Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. Ehrlich, P.R. and Raven, P.H. (1964)
Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. ... Ellers, J. and Boggs, C.L. (2002)
The evolution of wing color in Colias butterflies: heritability, sex linkage, and
Author: Raymond J.C. Cannon
The aim of this book is to present a readable account of butterfly behaviour, based on field observations, great photographs and the latest research. The main focus is on courtship and mating – including perching, searching and territorial behaviour – but to understand these subjects it is necessary to explain how mates are chosen and this requires sections on wing colours and patterns. A chapter on butterfly vision is also essential in terms of how butterflies see the world and each other. There have been exciting discoveries in all of these fields in recent years, including: butterfly vision (butterfly photoreceptors), wing patterns (molecular biology), wing colouration (structural colours and nano-architecture), mating strategies and female choice (ecology and behaviour).
Evol Dev 5:180–187 Nadeau NJ (2016) Genes controlling mimetic colour pattern
variation in butterflies. Curr Opin Insect Sci ... Princeton, Princeton University
Press Nijhout HF (1999) Control mechanisms of polyphenic development in
Author: Toshio Sekimura
This book facilitates an integrative understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. To develop a deep and realistic understanding of the diversity and evolution of butterfly wing patterns, it is essential and necessary to approach the problem from various kinds of key research fields such as “evo-devo,” “eco-devo,” ”developmental genetics,” “ecology and adaptation,” “food plants,” and “theoretical modeling.” The past decade-and-a-half has seen a veritable revolution in our understanding of the development, genetics and evolution of butterfly wing patterns. In addition, studies of how environmental and climatic factors affect the expression of color patterns has led to increasingly deeper understanding of the pervasiveness and underlying mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity. In recognition of the great progress in research on the biology, an international meeting titled “Integrative Approach to Understanding the Diversity of Butterfly Wing Patterns (IABP-2016)” was held at Chubu University, Japan in August 2016. This book consists of selected contributions from the meeting. Authors include main active researchers of new findings of corresponding genes as well as world leaders in both experimental and theoretical approaches to wing color patterns. The book provides excellent case studies for graduate and undergraduate classes in evolution, genetics/genomics, developmental biology, ecology, biochemistry, and also theoretical biology, opening the door to a new era in the integrative approach to the analysis of biological problems. This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license.
Pergamon Press, London Caveney S (1971) Cuticle reflectivity and optical
activity in scarab beetles: the rôle of uric acid. Proc R ... J Morph 202:69–88
Ghiradella H (1991) Light and color on the wing: structural colors in butterflies
Author: Lars Olof Björn
The new edition of this authoritative text provides an interdisciplinary treatise of all aspects of the interactions between light and the living world. It starts with a description of the physics of light, and how to deal with it in experiments and observations. The phenomena described in the rest of the book covers all organisms: how light is used by organisms for obtaining energy for life processes, for gathering information about the environment, and for communicating with others of the same or other species. The book also describes "bad" effects of light in causing disease or contributing to formation of environmental toxins. New techniques used by scientists to investigate life processes using light are also explored in the volume. Written by experts in the field, Photobiology: The Science of Life and Light, 3e is a valuable and accessible resource for both advanced undergraduates and established researchers.
Connections and Interactions in Life History and Behaviour Roger L.H. Dennis ...
Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK. ... Hassan, S.S.M., Idris, E. and Majerus,
M.E.N. (2014) Reassessment of role-reversal hypothesis in the tropical butterfly
Acraea ... Hazel, W.N. (1977) The genetic basis of pupal colour dimorphism and
its maintenance by natural selection in Papilo polyxenes (Papilionidae:
Author: Roger L.H. Dennis
In Butterfly Biology Systems Roger Dennis explores key topics and contentious issues in butterfly biology, specifically those in life history and behaviour. Uniquely, using a systems approach, the book focuses on the degree of integration and feedback between components and elements affecting each issue, as well as the links between different issues. The book comprises four sections. The first two sections introduce the reader to principles and approaches for investigating complex relationships, and provide a platform of knowledge on butterfly biology. The final two sections deal in turn with life history and behaviour, covering key issues affecting different stages of development from eggs to adults.
Australian Butterflies in Colour. 112 pp. 51 pls. ... (Butterflies). Victorian Year-
Book 1939–40:8–11. Clarke, C. and Sheppard, P.M., 1975. The genetics of the
mimetic butterfly Hypolimnas bolina (L.). Phil. ... Jacaranda Press: Brisbane.
Author: Michael F Braby
Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
This outstanding work is the ultimate guide for the identification of Australia’s butterflies. Nearly 400 species – all those currently recognised from Australia, plus those from surrounding islands – are represented, with all adults and some immature stages displayed in stunning colour sections. Introductory chapters cover the history of publications, classification, morphology, distribution, conservation and collection, together with a checklist of the butterfly fauna. The body of the text is arranged systematically, providing a wealth of information including description, variation, similar behaviour, distribution and habitat, and major literature references, giving a comprehensive summary of the present state of knowledge of these insects. Appendices provide details of those species recorded from Australian islands outside the Australian faunal subregion, those protected by legislation, the larval food plants, and the attendant ants. Extensive references, a glossary and an index of scientific and common names complete the work. Joint Winner of the 2001 Whitley Medal. Finalist Scholarly Reference section - The Australian Awards for Excellence in Educational Publishing 2001.
You might experience some bleeding of certain colours; this will rinse off in the
water bath leaving marbled colour behind ... a scalpel or craft knife on a cutting
mat, making sure that every line is cut through (d) and press out the butterfly
Author: Elizabeth Harbour
Publisher: Stackpole Books
Create unique, handmade wall art, cards, bags, gift wrap, scarves, pillows, dishes, and more Techniques for printing on paper, fabric, and glassware with stencils, carved foam and plastic blocks, screenprinting, and more Explores the key printmaking techniques, including monoprinting, screenprinting, and relief printing More than 30 easy-to-make home printing projects Learn to print on paper, fabric, and glass with simple techniques and everyday materials that can be found around the house. More than 30 projects show the process clearly with step-by-step illustrations and offer inspiration for the many uses of printmaking. The techniques found in this book can be used to decorate cards, t-shirts, handbags, lampshades, easy fit tags, tea towels, glassware, and more.
Taxonomic incongruity for modifications in wing pattern associated with
environmental gradients has long evaded explanation ... Colours are either
structural in 87 Morphological adaptations to climatic gradients Determinants of
butterfly wing ...
Author: Roger L. H. Dennis
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Butterflies are particularly sensitive to climate and are important bio-indicators of climatic change. This book not only explores how butterflies adapt to climatic gradients and weather patterns, but also shows how their biogeography and evolution have responded to climate change in the past, and how they are likely to respond in the future as the enhanced greenhouse effect increasingly alters the world's climate.
Oxford : Pergamon Press . GREENSMITH ... Environmental control of pupal
colour in swallowtail butterflies : Battus philenor and Papilio polyxenes . ... The
effect of larval photoperiod on pupal colour and diapause in swallowtail
Author: Derek A. Whiteley
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
This new book offers a full-scale treatment of British butterfly ecology. We have not had a comparable source-book for many years, and now it comes at a time when many butterfly populations worldwide, including about half the British species, are in decline. The authors bring together newideas, facts, and figures from recent studies to discuss individual butterfly behaviour and adaptations; population dynamics, community structure, distributions, and habitats; and the underlying genetics and evolutionary pathways. The last chapter focuses on conservation. Information is presentedin considerable detail, and the volume includes an extensive glossary, full bibliography, many tables, appendices on hostplants and habitats, and more than ninety figures. Students of butterflies, ecology, and natural history will find it an invaluable reference tool as well as a benchmark inecological studies.The authors are well known for their work in research, conservation, and education. They are: Roger Dennis, Tim Shreeve, Keith Shreeve, Keith Porter, Martin Warren, Paul Brakefield, Jeremy Thomas, and Caroline Steel. Derek Whiteley prepared the figures.
In reality , butterflies require a warm thoracic temperature similar to that of
mammals to operate effectively . ... temperatures are well below the required
body temperatures needed for butterfly activity , most butterflies are dark in colour
to more ...
Author: Ross A. Layberry
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Beautifully illustrated and clearly presented, The Butterflies of Canada is an indispensable guide to all aspects of butterfly study. Butterfly collecting has long been a popular summer activity, and as the growing popularity of butterfly watching and conservatories in Ontario and British Columbia shows, butterflies are a continuing source of delight and interest to Canadians. The Butterflies of Canada is the first comprehensive guide to all the butterflies found in Canada. Based on the national butterfly collection maintained by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, it contains descriptive individual accounts for the close to three hundred butterfly species recorded in Canada, including descriptions of early stages, subspecies, and key features that help distinguish similar species. Each species of butterfly has an individual distribution map, generated from a database of more than 90,000 location records. More than just a field guide to identifying Canadian butterflies, however, The Butterflies of Canada includes chapters on Canadian geography and butterfly distribution, conservation, gardening, photography, and the history of butterfly study in Canada. It also contains new and unpublished information on the classification of butterflies, their ranges, larval food plants, abundance, flight seasons, and noteworthy habits. Thirty two colour plates provide diagnostic details for each species, and also feature butterflies in their natural habitats. There is an extensive bibliography.
MATE LOCATION Male butterflies actively seek out and court females, while
females either wait near the larval ... Rocky Mountain Apollo (Parnassius
smintheus) males, for example, chase only flying objects that are light in colour,
but they do ...
Author: Jon Shepard
Publisher: UBC Press
Butterflies are found everywhere in British Columbia. Written for butterfly watchers, butterfly gardeners, naturalists, and biologists, Butterflies of British Columbia will provide years of enjoyment for the butterfly enthusiast. The Butterflies of British Columbia � provides the most complete coverage of species and subspecies of any North American regional or continental butterfly book � covers 187 species and 264 subspecies of butterflies, as well as 9 additional hypothetical species � provides descriptions of identifying features, immature stages, larval foodplants, biology and life history, range and habitat, and conservation status for each species � describes 11 new subspecies � includes introductory chapters covering the history, zoogeography, conservation, morphology, ecology, and biology of butterflies in BC and adjacent areas � is lavishly illustrated with over 1,200 colour photographs and over 200 distribution maps � includes a glossary of butterfly terms and a bibliography of over 750 citations.
Evolution in communities near equilibrium. In Ecology ... (in press). Lloyd, D. G.
1973. Sex ratios in sexually dimorphic umbelliferae. Heredity 31:239-249. May,
R. M. 1973. ... Colour discrimination by the butterfly Heliconius charitonius Linn.
Author: Lawrence E. Gilbert
Publisher: University of Texas Press
It has long been recognized that plants and animals profoundly affect one another’s characteristics during the course of evolution. However, the importance of coevolution as a dynamic process involving such diverse factors as chemical communication, population structure and dynamics, energetics, and the evolution, structure, and functioning of ecosystems has been widely recognized for a comparatively short time. Coevolution represents a point of view about the structure of nature that only began to be fully explored in the late twentieth century. The papers presented here herald its emergence as an important and promising field of biological research. Coevolution of Animals and Plants is the first book to focus on the dynamic aspects of animal-plant coevolution. It covers, as broadly as possible, all the ways in which plants interact with animals. Thus, it includes discussions of leaf-feeding animals and their impact on plant evolution as well as of predator-prey relationships involving the seeds of angiosperms. Several papers deal with the most familiar aspect of mutualistic plant-animal interactions—pollination relationships. The interactions of orchids and bees, ants and plants, and butterflies and plants are discussed. One article provides a fascinating example of more indirect relationships centered around the role of carotenoids, which are produced by plants but play a fundamental part in the visual systems of both plants and animals. Coevolution of Animals and Plants provides a general conceptual framework for studies on animal-plant interaction. The papers are written from a theoretical, rather than a speculative, standpoint, stressing patterns that can be applied in a broader sense to relationships within ecosystems. Contributors to the volume include Paul Feeny, Miriam Rothschild, Christopher Smith, Brian Hocking, Lawrence Gilbert, Calaway Dodson, Herbert Baker, Bernd Heinrich, Doyle McKey, and Gordon Frankie.
Bibilography publication which for the first time contains colour illustrations of
virtually all of the birds recorded in the region . ... ( in press ) . Colour plates
illustrate 267 species of birds , 90 species of butterflies and 64 species of
dragonflies and ...
Author: Lester Perera
Pictorial works with reference to Sri Lankan birds.
Some scales are pigmented like paint colors, the color derived from chemical
compounds called flavonoids that the larvae ingest from food plants and pass
along to the butterfly. Pigment may also come from chemicals produced in the
Author: Hazel Davies
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
How fast do butterflies fly? Does a butterfly have ears? Do they sleep? Does a caterpillar have a skeleton? How does a moth get out of its cocoon? What is the difference between a butterfly and a moth? And just what is a skipper? Every year, thousands of people visit butterfly conservatories to stand in quiet awe of the simple beauty displayed by these magical creatures. Hazel Davies and Carol A. Butler capture the sense of wonderment and curiosity experienced by adults and children alike in this book about butterflies and their taxonomic cousins, the moths and the skippers. Beautifully illustrated with color and black and white photographs, and drawings by renowned artist William Howe, this book is an essential resource for parents, teachers, students, or anyone who has ever been entranced by these fascinating, fluttering creatures. Covering everything from their basic biology to their complex behaviors at every stage of life to issues in butterfly conservation, Davies and Butler explore wide-ranging topics and supply a trove of intriguing facts. You'll find tips on how to attract more butterflies to your garden, how to photograph them, and even how to raise them in your own home. Arranged in a question and answer format, the book provides detailed information written in an accessible style that brings to life the science and natural history of these insects. In addition, sidebars throughout the book detail an assortment of butterfly trivia, while extensive appendices direct you to organizations, web sites, and more than 200 indoor and outdoor public exhibits, where you can learn more or connect with other lepidopterophiles (butterfly lovers).