In this book Eric W. Gritsch, a Lutheran and a distinguished Luther scholar, faces the glaring ugliness of Martin Luther's anti- Semitism head-on, describing Luther's journey from initial attempts to proselytize Jews to an appallingly ...
Author: Eric W. Gritsch
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
In this book Eric W. Gritsch, a Lutheran and a distinguished Luther scholar, faces the glaring ugliness of Martin Luther's anti- Semitism head-on, describing Luther's journey from initial attempts to proselytize Jews to an appallingly racist position, which he apparently held until his death. Comprehensively laying out the textual evidence for Luther's virulent anti-Semitism, Gritsch traces the development of Luther's thinking in relation to his experiences, external influences, and theological convictions. Revealing greater impending danger with each step, Martin Luther's Anti-Semitism marches steadily onward until the full extent of Luther's racism becomes apparent. Gritsch's unflinching analysis also describes the impact of Luther's egregious words on subsequent generations and places Luther within Europe's long history of anti-Semitism. Throughout, however, Gritsch resists the temptation either to demonize or to exonerate Luther. Rather, readers will recognize Luther's mistakes as links in a chain that pulled him further and further away from an attitude of respect for Jews as the biblical people of God. Gritsch depicts Luther as a famous example of the intensive struggle with the enduring question of Christian-Jewish relations. It is a great historical tragedy that Luther, of all people, fell victim to anti-Semitism -- albeit against his better judgment.
Stressing the reciprocal influence between individuals and societies, Bandura's (1986) social learning theory offers the imitation of successful models (vicarious learning), self-held notions about personal efficacy and the interpretive and ...
Author: Mardell J. Gavriel
Stressing the reciprocal influence between individuals and societies, Bandura's (1986) social learning theory offers the imitation of successful models (vicarious learning), self-held notions about personal efficacy and the interpretive and cognitive activities of the self-system as tools to understand human behavior. Applying these concepts to Luther, the author speculates on how the reformer's emulation of religious and popular anti-Semitic models, his changing estimation of his ability to convert the Jews, and the personal constructions of his self-system altered his attitudes about them from tolerance to rage.
In this book, Christopher J. Probst demonstrates that a significant number of German theologians and clergy made use of the 16th-century writings by Martin Luther on Jews and Judaism to reinforce the racial anti-semitism and religious anti ...
Author: Christopher J. Probst
Publisher: Indiana University Press
The acquiescence of the German Protestant churches in Nazi oppression and murder of Jews is well documented. In this book, Christopher J. Probst demonstrates that a significant number of German theologians and clergy made use of the 16th-century writings by Martin Luther on Jews and Judaism to reinforce the racial anti-semitism and religious anti-Judaism already present among Protestants. Focusing on key figures, Probst's study makes clear that a significant number of pastors, bishops, and theologians of varying theological and political persuasions employed Luther's texts with considerable effectiveness in campaigning for the creation of a "de-Judaized" form of Christianity. Probst shows that even the church most critical of Luther's anti-Jewish writings reaffirmed the anti-semitic stereotyping that helped justify early Nazi measures against the Jews.
The vexed and sometimes shocking story of Martin Luther, one of the most important figures in modern European history, and his increasingly vitriolic attitudes towards the Jews - as well as the ominous legacy of Luther's anti-semitism for ...
Author: Thomas Kaufmann
Publisher: Oxford University Press
If there was one person who could be said to light the touch-paper for the epochal transformation of European religion and culture that we now call the Reformation, it was Martin Luther. And Luther and his followers were to play a central role in the Protestant world that was to emerge from the Reformation process, both in Germany and the wider world. In all senses of the term, this religious pioneer was a huge figure in European history. Yet there is also the very uncomfortable but at the same time undeniable fact that he was an anti-semite. Written by one of the world's leading authorities on the Reformation, this is the vexed and sometimes shocking story of Martin Luther's increasingly vitriolic attitude towards the Jews over the course of his lifetime, set against the backdrop of a world in religious turmoil. A final chapter then reflects on the extent to which the legacy of Luther's anti-semitism was to taint the Lutheran church over the following centuries. Scheduled for publication on the five hundredth anniversary of the Reformation's birth, in light of the subsequent course of German history it is a tale both sobering and ominous in equal measure.
And yet, the response of Jews to the later Luther is not the final word on Jewish
appreciation of Luther. For five hundred years, ... Gritsch, Martin Luther's Anti-
Semitism, chapter 3, offers a historical survey of Luther's reception. Gritsch's
Author: Alon Goshen-Gottstein
Publisher: Fortress Press
The problem of "Luther and the Jews" has received much attention since World War II. Many consider there to be a direct line leading from Martin Luther's later anti-Jewish recommendations to policies carried out in the Third Reich. This has led contemporary Lutheran Churches worldwide to issue apologies and to distance themselves from Luther's anti-Semitic teachings. It has also led Jews to distance themselves from Luther as a religious figure. The present work revisits Luther's anti-Semitism and seeks to understand the compound factors that informed it. Drawing on contemporary Luther scholarship, it develops a model, the "Luther Model," that brings together multiple factors that help account for what went wrong, as we see it from our contemporary perspective. With that model in place, it engages in an examination of whether these factors, abstracted from the particularity of their historical context, are not also present in contemporary Jewish attitudes to Christians, as well as in broader negative relations between faith communities. By constructing the "Luther Model," this work seeks to feature Luther as a teacher and a paradigm for how religion can turn violent and destructive to other religions and to draw the appropriate lessons for interreligious relations today.
Clark, 2010. a more comprehensive work is: donald K. McKim, ed., Cambridge
Companion to Martin Luther. ... of Luther on later anti-semitism: Christopher J.
Probst, Demonizing the Jews: Luther and the Protestant Church in Nazi Germany
Author: Richard S. Harvey
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Luther and the Jews: Putting Right the Lies is a timely and important contribution to the debate about the legacy of the Protestant Reformation. It brings together two topics that sit uncomfortably: the life, ministry, and impact of Martin Luther, and the history of Jewish-Christian relations to which he made a profoundly negative contribution. As a Messianic Jew, Richard Harvey considers Luther and his legacy today, and explains how Messianic Jews have a vital role to play in the much-needed reconciliation not only between Protestants and Catholics, but also between Christians and Jews, in order for Luther's vision of the renewal and restoration of the church to be realized.
Founder of modern-day Lutheranism, Martin Luther (1483-1546) confronted many opponents, most notably, the Jews.
Author: Martin Luther
Founder of modern-day Lutheranism, Martin Luther (1483-1546) confronted many opponents, most notably, the Jews. Their religion directly denied Jesus as Messiah, and their arrogance, lies, usury, and hatred of humanity meant that they posed a mortal threat to society. Hence, said Luther, the harshest of measures are warranted. A shocking book.
Martin Luther's viciously anti-Jewish pamphlet, Vom Schem Hampboras, presented here in its original German and its first-ever English translation, is but one of the many sources translated here for the first time from Latin, Hebrew and ...
Author: Gerhard Falk
Publisher: McFarland & Company Incorporated Pub
Martin Luther's viciously anti-Jewish pamphlet, Vom Schem Hampboras, presented here in its original German and its first-ever English translation, is but one of the many sources translated here for the first time from Latin, Hebrew and German.This study reviews the earliest Christian writings concerning the Jews and shows how Christian synods and influential theologians legitimized and reinforced hatred of the Jewish people. The book also examines the modern attempts in Protestant and Catholic theology to promote friendship toward the Jewish people.
... Renaissance.110 Of course, the fire of Martin Luther's anti-Semitism certainly
was not ignored. Fink wanted to ensure that young and educated anti— Semites
possessed a thoroughgoing understanding of Luther's perspective on the Jews.
Author: Gregory Wegner
This book investigates the anti-Semitic foundations of Nazi curricula for elementary schools, with a focus on the subjects of biology, history, and literature. Gregory Paul Wegner argues that any study of Nazi society and its values must probe the education provided by the regime. Schools, according to Wegner, play a major role in advancing ideological justifications for mass murder, and in legitimizing a culture of ethnic and racial hatred. Using a variety of primary sources, Wegner provides a vivid account of the development of Nazi education.
The prognosis in Holy Enemies of Freedom is horrific. Humanity is facing a global emergency. A next holocaust is in the making. Editor's note: this is the Student Edition without extensive reprinted primary evidence in the footnotes.
Author: A. J. Deus
Holy Enemies of Freedom lays bare the criminal conspiracy that is unleashed upon ordinary people by organized religion. The German Martin Luther was the founder of the Protestant Church. He wanted to throw the Jews out of Germany. In his time, the interactions between leaders of Jews, Christians, and Muslims fueled a march toward a religious world war. The promise of all organized Judaic religions was to eradicate false Truths and to establish a world ruler. A.J. Deus presents his astonishing discoveries from primary evidence that has never before been placed in its historical context. The insanities of all contestants led toward the total destruction of Europe and the Middle East. The Rabbinic leadership set out to forge the unlikeliest alliances to reach the grand goal of dominance, helped finance the war efforts, and promised support with troops - on all sides. This story unveils the origins of Martin Luther's as well as Adolf Hitler's anti-Semitism in frightening clarity: organized religion is nothing but organized crime. They are enemies of freedom. The oblivious disciples served as human shields for their leaders - Christians, Muslims, and ordinary Jews alike. The suffering of laymen was confirmation that the fulfillment of the promise to world leadership was near. A.J. Deus has embarked with investigative and scholarly precision to answer a simple question about anti-Semitism: Why? The prognosis in Holy Enemies of Freedom is horrific. Humanity is facing a global emergency. A next holocaust is in the making. Editor's note: this is the Student Edition without extensive reprinted primary evidence in the footnotes. A separate Source Book or an Academic Edition with the reprinted primary evidence is available.
4 One of the first major statements connecting Luther ' s anti - Semitism with Nazi
totalitarianism came at the end of World War II with the publication of Peter F .
Wiener ' s Martin Luther : Hitler ' s Spiritual Ancestor . 5 The charges were broad ...
Author: James H. Charlesworth
Publisher: Crossroad Publishing Company
This book records the reflections and dialogue of nine distinguished scholars, who by exploring past and present relationships between Christians and Jews, are enhancing the search for new means of communication and the development of a future in which Jewish-christian bonds are stronger and closer.
Heinrich Bornkamm , " God and History , " in Luther's World of Thought ,
translated by Martin H. Bertram , 206-17 . St. Louis ... Roots of Anti - Semitism in
the Age of Renaissance and Reformation , translated by James I. Porter .
Author: Bernhard Lohse
Publisher: Augsburg Fortress Publishing
Surveys its development during the crises of Luther's life and examines by theological topic.
Anti-Semitism Has Declined 25 The last decade of the twentieth century has
witnessed the end of state- sponsored and church-supported ... The American
Lutheran Church explicitly rejected Martin Luther's anti-Semitic teachings. 26 Bill
Author: Deborah H. Holdstein
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin College Division
A mainstream thematic reader for first-year composition courses, this compilation is distinctive from other major readers in that it places a significant emphasis on the role of ethical perspectives in examining themes in non-fiction and literary works. Challenging Perspectives encourages students to grapple with their own views of the world as they are challenged by moral and ethical issues suggested by or directly discussed in a particular selection. Comprised of over 80 non-fiction essays, short stories, poems, and images, the reader's numerous argumentative and persuasive pieces make it a rigorous and substantial anthology ideally suited to composition courses centering on argumentative writing. Supporting discussion questions and writing assignments coach students in arguing an effective point of view. Students gain a solid foundation in constructive questioning and analysis, giving them the confidence to take on complex issues that come up in reading and in daily life.