New Software Engineering Paradigm Based on Complexity Science

The next century will be the century of complexity Stephen Hawking, January
2000 This chapter introduces the foundation for establishing NSE – complexity
science. Complexity science is the scientific study of nonlinear, dynamic, complex
 ...

New Software Engineering Paradigm Based on Complexity Science

Author: Jay Xiong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441973269

Page: 746

View: 648

This book describes a complete revolution in software engineering based on complexity science through the establishment of NSE – Nonlinear Software Engineering paradigm which complies with the essential principles of complexity science, including the Nonlinearity principle, the Holism principle, the Complexity Arises From Simple Rules principle, the Initial Condition Sensitivity principle, the Sensitivity to Change principle, the Dynamics principle, the Openness principle, the Self-organization principle, and the Self-adaptation principle. The aims of this book are to offer revolutionary solutions to solve the critical problems existing with the old-established software engineering paradigm based on linear thinking and simplistic science complied with the superposition principle, and make it possible tohelp software development organizations double their productivity, halve their cost, and remove 99% to 99.99% of the defects in their software products, and efficiently handle software complexity, conformity, visibility, and changeability. It covers almost all areas in software engineering. The tools NSE_CLICK- an automatic acceptance testing platform for outsourcing (or internally developed) C/C++ products, and NSE_CLICK_J - an automatic acceptance testing platform for outsourcing (or internally developed) Java products are particularly designed for non-technical readers to view/review how the acceptance testing of a software product developed with NSE can be performed automatically, and how the product developed with NSE is truly maintainable at the customer site.

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

After reviewing all of the chapters, trying to put them in a coherent order and then
getting them edited and organized (with the help of our excellent Research
Assistant, Nicola Mathie), what have we learned about the 'state of complexity
and ...

Handbook on Complexity and Public Policy

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782549528

Page: 496

View: 109

'Over recent years Complexity Science has revealed to us new limits to our possible knowledge and control in social, cultural and economic systems. Instead of supposing that past statistics and patterns will give us predictable outcomes for possible actions, we now know the world is, and will always be, creative and surprising. Continuous structural evolution within such systems may change the mechanisms, descriptors, problems and opportunities, often negating policy aims. We therefore need to redevelop our thinking about interventions, policies and policy making, moving perhaps to a humbler, more 'learning' approach. In this Handbook, leading thinkers in multiple domains set out these new ideas and allow us to understand how these new ideas are changing policymaking and policies in this new era.' - Peter M Allen, Cranfield University, UK

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

When we began this project almost four years ago, the idea of editing a book on
complexity thinking in physical education seemed somewhat far-fetched. While
complexity was not a particularly new concept in the broader sciences and educa
- ...

Complexity Thinking in Physical Education

Author: Tim Hopper

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415507219

Page: 217

View: 333

This title focuses on complexity thinking in the context of physical education, enabling fresh ways of thinking about research, teaching, curriculum and learning. Written by a team of leading international physical education scholars, the book highlights how the considerable theoretical promise of complexity can be reflected in the actual policies, pedagogies and practices of physical education.

Complexity

3.1 Introduction: A Functional View of Complexity This chapter is a treatise on the
fundamental principles of the complexity theory presented in this book. The
concepts and theory presented in this chapter form the foundation for the
subsequent ...

Complexity

Author: Nam P. Suh

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195178769

Page: 300

View: 382

Nam P. Suh focussed his axiomatic design theories on methods to understand and deal with complexity. Suh is a well-respected designer and researcher in the fields of manufacturing and composite materials. He is best known for his systems that aim to speed up and simplify the process of design for manufacturing. The 'axioms' in axiomatic design refer to a process to help engineers reduce design specifications down to their simplest components, so that the engineers can produce the simplest possible solution to a problem. Complexity, besides being a key area of burgeoning research in disciplines interested in complex systems and chaos theory (like computer science and physics), is a complicating factor in engineering design that many engineers find difficult to overcome. Suh's multidisciplinary exploration of complex systems is meant to eliminate much of the confusion and allow engineers to accommodate complexity within simple, elegant design solutions.

Complexity A Very Short Introduction

It came as a surprise when Oxford University Press approached me to write a
Very Short Introduction on complexity, and at first I was quite reluctant. I had just
finished a book on complexity, aimed at a science-oriented audience, and
revisiting ...

Complexity  A Very Short Introduction

Author: John H. Holland

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191639540

Page: 152

View: 378

The importance of complexity is well-captured by Hawking's comment: "Complexity is the science of the 21st century". From the movement of flocks of birds to the Internet, environmental sustainability, and market regulation, the study and understanding of complex non-linear systems has become highly influential over the last 30 years. In this Very Short Introduction, one of the leading figures in the field, John Holland, introduces the key elements and conceptual framework of complexity. From complex physical systems such as fluid flow and the difficulties of predicting weather, to complex adaptive systems such as the highly diverse and interdependent ecosystems of rainforests, he combines simple, well-known examples — Adam Smith's pin factory, Darwin's comet orchid, and Simon's 'watchmaker' — with an account of the approaches, involving agents and urn models, taken by complexity theory. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Complexity Hints for Economic Policy

'Complexity' ideas are becoming a hot issue in economics. Originally developed
within the natural sciences, complexity theory is now believed by many to be a
novel and powerful framework of thought, capable of challenging the
fundamental ...

Complexity Hints for Economic Policy

Author: Massimo Salzano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8847005345

Page: 311

View: 341

This book considers the benefits of complexity, suggesting that economists should become a bit less certain in their policy conclusions. A broader range of models would include agent-based models, which use computational power to deal with specification of models that are far beyond analytic solution; and non-linear dynamic stochastic models, many of which are beyond analytic solution, but whose nature can be discovered by a combination of analytics and computer simulations.

Complexity Perspectives on Language Communication and Society

Complexity enables us to address objects of study by exploring their processes,
changes and continuities. When we speak of complexity theory, we draw on a)
Maturana and Varela's systemic theory of cognition (in which cognition includes ...

Complexity Perspectives on Language  Communication and Society

Author: Àngels Massip-Bonet

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642328172

Page: 256

View: 420

The “language-communication-society” triangle defies traditional scientific approaches. Rather, it is a phenomenon that calls for an integration of complex, transdisciplinary perspectives, if we are to make any progress in understanding how it works. The highly diverse agents in play are not merely cognitive and/or cultural, but also emotional and behavioural in their specificity. Indeed, the effort may require building a theoretical and methodological body of knowledge that can effectively convey the characteristic properties of phenomena in human terms. New complexity approaches allow us to rethink our limited and mechanistic images of human societies and create more appropriate emo-cognitive dynamic and holistic models. We have to enter into dialogue with the complexity views coming out of other more ‘material’ sciences, but we also need to take steps in the linguistic and psycho-sociological fields towards creating perspectives and concepts better fitted to human characteristics. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society. Our understanding of complexity is different – but not opposed – to the one that is more commonly found in texts written by people working in physics or computer science, for example. The goal of this book is to extend the knowledge of these other more ‘human’ or socially oriented perspectives on complexity, taking account of the language and communication singularities of human agents in society.

Knowledge Management Organizational Intelligence And Learning And Complexity Volume II

The Implications of Complexity - Goldstein J., Uri Merry 2. The Rise of Complexity
Theory “...in the face of complexity, an in-principle reductionist may be at the
same time a pragmatic holist”. Herbert Simon Developments in the sciences and
 ...

Knowledge Management  Organizational Intelligence And Learning  And Complexity   Volume II

Author: L. Douglas Kiel

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 190583912X

Page: 296

View: 583

Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity is the component of Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Knowledge Management, Organizational Intelligence and Learning, and Complexity in the Encyclopedia of Technology, Information, and Systems Management Resources provides the latest scientific insights into the evolution of complexity in both the natural and social realms. Emerging perspectives from the fields of knowledge management, computer-based simulation and the organizational sciences are presented as tools for understanding and supporting this evolving complexity and the earth's life support systems. These three volumes are aimed at the following a wide spectrum of audiences from the merely curious to those seeking in-depth knowledge: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems

Then, after World War II, research on complexity was associated to the notions of '
information', 'feedback', 'cybernetics' and 'general systems.' Finally, current work
on the topic mainly focuses on the ideas of 'chaos', 'adaptive systems', 'genetic ...

AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems

Author: Pompeu Casanovas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642165230

Page: 243

View: 892

The inspiring idea of this workshop series, Artificial Intelligence Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems (AICOL), is to develop models of legal knowledge, concerning organization, structure and content, in order to promote mutual understanding and communication between different systems and cultures. Complexity and complex systems describe recent developments in AI and law, legal theory, argumentation, the Semantic Web, and multi-agent systems. The aim of the AICOL workshops is thus to offer effective support for the exchange of knowledge and methodological approaches between scholars from different scientific fields, by highlighting their similarities and differences. The comparison of multiple formal approaches to the law (such as logical models, cognitive theories, argumentation frameworks, graph theory, game theory), as well as opposite perspectives like internal and the external viewpoints, this volume stresses possible convergences, as, for instance, are possible in the realms of conceptual structures, argumentation schemes, emergent behaviors, learning evolution, adaptation, and simulation. This volume assembles 15 thoroughly refereed and revised papers, selected from two workshops organized at the XXIV World Congress of Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy (IVR, Beijing, China, September 15-20, 2009) and at JURIX-09 (December 16-19, 2009, Rotterdam). The papers are organized in topical sections on language and complex systems in law, ontologies and the representation of legal knowledge, argumentation and logics, as well as dialogue and legal multimedia.

Complexity and Planning

In PartIwe commence with theoretical reflections on complexity andplanning
inorderto identify andunderstand the basic relationship between complexity
theories andplanning theory andpractice. PartII builds on thefirst, considering
complex ...

Complexity and Planning

Author: Professor Gert de Roo

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409456366

Page: 462

View: 637

Complexity, complex systems and complexity theories are becoming increasingly important within a variety disciplines. While these issues are less well known within the discipline of spatial planning, there has been a recent growing awareness and interest. As planners grapple with how to consider the vagaries of the real world when putting together proposals for future development, they question how complexity, complex systems and complexity theories might prove useful with regard to spatial planning and the physical environment. This book provides a readable overview, presenting and relating a range of understandings and characteristics of complexity and complex systems as they are relevant to planning. It recognizes multiple, relational approaches of dynamic complexity which enhance understandings of, and facilitate working with, contingencies of place, time and the various participants' behaviours. In doing so, it should contribute to a better understanding of processes with regard to our physical and social worlds.

Softwar

3 THE WAR ON COMPLEXITY Larry Ellison says he's happy only when everyone
else thinks he's wrong, when he's "walking way out to the end of the limb and
then jumping up and down." I don't think that's bravado. The core of his business
 ...

Softwar

Author: Matthew Symonds

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1439127581

Page: 528

View: 870

In a business where great risks, huge fortunes, and even bigger egos are common, Larry Ellison stands out as one of the most outspoken, driven, and daring leaders of the software industry. The company he cofounded and runs, Oracle, is the number one business software company: perhaps even more than Microsoft's, Oracle's products are essential to today's networked world. But Oracle is as controversial as it is influential, as feared as it is revered, thanks in large part to Larry Ellison. Though Oracle is one of the world's most valuable and profitable companies, Ellison is not afraid to suddenly change course and reinvent Oracle in the pursuit of new and ever more ambitious goals. Softwar examines the results of these shifts in strategy and the forces that drive Ellison relentlessly on. In Softwar, journalist Matthew Symonds gives readers an exclusive and intimate insight into both Oracle and the man who made it and runs it. As well as relating the story of Oracle's often bumpy path to industry dominance, Symonds deals with the private side of Ellison's life. From Ellison's troubled upbringing by adoptive parents and his lifelong search for emotional security to the challenges and opportunities that have come with unimaginable wealth, Softwar gets inside the skin of a fascinating and complicated human being. With unlimited insider access granted by Ellison himself, Symonds captures the intensity and, some would say, the recklessness that have made Ellison a legend. The result of more than a hundred hours of interviews and many months spent with Ellison, Softwar is the most complete portrait undertaken of the man and his empire -- a unique and gripping account of both the way the computing industry really works and an extraordinary life. Despite his closeness to Ellison, Matthew Symonds is a candid and at times highly critical observer. And in perhaps the book's most unusual feature, Ellison responds to Symonds's portrayal in the form of a running footnoted commentary. The result is one of the most fascinating business stories of all time.

The Complexity Paradox

can complexity theory shape or guide public health programs when causal
factors may be difficult if not impossible to identify? I discuss these and related
questions as problems of complexity that require systemwide solutions rather
than ...

The Complexity Paradox

Author: Kenneth Mossman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199330360

Page: 240

View: 593

Living systems exhibit a fundamental contradiction: they are highly stable and reliable, yet they have the capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. This paradoxical behavior arises from the complexity of life--a high degree of order and cooperation that emerges from relatively simple interactions among cellular components. The Complexity Paradox proposes inventive, interdisciplinary approaches to maintaining health and managing and preventing disease by considering the totality of human biology, from the cellular level on up to entire populations of individuals. From the perspective of complexity, which acknowledges that there are limits to what we can know, Kenneth L. Mossman opens the door to understanding essential life processes in new and extraordinary ways. By tying together evolution, functional dynamics, and investigations into how the body processes energy and uses genetic information, Mossman's analysis expresses a unified theory of biology that fills a critical niche for future research in biology, medicine, and public health.

Complexity and the Economy

W. BRIAN ARTHUR This essay summarizes my thinking on complexity and the
economy in 1999. It is a precursor to (and heavily overlaps) the introductory
chapter of this volume, but I include it here because it introduces the term “
complexity ...

Complexity and the Economy

Author: W. Brian Arthur

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199334293

Page: 211

View: 129

A collection of previous published papers by the author on the subject of complexity economics, appearing from the 1980s to the present.

Complexity Theory in Public Administration

“A Critical Discussion of Complexity Theory: How Does 'Complexity Thinking'
Improve Our Understanding of Politics and Policy Making?” Complexity,
Governance and Networks 3 (2): 1–11. doi:10.20377/cgn-56. Cilliers, P. 1998.
Complexity ...

Complexity Theory in Public Administration

Author: Elizabeth Anne Eppel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1000576825

Page: 162

View: 696

This book reframes theoretical, methodological and practical approaches to public administration by drawing on complexity theory concepts. It aims to provide alternative perspectives on the theory, research and practice of public administration, avoiding assumptions of traditional theory-building. The contributors explain both how ongoing non-linear interactions result in macro patterns becoming established in a complexity-informed world view, and the implications of these dynamics. Complexity theory explains the way in which many repeated non-linear interactions among elements within a whole can result in processes and patterns emerging without design or direction, thus necessitating a reconsideration of the predictability and controllability of many aspects of public administration. As well as illustrating how complexity theory informs new research methods for studying this field, the book also shines a light on the different practices required of public administrators to cope with the complexity encountered in the public policy and public management fields. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Public Management Review journal.

Knowledge Complexity and Innovation Systems

complexity , and economic evolution . For example , he realised that macroscopic
order can emerge from situations where numerous agents interact , even with
changing patterns of interactions between them . Furthermore , he understood
that ...

Knowledge  Complexity and Innovation Systems

Author: Manfred M. Fischer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540419693

Page: 477

View: 989

The book addresses the relationship between knowledge, complexity and innovation systems. It integrates research findings from a broad area including economics, business studies, management studies, geography, mathematics and science & technology contributions from a wide range group of international experts. In particular, it offers insights about knowledge creation and spillovers, innovation and learning systems, innovation diffusion processes and innovation policies. The contributions provide an excellent coverage of current conceptual and theoretical developments and valuable insights from both empirical and conceptual work. The reader gets an overview about the state of the art of the role of innovation systems and knowledge creation and diffusion in geographical space.

Communication Complexity and Parallel Computing

In the previous two chapters we have shown several applications of
communication complexity for proving lower bounds on parallel complexity
measures. In this chapter we have chosen some examples illustrating the power
of communication ...

Communication Complexity and Parallel Computing

Author: Juraj Hromkovič

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540574590

Page: 336

View: 816

The communication complexity of two-party protocols is an only 15 years old complexity measure, but it is already considered to be one of the fundamen tal complexity measures of recent complexity theory. Similarly to Kolmogorov complexity in the theory of sequential computations, communication complex ity is used as a method for the study of the complexity of concrete computing problems in parallel information processing. Especially, it is applied to prove lower bounds that say what computer resources (time, hardware, memory size) are necessary to compute the given task. Besides the estimation of the compu tational difficulty of computing problems the proved lower bounds are useful for proving the optimality of algorithms that are already designed. In some cases the knowledge about the communication complexity of a given problem may be even helpful in searching for efficient algorithms to this problem. The study of communication complexity becomes a well-defined indepen dent area of complexity theory. In addition to a strong relation to several funda mental complexity measures (and so to several fundamental problems of com plexity theory) communication complexity has contributed to the study and to the understanding of the nature of determinism, nondeterminism, and random ness in algorithmics. There already exists a non-trivial mathematical machinery to handle the communication complexity of concrete computing problems, which gives a hope that the approach based on communication complexity will be in strumental in the study of several central open problems of recent complexity theory.

Complexity Science and Society

The final article [9] provided insights into how complexity science can be used to
promote education and training of healthcare professionals through which to
encourage a consideration of wider issues when making clinical judgements.

Complexity  Science and Society

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 184619203X

Page: 176

View: 566

'The following sections are a very good representation of the core developments of complexity thinking in a number of major fields. Our intention is to provide an accessible interdisciplinary introduction to the wonderful intellectual breadth that complexity can offer.' - Jan Bogg and Robert Geyer in the Introduction. Complexity is a new and exciting interdisciplinary approach to science and society that challenges traditional academic divisions, frameworks and paradigms. This book helps the expert, student or policy practitioner have a better understanding of the enormous potential of complexity, and how it relates to their particular area of interest or expertise. It provides excellent representations of the core developments of complexity thinking in a number of major fields. "Complexity, Science and Society" brings together an unrivalled selection of new applications of complexity from leading experts across subjects including medicine and healthcare, education, public policy and social theory, ecology, philosophy, international politics, the arts, modelling and design, and others. Together they offer an unprecedented review of the latest developments. This book is an accessible interdisciplinary introduction to the wonderful intellectual breadth that complexity can offer.

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

WHITHER COMPLEXITY? What do we mean by 'complexity' when we discuss
computational models of human organizations? In part, the answer to this
question is the mission of this volume wherein many definitions and discussions
can be ...

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management

Author: Peter Allen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446209741

Page: 672

View: 806

The SAGE Handbook of Complexity and Management is the first substantive scholarly work to provide a map of the state of art research in the growing field emerging at the intersection of complexity science and management studies. Edited and written by internationally respected scholars from management and related disciplines, the Handbook will be the definitive reference source for understanding the implications of complexity science for management research and practice. Part One: Foundations introduces complexity science and its implications for the foundations of scientific knowledge, including management knowledge. Part Two: Applications presents the numerous ways in which complexity science models and tools, as well as complexity thinking, are being applied to management and organizational phenomena and the insights gained as a result. Part Three: Interfaces highlights how complexity science is transforming various non-management fields and, in so doing, creating exciting interfaces for bridging between management and related disciplines.

Complexity and Evolution of Dissipative Systems

We consider the problem of the emergence of complexity in dissipative systems
and chaos, stability and evolution for genetic networks. We investigate important
classes of dynamical systems generating complicated patterns and strange ...

Complexity and Evolution of Dissipative Systems

Author: Sergey Vakulenko

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110268280

Page: 311

View: 933

This book focuses on the dynamic complexity of neural, genetic networks, and reaction diffusion systems. The author shows that all robust attractors can be realized in dynamics of such systems. In particular, a positive solution of the Ruelle-Takens hypothesis for on chaos existence for large class of reaction-diffusion systems is given. The book considers viability problems for such systems - viability under extreme random perturbations - and discusses an interesting hypothesis of M. Gromov and A. Carbone on biological evolution. There appears a connection with the Kolmogorov complexity theory. As applications, transcription-factors-microRNA networks are considered, patterning in biology, a new approach to estimate the computational power of neural and genetic networks, social and economical networks, and a connection with the hard combinatorial problems.