed an
Arab Ottoman culture, preserving the heritage and to some extent developing it in
Author: Albert Hourani
Publisher: Faber & Faber
In a bestselling work of profound and lasting importance, the late Albert Hourani told the definitive history of the Arab peoples from the seventh century, when the new religion of Islam began to spread from the Arabian peninsula westwards, to the present day. It is a masterly distillation of a lifetime of scholarship and a unique insight into a perpetually troubled region. This updated edition by Malise Ruthven adds a substantial new chapter which includes recent events such as 9/11, the US invasion of Iraq and its bloody aftermath, the fall of the Mubarak and Ben Ali regimes in Egypt and Tunisia, and the incipient civil war in Syria, bringing Hourani's magisterial History up to date. Ruthven suggests that while Hourani can hardly have been expected to predict in detail the massive upheavals that have shaken the Arab world recently he would not have been entirely surprised, given the persistence of the kin-patronage networks he describes in his book and the challenges now posed to them by a new media-aware generation of dissatisfied youth. In a new biographical preface, Malise Ruthven shows how Hourani's perspectives on Arab history were shaped by his unique background as an English-born Arab Christian with roots in the Levant.
But before the work was completed, events on the world stage led many others to
take an interest in anything related to ... The Islamic tradition, of course, extends
far beyond the Arab world and finds expression in many languages and cultures
Author: Nelly Lahoud
This book is a study of political thought in Islam from the viewpoint of the history of ideas and the relevance of these ideas to contemporary Arabic political discourse. The author examines the use of the classical Islamic tradition (turath) and its religious and philosophical components by the three dominant Arabic political discourses: the Islamists, apologists and intellectuals. The book analyzes the different assumptions advanced by these discourses and the way they propose to apply or restore the turath in the present. Exploring connections between the medieval Islamic tradition and current debates, this book is essential reading for advanced students and researchers of Islam and political thought.
CHAPTER 8 Artistic Expressions of Muslim Societies Stephen Vernoit Since the
emergence of Islam there have been ... is religious , definitions of art and the arts
of the Muslim world as they have emerged as manifestations of Muslim culture .
Author: Francis Robinson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This book presents a rounded picture of Islam, from current issues of fundamentalism, to its culture and art.
In the Islamic Middle East, numerous heroes must be located as that region
effectively joins the Core over time: ♢ Wired magazine's “blogger of the year”
award winner: Middle East bloggers have already emerged as a potent
connective tissue between Islam and the West. ... people the world over, allowing
for cultural expression on both sides of any divide you can name in the Middle
East: ArabIsraeli, ...
Author: Thomas P.M. Barnett
The Pentagon's New Map was one of the most talked-about books of the year - a fundamental reexamination of war and peace in the post-9/11 world that provided a compelling vision of the future. Now, senior advisor and military analyst Thomas P.M. Barnett explores our possible long- and short-term relations with such nations and regions as Iran, Iraq, and the Middle East, China and North Korea, Latin America and Africa, while outlining the strategies to pursue, the entities to create, and the pitfalls to overcome. If his first book was "a compelling framework for confronting twenty-first century problems" (Business Week), Barnett's new book is something more - a powerful road map through a chaotic and uncertain world to "a future worth creating."