But while it may be obvious that physical fitness benefits both the mind and body, a growing research base is supplying evidence of why this is so, and how these benefits may be reproduced in greater numbers.
Author: Aleta L. Meyer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The statistics are disturbing: steadily rising numbers of sedentary overweight children and obese teens, and a generation looking at a shorter life expectancy than their parents’. But while it may be obvious that physical fitness benefits both the mind and body, a growing research base is supplying evidence of why this is so, and how these benefits may be reproduced in greater numbers. Physical Activity Across the Lifespan makes a clear, scientific case for exercise, sports, and an active lifestyle in preventing illness and establishing lifetime health habits at both the individual and the population levels. The book focuses on key aspects of physical/mental well-being—weight, mood, and self-regulation—and the role of physical activity in public health and school-based interventions targeting these areas. Contributors review definitional and measurement issues salient to understanding what physical activity is, to analyzing benefits of participation, and to implementing effective interventions. Also addressed are limitations of current research, steps needed to continue building the field, and emerging therapeutic possibilities for activity, such as the role of rough and tumble play in preventing ADHD. Included in the coverage: Physical activity, cognition, and school performance. The influence of social and built environments on physical activity in middle-aged and older adults. Preventing and treating obesity through physical activity. Physical activity in preventing drug use and treating chemical dependence. Antidepressant properties of physical activity. Schools as a foundation for physical activity and an active lifestyle. Physical activity as an adjunct or booster to existing interventions. Physical Activity Across the Lifespan is an innovative text for researchers and practitioners in various disciplines including health promotion/disease prevention, child and school psychology, education, health psychology, and public health, as well as program developers and policymakers in these areas.
Consistent with a key theme of this edited collection, Carr et al. provide evidence
that well-intended policies and programmes, such as the promotion of sport and
physical activity across the lifespan, can be hijacked in practice and have ...
Author: Rylee A. Dionigi
This edited collection problematizes trajectories of health promotion across the lifespan. It provides a distinctive critical social science perspective of the various directions taken by dominant policies in their approach to promoting sport for all ages. It offers an array of theoretical and methodologically diverse perspectives on this topic, and highlights the intersections between different life stages and social, economic and cultural factors in the developed world, including class, gender, ability, family dynamics and/or race. Sport and Physical Activity across the Lifespan critically explores dominant policies of age-focussed sport promotion in order to highlight its implications within the context of particular life stages as they intersect with social, cultural and economic factors. This includes an examination of organised sport for pre-schoolers; ‘at-risk’ youth sport programmes; and the creation of sporting sub-cultures within the mid-life ‘market’. This book will be of interest to those wanting to learning more about how age and life stages affect the way people think about and participate in sport, and to better understand the impacts of sport across the lifespan.
Letter cancellation performance across the adult life span. Clin. Neuropsychol. 15
, 521–530. doi:10.1076/clin.15.4.521.1881 van der Bij, A. K., Laurant, M. G., and
Wensing, M. (2002). Effectiveness of physical activity interventions for older ...
Author: Sean P. Mullen
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
There is overwhelming evidence linking increased physical activity with positive changes in cognitive functioning and brain health. Much of what we know about these interrelationships comes from aerobic exercise training studies with older adults and children. This literature has paved the way for the neuroscientific investigation of mechanisms responsible for exercise-induced cognitive and brain health enhancement, a list that ranges from molecular changes to systemic changes in executive control and neural connectivity. A new perspective has also emerged that aims to understand executive control processes that may underlie the regulation of health behavior. In accordance with this view, physical activity falls under the umbrella of health behaviors that require a substantial amount of executive control. Executive control is a limited resource, and the aging process depletes this resource. People who regularly exercise are said to have higher “self-regulatory control”—planning, goal-shielding and impulse control—than irregular exercisers. The successful maintenance of physical activity participation in lieu of daily cognitive stressors likely reflects an adaptive resistance to control failures. Indeed, a handful of studies have shown the relationship between greater executive control and subsequently higher levels of physical activity. However, little is known about the neural correlates of physical activity adherence or sedentary behavior, with the view that neurocognitive factors have an antecedent and reciprocal influence on these behaviors. No research has focused on the brain networks responsible for the self-regulation of physical activity, which likely overlaps with structures and functions playing critical roles in the regulation of other health behaviors. Interdisciplinary investigations are needed to explain the extent to which physical activity self-regulation and self-regulatory failure is dependent upon, or under the influence of executive control processes and brain networks. Understanding the degree to which self-regulatory resources may be enhanced, restored, and trained will have enormous implications for basic science and applied fields. It is also of great import to understand whether or not physical activity self-regulation is a domain-specific behavior associated with specific brain networks, or to determine the extent to which regulatory network-sharing occurs. The aim of this Frontiers Research Topic is to curate contributions from researchers in social and cognitive neurosciences and related fields, whose work involves the study of physical activity behavior, self-regulation and executive control. For this Research Topic, we, therefore, solicit reviews, original research articles, and opinion papers, which draw theoretical or empirical connections related to sustained physical activity behavior, self-regulatory strategies, cognitive performance, and brain structure and function. While focusing on work in the neurosciences, this Research Topic also welcomes contributions in the form of behavioral studies, psychophysiological investigations, and methodological innovations. This Frontiers Research Topic will carve out new directions for the fields of exercise, cognitive, and social neurosciences. We hope you will consider submitting your work.
ACTIVITIES THAT PROMOTE HEALTHY AGING Primary health promotion and
disease prevention goals for older adults ... This includes promoting regular
exercise , good nutrition , health and mental health screens , and the social
Author: Cindy L Juntunen
Counseling Across the Lifespan expands the perimeters of counseling with its emphasis on preventive techniques for adjustment problems in the lifespan of a normal individual. This cogent work focuses on counseling intervention strategies from the unique perspective of an individual’s lifespan, placing techniques in the proper development context. By concentrating on life stages—from childhood through old age—the authors identify the nature and origin of various psychological issues such as self-identity and healthy lifestyle development in adolescents, family violence in young adults, or retirement transitions for older adults. The intervention tools needed to confront these issues are presented through succinct pedagogical features including case examples, checklists for evaluating clients, and exercises.
Participation and Performance across the Lifespan Nicholas L. Holt, Margaret
Talbot ... strong argument for considering persons with disabilitiesin a general
examination of engagementin sport and physical activity across the life span.
Author: Nicholas L. Holt
Sport and physical activity should now be understood as lifelong activity, beginning in childhood, and accessible to participants of all levels of ability. This book offers an overview of some of the core concerns underlying lifelong engagement in sport and physical activity, encompassing every age and phase of engagement. The book explores key models of engagement from around the world, as well as specific areas of research that will help the reader understand this important topic. In adopting a lifespan approach, the book pays particular attention to sport and physical activity during childhood and adolescence as well as transitions into adulthood, the developmental periods when participation in sport and physical activity are most likely to decline. Understanding more about participation during these early years is important for sustaining participation during adulthood. The book also addresses issues relating to sport and physical activity during adulthood, across a range of different populations, while a final section examines sport and physical activity among older adults, an often overlooked, but growing segment of society in this context. Lifelong Engagement in Sport and Physical Activity is important reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in teacher education, sport and coaching science, and for health promoters, coaches, teachers and relevant bodies and organizations in sport and education. This book is published in partnership with ICSSPE, and is part of the Perspectives series
... physical activity. 2. Describe the contributions of health, fitness, and physical
activity to level of participation and quality of life. ... The ability to function at our
best in all activities throughout the life span is a goal shared by everyone.
Author: Donna J. Cech
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Providing a solid foundation in the normal development of functional movement, Functional Movement Development Across the Life Span, 3rd Edition helps you recognize and understand movement disorders and effectively manage patients with abnormal motor function. It begins with coverage of basic theory, motor development and motor control, and evaluation of function, then discusses the body systems contributing to functional movement, and defines functional movement outcomes in terms of age, vital functions, posture and balance, locomotion, prehension, and health and illness. This edition includes more clinical examples and applications, and updates data relating to typical performance on standardized tests of balance. Written by physical therapy experts Donna J. Cech and Suzanne "Tink" Martin, this book provides evidence-based information and tools you need to understand functional movement and manage patients' functional skills throughout the life span. Over 200 illustrations, tables, and special features clarify developmental concepts, address clinical implications, and summarize key points relating to clinical practice. A focus on evidence-based information covers development changes across the life span and how they impact function. A logical, easy-to-read format includes 15 chapters organized into three units covering basics, body systems, and age-related functional outcomes respectively. Expanded integration of ICF (International Classification of Function) aligns learning and critical thinking with current health care models. Additional clinical examples help you apply developmental information to clinical practice. Expanded content on assessment of function now includes discussion of participation level standardized assessments and assessments of quality-of-life scales. More concise information on the normal anatomy and physiology of each body system allows a sharper focus on development changes across the lifespan and how they impact function.
Physical activity has been linked to multiple healthy outcomes such as weight
control, reduced risk for cardiovascular ... with information about physical activity
across the life span, including details on injury prevention and safety strategies.
Author: Cheryl Hawk
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
"Health Promotion and Wellness "is designed to provide health care providers with both the theoretical knowledge and practical skills they need to provide high-quality clinical preventive services. This unique resource is separated into two sections: The first section gives information on risks, ways providers can assess for risk and tools they can use to advise and help patients move forward. The second section is a tool kit with information, resources, tools and other items that can help the clinician provide evidence-based, patient-centered information to their patients.This accessible reference provide readers with the basic elements necessary to help their patients change their health behavior related to the most prevalent risk factors, and to serve as a springboard to keep pace with the latest evidence arising in the applied science of wellness, prevention and health promotion.
Finally, for patients older than 60 years, the estimated prevalence was 3.4%.1
BPPV ACROSS THE LIFESPAN There are ... case reports by Giacomini and
colleagues12 described 9 patients who developed BPPV after intense physical
Author: Bradley W. Kesser
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Dizziness comes in many forms in each age group – some specific to an age group (e.g. benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood) while others span the age spectrum (e.g., migraine-associated vertigo). This content organizes evaluation and management of the dizzy patient by age to bring a fresh perspective to seeing these often difficult patients. The pediatric section begins with a review of vestibular embryology and physiology and moves toward a comprehensive discussion of methods – both bedside and in the vestibular lab - to evaluate the child with dizziness, or “clumsiness,” concluding with an exploration of the differential diagnosis of dizziness and relevant findings. Dizziness in the adolescent points to migraine headache as a common cause, enumerates treatment strategies for migraine-associated vertigo, and offers guidelines for when to image the adolescent with dizziness. Adult dizziness is more a compilation of the relevant diagnoses, but the section starts with dizziness that can affect young adults – especially members of our Armed Forces fighting overseas – traumatic brain injury/blast injury. This content also has relevance for patients in motor vehicle accidents and head injury patients. Medicolegal aspects of evaluation and management of dizzy patients are succinctly covered in “Evaluation of Dizziness in the Litigating Patient.” The final chapter in this section, “Other Causes of Dizziness,” provides a very thorough overview of unusual causes of dizziness in the adult population. Dizziness associated with advancing age is quite common and often multifactorial, as is highlighted in the chapter “Dizziness in the Elderly.” A comprehensive review of the posterior cerebral circulation, transient ischemic attacks, and posterior circulation stroke is presented in the chapter, “Vertebrobasilar Insufficiency.” No coverage of dizziness in the elderly is complete without an exposition of polypharmacy and medication effects. Other common diagnoses of dizziness in the elderly are thoughtfully reviewed along with a survey of new and old techniques to rehabilitate the older patient with dizziness or disequilibrium. Patients presenting with dizziness can harbor serious, if not life-threatening, conditions such as stroke, brain abscess, or severe chronic ear disease. At the end of several articles, the reader will find a relevant table – What Not To Miss – a list of clinically significant signs and symptoms not to ignore, or conditions (differential diagnosis) that may masquerade as that discussed in the chapter but critically important that the practitioner should not overlook in the evaluation of the patient. Many articles in this edition start with a clinical scenario so the reader can recognize common presenting symptoms, demographic features, and factors in the medical history that will aid in making the diagnosis.
Crosssectional associations between occupational and leisuretime sitting,
physical activity and obesity in working adults. Prev Med2012;54:195–200. 27
Sugiyama T, et ... Stability of physical activity across the lifespan. J Health
Psychol 2008 ...
Author: Diana Kuh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Healthy ageing has long been a neglected area of epidemiological research as the traditional focus has been on specific chronic diseases of older life. There is a growing consensus from scientists, research funders and policy makers that ageing itself needs to be studied from an interdisciplinary and life course perspective, to inform strategies for reducing the societal and individual costs of an ageing population. A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing is a synthesis of life course perspectives in epidemiology and interdisciplinary perspectives in ageing research. It brings together expert investigators of maturing birth cohort and ageing studies, cross-cutting methodologists, and authorities in ageing research and knowledge transfer from across the world in one wide-ranging volume. Contributors discuss how aspects of healthy ageing are conceptualised, defined and measured; relate to each other; change across life; and are influenced by biological, psychological and social factors operating from early life onwards. They identify research gaps, and suggest how evidence from observational studies can be strengthened through improved study design and longitudinal analysis, thereby increasing the research contribution to practice or policy change. The book considers how we might delay or slow down the progressive, generalised impairment of function that occurs at the individual, body system and cellular levels, as people grow older. It also considers the determinants of wellbeing in older people, including personal fulfilment, positive emotions and social relationships. Broad in scope, discussing topics from genetics to psychological and social wellbeing, A Life Course Approach to Healthy Ageing is a key resource for epidemiologists, social scientists, clinicians, public health physicians, policy makers and practitioners with a research interest in healthy ageing.
Components of Fitness body composition. They contribute to one's agility, power,
balance, coordination, and speed during physical activity. Cardiovascular and
respiratory endurance reflect the ability of the heart, vasculature, and lungs to ...
Author: Donna J. Cech
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
The 2nd edition of this expert text emphasizes normal development and function, examining how function is attained and how it can be optimized across the life span. Its logical organization and presentation equips readers with the background and tools needed to understand the components of functional movement. A solid grounding in normal development, including the cellular and systems changes that begin in the embryo and continue throughout life, enables readers to recognize, understand, and appropriately treat abnormal motor function. This new, expanded edition features enhanced content related to development of specific age groups, with a unique focus on the ongoing development of the healthy older adult. Specifically, the chapters dealing with the skeletal system, the cardiovascular and pulmonary system, and the nervous system have been extensively updated and more comprehensively illustrated.
Preface PART I Introduction and Overview of Physical Activity Assessments
Introduction ... refinements in current surveillance techniques are needed to
better understand population trends in physical activity and patterns across the
Author: Greg Welk
Publisher: Human Kinetics
And examples -- References -- Construct validity in physical activity research / Matthew T. Mahar and David A. Rowe -- Definitional stage -- Confirmatory stage -- Theory-testing stage -- Summary -- References -- Physical activity data : odd distributions yield strange answers / Jerry R. Thomas and Katherine T. Thomas -- Overview of the general linear model and rank-order procedures -- Determining whether data are normally distributed -- Application of rank-order procedures -- Data distributions and correlation -- Extensions of GLM rank-order statistical procedures -- Summary -- Endnote -- References -- Equating and linking of physical activity questionnaires / Weimo Zhu -- What is scale equating? -- Equating methods -- Practical issues of scale equating -- Remaining challenges and future research directions -- Summary -- References.
Chapter 5 considers the focus of physical activity programming across the life
span. Because initial assessment and ongoing evaluation are critical
components of any effective program, this chapter also discusses the many
purposes of ...
Author: Susan L. Kasser
Publisher: Human Kinetics
"Inclusive Physical Activity "is a text and reference for exercise and physical activity practitioners committed to offering optimal physical activity programming to people of differing abilities in school, recreation, sports, and community fitness settings. The updated second edition offers strategies for physical activity programming across the life span, from infancy to adulthood.
In the half-century since the Second World War, there has been an explosion of
research and thinking on the needs for, and benefits of, physical activity /
exercise across the lifespan and bodily systems. This knowledge is widely not
Author: Adrianne E. Hardman
Physical Activity and Health explains clearly, systematically and in detail the relationships between physical activity, health and disease, and explores the benefits of exercise in the prevention and treatment of health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, and cancer. The book includes tables, figures, plates and study aids throughout, and is supported by a companion website at www.routledge.com/textbooks/9780415421980.
... of behavior change theory with optimal experiences to enhance understanding
of physical activity across the lifespan. He also developed and tested the Family
Influence Model, which extended the study of children's physical activity from ...
Author: Jay Kimiecik
Publisher: University Press of America
This book explores the world of aging, training, and performing through a self-experimental, self-reflective lens, merging science, mythology, and performance psychology. The result is a fascinating, inspiring tale about how living as an athlete can serve as a motivational metaphor for feeling alive and getting good-in practically anything.
Malina, R.M.(1996) aTracking of physical activity andphysical fitness across the
lifespan«, Research Quarterly forExerciseand Sport 67 (3): Supplement S1¥S10.
Martens, R. (ed.)(1978) Joy and Sadnessin Children's Sports, Champaign, ...
Author: Susan Capel
Issues in Physical Education stimulates student-teachers, NQTs and practising physical education teachers to reflect on issues important to improving teaching in physical education. It encourages reflection and debate as an important part of professional development. Issues discussed include: aims as an issue in physical education breadth, balance and assessment in the physical education curriculum equality and the inclusion of pupils with special needs in physical education progression and continuity in physical education between primary and secondary schools community initiatives in physical education physical education, health and life-long participation in physical activity.