The Challenges of Establishing a Human Settlement on Mars Erik Seedhouse.
human missions because the transfer time is increased significantly and the
trajectory brings the spacecraft too close to the Sun, which means the crew is
Author: Erik Seedhouse
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Mars Outpost provides a detailed insight into the various technologies, mission architectures, medical requirements, and training needed to send humans to Mars. It focuses on mission objectives and benefits, and the risks and complexities that are compounded when linked to an overall planet exploration program involving several expeditions and setting up a permanent presence on the surface. The first section provides the background to sending a human mission to Mars. Analogies are made with early polar exploration and the expeditions of Shackleton, Amundsen, and Mawson. The interplanetary plans of the European Space Agency, NASA, and Russia are examined, including the possibility of one or more nations joining forces to send humans to Mars. Current mission architectures, such as NASA’s Constellation, ESA’s Aurora, and Ross Tierney’s DIRECT, are described and evaluated. The next section looks at how humans will get to the Red Planet, beginning with the preparation of the crew. The author examines the various analogues to understand the problems Mars-bound astronauts will face. Additional chapters describe the transportation hardware necessary to launch 4-6 astronauts on an interplanetary trajectory to Mars, including the cutting edge engineering and design of life support systems required to protect crews for more than a year from the lethal radiation encountered in deep space. NASA’s current plan is to use standard chemical propulsion technology, but eventually Mars crews will take advantage of advanced propulsion concepts, such as the Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket, ion drives and nuclear propulsion. The interplanetary options for reaching Mars, as well as the major propulsive maneuvers required and the trajectories and energy requirements for manned and unmanned payloads, are reviewed . Another chapter addresses the daunting medical problems and available countermeasures for humans embarking on a mission to Mars: the insidious effects of radiation on the human body and the deleterious consequences of bone and muscle deconditioning. Crew selection will be considered, bearing in mind the strong possibility that they may not be able to return to Earth. Still another chapter describes the guidance, navigation, and control system architecture, as well as the lander design requirements and crew tasks and responsibilities required to touch down on the Red Planet. Section 3 looks at the surface mission architectures. Seedhouse describes such problems as radiation, extreme temperatures, and construction challenges that will be encountered by colonists. He examines proposed concepts for transporting cargo and astronauts long distances across the Martian surface using magnetic levitation systems, permanent rail systems, and flying vehicles. In the penultimate chapter of the book, the author explains an adaptable and mobile exploration architecture that will enable long-term human exploration of Mars, perhaps making it the next space-based tourist location.
... on the Moon 2008 ISBN: 978-0-387-09746-6 Martian Outpost: The Challenges
of Establishing a Human Settlement on Mars 2009 ISBN: 978-0-387-98190-1 The
New Space Race: China vs. the United States 2009 ISBN: 978-1-4419-0879-7 ...
Author: Erik Seedhouse
With current technology, a voyage to Mars and back will take three years. That’s a lot of time for things to go wrong. But sooner or later a commercial enterprise will commit itself to sending humans to Mars. How will the astronauts survive? Some things to consider are: ith current technology, a voyage to Mars and back will take three years. That’s a lot of time for things to go wrong. But sooner or later a commercial enterprise will commit itself to sending humans to Mars. How will the astronauts survive? Some things to consider are: • Who decides what medical resources are used for whom? Who decides what medical resources are used for whom? • What is the relative weight of mission success and the health of the crew? What is the relative weight of mission success and the health of the crew? • Do we allow crewmembers to sacrifi ce their lives for the good of the mission? Do we allow crewmembers to sacrifi ce their lives for the good of the mission? • And what if a crewmember does perish? Do we store the body for return to Earth or give the member a burial in space? Questions like these, and hundreds of others, have been explored by science fi ction, but scant attention has been paid by those designing missions. Fortunately, the experience gained in polar exploration more than 100 years ago provides crews and mission planners with a framework to deal with contingencies and it is this that forms the core of this book. Why the parallels between polar and space exploration? Because polar exploration offers a better analogy for a Mars mission today than those invoked by the space community. Although astronauts are routinely compared to Lewis and Clark, Mars-bound astronauts will be closer in their roles to polar explorers. And, as much as space has been described as a New Frontier, Mars bears greater similarity to the polar regions, which is why so much can be learned from those who ventured there. And what if a crewmember does perish? Do we store the body forreturn to Earth or give the member a burial in space? Questions like these, and hundreds of others, have been explored by science fi ction, but scant attention has been paid by those designing missions. Fortunately, the experience gained in polar exploration more than 100 years ago provides crews and mission planners with a framework to deal with contingencies and it is this that forms the core of this book. Why the parallels between polar and space exploration? Because polar exploration offers a better analogy for a Mars mission today than those invoked by the space community. Although astronauts are routinely compared to Lewis and Clark, Mars-bound astronauts will be closer in their roles to polar explorers. And, as much as space has been described as a New Frontier, Mars bears greater similarity to the polar regions, which is why so much can be learned from those who ventured there.
NASA has considered several options to power a Mars outpost (Marshall 2004): •
Solar array by modifying the solar power module for mid-latitude operations •
Radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG) • Nuclear reactor. The data for this
Author: Viorel Badescu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
th th Mars, the Red Planet, fourth planet from the Sun, forever linked with 19 and 20 Century fantasy of a bellicose, intelligent Martian civilization. The romance and excitement of that fiction remains today, even as technologically sophisticated - botic orbiters, landers, and rovers seek to unveil Mars’ secrets; but so far, they have yet to find evidence of life. The aura of excitement, though, is justified for another reason: Mars is a very special place. It is the only planetary surface in the Solar System where humans, once free from the bounds of Earth, might hope to establish habitable, self-sufficient colonies. Endowed with an insatiable drive, focused motivation, and a keen sense of - ploration and adventure, humans will undergo the extremes of physical hardship and danger to push the envelope, to do what has not yet been done. Because of their very nature, there is little doubt that humans will in fact conquer Mars. But even earth-bound extremes, such those experienced by the early polar explorers, may seem like a walk in the park compared to future experiences on Mars.
OUTPOST ENTRANCE - MARTIAN FRONTIER - DAY Upon reaching the storm
battered entrance of the outpost, Dr. Walker brings the group to a halt. Before
them, a large steel wall has been built over the opening of a large cave. Two
Author: Allan A. Zarbock
TOMB OF THE ANCIENTS-In circa 2020, a mineral and ore mining operation on the planet Mars accidentally uncovers the ruins of an ancient civilization. From inside the magnificent ruins, the bust of an ancient warrior (Ares/Mars) is retrieved by Earth scientists. While analyzing the bust, the scientists discover it possesses a powerful, yet mysterious, technology. Immediately, a research and recovery team led by Dr. Theo Stone launches an expedition to Mars in order to unlock the mystery behind this technology. While lost inside the ancient ruins discovered on Mars, Theo must defeat Ares before the ancient god of war can steal his body and conquer the Earth.
A true Martian, apparently, he cleared away the dishes quickly, straightened up. “
High Commander Ru Molo begs to inform you that your ship has been reported
by our Martian outpost to have smashed on Jupiter's Moon Eleven. Hail Kilku!
Author: Eando Binder
Publisher: Wildside Press LLC
May 23, 2440 A.D. Around Jay Bruce's spaceship, the sky is an impenetrable blanked of opaque gas, typical of this region on Jupiter just north of the Red Spot. Bruce is puzzled. Why has the lovely young woman seated next to him chartered his ship to cruise an uninhabited area? Then it appears...a massive Martian warship unlike any he's ever seen before, forcing him to land -- and perhaps to die -- in the barren Jovian wilderness!
The ESAS Report says: ``Two important operational techniques that should be
developed on the Moon are crew-centered control of surface activities and
teleoperation of robotic explorers from a central planetary outpost. As Mars is
Author: Donald Rapp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book presents a highly readable yet realistic view of the possibilities for human missions to Mars. It provides for the first time a ‘level-headed’ assessment of plans for human exploration of Mars to counteract the tendency of space agencies to take an over-optimistic approach to such interplanetary missions. The author presents a detailed analysis of why, in his opinion, the current NASA approach will fail to send humans to Mars before 2080.
For the daughters of Kooky Carson, this was the equivalent to traveling to a
Martian outpost, a strange environment where no one ate quinoa, listened to the
Grateful Dead and Ravi Shankar, or read The Electric KoolAid Acid Test.
Author: Lia Riley
A kiss is just the beginning… Pinterest Perfect. Or so Annie Carson's life appears on her popular blog. Reality is ... messier. Especially when it lands her back in one-cow town Brightwater, California, and back in the path of the gorgeous six-foot-four reason she left. Sawyer Kane may fill out those Wranglers, but she won't be distracted from her task. Annie just needs the summer to spruce up and sell her family's farm so she and her young son can start a new life in the big city. Simple, easy, perfect. Sawyer has always regretted letting the first girl he loved slip away. He won't make the same mistake twice, but can he convince beautiful, wary Annie to trust her heart again when she's been given every reason not to? And as a single kiss turns to so much more, can Annie give up her idea of perfect for a forever that's blissfully real?
The thin walls of the US Airways jet made the experience of flight more intense,
more floating, and as they turned for the airport (city on their left, red desert on
their right) he'd fallen into a daydream, imagining some troubled Martian outpost
Author: Andrew Croome
Publisher: Allen & Unwin
A tight, tense, heartstopping novel of modern warfare, where the stakes are high and the price is life in the tradition of le Carre's Absolute Friends