Encyclopedia of Food Safety

Numerous PCR assays for the detection of salmonella in a variety of sample
matrixes have been described in the literature. The majority of them deal ... The
PCR-based detection methods in food commonly employ a preenrichment step
combined with subsequent PCR detection. ... as zoonotic infection via
consumption of products from infected animals, in particular eggs, poultry meat,
pork, and beef.

Encyclopedia of Food Safety

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123786134

Page: 2304

View: 902

With the world’s growing population, the provision of a safe, nutritious and wholesome food supply for all has become a major challenge. To achieve this, effective risk management based on sound science and unbiased information is required by all stakeholders, including the food industry, governments and consumers themselves. In addition, the globalization of the food supply requires the harmonization of policies and standards based on a common understanding of food safety among authorities in countries around the world. With some 280 chapters, the Encyclopedia of Food Safety provides unbiased and concise overviews which form in total a comprehensive coverage of a broad range of food safety topics, which may be grouped under the following general categories: History and basic sciences that support food safety; Foodborne diseases, including surveillance and investigation; Foodborne hazards, including microbiological and chemical agents; Substances added to food, both directly and indirectly; Food technologies, including the latest developments; Food commodities, including their potential hazards and controls; Food safety management systems, including their elements and the roles of stakeholders. The Encyclopedia provides a platform for experts from the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment to share and learn from state-of-the art expertise with the rest of the food safety community. Assembled with the objective of facilitating the work of those working in the field of food safety and related fields, such as nutrition, food science and technology and environment - this work covers the entire spectrum of food safety topics into one comprehensive reference work The Editors have made every effort to ensure that this work meets strict quality and pedagogical thresholds such as: contributions by the foremost authorities in their fields; unbiased and concise overviews on a multitude of food safety subjects; references for further information, and specialized and general definitions for food safety terminology In maintaining confidence in the safety of the food supply, sound scientific information is key to effectively and efficiently assessing, managing and communicating on food safety risks. Yet, professionals and other specialists working in this multidisciplinary field are finding it increasingly difficult to keep up with developments outside their immediate areas of expertise. This single source of concise, reliable and authoritative information on food safety has, more than ever, become a necessity

Genetics of Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal and Zoonotic Pathogens

Laboratory-based surveillance of non-typhoidal Salmonella infections in
Guangdong Province, China. ... Prevalence and detection of antibiptic-resistant
determinant in Salmonella isolated from food-producing animals. Trop. ...
Salmonella specific PCR-based method. ... into farm animal and zoonotic
Salmonella infections.

Genetics of Acquired Antimicrobial Resistance in Animal and Zoonotic Pathogens

Author: Axel Cloeckaert

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 2889453944

Page:

View: 485

Development and spread of antimicrobial resistance is the result of an evolutionary process by which microorganisms adapt to antibiotics through several mechanisms including alteration of drug target by mutation and horizontal transfer of resistance genes. The concomitant occurrence of independent antimicrobial resistance mechanisms is a serious threat to human health and has appeared in several emerging epidemic clones over the past decade in humans and also in animals. The increasing prevalence of antimicrobial drug resistance among animal and zoonotic foodborne pathogens is of particular concern for public health. In this Ebook, we gathered a collection of articles which deal with the most important aspects of the genetics of acquired antimicrobial resistance extending from medically-important resistance, emerging epidemic resistant clones, main mobile genetic elements spreading resistance, resistomes, dissemination between animals and humans, to the “One Health” concept.

Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease

Conventional PCR-based assays have been developed to detect a broad range
of pathogenic agents associated with animals. These include the food-borne
zoonotic pathogen Salmonella. PCR-based detection methods can also be used
to ...

Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease

Author: P. J. Quinn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118251164

Page: 400

View: 708

Microbiology is one of the core subjects for veterinary students,and since its first publication in 2002, Veterinary Microbiologyand Microbial Disease has become an essential text for students ofveterinary medicine. Fully revised and expanded, this new editionupdates the subject for pre-clinical and clinical veterinarystudents in a comprehensive manner. Individual sections deal withbacteriology, mycology and virology. Written by an academic teamwith many years of teaching experience, the book provides concisedescriptions of groups of microorganisms and the diseases whichthey cause. Microbial pathogens are discussed in separate chapterswhich provide information on the more important features of eachmicroorganism and its role in the pathogenesis of diseases ofanimals. The international and public health significance of thesepathogens are reviewed comprehensively. The final section isconcerned with the host and is organized according to the bodysystem affected. Tables, boxes and flow diagrams provide information in an easilyassimilated format. This edition contains new chapters on moleculardiagnostics and on infectious conditions of the skin,cardiovascular system, urinary tract and musculoskeletal system.Many new colour diagrams are incorporated into this edition andeach chapter has been updated. Key features of this edition: Twelve new chapters included Numerous new illustrations Each chapter has been updated Completely re-designed in full colour Fulfils the needs of veterinary students and academics inveterinary microbiology Companion website with figures from the book as Powerpoints forviewing or downloading by chapter: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology"www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology/a Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease remainsindispensable for all those studying and teaching this essentialcomponent of the veterinary curriculum.

Viral Zoonoses and Food of Animal Origin

Candrian [5] recently reported that the detection sensitivity of PCR based
detection method dropped to approximately 15% when naturally ... This
discrepancy is primarily because the physical association of microbial cells to the
food matrix is extremely complex and which cannot be ... For example, rapid
screening for multidrug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Salmonella typhi
and S. 78 S. D. Pillai.

Viral Zoonoses and Food of Animal Origin

Author: Oskar-Rüger Kaaden

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3709165342

Page: 256

View: 173

Since the central theme of this book is the transmission of disease agents through the food chain, we will examine influenza viruses from this perspective. Influenza A viruses are found in humans, pigs, horses, sea mammals, and also in wild aquatic and domestic birds [23]. How are they spread? Between mammals, influenza is an airborne infection, but between birds, influenza can be either an airborne or waterborne infection. Influenza viruses of aquatic birds periodically transmit to domestic birds sometimes with catastrophic effects; this transmis sion can be either airborne or waterborne. Less frequently, avian influenza viruses transmit to mammals and three to four times in the past century this transmission has initiated a pandemic of influenza in humans. The method of spread of avian influenza viruses to mammals remains unresolved, but could be either airborne or waterborne. In this report we will consider recent examples of interspecies transmission of influenza A viruses and the possible prevention of emergence of the next human pandemic which is considered imminent. The reservoirs of influenza A viruses The available evidence indicates that aquatic birds are the reservoirs of all 15 subtypes of influenza A viruses. We will first consider the replication of influenza A in aquatic birds. In wild ducks, influenza viruses replicate preferentially in the cells lining the intestinal tract, cause no disease signs, and 8 7 are excreted in high concentrations in the feces (up to 10 .

Salmonella in Domestic Animals

Dieckmann, R. and Malorny, B. (2011) Rapid screening of epidemiologically
important Salmonella enterica subsp. ... Echeita, M.A., Herrera, S., Garaizar, J.
and Usera, M.A. (2002) Multiplex PCR-based detection and identification of the
most common Salmonella second-phase flagellar ... Union Summary Report on
Trends and Sources of Zoonoses, Zoonotic Agents and Food-borne Outbreaks in
2009.

Salmonella in Domestic Animals

Author: Paul A. Barrow

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1845939026

Page: 547

View: 545

Salmonella remains a major cause of economic loss in domestic livestock and human food poisoning worldwide. In the last 10 years there have been major advances in understanding the salmonella organism, meaning a compiled source of the new research is urgently needed. With fully updated chapters and new coverage of genome structure, virulence, vaccine development, molecular methods for epidemiology and exotics, this second edition is an invaluable resource for researchers of animal and human health.

Food Biochemistry and Food Processing

Characterization of antimicrobial susceptibility and virulence genes of
Salmonella serovars collected at a commercial ... Rapid real-time PCR detection
of Listeria monocytogenes in enriched food sample based on the ssraA gene, a
novel diagnostic target. ... Examination of animal and zoonotic pathogens using
microarrays.

Food Biochemistry and Food Processing

Author: Benjamin K. Simpson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118308050

Page: 912

View: 531

The biochemistry of food is the foundation on which the research and development advances in food biotechnology are built. In Food Biochemistry and Food Processing, Second Edition, the editors have brought together more than fifty acclaimed academicians and industry professionals from around the world to create this fully revised and updated edition. This book is an indispensable reference and text on food biochemistry and the ever increasing developments in the biotechnology of food processing. Beginning with sections on the essential principles of food biochemistry, enzymology, and food processing, the book then takes the reader on commodity-by-commodity discussions of biochemistry of raw materials and product processing. Chapters in this second edition have been revised to include safety considerations and the chemical changes induced by processing in the biomolecules of the selected foodstuffs. This edition also includes a new section on health and functional foods, as well as ten new chapters including those on thermally and minimally processed foods, separation technology in food processing, and food allergens. Food Biochemistry and Food Processing, second edition fully develops and explains the biochemical aspects of food processing, and brings together timely and relevant topics in food science and technology in one package. This book is an invaluable reference tool for professional food scientists, researchers and technologists in the food industry, as well as faculty and students in food science, food technology and food engineering programs. The Editor Dr. Benjamin K. Simpson, Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, McGill University, Quebec, Canada Associate Editors Professor Leo Nollet, Department of Applied Engineering Sciences, Hogeschool Ghent, Belgium Professor Fidel Toldrá, Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (CSIC), Valencia, Spain Professor Soottawat Benjakul, Department of Food Technology, Prince of Songkla University, Songkhla, Thailand Professor Gopinadhan Paliyath, Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada Dr. Y. H. Hui, Consultant to the Food Industry, West Sacramento, California, USA

PCR Detection of Microbial Pathogens

In PCR Detection of Microbial Pathogens, hands-on laboratory experts present a set of "classic" PCR-based methods for the identification and detection of important animal and food microbial pathogens, including several zoonotic agents.

PCR Detection of Microbial Pathogens

Author: Konrad Sachse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1588290492

Page: 334

View: 451

The polymerase chain reaction has become an increasingly important tool in microbial diagnosis in recent years, mainly because of its rapidity, high sensitivity, and specificity. This book provides microbiologists and biochemists state-of-the-art protocols for the use of PCR-based identification and detection of important bacterial and other microbial pathogens. The chapters have been contributed by leading investigators well-conversant with PCR, who also offer practical expertise to the important area of pre-amplification processing. All micrbiologists, biochemists, and microbial researchers will find this to be a valuable reference for their PCR diagnosis of microbial pathogens.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology

The strategies described in the present study are , in most cases , not unique to
the detection of Salmonella but could be used to improve the sensitivity and / or
shorten the preenrichment time of other real - time PCR - based methods . TABLE
3 ... Application of the PCR technique for a rapid , specific and sensitive detection
of Salmonella spp . in foods . Mol . ... Annual report on zoonosis in Denmark 2003
.

Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page:

View: 806

New Perspectives in Infectious Diseases An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America Equine Practice

In theory, PCR can detect nonviable organisms as well as degraded DNA, which
may account for some of this difference. ... in PCR detection rates.36,37 Lateral
Flow Immunoassays Commercially available LIAs have been developed for use
in food ... alternatives to traditional culture and PCR methods for detection of
Salmonella in animals and their environments (Fig. ... safe handling of infectious
materials, especially those that could lead to zoonotic infections if not properly
handled.

New Perspectives in Infectious Diseases  An Issue of Veterinary Clinics of North America  Equine Practice

Author: Robert H. Mealey

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323326870

Page: 257

View: 633

This issue focuses on the latest approach to infectious diseases and covers topics such as: Salmonellosis, Lawsonia intracellularis, Strangles, Rhodococcus equi, Equine Herpesvirus-1, Equine Influenza Virus, Equine Arteritis Virus, West Nile Virus and Equine Encephalitis Viruses, Equine Infectious Anemia Virus, and more!