Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport

This book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport.

Monte Carlo Methods for Radiation Transport

Author: Oleg N. Vassiliev

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319441418

Page: 281

View: 346

This book is a guide to the use of Monte Carlo techniques in radiation transport. This topic is of great interest for medical physicists. Praised as a "gold standard" for accurate radiotherapy dose calculations, Monte Carlo has stimulated a high level of research activity that has produced thousands of papers within the past few years. The book is designed primarily to address the needs of an academically inclined medical physicist who wishes to learn the technique, as well as experienced users of standard Monte Carlo codes who wish to gain insight into the underlying mathematics of Monte Carlo algorithms. The book focuses on the fundamentals—giving full attention to and explaining the very basic concepts. It also includes advanced topics and covers recent advances such as transport of charged particles in magnetic fields and the grid-based solvers of the Boltzmann equation.

Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics Particle Transport Simulation and Applications

This book focuses on the state of the art of Monte Carlo methods in radiation physics and particle transport simulation and applications.

Advanced Monte Carlo for Radiation Physics  Particle Transport Simulation and Applications

Author: Andreas Kling

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642182119

Page: 1192

View: 218

This book focuses on the state of the art of Monte Carlo methods in radiation physics and particle transport simulation and applications. Special attention is paid to algorithm development for modeling, and the analysis of experiments and measurements in a variety of fields.

A Monte Carlo Primer

This is done by using the PC as the basic teaching tool. This book assumes the reader has a knowledge of integral calculus, neutron transport theory, and Fortran programming.

A Monte Carlo Primer

Author: Stephen A. Dupree

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441984917

Page: 341

View: 609

The mathematical technique of Monte Carlo, as applied to the transport of sub-atomic particles, has been described in numerous reports and books since its formal development in the 1940s. Most of these instructional efforts have been directed either at the mathematical basis of the technique or at its practical application as embodied in the several large, formal computer codes available for performing Monte Carlo transport calculations. This book attempts to fill what appears to be a gap in this Monte Carlo literature between the mathematics and the software. Thus, while the mathematical basis for Monte Carlo transport is covered in some detail, emphasis is placed on the application of the technique to the solution of practical radiation transport problems. This is done by using the PC as the basic teaching tool. This book assumes the reader has a knowledge of integral calculus, neutron transport theory, and Fortran programming. It also assumes the reader has available a PC with a Fortran compiler. Any PC of reasonable size should be adequate to reproduce the examples or solve the exercises contained herein. The authors believe it is important for the reader to execute these examples and exercises, and by doing so to become accomplished at preparing appropriate software for solving radiation transport problems using Monte Carlo. The step from the software described in this book to the use of production Monte Carlo codes should be straightforward.

Methods in Monte Carlo Solution of the Radiation Transport Equation

Monte Carlo Methods United Nuclear Corporation , Development Division ; White
Plains , New York METHODS IN ... given of certain methods of importance
sampling and scoring in the Monte Carlo solution of the radiation transport
equation .

Methods in Monte Carlo Solution of the Radiation Transport Equation

Author: Malvin H. Kalos

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 44

View: 910

A discussion is given of certain methods of importance sampling and scoring in the Monte Carlo solution of the radiation transport equation.

Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy

Useful to clinical physicists, graduate students, and researchers, this book provides a detailed, state-of-the-art guide to the fundamentals, application, and customization of Monte Carlo techniques in radiotherapy.

Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy

Author: Joao Seco

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466507926

Page: 342

View: 296

Modern cancer treatment relies on Monte Carlo simulations to help radiotherapists and clinical physicists better understand and compute radiation dose from imaging devices as well as exploit four-dimensional imaging data. With Monte Carlo-based treatment planning tools now available from commercial vendors, a complete transition to Monte Carlo-based dose calculation methods in radiotherapy could likely take place in the next decade. Monte Carlo Techniques in Radiation Therapy explores the use of Monte Carlo methods for modeling various features of internal and external radiation sources, including light ion beams. The book—the first of its kind—addresses applications of the Monte Carlo particle transport simulation technique in radiation therapy, mainly focusing on external beam radiotherapy and brachytherapy. It presents the mathematical and technical aspects of the methods in particle transport simulations. The book also discusses the modeling of medical linacs and other irradiation devices; issues specific to electron, photon, and proton ion beams and brachytherapy; and the optimization of treatment planning, radiation dosimetry, and quality assurance. Useful to clinical physicists, graduate students, and researchers, this book provides a detailed, state-of-the-art guide to the fundamentals, application, and customization of Monte Carlo techniques in radiotherapy. Through real-world examples, it illustrates the use of Monte Carlo modeling and simulations in dose calculation, beam delivery, kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging, proton radiography, device design, and much more.

Monte Carlo Methods for Particle Transport

This second edition explores the uses of the Monte Carlo method for real-world applications, explaining its concepts and limitations.

Monte Carlo Methods for Particle Transport

Author: Alireza Haghighat

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 042958220X

Page: 290

View: 139

Fully updated with the latest developments in the eigenvalue Monte Carlo calculations and automatic variance reduction techniques and containing an entirely new chapter on fission matrix and alternative hybrid techniques. This second edition explores the uses of the Monte Carlo method for real-world applications, explaining its concepts and limitations. Featuring illustrative examples, mathematical derivations, computer algorithms, and homework problems, it is an ideal textbook and practical guide for nuclear engineers and scientists looking into the applications of the Monte Carlo method, in addition to students in physics and engineering, and those engaged in the advancement of the Monte Carlo methods. Describes general and particle-transport-specific automated variance reduction techniques Presents Monte Carlo particle transport eigenvalue issues and methodologies to address these issues Presents detailed derivation of existing and advanced formulations and algorithms with real-world examples from the author’s research activities

Monte Carlo Methods

This is the second, completely revised and extended edition of the successful monograph which brings the treatment up to date while retaining its elementary but general approach.

Monte Carlo Methods

Author: Malvin H. Kalos

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352740760X

Page: 203

View: 101

This introduction to Monte Carlo methods seeks to identify and study the unifying elements that underlie their effective application. Initial chapters provide a short treatment of the probability and statistics needed as background, enabling those without experience in Monte Carlo techniques to apply these ideas to their research. The book focuses on two basic themes: The first is the importance of random walks as they occur both in natural stochastic systems and in their relationship to integral and differential equations. The second theme is that of variance reduction in general and importance sampling in particular as a technique for efficient use of the methods. Random walks are introduced with an elementary example in which the modeling of radiation transport arises directly from a schematic probabilistic description of the interaction of radiation with matter. Building on this example, the relationship between random walks and integral equations is outlined. The applicability of these ideas to other problems is shown by a clear and elementary introduction to the solution of the Schrödinger equation by random walks. The text includes sample problems that readers can solve by themselves to illustrate the content of each chapter. This is the second, completely revised and extended edition of the successful monograph, which brings the treatment up to date and incorporates the many advances in Monte Carlo techniques and their applications, while retaining the original elementary but general approach.

Monte Carlo Method for Solving Inverse Problems of Radiation Transfer

This volume in the Inverse and Ill-Posed Problems Series deals with inverse problems of radiation transfer.

Monte Carlo Method for Solving Inverse Problems of Radiation Transfer

Author: V. S. Antyufeev

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN:

Page: 189

View: 314

This volume in the Inverse and Ill-Posed Problems Series deals with inverse problems of radiation transfer. In particular, the following problems are considered: atmosphere optics; radiation propagation in plant canopy; tomography in scattering fields.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

... p2060 N70-24471 Obtaining general equations for radiation transport by
Monte Carlo method ( IAE - 1791 ) 11 p2063 N70-24904 Automatic generation of
importance sampling functions for three dimensional Monte Carlo radiation
transport ...

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 573

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer

3: Radiation Transfer with Absorbing, Emitting, and Scattering Media Robert
Siegel. pp . 1-12 . 5. Haji - SHEIKH , A .; AND ... The Calculation of Nonlinear
Radiation Transport by a Monte Carlo Method . Statistical Physics . Vol . 1 of
Methods in ...

Thermal Radiation Heat Transfer

Author: Robert Siegel

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 359

View: 241

Energy Research Abstracts

... of the Beneficial Uses Shipping System cask, 10:22412 (R;US) RADIATION
STREAMING Monte Carlo Method Analysis ... reactor neutronics, transport
techniques), 10:35742 (R;US) Analytical Solution Time-dependent radiative
transfer with ...

Energy Research Abstracts

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 144

Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Monte Carlo Transport of Electrons and Photons

The outstanding facilities of the Centre contributed greatly to the success. This volume contains the formal record of the course lectures.

Monte Carlo Transport of Electrons and Photons

Author: T.M. Jenkins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461310598

Page: 656

View: 929

For ten days at the end of September, 1987, a group of about 75 scientists from 21 different countries gathered in a restored monastery on a 750 meter high piece of rock jutting out of the Mediterranean Sea to discuss the simulation of the transport of electrons and photons using Monte Carlo techniques. When we first had the idea for this meeting, Ralph Nelson, who had organized a previous course at the "Ettore Majorana" Centre for Scientific Culture, suggested that Erice would be the ideal place for such a meeting. Nahum, Nelson and Rogers became Co-Directors of the Course, with the help of Alessandro Rindi, the Director of the School of Radiation Damage and Protection, and Professor Antonino Zichichi, Director of the "Ettore Majorana" Centre. The course was an outstanding success, both scientifically and socially, and those at the meeting will carry the marks of having attended, both intellectually and on a personal level where many friendships were made. The scientific content of the course was at a very high caliber, both because of the hard work done by all the lecturers in preparing their lectures (e. g. , complete copies of each lecture were available at the beginning of the course) and because of the high quality of the "students", many of whom were accomplished experts in the field. The outstanding facilities of the Centre contributed greatly to the success. This volume contains the formal record of the course lectures.

Monte Carlo Methods and Codes for Nuclear Engineering Analysis

This book is an essential guide to Monte Carlo methods and codes for nuclear scientists, engineers and code developers in academia and industry and students studying this topic.

Monte Carlo Methods and Codes for Nuclear Engineering Analysis

Author: Christopher Perfetti

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780128154007

Page: 390

View: 206

Monte Carlo Methods and Codes for Nuclear Engineering Analysis provides a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art in radiation transport methods used by Monte Carlo (MC) codes. It then goes on to explore the real-world implementation of these methods in codes used by nuclear and scientists engineers, considering the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques, design philosophies, and algorithm implementations. After a foreword and introduction giving a brief history of Monte Carlo methods, code systems, and their applications in nuclear science and engineering, subsequent chapters describe the fundamentals of Monte Carlo radiation transport methods by dividing the field into a number of topics or focus areas. The subjects selected include potential geometry and particle tracking, nuclear data, variance reduction, time-dependent analysis and parallel computing. Each chapter presents a comprehensive survey of the state-of-the-art implementations, algorithms, and methodologies used by production-level Monte Carlo codes for the area. A concluding chapter provides a handy summary by briefly listing the methods used by key Monte Carlo codes for each focus area in several tables. This book is an essential guide to Monte Carlo methods and codes for nuclear scientists, engineers and code developers in academia and industry and students studying this topic. discusses and compares the radiation transport methods in real-life Monte Carlo (MC) codes used by nuclear scientists and engineers presents in one convenient volume information previously scattered between conference papers, journal articles, and code manuals, thus allowing MC code users to compare the features and make and educated selections of the codes best meeting their needs chapters begin at a level that is appropriate for readers who are unfamiliar with the field, then go on to address the state-of-the-art

Computational Approaches in Molecular Radiation Biology

The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) has supported and continues to support development of computational approaches in biology and medicine.

Computational Approaches in Molecular Radiation Biology

Author: Matesh N. Varma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475797885

Page: 264

View: 211

The Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) has supported and continues to support development of computational approaches in biology and medicine. OHER's Radiological and Chemical Physics Program initiated development of computational approaches to determine the effects produced by radiation of different quality (such as high energy electrons, protons, helium and other heavy ions, etc. ) in a variety of materials of biological interest-such as water, polymers and DNA; these include molecular excitations and sub-excitations and the production of ionization and their spatial and temporal distribution. In the past several years, significant advances have been made in computational methods for this purpose. In particular, codes based on Monte Carlo techniques have ·been developed that provide a realistic description of track-structure produced by charged particles. In addition, the codes have become sufficiently sophisticated so that it is now possible to calculate the spatial and temporal distribution of energy deposition patterns in small volumes of subnanometer and nanometer dimensions. These dimensions or resolution levels are relevant for our understanding of mechanisms at the molecular level by which radiations affect biological systems. Since the Monte Carlo track structure codes for use in radiation chemistry and radiation biology are still in the developmental stage, a number of investigators have been exploring different strategies for improving these codes.

Monte Carlo Methods Volume 1

RADIATION TRANSPORT AS A STOCHASTIC PROCESS The transport of
radiation is a natural stochastic process that is amenable to Monte Carlo
modeling . To do so , it is not necessary even to write down the equations that are
actually ...

Monte Carlo Methods  Volume 1

Author: Malvin H. Kalos

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN:

Page: 208

View: 408

This introduction to Monte Carlo Methods seeks to identify and study the unifying elements that underlie their effective application. It focuses on two basic themes. The first is the importance of random walks as they occur both in natural stochastic systems and in their relationship to integral and differential equations. The second theme is that of variance reduction in general and importance sampling in particular as a technique for efficient use of the methods. Random walks are introduced with an elementary example in which the modelling of radiation transport arises directly from a schematic probabilistic description of the interaction of radiation with matter. Building on that example, the relationship between random walks and integral equations is outlined. The applicability of these ideas to other problems is shown by a clear and elementary introduction to the solution of the Schrodinger equation by random walks. The detailed discussion of variance reduction includes Monte Carlo evaluation of finite-dimensional integrals. Special attention is given to importance sampling, partly because of its intrinsic interest in quadrature, partly because of its general usefulness in the solution of integral equations. One significant feature is that Monte Carlo Methods treats the "Metropolis algorithm" in the context of sampling methods, clearly distinguishing it from importance sampling. Physicists, chemists, statisticians, mathematicians, and computer scientists will find Monte Carlo Methods a complete and stimulating introduction.

Exploring Monte Carlo Methods

This book provides the basic detail necessary to learn how to apply Monte Carlo methods and thus should be useful as a text book for undergraduate or graduate courses in numerical methods.

Exploring Monte Carlo Methods

Author: William L. Dunn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080930619

Page: 398

View: 427

Exploring Monte Carlo Methods is a basic text that describes the numerical methods that have come to be known as "Monte Carlo." The book treats the subject generically through the first eight chapters and, thus, should be of use to anyone who wants to learn to use Monte Carlo. The next two chapters focus on applications in nuclear engineering, which are illustrative of uses in other fields. Five appendices are included, which provide useful information on probability distributions, general-purpose Monte Carlo codes for radiation transport, and other matters. The famous "Buffon’s needle problem" provides a unifying theme as it is repeatedly used to illustrate many features of Monte Carlo methods. This book provides the basic detail necessary to learn how to apply Monte Carlo methods and thus should be useful as a text book for undergraduate or graduate courses in numerical methods. It is written so that interested readers with only an understanding of calculus and differential equations can learn Monte Carlo on their own. Coverage of topics such as variance reduction, pseudo-random number generation, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inverse Monte Carlo, and linear operator equations will make the book useful even to experienced Monte Carlo practitioners. Provides a concise treatment of generic Monte Carlo methods Proofs for each chapter Appendixes include Certain mathematical functions; Bose Einstein functions, Fermi Dirac functions, Watson functions