Modeling Simulation and Visual Analysis of Crowds

The goal of this book is to provide the readers a comprehensive map towards the common goal of better analyzing and synthesizing the pedestrian movement in dense, heterogeneous crowds.

Modeling  Simulation and Visual Analysis of Crowds

Author: Saad Ali

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461484839

Page: 411

View: 863

Over the last several years there has been a growing interest in developing computational methodologies for modeling and analyzing movements and behaviors of ‘crowds' of people. This interest spans several scientific areas that includes Computer Vision, Computer Graphics, and Pedestrian Evacuation Dynamics. Despite the fact that these different scientific fields are trying to model the same physical entity (i.e. a crowd of people), research ideas have evolved independently. As a result each discipline has developed techniques and perspectives that are characteristically their own. The goal of this book is to provide the readers a comprehensive map towards the common goal of better analyzing and synthesizing the pedestrian movement in dense, heterogeneous crowds. The book is organized into different parts that consolidate various aspects of research towards this common goal, namely the modeling, simulation, and visual analysis of crowds. Through this book, readers will see the common ideas and vision as well as the different challenges and techniques, that will stimulate novel approaches to fully grasping “crowds."

Group and Crowd Behavior for Computer Vision

Devise: a deep visual-semantic embedding model. In: NIPS. 2013. [11] Fu ...
Anomaly detection in extremely crowded scenes using spatio-temporal motion
pattern models. In: CVPR. 2009. ... Modeling, simulation and visual analysis of
crowds.

Group and Crowd Behavior for Computer Vision

Author: Vittorio Murino

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128092807

Page: 438

View: 161

Group and Crowd Behavior for Computer Vision provides a multidisciplinary perspective on how to solve the problem of group and crowd analysis and modeling, combining insights from the social sciences with technological ideas in computer vision and pattern recognition. The book answers many unresolved issues in group and crowd behavior, with Part One providing an introduction to the problems of analyzing groups and crowds that stresses that they should not be considered as completely diverse entities, but as an aggregation of people. Part Two focuses on features and representations with the aim of recognizing the presence of groups and crowds in image and video data. It discusses low level processing methods to individuate when and where a group or crowd is placed in the scene, spanning from the use of people detectors toward more ad-hoc strategies to individuate group and crowd formations. Part Three discusses methods for analyzing the behavior of groups and the crowd once they have been detected, showing how to extract semantic information, predicting/tracking the movement of a group, the formation or disaggregation of a group/crowd and the identification of different kinds of groups/crowds depending on their behavior. The final section focuses on identifying and promoting datasets for group/crowd analysis and modeling, presenting and discussing metrics for evaluating the pros and cons of the various models and methods. This book gives computer vision researcher techniques for segmentation and grouping, tracking and reasoning for solving group and crowd modeling and analysis, as well as more general problems in computer vision and machine learning. Presents the first book to cover the topic of modeling and analysis of groups in computer vision Discusses the topics of group and crowd modeling from a cross-disciplinary perspective, using social science anthropological theories translated into computer vision algorithms Focuses on group and crowd analysis metrics Discusses real industrial systems dealing with the problem of analyzing groups and crowds

Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence

But as these methods rely on texture information, a texture-heavy sparse crowd
image may be wrongly classified as dense ... Ali, S., Nishino, K., Manocha, D.,
Shah, M.: Modeling, simulation and visual analysis of crowds: a multidisciplinary
 ...

Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence

Author: Bhabesh Deka

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030348695

Page: 637

View: 207

The two-volume set of LNCS 11941 and 11942 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, PReMI 2019, held in Tezpur, India, in December 2019. The 131 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 341 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named: Pattern Recognition; Machine Learning; Deep Learning; Soft and Evolutionary Computing; Image Processing; Medical Image Processing; Bioinformatics and Biomedical Signal Processing; Information Retrieval; Remote Sensing; Signal and Video Processing; and Smart and Intelligent Sensors.

Handbook of Research on Design Control and Modeling of Swarm Robotics

PHuNAC Model: Emergence of Crowd's Swarm Behavior. ... PHuNAC Model:
Creating Crowd Variation with the MBTI Personality Mode. ... In K. N. Saad Ali (Ed
.), Modeling, Simulation and Visual Analysis of Crowds (pp. pp 23-41).

Handbook of Research on Design  Control  and Modeling of Swarm Robotics

Author: Tan, Ying

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466695730

Page: 854

View: 329

Studies on robotics applications have grown substantially in recent years, with swarm robotics being a relatively new area of research. Inspired by studies in swarm intelligence and robotics, swarm robotics facilitates interactions between robots as well as their interactions with the environment. The Handbook of Research on Design, Control, and Modeling of Swarm Robotics is a collection of the most important research achievements in swarm robotics thus far, covering the growing areas of design, control, and modeling of swarm robotics. This handbook serves as an essential resource for researchers, engineers, graduates, and senior undergraduates with interests in swarm robotics and its applications.

Emotion Personality and Cultural Aspects in Crowds

Guy SJ, Kim S, Lin MC, Manocha D (2011) Simulating heterogeneous crowd
behaviors using personality trait theory. In: Proceedings of the ... In: Ali S, Nishino
K, Manocha D, Shah M (eds) Modeling, simulation and visual analysis of crowds.

Emotion  Personality and Cultural Aspects in Crowds

Author: Rodolfo Migon Favaretto

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030220788

Page: 178

View: 874

This practically-focused book presents a computational model for detection and analysis of pedestrian features in crowds from video sequences. The study of human behavior is a subject of great scientific interest and probably an inexhaustible source of research. The analysis of pedestrians and groups in crowds is relevant in several areas of application, such as security, entertainment, environmental and public spaces planning and social sciences. Cultural and personality aspects are attributes that can influence personal behavior and affect the group in which individuals belong. In this sense, we consider different ways of characterizing individuals and groups in crowds with respect to their relationship with the geometrical space and time. We discuss and describe an approach to extract and analyse, from the Computer Science point of view, emotions, personalities and cultural aspects from crowds and groups of pedestrians, using Computer Vision techniques. Extracting characteristics from real pedestrians and crowds, benefits other areas, such as: architecture and design (planning spaces to maximize pedestrian and group-environment fit); security and surveillance (design of evacuation plans considering characteristics of the crowds and detection of abnormal events); entertainment (more realistic crowds in movies and games reproducing characteristics from real pedestrians and crowds); social sciences (understanding of human behavior), among others. A big challenge in this area of research is the comparison with real life data. In this book, we successfully compared the results of the proposed approach with Psychology literature, where several studies aimed to analysis human behavior.

Virtual Crowds

There are many applications of computer animation and simulation where it is necessary to model virtual crowds of autonomous agents.

Virtual Crowds

Author: Nuria Palechano

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1598296426

Page: 176

View: 311

There are many applications of computer animation and simulation where it is necessary to model virtual crowds of autonomous agents. Some of these applications include site planning, education, entertainment, training, and human factors analysis for building evacuation. Other applications include simulations of scenarios where masses of people gather, flow, and disperse, such as transportation centers, sporting events, and concerts. Most crowd simulations include only basic locomotive behaviors possibly coupled with a few stochastic actions. Our goal in this survey is to establish a baseline of techniques and requirements for simulating large-scale virtual human populations. Sometimes, these populations might be mutually engaged in a common activity such as evacuation from a building or area; other times they may be going about their individual and personal agenda of work, play, leisure, travel, or spectator. Computational methods to model one set of requirements may not mesh well with good approaches to another. By including both crowd and individual goals and constraints into a comprehensive computational model, we expect to simulate the visual texture and contextual behaviors of groups of seemingly sentient beings. Table of Contents: Introduction / Crowd Simulation Methodology Survey / Individual Differences in Crowds / Framework (HiDAC + MACES + CAROSA) / HiDAC: Local Motion / MACES: Wayfinding with Communication and Roles / CAROSA: Functional Crowds / Initializing a Scenario / Evaluating Crowds

Evaluation of Smart Video for Transit Event Detection

[ 98 ] K. Rapantzikos , Y. Avrithis , and S. Kollias , “ Handling uncertainty in video
analysis with spatiotemporal visual attention , ” Fuzzy Systems , pp . 213-217 ,
2005 . [ 99 ] P. Remagnini , T. Tan , and K. Baker , “ Agent - oriented annotation in
model based visual surveillance , ” IEEE Int ... Son , “ Crowd simulation for
emergency response using BDI agent based on virtual reality , ” Proc . of Winter
Simulation ...

Evaluation of Smart Video for Transit Event Detection

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 152

View: 291

Evaluation of smart video for transit event detection.

User Centered Design for Medical Visualization

Automated analysis of human factors requirements. Proceedings of ... Crowd
simulation incorporating agent psychological models, roles and communication.
... Visual attention and eye gaze during multi-party conversations with distractions
.

User Centered Design for Medical Visualization

Author: Dong, Feng

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599047799

Page: 434

View: 925

"This book features a comprehensive review of advances in medical visualization and human-computer interaction. It investigates the human roles during a visualization process, specifically motivation-based design, user-based design, and perception-and-cognitive-based design. It also provides real-world examples and insight into the analytical and architectural aspects of user centered design"--Provided by publisher.

Petroleum Abstracts

MODEL OF THE COST OF DRILLING WELLS IN MEXICO DIGITIZATION
INVESTIGATION OF THE COMPILATION OF DIGITAL MAPS ... SIMULATION
APPLIED TO MULTISTAGE , SEQUENTIAL PETROLEUM EXPLORATION
FACTOR ANALYSIS ... ANALYSIS / CONTROL RADIO * HEAVY TRAFFIC
CALLS FOR CROWD CONTROL IN THE ELECTROMAGNETIC ... A LARGE
VISUAL PHYSICAL MODEL COUPLED TO A COMPUTER RESERVOIR MODEL
AUTOMATIC ADJUSTMENT ...

Petroleum Abstracts

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 781

Multi Agent Systems

This comprehensive resource reviews two decades of research in the intersection of MAS, simulation, and different application domains.

Multi Agent Systems

Author: Adelinde M. Uhrmacher

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070248

Page: 566

View: 633

Methodological Guidelines for Modeling and Developing MAS-Based Simulations The intersection of agents, modeling, simulation, and application domains has been the subject of active research for over two decades. Although agents and simulation have been used effectively in a variety of application domains, much of the supporting research remains scattered in the literature, too often leaving scientists to develop multi-agent system (MAS) models and simulations from scratch. Multi-Agent Systems: Simulation and Applications provides an overdue review of the wide ranging facets of MAS simulation, including methodological and application-oriented guidelines. This comprehensive resource reviews two decades of research in the intersection of MAS, simulation, and different application domains. It provides scientists and developers with disciplined engineering approaches to modeling and developing MAS-based simulations. After providing an overview of the field’s history and its basic principles, as well as cataloging the various simulation engines for MAS, the book devotes three sections to current and emerging approaches and applications. Simulation for MAS — explains simulation support for agent decision making, the use of simulation for the design of self-organizing systems, the role of software architecture in simulating MAS, and the use of simulation for studying learning and stigmergic interaction. MAS for Simulation — discusses an agent-based framework for symbiotic simulation, the use of country databases and expert systems for agent-based modeling of social systems, crowd-behavior modeling, agent-based modeling and simulation of adult stem cells, and agents for traffic simulation. Tools — presents a number of representative platforms and tools for MAS and simulation, including Jason, James II, SeSAm, and RoboCup Rescue. Complete with over 200 figures and formulas, this reference book provides the necessary overview of experiences with MAS simulation and the tools needed to exploit simulation in MAS for future research in a vast array of applications including home security, computational systems biology, and traffic management.

Computer Animation and Simulation

A Model of Human Crowd Behavior : Group Inter - Relationship and Collision
Detection Analysis S . R . Musse and D ... We have used some concepts from
sociology to represent some specific behaviors and represent the visual output .

Computer Animation and Simulation

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 321

Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Web Based Modeling and Simulation

Additionally , since the model is implemented as a Web based applet , the
simulation is available to all members of the design team . Thus this model could
be part of a distributed collaborative design effort win areas where facilities need
to control crowd ... The purpose of this development is to offer users a sort of
visual verification and validation of this simulation . ... ( 1994 ) " Object - Oriented
Analysis and Design " , Addison Wesley , Menlo Park , CA Amanda Alexander
and Michael ...

Proceedings of the 1999 International Conference on Web Based Modeling and Simulation

Author: Agostino G. Bruzzone

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 255

View: 362

Advanced Spatial Analysis

Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis Mac Rubel. [ Virtual cities and visual
simulation ] ... modelling. Michael Batty When the focus of interest in
geographical systems is at the very fine scale, at the level of streets ... festivals
where management and control by police and related authorities is integral to the
way crowds move.

Advanced Spatial Analysis

Author: Paul Longley

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480735

Page: 463

View: 695

Advanced work on GIS applications in such fields as urban planning, transportation, and economic development

Simulation

This being the case , performing some preliminary analog circuit analysis
disclosed several scaling difficulties . ... Because of the problem of feeding so
many people in the already crowded cafeterias at Marshall Space Flight Center ,
it was ... of : 1 ) general - purpose analog computers , 2 ) a twoman general -
purpose cockpit , and 3 ) an SMK - 23 Visual Simulator . ... The mathematical
model of the MOLAB was based on prior MSFC studies of MOLAB suspension
systems as well as on ...

Simulation

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 110

Proceedings

Integrating flight simulation and analysis into undergraduate aircraft design . ...
Flight simulation provides real - time visual feedback that is fun . ... The
engineering station permits rapid modeling and analysis of an aircraft at a design
point . ... To stand out above the crowd and make a significant contribution our
students must learn to reason , and make sound and timely decisions based on
their acquired ...

Proceedings

Author: American Society for Engineering Education. Conference

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 394

Image Understanding Workshop

... as well as analysis of target behaviors using gait analysis , crowd flow analysis
, and detection of human - vehicle interactions . ... User Interaction : Year 3 will
see the CTDB campus site model fully integrated into the VSAM testbed system .
... Haes and Joe Findley at BDM / TEC for their help with the the CTDB site model
and distributed simulation visualization software . ... In Michael Landy and J .
Anthony Movshon , editors , Computational Models of Visual Processing ,
Chapter 1 .

Image Understanding Workshop

Author: George E. Lukes

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN:

Page: 1362

View: 490

Reports and technical results presented at the biennial workshops of the DARPA Image Understanding research program.

New systesm requirements analysis program

functional specifications for a transit station simulation model ... audio and visual
cannot climb bus or train steps or mount a announcement systems to aid the
blind and moving escalator . ... lot via short , easy ramps ) . terminals are :
movement in crowds , level changes , - waiting situations and long walking
distances . d .

New systesm requirements analysis program

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 598

Advances in Computer Graphics

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 36th Computer Graphics International Conference, CGI 2019, held in Calgary, AB, Canada, in June 2019.

Advances in Computer Graphics

Author: Marina Gavrilova

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030225143

Page: 587

View: 167

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 36th Computer Graphics International Conference, CGI 2019, held in Calgary, AB, Canada, in June 2019. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 28 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 231 submissions. The papers address topics such as: 3D reconstruction and rendering, virtual reality and augmented reality, computer animation, geometric modelling, geometric computing, shape and surface modelling, visual analytics, image processing, pattern recognition, motion planning, gait and activity biometric recognition, machine learning for graphics and applications in security, smart electronics, autonomous navigation systems, robotics, geographical information systems, and medicine and art.