Neuroarchitectural intuition subliminally and wickedly combined and transferred
interwoven concepts to emerge in design vignettes enacting spatio-cognitive
mechanisms of boundaries, directionality, grids, place A Word from 1 Editor Neil ...
Author: Ian Ritchie
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Applying the insights of neuroscience to architecture has the potential to deliver buildings and spaces that measurably promote well-being and create healthier or more effective environments for specific activities. There is, however, a risk that neuroarchitecture will become just another buzzword, a passing architectural fashion or a marketing exercise just as 'eco', 'green' and 'sustainable' have become. This issue of AD offers the reader an alternative to 'neuro' sound-bites and exposes them to the thinking which led to the design of the Sainsbury Wellcome Centre for Neural Circuits and Behaviour (SWC), a pioneering medical research facility designed to foster collaboration between researchers. Multi award winning, the SWC was one of the first buildings in the world designed to take into account what has been learned about how the work space affects behaviour and is a highly effective building in which to work. Readers will gain a richer, deeper insight into the complex mental and existential aspects of architecture, design, and our many senses, how they interact and might interact in the future, and how that knowledge can be used to design more effective buildings and built environments.
The understanding of this principle forms the basis for the transfer of the results of recent neuroscientific research to architectural practice, as discussed in this book.
Publisher: Jovis Verlag
Architectural spaces are anchors for our memory. We find our place in the room by means of our sensory perception; the brain makes use of surfaces and spatial systems in order to organize the world we live in. Taking this principle as a given, this volume tracks what happens when the results of recent neuroscientific research are applied to architectural practice. In this volume, architectural theorist Christoph Metzger analyzes buildings designed by Alvar Aalto, Sou Fujimoto, Hugo Häring, Philip Johnson, Hermann Muthesius, Juhani Pallasmaa, James Stirling, Frank Lloyd Wright and Peter Zumthor in order to develop criteria for a modern, human-focused architecture that builds on neuroscientific knowledge. Neuroarchitecture links neuroscience, perception theory and Gestalt psychology, as well as music, art and architecture, in a holistic approach that focuses on the laws of structure formation and the movement of the individual within architectural space.
The problem is the ubiquitous danger of misuse and exploitation of such
psychotechnologies. And while all of the intentions of the neuroarchitects are
thoroughly humanistic in their outlook, aimed at the general improvement of
Author: Deborah Hauptmann
Publisher: 010 Publishers
"Cognitive Architecture" asks how evolving modalities--from bio-politics to "noo-politics"--can be mapped upon the city under contemporary conditions of urbanization and globalization. Noo-politics, most broadly understood as the power exerted over the life of the mind, reconfigures perception, memory and attention, and also implicates potential ways and means by which neurobiological architecture is undergoing reconfiguration. This volume, motivated by theories such as 'cognitive capitalism' and concepts such as 'neural plasticity, ' shows how architecture and urban processes and products commingle to form complex systems that produce novel forms of networks that empower the imagination and constitute the cultural landscape. This volume rethinks the relations between form and forms of communication, calling for a new logic of representation; it examines the manner in which information, with its non-hierarchical and distributed format is contributing both to the sculpting of brain and production of mind. "Cognitive Architecture" brings together renowned specialists in the areas of political and aesthetic philosophy, neuroscience, socio-cultural and architecture theory, visual and spatial theorists and practitioners.
HOW NEUROARCHITECTURE WORKS Neuroarchitecture is the name given to
a discipline that involves two sciences: neuroscience and architecture with the
purpose of analyzing the influence of physical environments on people's
Author: Ana Maria Rossi
According to the American Institute of Stress (AIS), job stress is far and away the primary source of stress for American adults. The relationship between job stress and heart attacks, hypertension, and other disorders is well understood. Further, the cost of job stress in the United States is estimated to be over $300 billion due to outcomes such as accidents, turnover, and lost productivity. Perhaps the most consistent findings connecting job stress to health outcomes confirm that employees who perceive a high level of job demands without the appropriate control over job demands are at an increased risk for cardiovascular disease. In Brazil, the loss is estimated at 3.5% of the gross domestic product per year. Occupational diseases are related to the activities performed by workers and to working conditions and can trigger new or worsen already existing symptoms. Proper diagnosis and relevant information are essential for managers and workers to become aware of stressors and to take efficient measures to manage stress. Although quality of life is the responsibility of every individual, companies will definitely be able to benefit from the implementation of preventive actions, thus avoiding to pay a high price as a result of absenteeism, sick leaves, and drops in productivity and low work quality. This book is designed to be an additional tool to provide information and to suggest ways to deal with pressures and work demands, because stress levels are still on the rise. We believe that through information – and here you will be able to find the experience and opinions of recognized professionals in this area – workers will be able to live better and more balanced lives.
Isolated hippocampal neurons in cryopreserved long - term cultures :
development of neuroarchitecture and sensitivity to NMDA . Int J Dev Neurosci
1988 ; 6 : 439 – 452 . 158 . Mattson MP , Kater SB . Intracellular messengers in
the generation ...
Author: Bo K. Siesjö
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
This volume provides an in-depth review of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in ischemic brain damage. The book features contributions from more than 100 leading international authorities in all relevant clinical and basic science disciplines. These experts synthesize the latest findings on molecular events that play a key role in neuronal cell death or in neuroprotection after ischemia. This volume is an essential resource for all physicians treating stroke and for researchers investigating the molecular pathology of ischemic brain damage. The book is also a valuable source of promising new ideas of pharmacologists developing anti-ischemic drugs for treatment of stroke.
Many architects credit John P. Eberhard, FAIA, with being the founder of another
new discipline, neuroarchitecture. A researcher, architect, and educator,
Eberhard is a serious student of neuroscience and describes its relationship to ...
Author: Gordon H. Chong
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The Power of Evidence to Create Design Excellence This practical, accessible book—for design professionals and students alike—is about design excellence and how to achieve it. The authors propose an evidence-based design approach that builds on design ingenuity with the use of research in ways that enhance opportunities to innovate. They show the power of research data to both reveal new design opportunities and convince stakeholders of the value of extraordinary work. A guide for all designers who want to earn their place as their clients' trusted advisor and who aspire to create places of beauty and purpose, the book demonstrates: An approach to applying evidence to design that neither turns designers into scientists nor requires large-firm resources The wide range of types of evidence that can be applicable to design and where to look for it Direct, practical application of the evidence-based design approaches in use today Provides tools to distinguish strong evidence that can improve design decisions from misleading assertions resulting from weak research Benefits of evidence-based design, including improved human and building performance Two featured case studies illustrate the theory and practice of evidence-based design. The work of the authors' 2005–2007 AIA College of Fellows Benjamin Latrobe Research Fellowship provided an empirical foundation for this book, and addresses the use of rigorous research methods to understand relationships between design choices and health outcomes. The California Academy of Sciences, designed by Renzo Piano Building Workshop, Chong Partners Architecture, and Arup, provides transparent evidence that enhances building technology performance in the context of a powerful design expression. In-depth interviews and case studies are clustered around three research categories: modeling, simulation, and data mining; social and behavioral science and the physical and natural sciences; and including cutting-edge use of neuroscience to understand human response to physical environments. The twenty-two featured thought leaders include: William Mitchell, MIT Media Lab; Fred Gage, Salk Institute; Phil Bernstein, Autodesk; Sheila Kennedy, Kennedy & Violich; James Timberlake, KieranTimberlake; William and Chris Sharples, SHoP Architects; Vivian Loftness, Carnegie Mellon University; John Zeisel, Hearthstone; Paco Underhill, Envirosell; Susan Ubbelohde and George Loisos, Loisos+Ubbelohde Architecture-Energy; Chris Luebkeman, Arup; Martin Fischer, Stanford University CIFE; and Kevin Powell, GSA.
Cellular signaling mechanisms common to the development and degeneration of
neuroarchitecture . A review . Mech . Aging Dev . 50 , 103 – 157 . Mattson , M . P .
, and Kater , S . B . ( 1989a ) . Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the ...
Author: Sandra E. Loughlin
Publisher: Academic Press
This volume clearly synthesizes current information on defined neurotrophic factors, emphasizing their localization and molecular/cellular function in the central nervous system. Brain development and aging, neurodegenerative disorders, plasticity, and memory all are closely examined within the context of this rapidly expanding field. Researchers in neurobiology, cell biology, and molecular biology will find Neurotrophic Factors an invaluable reference for their research libraries. Offers the most up-do-date synthesis of concepts on neurotrophic factors in the nervous system Integrates molecular, cellular, and neuroanatomical concepts of neurotrophic factor function Includes special chapters on primary, secondary, and tertiary messenger systems Examines brain development, differentiation, neurodegenerative disorders, and adult plasticity
The erable attention has recently been focused on intracellular hippocampi were
then rinsed once in BSS followed by a calcium as a key regulator of
neuroarchitecture ( see Ka - 5 - min incubation in a solution of 2 mg trypsin
inhibitor ter et al .
Author: Jean De Vellis
This informative work covers the embryology of the nervous system and examines the important questions and issues currently being debated by neuroembryologists. Contains extensive discussions of such topics as stimulation of oligodendrocyte differentiation in culture by growth in the presence of a monoclonal antibody to sulfated glycolipid; cell adhesion and neurite extension in response to two proteolytic fragments of laminin; and tissue plasminogen activator binding to cerebellar granule neurons.
Oxygen free radicals and brain dysfunction . Intern . J . Neurosci . 57 : 1 - 17 . 23 .
MATTSON , M . P . & S . B . Kater . 1988 . Isolated hippocampal neurons in
cryopreserved long - term cultures : Development of neuroarchitecture and
Author: Jan N. Johannessen
Coverage includes intracellular calcium and neuronal injury, altered protein function, altered gene expression and non-neuronal markers of neuronal injury. Poster papers are included on markers of neuronal degencration in vitro, markers of neuronal injury in vivo, markers of human neurological disorders, markers of metabolic damage, and altered gene expression in neuronal injury and degeneration.
Excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters in the generation and degeneration of
hippocampal neuroarchitecture . Brain Res . 478 : 337-348 . 15. Mattson , M. P.
1989. Acetylcholine potentiates glutamate - induced neurodegeneration in ...
Author: John F. Disterhoft
Calcium concentrations are tightly regulated in various neuronal and cellular compartments. The recognition that even very slight imbalances of calcium, when sustained over a long period of time, could lead by intraneuronal processes to cellular deterioration and death has led to the formulation of the calcium hypothesis of aging. Many of the leading scientists in this multidisciplinary field present their latest work in this volume, work that advances an understanding of the role of calcium in reviews range broadly from considerations of calcium channel functions at the molecular level to the role of altered calcium levels in behaviour.