As I mentioned at the start of this chapter, the use of the case-control study is
rather restricted in palaeoepidemiology by the nature of the material with which
we have to deal, but that ought only to encourage the use of the method where it
Author: Tony Waldron
Publisher: Left Coast Press
A concise, readable introduction to epidemiology for archaeologists and primer on archaeological analysis for epidemiologists, the volume shows how to assess illness and mortality in archaeological populations.
[ 8 ] PALAEOEPIDEMIOLOGY AS A POSSIBLE INTERPRETATION OF
MULTIPLE CHILD BURIALS NEAR ZAPE Chico , DURANGO , Mexico Sheilagh
T . Brooks and Richard H . Brooks PALAEOPATHOLOGY is the study of the
occurrences of ...
Author: Carroll L. Riley
The Chichimec Sea is a metaphorical term for that large area of mountain, desert, and desiccated lake bed that covers much of northern Mexico and parts of the southwestern United States. Aboriginally—indeed, well into historic times—this large area was inhabited by diverse bands of Indians who had in common mainly the fact that they shared neither in the complex civilization of Mesoamerica nor the sub-Mesoamerican cultures of the Greater Southwest. This comprehensive and unified volume of original essays deals with the complex problems of interaction—across and around the Chichimec Sea—between Mesoamerica and the Southwest. The twenty contributions to this volume, by anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, ethnohistorians, and ethnobotanists, all deal with diverse aspects of the problem of Mesoamerican-Southwest contacts.
Palaeoepidemiology and the analysis of dental anomalies As the study of the
distribution of disease in past populations, palaeoepidemiology is burdened with
the inherent problem of inferring information from often small, incomplete, and ...
Author: Joseph R Krecioch
Dental anomalies of number, shape, and position are frequently analysed in the orthodontic and clinical literature but are rarely discussed in an anthropological or archaeological context. Dental anomalies and occlusal disorders are often hypothesised to be the result of a modern, urbanised lifestyle as a response to reduced masticatory stress and subsequent crowding of the dentition. This study of skulls from Classical to medieaval Macedonia and England examines the relationship between craniofacial variation and the expression of dental anomalies. Standard craniometric measurements were taken to estimate relative sizes of cranial functional complexes and determine whether or not, or to what extent, changes in the shape or size of these variables were associated with the expression of dental anomalies. Statistical analyses determined that the null hypothesis, that there is no relationship between craniometrics and dental anomalies, can be rejected. A number of dental anomalies were found to have a relationship with reduced sizes in cranial and masticatory elements, although dental crowding was not as significant a factor in masticatory complex reduction. A cause and effect relationship cannot be determined but the data presented here suggests that both heredity and environmental causes may be influential in the expression of dental anomalies.
Palaeoepidemiology can be defined as the 'Use of epidemiologic methods to
infer how certain diseases might have been distributed in ancient times; how,
why and where they originated and, armed with this information, to predict
Author: Didier Raoult
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This fascinating new volume comes complete with color illustrations and features the methodology and main achievements in the emerging field of paleomicrobiology. It’s an area research at the intersection of microbiology and evolution, history and anthropology. New molecular approaches have already provided exciting results, such as confirmation of a single biotype of Yersinia pestis as the cause of historical plague pandemics. An absorbing read for scientists in related fields.
But some diseases , particularly those of infective aetiology , lend themselves to
archaic epidemiology , or what we may term palaeoepidemiology . The malignant
diseases of cancer , sarcoma , myeloma and the like comprise a similar group ...
Author: Liverpool Museum (Liverpool, England)
Publisher: Sutton Pub Limited
Grossbritannien/Irland - Mittelalter - Grab/Gräberfeld - Akten/Kongressbericht.
Introduction: palaeoepidemiology and the ecology of diseases The study of the
palaeoepidemiology of an infectious disease should ideally start by tracing its
origin, that is the prime encounter of humans with the germ, its reservoirs and its ...
Author: Charlotte A. Roberts
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Thirty-seven papers, from a conference held in Bradford in 1999, examine leprosy from all angles: as a historical disease overwhelmed by stigma and as a condition that is still prevalent in much of the world despite new medications. Contributors discuss the medical diagnosis and treatment of leprosy, its effects on the skeleton using archaeological and historical evidence, its occurrence in the archaeological record worldwide and detecting its traces in DNA. Case studies are taken from across the ancient, medieval and modern worlds, including the Near East, Roman Egypt, medieval England, Wales and Ireland, Eastern Europe, Scandinavia, Asia and the Pacific.
Benennungen wie Palaeoserologie , Palaeoepidemiologie und
Palaeoneurologie , die mit ihrem methodischen Inhalt bedauerlicherweise
bereits in der Fachliteratur einen Platz einnehmen , kann man aus
wissenschaftshistorischen und ...
Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftsgeschichte.
Bruce - Chwatt in 1965 , in his deliberations on the palaeogenesis and
palaeoepidemiology of primate malaria , further developed this concept ,
indicating that insects date back some 200 million years , primates only 20 million
years , and ...
Author: Alan H. Linton
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
An integrated account of the study of pathogenesis encompassing both the medical and veterinary fields. Discusses interactions between the individual host and the parasite, with emphasis on the parasite throughout. Briefly describes the various host defences and responses to infection, and considers the differences in susceptibility of various animal hosts as well as the differences between individuals of the same animal species. Discusses the topic of epidemiology from a microbiologist's point of view, addressing the ecology of the microbial pathogen, its natural history, and the effects produced by the outbreak at local or international levels. Also includes discussions of brucellosis, and the epidemiology of mycological diseases.
... The Centre for Biomedical and Forensic Studies in Egyptology , which offers
facilities for postgraduate studies and studies in this area ; Schistosomiasis in
Ancient and Modern Egypt , a study in palaeoepidemiology ; and , the Mummy
Author: Patrick Durusau
Publisher: Duke University Press
In this second edition of High Places in Cyberspace, Patrick Durusau provides an updated and expanded how-to guide and map of the Internet focusing on meeting the needs of scholars in biblical studies, religion, classics and archaeology. Durusau offers a practical introduction and reference to accessing Internet resources, covering methods such as electronic mailing lists, ftp, on-line libraries, search engines, and the World Wide Web. This book includes an annotated topical listing of over 1,000 scholarly resources available on the Internet, such as Web sites displaying original scanned papyri, web sites with original texts, mailing lists between scholars and on-line library addresses. In a new final section, Durusau provides an introduction to the creation of web resources along with pointers to a number of helpful tools available on the Internet.
Her main area of research is focused on the evolution and palaeoepidemiology
of disease with a particular concentration on the infectious diseases . She taught
biological anthropology at Bradford between 1989 and 2000 , is co - author of ...
Author: Emily Williams
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
34 papers by archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, conservators and physical anthropologists present different perspectives on issues concerned with the excavation of human remains.
Palaeoepidemiology of Schistosoma infection in mummies . Bmj 304 : 555 .
Pearce , E . J . , and A . J . Simpson . 1994 . Schistosomiasis . In Parasitic
Infection and the Immune System . F . Kierszenbaum , ed . Academic Press , San
Diego , CA ...
Author: Elisabeth Anne Patton
This thesis evaluates the role of IL-4 during acute schistosomiasis through the use of WT and IL-4-/- mice. Although WT mice survive the acute stage of the infection, IL-4-/- mice suffer severe disease and succumb to infection. Further, the immune response induced by schistosome infection in WT mice is characterized by that of a strong Th2 response, whereas, IL-4-deficient mice develop a Th1-like response. To investigate the role of inflammatory mediators in the severe disease that develops in the infected IL-4-/- mice, IL-4/IL-12 p35-/- mice and IL-4/TNFR-1-/- were generated and infected. Through these studies, we have developed a greater understanding of the importance of IL-4 in down-regulating inflammatory responses during schistosomiasis infection. However, to this end, we have been unable to alter the clinical outcome of infection utilizing such mice.