Exploring Language Aptitude Views from Psychology the Language Sciences and Cognitive Neuroscience

This book presents original, empirical data from quantitative and qualitative research studies in the field of language learning aptitude, ability, and individual differences.

Exploring Language Aptitude  Views from Psychology  the Language Sciences  and Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Susanne M. Reiterer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319919172

Page: 388

View: 267

This book presents original, empirical data from quantitative and qualitative research studies in the field of language learning aptitude, ability, and individual differences. It does so from the perspectives of Second Language Acquisition, psychology, neuroscience and sociolinguistics. All studies included in the book use a similar and uniform layout and methodology. Each chapter contains a study examining factors such as memory, personality, self-concept, bilingualism and multilingualism, education, musicality or gender. The chapters investigate the influence of these concepts on language learning aptitude and ability. Several of these chapters analyse hypotheses which have never been tested before and therefore provide novel research results. The book contributes to the field both by verifying and contesting existent findings and by exploring novel approaches to devising research in the subject area.

Implicit Language Aptitude

This Element defines implicit language aptitude, examines tasks that can be used to measure implicit language aptitude, and provides an overview of relevant research in this area.

Implicit Language Aptitude

Author: Gisela Granena

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108788718

Page:

View: 448

It is a well-known fact that some adult second language learners learn more rapidly and/or to a higher level of proficiency than others. Some of these individual differences have been linked to differences in cognitive and perceptual abilities under the umbrella term of 'language aptitude'. The notion of language aptitude has undergone recent developments, one of which is the proposal that language aptitude includes cognitive abilities that involve implicit processes and that are advantageous in learning a language without awareness. This Element defines implicit language aptitude, examines tasks that can be used to measure implicit language aptitude, and provides an overview of relevant research in this area.

Language Aptitude

Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19(2), 249–275. Ehrman, M. E. (1996).
Understanding second language learning difficulties. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
Publications. Ehrman, M. E. (1998). The modern language aptitude test for ...

Language Aptitude

Author: Zhisheng (Edward) Wen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351348264

Page: 350

View: 410

Language Aptitude: Advancing Theory, Testing, Research and Practice brings together cutting-edge global perspectives on foreign language aptitude. Drawing from educational psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience, the editors have assembled interdisciplinary authors writing for an applied linguistics and education audience. The book is broken into five major themes: revisiting and updating current language aptitude theories and models; emerging insights from contemporary research into language aptitude and the age factor or the critical period hypothesis; redefining constructs and broadening territories of foreign language aptitude; exploring language aptitude from a neurocognitive perspective; and exploring future directions of foreign language aptitude research. Focused on critical issues in foreign language aptitude and second language learning and teaching, this book will be an important research resource and supplemental reading in both applied linguistics and cognitive psychology.

Sensitive periods language aptitude and ultimate L2 attainment

The second strongest predictor variable (typically accounting for 10%—20% of
the variance), research has shown, is language aptitude. It is not surprising,
therefore, that recent years have witnessed a surge of interest in the combination
of ...

Sensitive periods  language aptitude  and ultimate L2 attainment

Author: Gisela Granena

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027272069

Page: 295

View: 678

Research on second language acquisition (SLA) has identified language aptitude and age of onset (AO), i.e., the age at which learners are first meaningfully exposed to the L2, as robust predictors of rate of classroom language learning and level of ultimate L2 attainment in naturalistic settings, respectively. It is not surprising, therefore, that recent years have witnessed a surge of interest in the combination of age and aptitude as a powerful explanatory factor in SLA, and central to a viable SLA theory. The chapters in this volume provide new studies and reviews of research findings on age effects, bilingualism effects, maturational constraints and sensitive periods in SLA, the sub-components of language aptitude and the development of new aptitude measures, the influence of AO and aptitude in combination on SLA, aptitude-treatment interactions, and the implications of the research findings for language education policy and tailored language instruction.

Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching

Can aptitude be developed by training? Can teaching be adapted to aptitude
differences? Second language learning, which is only one among several
learning activities involving language aptitude, has much in common with
language ...

Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching

Author: H. H. Stern

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780194370653

Page: 582

View: 475

Professor Stern puts applied linguistics research into its historical and interdisciplinary perspective. He gives an authoritative survey of past developments worldwide and establishes a set of guidelines for the future. There are six parts: Clearing the Ground, Historical Perspectives, Concepts of Language, Concepts of Society, Concepts of Language Learning, and Concepts of Language Teaching.

Second Language Acquisition

APTITUDE The relationship between aptitude and second language learning
success is a very important one , if only because opinions about aptitude can
have enormous implications in our everyday lives . If aptitude measures are used
to ...

Second Language Acquisition

Author: Susan M. Gass

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780805835281

Page: 488

View: 291

This book is a thorough revision of the highly successful text first published in 1994. The authors retain the multidisciplinary approach that presents research from linguistics, sociology, psychology, and education, in a format designed for use in an introductory course for undergraduate or graduate students. The research is updated throughout and there are new sections and chapters in this second edition as well. New chapters cover child language acquisition (first and second), Universal Grammar, and instructed language learning; new sections address issues, such as what data analysis doesn't show, replication of research findings, interlanguage transfer (multilingual acquisition and transfer), the aspect hypothesis, general nativism, connectionist approaches, and implicit/explicit knowledge. Major updates include nonlanguage influences and the lexicon. The workbook, Second Language Learning Data Analysis, Second Edition, makes an ideal accompaniment to the text.

Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning

CHAPTER 4 Theorising and updating aptitude Peter Skehan King's College ,
London Introduction Research and theorising on foreign language aptitude has
languished over the last thirty years , with relatively little empirical work (
compared ...

Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning

Author: Peter Robinson

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027216946

Page: 385

View: 514

Second language learners differ in how successfully they adapt to, and profit from, instruction. This book aims to show that adaptation to L2 instruction, and subsequent L2 learning, is a result of the interaction between learner characteristics and learning contexts. Describing and explaining these interactions is fundamentally important to theories of instructed SLA, and for effective L2 pedagogy. This collection is the first to explore this important issue in contemporary task-based, immersion, and communicative pedagogic settings. In the first section, leading experts in individual differences research describe recent advances in theories of intelligence, L2 aptitude, motivation, anxiety and emotion, and the relationship of native language abilities to L2 learning. In the second section, these theoretical insights are applied to empirical studies of individual differences-treatment interactions in classroom learning, experimental studies of the effects of focus on form and incidental learning, and studies of naturalistic versus instructed SLA.

Learning a Second Language Through Interaction

CHAPTER 5 Modified Input , Language Aptitude and the Acquisition of Word
Meanings Hirota Nagata , David Aline and Rod Ellis Introduction The studies
reported in Chapters Three and Four examined how learners acquire the
meanings of ...

Learning a Second Language Through Interaction

Author:

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027241245

Page: 285

View: 539

This text examines different perspectives on the role that interaction plays in second language acquisition. In addition the effects of language aptitude on input processing are considered, and the contribution that interaction makes to the acquisition of grammatical knowledge is discussed.

Applied Language Learning

Language Aptitude Test ( ALAT ) , The Defense Language Aptitude Battery (
DLAB ) , The Elementary Modern Language Aptitude Test ( EMLAT ) , The
Modern Language Aptitude Test ( MLAT ) , The Pimsleur Language Aptitude
Battery , and ...

Applied Language Learning

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 168

Extending the Boundaries of Research on Second Language Learning and Teaching

The hypothesized general factor represents an abstract level of cognitive ability
that subsumes FLA, verbal intelligence, reasoning, and other cognitive abilities
relevant to second language acquisition. First order factor analysis of the aptitude
 ...

Extending the Boundaries of Research on Second Language Learning and Teaching

Author: Mirosław Pawlak

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642201417

Page: 338

View: 625

The book contains a selection of papers reflecting cutting-edge developments in the field of learning and teaching second and foreign languages. The contributions are devoted to such issues as classroom-oriented research, sociocultural aspects of language acquisition, individual differences in language learning, teacher development, new strands in second language acquisition research as well as methodological considerations. Because of its scope, the diversity of topics covered and the adoption of various theoretical perspectives, the volume is of interest not only to theorists and researchers but also to methodologists and practitioners, and can be used in courses for graduate students.

Dynamic Testing

CHAPTER NINE Combining Instruction and Assessment : Measuring Foreign -
Language Learning Ability This ... Other well - known language aptitude tests are
the Pimsleur Language Aptitude Battery ( PLAB , Pimsleur 1966 ) , the Army ...

Dynamic Testing

Author: IBM Professor of Psychology and Education Robert J Sternberg, PhD

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521778145

Page: 218

View: 579

This book provides a unique wide-ranging review of virtually all approaches to dynamic testing.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

bics and calp). Nor does language aptitude include reference to culture learning
and its implications for developing intercultural competence as a basis for
communication with people of other cultural identities. Such a capacity for
interpersonal ...

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Michael Byram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136235531

Page: 856

View: 356

The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.