But as James R. Ryan argues in Picturing Empire, Victorian photographs reveal as much about the imaginative landscapes of imperial culture as they do about the "real" subjects captured within their frames.
Author: James R. Ryan
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Coinciding with the extraordinary expansion of Britain's overseas empire under Queen Victoria, the invention of photography allowed millions to see what they thought were realistic and unbiased pictures of distant peoples and places. This supposed accuracy also helped to legitimate Victorian geography's illuminations of the "darkest" recesses of the globe with the "light" of scientific mapping techniques. But as James R. Ryan argues in Picturing Empire, Victorian photographs reveal as much about the imaginative landscapes of imperial culture as they do about the "real" subjects captured within their frames. Ryan considers the role of photography in the exploration and domestication of foreign landscapes, in imperial warfare, in the survey and classification of "racial types," in "hunting with the camera," and in teaching imperial geography to British schoolchildren. Ryan's careful exposure of the reciprocal relation between photographic image and imperial imagination will interest all those concerned with the cultural history of the British Empire.
Picturing. Paul. Christianity took root and sprang to life in a world saturated with
Roman imperial imagery. This book offers a study of Colossians, Ephesians, 1
and 2 Timothy and Titus (the Pastoral Epistles) against the backdrop of the
Author: Harry O. Maier
Publisher: A&C Black
Pauline Christianity sprang to life in a world of imperial imagery. In the streets and at the thoroughfares, in the market places and on its public buildings and monuments, and especially on its coins the Roman Empire's imperial iconographers displayed imagery that aimed to persuade the Empire's diverse and mostly illiterate inhabitants that Rome had a divinely appointed right to rule the world and to be honoured and celebrated for its dominion. Harry O. Maier places the later, often contested, letters and theology associated with Paul in the social and political context of the Roman Empire's visual culture of politics and persuasion to show how followers of the apostle visualized the reign of Christ in ways consistent with central themes of imperial iconography. They drew on the Empire's picture language to celebrate the dominion and victory of the divine Son, Jesus, to persuade their audiences to honour his dominion with praise and thanksgiving. Key to this imperial embrace were Colossians, Ephesians, and the Pastoral Epistles. Yet these letters remain neglected territory in consideration of engagement with and reflection of imperial political ideals and goals amongst Paul and his followers. This book fills a gap in scholarly work on Paul and Empire by taking up each contested letter in turn to investigate how several of its main themes reflect motifs found in imperial images.
Anglophone Literature, History, and the Demise of Empires Barbara Buchenau,
Virginia Richter ... 65James R. Ryan, Picturing Empire: Photography and the
Visualization of the British Empire (Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1997): 217. 66 Ryan
Author: Barbara Buchenau
Barbara Buchenau and Virginia Richter’s Post-Empire Imaginaries? Anglophone Literature, History, and the Demise of Empires explores the legacies of different empires across various media, focusing on the spatial, temporal, and critical dimensions of what the editors term the post-empire imaginary.
Ritvo, Animal Estate, 249; Mackenzie, Empire of Nature, 30; Ryan, Picturing
Empire, 107. For a biography of Selous and his exploits, see Stephen Taylor, The
Mighty Nimrod: A Life ofFrederich Courteney Selous, African Hunter and
Author: Greg Gillespie
Publisher: UBC Press
Hunting for Empire offers a fresh cultural history of sport and imperialism. Greg Gillespie integrates critical perspectives from cultural studies, literary criticism, and cultural geography to analyze the themes of authorship, sport, science, and nature. In doing so he produces a unique theoretical lens through which to study nineteenth-century British big-game hunting and exploration narratives from the western interior of Rupert's Land. Sharply written and evocatively illustrated, Hunting for Empire will appeal to students and scholars of culture, sport, geography, and history, and to general readers interested in stories of hunting, empire, and the Canadian wilderness.
On Holman Hunt , see als Linda Nochlin , “ The Imaginary Orient , ” Art in America
, May , 1993 , 127 , cited by James Ryan , Picturing Empire : Photography and the
Visualization of the British Empire ( Chicago : University of Chicago Press ...
Author: Paul S. Landau
Publisher: Univ of California Press
This volume considers the meaning and power of images in African history and culture. It assembles a wide-ranging collection of essays dealing with specific visual forms, including monuments cinema, cartoons, domestic and professional photography, body art, world fairs, and museum exhibits.
Ryan, Picturing Empire, 51. 83. On the connection between the environment and
race, particularly in India, see Mark Harrison, Climates and Constitutions: Health,
Race, Environment, and British Imperialism in India, 1600–1850 (Oxford: Oxford ...
Author: James Poskett
Phrenology was the most popular mental science of the Victorian age. From American senators to Indian social reformers, this new mental science found supporters around the globe. Materials of the Mind tells the story of how phrenology changed the world--and how the world changed phrenology. This is a story of skulls from the Arctic, plaster casts from Haiti, books from Bengal, and letters from the Pacific. Drawing on far-flung museum and archival collections, and addressing sources in six different languages, Materials of the Mind is an impressively innovative account of science in the nineteenth century as part of global history. It shows how the circulation of material culture underpinned the emergence of a new materialist philosophy of the mind, while also demonstrating how a global approach to history can help us reassess issues such as race, technology, and politics today.
a long time the focus in western writing on imperial russia fell much more on
russia than on the russian Empire. topics with a high russian content were the
norm—the history of the russian court or the russian peasantry, for example—and
Author: Valerie Ann Kivelson
Publisher: Yale University Press
What can Russian images and objects—a tsar’s crown, a provincial watercolor album, the Soviet Pioneer Palace—tell us about the Russian people and their culture? This wide-ranging book is the first to explore the visual culture of Russia over the entire span of Russian history, from ancient Kiev to contemporary, post-Soviet society. Illustrated with more than one hundred diverse and fascinating images, the book examines the ways that Russians have represented themselves visually, understood their visual environment, and used visual images in social and political contexts. Expert contributors discuss images and objects from all over the Russian/Soviet empire, including consumer goods, architectural monuments, religious icons, portraits, news and art photography, popular prints, films, folk art, and more. Each of the concise and accessible essays in the volume offers a fresh interpretation of Russian cultural history. Putting visuality itself in focus as never before, Picturing Russia adds an entirely new dimension to the study of Russian literature, history, art, and culture. The book enriches our understanding of visual documents and shows the variety of ways they serve as far more than mere illustration.
PICTURING. THE. EMPIRE. When Palumbo applied for full planning permission
to redevelop his Bank Junction site in the mid-1980s, conservationists and the
Corporation of London rallied to the defence of what heritage authorities had ...
Author: Jane M. Jacobs
Publisher: Psychology Press
British imperialism carved its way through space: possessing and ordering territories across the globe. This spatial legacy is not a relic of the past, it lingers in the present and shapes the nature of postcolonial futures. Edge of Empire examines struggles over urban space in three contemporary First World cities in an attempt to map the real geographies of colonialism and postcolonialism. From London, the one-time heart of the empire, to Perth and Brisbane, scenes of Aboriginal claims for the sacred in the space of the modern city, Jacobs emphasises the global geography of the local and unravels the spatialised cultural politics of postcolonial processes. Edge of Empire forms the basis for understanding imperialism over space and time, and is a recognition of the unruly spatial politics of race and nation, nature and culture, past and present.
Harvard University Press, 1965. Ryan, James R. Picturing Empire: Photography
and the Visualization of the British Empire. London: Reaktion Books, 1997.
Schoffeleers, Matthew, ed. Guardians of the Land: Essays on Central African
Author: Adrian Roscoe
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Columbia's guides to postwar African literature paint a unique portrait of the continent's rich and diverse literary traditions. This volume examines the rapid rise and growth of modern literature in the three postcolonial nations of Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Zambia. It tracks the multiple political and economic pressures that have shaped Central African writing since the end of World War II and reveals its authors' heroic efforts to keep their literary traditions alive in the face of extreme poverty and AIDS. Adrian Roscoe begins with a list of key political events. Since writers were composing within both colonial and postcolonial contexts, he pays particular attention to the nature of British colonialism, especially theories regarding its provenance and motivation. Roscoe discusses such historical figures as David Livingstone, Cecil Rhodes, and Sir Harry Johnston, as well as modern power players, including Robert Mugabe, Kenneth Kaunda, and Kamuzu Banda. He also addresses efforts to create a literary-historical record from an African perspective, an account that challenges white historiographies in which the colonized was neither agent nor informer. A comprehensive alphabetical guide profiles both established and emerging authors and further illustrates issues raised in the introduction. Roscoe then concludes with a detailed bibliography recommending additional reading and sources. At the close of World War II the people of Central Africa found themselves mired in imperial fatigue and broken promises of freedom. This fueled a desire for liberation and a major surge in literary production, and in this illuminating guide Roscoe details the campaigns for social justice and political integrity, for education and economic empowerment, and for gender equity, participatory democracy, rural development, and environmental care that characterized this exciting period of development.
(1996) Visions of Empire: Voyages, Botany and Representations of Nature.
Cambridge: ... Ploszajska, T. (2000) Historiographies of geography and empire.
In Modern ... Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British
Author: Nuala C. Johnson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
**Named a 2014 Choice Outstanding Academic Title** Combining coverage of key themes and debates from a variety of historical and theoretical perspectives, this authoritative reference volume offers the most up-to-date and substantive analysis of cultural geography currently available. A significantly revised new edition covering a number of new topics such as biotechnology, rural, food, media and tech, borders and tourism, whilst also reflecting developments in established subjects including animal geographies Edited and written by the leading authorities in this fast-developing discipline, and features a host of new contributors to the second edition Traces the historical evolution of cultural geography through to the very latest research Provides an international perspective, reflecting the advancing academic traditions of non-Western institutions, especially in Asia Features a thematic structure, with sections exploring topics such as identities, nature and culture, and flows and mobility
PICTURING HISTORY Series Editors In the same series Health and Illness
Images of Difference SANDER L. GILMAN ... BLACK Trading Territories Mapping
the Early Modern World JERRY BROTTON Picturing Empire Photography and
Author: Lisa Jardine
Publisher: Reaktion Books
Looking outward for confirmation of who they were and what defined them as "civilized," Europeans encountered the returning gaze of what we now call the East, in particular the attention of the powerful Ottoman Empire. Global Interests explores the historical interactions that arose from these encounters as it considers three less-examined art objects—portrait medals, tapestries, and equestrian art—from a fresh and stimulating perspective. As portable artifacts, these objects are particularly potent tools for exploring the cultural currents flowing between the Orient and Occident. Global Interests offers a timely reconsideration of the development of European imperialism, focusing on the Habsburg Empire of Charles V. Lisa Jardine and Jerry Brotton analyze the impact this history continues to have on contemporary perceptions of European culture and ethnic identity. They also investigate the ways in which European culture came to define itself culturally and aesthetically during the century-long span of 1450 to 1550. Ultimately, their study offers a radical and wide-ranging reassessment of Renaissance art.
Reproduction, National Identity, and the Afterlife of Empire Nadine Attewell ...
ofthe Andean Image World (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1997) and James R. Ryan,
Picturing Empire: 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 Notes to pages 85–90 237.
Author: Nadine Attewell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.
Ryan, James R. Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the
British Empire. Chicago: university of Chicago Press, 1997. Said, Edward.
Orientalism. New york: Random house, 1977. Schama, Simon. Landscape and
Author: Maria Sachiko Cecire
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Focusing on questions of space and locale in children’s literature, this collection explores how metaphorical and physical space can create landscapes of power, knowledge, and identity in texts from the early nineteenth century to the present. The collection is comprised of four sections that take up the space between children and adults, the representation of 'real world' places, fantasy travel and locales, and the physical space of the children’s book-as-object. In their essays, the contributors analyze works from a range of sources and traditions by authors such as Sylvia Plath, Maria Edgeworth, Gloria Anzaldúa, Jenny Robson, C.S. Lewis, Elizabeth Knox, and Claude Ponti. While maintaining a focus on how location and spatiality aid in defining the child’s relationship to the world, the essays also address themes of borders, displacement, diaspora, exile, fantasy, gender, history, home-leaving and homecoming, hybridity, mapping, and metatextuality. With an epilogue by Philip Pullman in which he discusses his own relationship to image and locale, this collection is also a valuable resource for understanding the work of this celebrated author of children’s literature.
Missionaries, Journalists, Explorers and Empire Clare Pettitt ... and Empire (2001
). Tim Young's book, Travellers in Africa: British Travelogue 1850– 1900 (1994)
and James Ryan's Picturing Empire: Photography and the Further Reading.
Author: Clare Pettitt
Publisher: Profile Books
Livingstone's Missionary Tales had already been a bestseller. He now wanted to outdo other explorers and find the sources of the Nile. But after 5 years of travelling he was widely assumed to be dead. At that point, Stanley turned up with his Stars and Stripes flag and a caravan of much-needed supplies. In a brilliant book Clare Pettitt tells the story of their meeting and what led up to it, and the reactions to it of contemporaries and afterwards. The 'truth' is complicated. Livingstone, the crusading missionary had often cooperated with the slave-traders. He had made only one convert and his greatest achievement of exploration - the discovery of the source of the Nile - was in fact a misidentification. It is a fascinating story of conflict and paradox taking us into the extraordinary history of British engagement with Africa...and shows both the darkest side of imperialism and the popular myth-making of the music hall jokes, the cartoons etc. This is the second title in the new Profiles in History series, edited by Mary Beard. This series explores classic moments of world history - those 'ring-a-bell' events that we always know less about than we think!
Innocent VIII began another push for crusade in late 1486 with the sending of two
ambassadors to the Holy Roman Empire to lay the diplomatic groundwork,
inveigh against the Turkish threat, and get permission for the institution of a new ...
Author: Elizabeth Ross
Publisher: Penn State Press
Bernhard von Breydenbach’s Peregrinatio in terram sanctam (Journey to the Holy Land), first published in 1486, is one of the seminal books of early printing and is especially renowned for the originality of its woodcuts. In Picturing Experience in the Early Printed Book, Elizabeth Ross considers the Peregrinatio from a variety of perspectives to explain its value for the cultural history of the period. Breydenbach, a high-ranking cleric in Mainz, recruited the painter Erhard Reuwich of Utrecht for a religious and artistic adventure in a political hot spot—a pilgrimage to research the peoples, places, plants, and animals of the Levant. The book they published after their return ambitiously engaged with the potential of the new print medium to give an account of their experience. The Peregrinatio also aspired to rouse readers to a new crusade against Islam by depicting a contest in the Mediterranean between the Christian bastion of the city of Venice and the region’s Muslim empires. This crusading rhetoric fit neatly with the state of the printing industry in Mainz, which largely subsisted as a tool for bishops’ consolidation of authority, including selling the pope’s plans to combat the Ottoman Empire. Taking an artist on such an enterprise was unprecedented. Reuwich set a new benchmark for technical achievement with his woodcuts, notably a panorama of Venice that folds out to 1.62 meters in length and a foldout map that stretches from Damascus to Sudan around the first topographically accurate view of Jerusalem. The conception and execution of the Peregrinatio show how and why early printed books constructed new means of visual representation from existing ones—and how the form of a printed book emerged out of the interaction of eyewitness experience and medieval scholarship, real travel and spiritual pilgrimage, curiosity and fixed belief, texts and images.
... Journal of Historical Geography , 26 : 555-71 . Rose , G. ( 2001 ) Visual
Methodologies . London : Sage . Ryan , J. ( 1997 ) Picturing Empire . London :
Reaktion . Said , E. ( 1995 , first published 1978 ) Orientalism . London : Penguin
Author: Sarah Holloway
Defining the key terms that inform the language of geography and define the geographical imagination: space, time, place, scale, landscape, this volume provides definitions of terms from both human and physical geography.
68–9; James R. Ryan, Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the
British Empire (London, 1997), pp. 99–139; Brian Winston, Technologies of
Seeing: Photography, Cinematography, Television (London, 1996), p. 40.
Author: Jonathan Burt
Publisher: Reaktion Books
From Salvador Dalí to Walt Disney, animals have been a constant yet little-considered presence in film. Indeed, it may come as a surprise to learn that animals were a central inspiration to the development of moving pictures themselves. In Animals in Film, Jonathan Burt points out that the mobility of animals presented technical and conceptual challenges to early film-makers, the solutions of which were an important factor in advancing photographic technology, accelerating the speed of both film and camera. The early filming of animals also marked one of the most significant and far-reaching changes in the history of animal representation, and has largely determined the way animals have been visualized in the twentieth century. Burt looks at the extraordinary relation-ship between animals, cinema and photography (including the pioneering work of Eadweard Muybridge and Jules-Etienne Marey) and the technological developments and challenges posed by the animal as a specific kind of moving object. Animals in Film is a shrewd account of the politics of animals in cinema, of how movies and video have developed as weapons for animal rights activists, and of the roles that animals have played in film, from the avant-garde to Hollywood.
See also James R. Ryan, Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of
the British Empire (London: Reaktion Books, 1997) and Robert Papstein, '
Creating and Using Photographs as Historical Evidence', History in Africa: A
Journal of ...
Author: Robbie McLaughlan
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Maps the fin de siecle mission to open up the 'Dark Continent'
45 Stoler , Carnal Knowledge ; id . , “ Tense and tender ties ” ; id . , Haunted by
Empire . ... On imperialism in photography : Bate , “ Photography ' ; Ryan ,
Picturing Empire ; in painting , Alloula , Colonial Harem ; Tobin , Picturing ; in
Author: Sarah E. Stockwell
This edited work adopts a distinctive thematic approach to the history of British imperialism from the 18th to the 20th century. Each contributor offers a personal assessment of the topic at hand, and examines key interpretive debates among historians.
Ryan , J.R. ( 1997 ) Picturing Empire : Photography and the Visualisation of the
British Empire . London : Reaktion . Samuel , R. ( 1994 ) Theatres of Memory .
Volume I. Past and Present in Contemporary Culture . London : Verso . Schmid ,
Author: Nicholas Clifford
Key Methods in Geography is an introduction for undergraduates to the principal methodological issues involved in the collection, analysis and presentation of geographical information. It provides an accessible primer, which will be used by students as a reference throughout their degree, on all issues from research design to presentation. A unique feature of the book is that it provides definitions of terms from both human geography and physical geography. Organized into four parts: Getting Started in Geographical Research; Data Collection in Human Geography; Data Collection in Physical Geography; Analyzing and Representing Geographical Data. Each chapter is comprised of a short definition, a summary of the principal arguments, a substantive 5,000-word discussion, the use of real-life examples, and annotated notes for further reading. The teaching of research methods is integral in all geography courses. Key Methods in Geography identifies the key analytical and observational strategies with which all geography undergraduates should be conversant.