Pain Management in Animals

This new, concise guide gives vets with all the information they need to choose the most appropriate pain medication for any clinical situation.

Pain Management in Animals

Author: P. A. Flecknell

Publisher: Saunders Limited

ISBN: 9780702017674

Page: 184

View: 563

An ever-increasing number of drugs are available to veterinarians for use in the control of pain. This new, concise guide gives vets with all the information they need to choose the most appropriate pain medication for any clinical situation. Introductory chapters explain the physiology of pain and the pharmacology of analgesics, and are followed by detailed chapters on management of acute and post-operative pain and chronic pain, the problems of pain management and pain assessment. Written by an international team of veterinary pain management experts, Pain Management in Animals provides vets with all the information they need to provide good pain control in all their patients.

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets

Emerging area of pain management is covered as well as anesthesia Greene one of the major authorities on pain management Proven Secrets format makes this a unique offering

Veterinary Anesthesia and Pain Management Secrets

Author: Stephen A. Greene

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781560534426

Page: 384

View: 965

The highly popular Secrets Series® presents an important new resource for veterinarians in this comprehensive, yet focused, coverage of one of the most important and fastest-emerging specialties in veterinary medicine. Among the topics covered are Patient Management, Preparation, Pharmacology, Monitoring, Anesthetic Complications, Anesthesia and Systemic Disease, Special Anesthetic Considerations, Regional Anesthesia, and Pain Management for Small Animals. Emerging area of pain management is covered as well as anesthesia Greene one of the major authorities on pain management Proven Secrets format makes this a unique offering

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management

With a focus on veterinary pain management, this practical, quick-reference handbook provides an overview of pain and analgesic issues in small animals and horses.

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management

Author: James S. Gaynor

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780323013284

Page: 479

View: 436

With a focus on veterinary pain management, this practical, quick-reference handbook provides an overview of pain and analgesic issues in small animals and horses. Clear explanations and descriptions are incorporated in an easy-to-use outline format, with visual diagrams for local and regional anesthetic techniques.

Pain Management in Veterinary Practice

Encompassing acute, adaptive, and chronic, maladaptive pain, the book provides an up-to-date review of the physiology and pathophysiology of pain.

Pain Management in Veterinary Practice

Author: Christine M. Egger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111876160X

Page: 464

View: 240

Pain Management in Veterinary Practice provides veterinary practitioners with the information needed to recognize and manage pain in a wide range of large, small, and exotic animal species. Encompassing acute, adaptive, and chronic, maladaptive pain, the book provides an up-to-date review of the physiology and pathophysiology of pain. Pain Management in Veterinary Practice offers specific strategies for addressing pain in animals, including local and regional analgesia, continuous rate infusions, and novel methods of analgesic drug delivery. With comprehensive information on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of analgesic drugs, the book goes beyond pharmaceutical options to incorporate scientific information on techniques for complementary treatment, including physical therapy, acupuncture, chiropractic techniques, and nutritional strategies. Pain Management in Veterinary Practice is a valuable resource for developing pain management protocols in the veterinary clinic.

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals

Personal Experiences with Clinical Pain Management, Study Design, Mitigation
of Scientific Confounders, and ... EXPERIMENTAL EFFECTS ON ANIMALS
Animal models of human disease and physiology are becoming exceedingly
complex.

Definition of Pain and Distress and Reporting Requirements for Laboratory Animals

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309072913

Page: 131

View: 445

In this first in a proposed series of workshops on regulatory issues in animal care and use, the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) has addressed the existing and proposed requirements for reporting pain and distress in laboratory animals. The Animal Welfare Act, administered by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), mandates that pain and distress in laboratory animals be minimized. USDA is considering two policy changes with regard to this specific mandate. Firstly, since there has been no functional definition of "distress," USDA has prepared such a definition and requested feedback from the scientific community on its usefulness for regulatory and reporting requirements. The second issue concerns the pain and distress categorization scheme for reporting to USDA. Various groups and individuals have questioned the efficacy of the current categories, and specific changes have been proposed by the Humane Society of the United States. USDA is considering these and other potential changes to the existing scheme. Thus, given these potential changes to animal welfare policy, the aim of the ILAR/NIH joint workshop was to provide feedback to the USDA. The speakers were asked to address these two issues as well as to comment upon whether the information contained in the 1992 ILAR report Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals is still useful to investigators in assisting them to comply with regulations. The speakers provided perspectives based on their individual expertise in the areas of science of pain and distress, animal welfare policy, protocol review, and/or as representatives of relevant organizations or institutions. The following proceedings are an edited transcript of their presentations.

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management E Book

You can trust this user-friendly guide to help you meet the increasing need for effective pain management in the animals you treat.

Handbook of Veterinary Pain Management   E Book

Author: James S. Gaynor

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323062903

Page: 672

View: 266

You can trust this user-friendly guide to help you meet the increasing need for effective pain management in the animals you treat. It provides instant access to clinically relevant information on pain assessment, pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatment options, guidelines for managing acute and chronic pain, and unique aspects of pain management in dogs, cats, horses, cattle, birds, reptiles, ferrets, and rabbits. User-friendly format helps you quickly and easily find essential pain management information. Helpful boxes and tables provide at-a-glance access to pharmacologic protocols and clinical applications, including dosages, indications, contraindications, and side effects. Complementary and alternative treatment strategies are included throughout to assist you in using the latest non-pharmacological pain interventions. Case studies clearly illustrate the practical applications of key concepts in the clinical setting and help you sharpen your pain assessment and management skills. New contributors — many of the most respected experts in the field — share their insights and experiences to bring you the most current thinking in this ever-changing discipline. Completely revised and updated content throughout ensures you are using the best and most current information available on analgesic drugs and pain management techniques. An expanded chapter on Pain Management in Horses and Cattle explores the latest advances in treating this group of animals. Eight new chapters offer cutting-edge coverage of hot topics in the field, including: Pain Management in the Cat Pain Management for the Pet Bird Clinical Approaches to Analgesia in Reptiles Clinical Approaches to Analgesia in Ferrets and Rabbits Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation in Dogs Rehabilitation Methods and Modalities for the Cat Quality of Life Issues Hospice and Palliative Care

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals

This book aims to educate laboratory animal veterinarians; students, researchers and investigators; Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee members; and animal care staff and animal welfare officers on the current scientific and ethical ...

Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030912834X

Page: 198

View: 973

The use of animals in research adheres to scientific and ethical principles that promote humane care and practice. Scientific advances in our understanding of animal physiology and behavior often require theories to be revised and standards of practice to be updated to improve laboratory animal welfare. Recognition and Alleviation of Pain in Laboratory Animals, the second of two reports revising the 1992 publication Recognition and Alleviation of Pain and Distress in Laboratory Animals from the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR), focuses on pain experienced by animals used in research. This book aims to educate laboratory animal veterinarians; students, researchers and investigators; Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee members; and animal care staff and animal welfare officers on the current scientific and ethical issues associated with pain in laboratory animals. It evaluates pertinent scientific literature to generate practical and pragmatic guidelines for recognizing and alleviating pain in laboratory animals, focusing specifically on the following areas: physiology of pain in commonly used laboratory species; pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic principles to control pain; identification of humane endpoints; and principles for minimizing pain associated with experimental procedures. Finally, the report identifies areas in which further scientific investigation is needed to improve laboratory animal welfare.

Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians E Book

Glossary at the end of the text provides you with accurate, concise definitions. Evolve site provides you with additional interactive assets that reinforce what you learn in the text. NEW!

Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians   E Book

Author: John Thomas

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 032335601X

Page: 456

View: 565

Covering essential principles of anesthesia administration and pain management in small and large animals, Anesthesia and Analgesia for Veterinary Technicians, 5th Edition is completely updated with the latest drugs and techniques. This entry-level practical resource prepares you to properly administer anesthesia with the most up-to-date information on pre-anesthetic preparation of the patient, induction procedures, monitoring animals’ vital signs during the anesthetic period, and postoperative care. Dive into interesting discussions of actions and side effects of anesthetic agents; the physiology of respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure; emergency response; anesthetic equipment; and specialized techniques — and take a more integrated approach to learning techniques for anesthesia administration with the text’s expertly illustrated step-by-step procedures. Comprehensive coverage of lab animals and large and small animals makes this an excellent resource for veterinary students and technicians. Two large animal anesthesia chapters cover pain management and anesthetic techniques for equine, ruminant, camelid, and swine patients. Procedures boxes offer clear step-by-step guidelines, with sequential, high-quality color photos, for performing common procedures during each phase of an anesthetic event. Reference tables and boxes facilitate rapid access to information like fluid administration rates, properties of anesthetic drugs, oxygen flow rates, anesthetic protocols, and normal and abnormal monitoring parameters. Vet Tech Threads help you grasp key content and include pedagogical aids, such as: introductions, suggested readings, boxed Technician Notes, learning objectives, chapter outlines, key terms, and a glossary. Glossary at the end of the text provides you with accurate, concise definitions. Evolve site provides you with additional interactive assets that reinforce what you learn in the text. NEW! Updated drug information, equipment, and techniques keep you up-to-date on the latest advances in the field. NEW! Content on camelid anesthesia prepares you to properly treat llamas and alpacas.

Pain Management for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses

Chronic pain is a highly complex, poorly understood, and widely
underrecognized phenomenon in veterinary patients. Much of what is understood
about chronic pain and its treatment in companion animals has been derived and
adapted from ...

Pain Management for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses

Author: Mary Ellen Goldberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111855552X

Page: 440

View: 213

Pain Management for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses guides readers through the important concepts of animal pain management, providing specific approaches to managing pain in a wide variety of veterinary conditions. Emphasizing the technician's role in advocating for the patient, the book equips technicians with the knowledge needed to manage pain in dogs, cats, horses, livestock, exotics, and zoo animals. Logically and comprehensively covering this difficult subject, Pain Management for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses provides both introductory material on the tenets of pain management and specific techniques to apply in the clinical setting. With information on recognizing and understanding pain, the physiology of pain, pharmacology, and analgesia in different settings, the book outlines how to practice good pain management as an integral part of nursing care. Pain Management for Veterinary Technicians and Nurses provides both basic and advanced information, allowing students, practicing veterinary technicians and nurses, and veterinary staff alike to take a more active role in pain management and develop a more thorough understanding of this complex subject.

Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management

They suggested that the differing levels of CCK peptide found with acute and
chronic treatment with morphine implied that ... When the animals were
pretreated with the specific CCK B receptor antagonist , L365,260 , in control
animals the ...

Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management

Author: Gary McCleane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780789028938

Page: 145

View: 785

Examine the strong evidence of this unrealized pain management tool Cholecystokinin (CCK), the regulatory peptide hormone found primarily in the gastrointestinal tract that works as a neurotransmitter throughout the nervous system, has been researched for years. CCK antagonists in conjunction with opioids are beginning to be seen as having possible major therapeutic benefits in pain management. Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management is an extensive examination that gathers the mounting compelling evidence into one comprehensive source. Here researchers, neuroscientists, physicians, and pharmacy professionals are given the research and findings they need to explore the possible applications of CCK antagonists for a variety of illnesses. Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management extensively describes opioids in pain management, CCK and the body’s uses for the chemical, CCK receptor antagonists, and the evidence that points to its being a possible breakthrough application in pain management. Various animal studies are offered that present a convincing view of what may be the future of chronic pain management, with less side effects and a reduction in analgesic tolerance than when opioids are used alone. Potential uses of CCK antagonists are clearly discussed. The book is comprehensively referenced and provides several tables and graphs to fully illustrate the research findings. Topics in Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management include: in vivo localization of CCK CCK as a gut and nervous system peptide factors that increase CCK anti-opioid effects CCK receptor antagonists pro-analgesic effect of CCK antagonists CCK antagonists reducing analgesic tolerance to opioids safety of combining opioids and CCK antagonists human clinical application of CCK antagonists Cholecystokinin and Its Antagonists in Pain Management is a crucial source of the latest information and research results on CCK that is certain to be important for neuroscientists, clinicians, and pharmaceutical industry professionals.

Small Animal Critical Care Medicine E Book

In Flecknell P, Waterman-Pearson A, editors: Pain management in animals,
Philadelphia, 2000, Saunders. Chapter 165 An easily read text that details
methods to achieve analgesia. Discusses pain and its treatment in a variety of
species.

Small Animal Critical Care Medicine   E Book

Author: Deborah Silverstein

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1416069267

Page: 1000

View: 762

Small Animal Critical Care Medicine is a comprehensive, concise guide to critical care, encompassing not only triage and stabilization, but also the entire course of care during the acute medical crisis and high-risk period. This clinically oriented manual assists practitioners in providing the highest standard of care for ICU patients. More than 150 recognized experts offer in-depth, authoritative guidance on clinical situations from a variety of perspectives. Consistent, user-friendly format ensures immediate access to essential information. Organ-system, problem-based approach incorporates only clinically relevant details. Features state-of-the-art invasive and non-invasive diagnostic and monitoring procedures, as well as an extensive section on pharmacology. Appendices provide conversion tables, continuous rate infusion determinations, reference ranges, and more.

Clinical Pain Management Acute Pain

... wounded compared with control animals three and six weeks later.40 In
addition, marked peripheral hyperinnervation occurs ... different forms of
peripheral nerve injury have been used to investigate the pathophysiology of
neuropathic pain.

Clinical Pain Management   Acute Pain

Author:

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429586140

Page: 632

View: 180

Acute Pain brings coverage of this diverse area together in a single comprehensive clinical reference, from the basic mechanisms underlying the development of acute pain, to the various treatments that can be applied to control it in different clinical settings. Much expanded in this second edition, the volume reflects the huge advances that contin

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management

Evaluating dietary components for researchconfounding problems (e.g.,
phytoestrogens) – Using animals free of deleterious infectious and commensal
agents • Minimizing the use of control animals • Using optimal or targeted animal
models ...

Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management

Author: Cholawat Pacharinsak

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315356597

Page: 198

View: 266

Key features: Presents practical information in easily accessible ‘bullet point’ format Covers anesthetic machine and related equipment, anesthetic management and monitoring, anesthesia and analgesia pharmacology, euthanasia, and record keeping Written by well-recognized experts in the laboratory animal community Provides extensive references to direct the reader to sources for further study of alternative techniques and their procedures Concludes with a thorough chapter on Regulatory Management of Rodent Anesthesia which has global application Rodents are the most commonly used species in biomedical research. Individuals conducting rodent research are often responsible to ensure that all areas of anesthesia and analgesia are performed humanely. Anesthetic agent selection, anesthetic monitoring, and postoperative pain assessment and management are essential to the institutional animal care and use program and contribute significantly to the 3Rs by reducing pain and/or distress and refining various procedures. The Handbook of Laboratory Animal Anesthesia and Pain Management: Rodents is the first book to capture multiple advances in this important area that greatly impacts various experimental methodologies. Richly illustrated in full color, the book serves as a quick reference source for investigators, veterinarians, technicians, and other animal caretakers charged with the care and use of rodents in a research setting. The unique format of this book also makes it extremely valuable to IACUC members, institutional officials, and occupational health and safety professionals.

What Animals Want

hours attending to animals overnight after surgery, rather than leaving them
quietly unattended. ... With effective duration of actions of only two to four hours,
serious attention to pain management would become a roundtheclock pastime ...

What Animals Want

Author: Larry Carbone

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199882991

Page: 304

View: 351

Larry Carbone, a veterinarian who is in charge of the lab animal welfare assurance program at a major research university, presents this scholarly history of animal rights. Biomedical researchers, and the less fanatical among the animal rights activists will find this book reasonable, humane, and novel in its perspective. It brings a novel, sociological perspective to an area that has been addressed largely from a philosophical perspective, or from the entrenched positions of highly committed advocates of a particular position in the debate.

Pain Management in Small Animal Medicine

The assessment of cancer pain in animals is particularly challenging, and few
reports have been made in this area. Yazbek and Fontana28 suggest that a
simple questionnaire may be useful in assessing health-related quality of life (
QOL) in ...

Pain Management in Small Animal Medicine

Author: Steven M Fox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1840761830

Page: 416

View: 465

Pain Management in Small Animal Medicine describes and clearly illustrates the difficulties and choices facing veterinarians in identifying and treating pain, in addition to providing an account of the neurobiological mechanisms responsible for the pain. Expanded from the author’s previous work, Chronic Pain in Small Animal Medicine, this volume uses the original text to illustrate the core theme of "mechanism base" and expands the text considerably with the inclusion of areas beyond chronic pain. Topics include: Pain assessment in small animal medicine The functional physiology of pain The use of pharmacologics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Nutraceutical mechanisms and therapy Management of pain related to canine osteoarthritis, musculoskeletal disease, and cancer Pain management features unique to cats Emphasizing the latest evidence and contemporary understanding of "why" and "how" to treat pain, the book will enable veterinary healthcare professionals as well as those in training, education, and research to develop a greater depth of knowledge in mechanisms of pain and potential targets for treatment— thereby raising the standard of care for pain management.

Compact Clinical Guide to Geriatric Pain Management

... erapy 191 managing pain when poststroke patients exercised to strengthen the
upper body (Kim & Koh, 2005). PET VISITATION AND ANIMAL ASSISTED
THERAPY At least since the late 18th century, animals have been used for
therapy in ...

Compact Clinical Guide to Geriatric Pain Management

Author: Patricia Bruckenthal, RN, PhD, APRN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107311

Page: 460

View: 171

"The care of older adults suffering with pain is a difficult task that calls for understanding as well as compassion. Dr. Quinlan-Colwell has written an excellent book that deals with every facet of the problems that are encountered by caregivers....[This book] provides the reader with valuable knowledge that will diminish suffering and enrich the lives of people confronting new, often frightening, problems." From the Foreword by Ronald Melzack, PhD, FRSC Professor Emeritus McGill University "This is a well-written and concise book....Nurses and other healthcare professionals will certainly find this book a useful resource for understanding and managing geriatric pain."--Clinical Nurse Specialist Older adults can be especially susceptible to the debilitating effects of chronic pain, yet there are often barriers to successfully alleviating pain on the part of elderly patients and the health care professionals who treat them. This comprehensive guide to geriatric pain management provides the most current information available on assessment and treatment of pain in older adults. In a concise, reader-friendly format, the book provides techniques, tips, and tools for assessing pain and examines barriers to appropriate treatment. It addresses the physiological and psychosocial factors underlying the process and occurrence of pain and helps nurses to develop a comprehensive multimodal approach to pain management that includes pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions. The guide provides detailed coverage of medications commonly used for pain management, including all contraindications and side effects, so that nurses will be able to evaluate the best use of a medication in the context of comorbidities and sensitivities of each individual. Also addressed are chronic illnesses common to the elderly population, palliative and hospice care, treatment of concurrent depression and anxiety, treatment of cognitively impaired elderly, and techniques for assessment and intervention in cases of substance abuse. Key Features: Provides concise yet comprehensive information on assessment and treatment of geriatric pain Includes detailed coverage of a great variety of pain medications, including contraindications and side effects Explores barriers to appropriate treatment Covers chronic diseases of the elderly, palliative and hospice care, depression and anxiety, substance abuse, and treatment of cognitively impaired elderly Written by a highly respected practitioner and educator in geriatric pain management Includes case studies, handy tables, questions for reflection, and references for additional study

Pain Management and Anesthesiology

by evaluating the distribution of Fos-positive neurons in animals made tolerant to
morphine. To this end, we made rats tolerant to morphine and then monitored
Fos expression in the spinal cord before and after imposing a noxious stimulus ...

Pain Management and Anesthesiology

Author: M.A. Ashburn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401151458

Page: 312

View: 914

Pain Management and Anesthesiology contains the presentations made at the 43rd Annual Postgraduate Course in Anesthesiology sponsored by the University of Utah and held at Snowbird, Utah, USA, February 20-24, 1998. This volume addresses recent advances in the understanding of the basic science and clinical management of pain. The textbook includes sections on recent advances in the understanding of pain signal processing, as well as reviews of the clinical management of acute, chronic, cancer-related, and pediatric pain. In addition, this text includes a discussion of the behavioral assessment and treatment of the pain patient. This textbook is the sixteenth in a continuing series documenting the proceedings of the postgraduate course.

Year Book of Anesthesiology and Pain Management 2012 E Book

(a) Physiological parameters (PaO2 levels, PaCO2 levels, and blood pressure) of
unexposed and LPS-exposed mechanically ventilated animals treated with
saline, cAng-(1e7) or losartan. n = 6 per group. *p < 0.05 compared with animals
 ...

Year Book of Anesthesiology and Pain Management 2012   E Book

Author: David H. Chestnut

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323089569

Page: 448

View: 958

The Year Book of Anesthesiology and Pain Management brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in anesthesiology, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice. Topics included are: Anesthesia-Related Pharmacology and Toxicology, Anesthesia Techniques and Monitors, Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Pain Management, and Geriatric Medicine. The Year Book of Anesthesiology and Pain Management is published annually in June.

Analgesia An Issue of Veterinary Clinics Exotic Animal Practice E Book

Opiate self-administration as a measure of chronic nociceptive pain in arthritic
rats. Pain 2001;91:33–45. Livingston A, Chambers P. The physiology of pain. In:
Flecknell P, WatermanPearson A, editors. Pain management in animals. London:
 ...

Analgesia  An Issue of Veterinary Clinics  Exotic Animal Practice   E Book

Author: Joanne Paul-Murphy

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455709735

Page: 200

View: 446

This issue will explore the latest research and clinical information concerning analgesia of exotic pet species. The majority of the issue will cover the use of analgesics in pet birds, reptiles, rabbits, amphibians, fish, and small mammals. Other articles will cover cross species analgesimetry and pharmacokinetics, tramadol use in zoological medicine, clinical application of acupuncture in zoological companion animals, and physical therapy for zoological companion animals.