Quantum Nonlocality and Reality

A collaboration between distinguished physicists and philosophers of physics, this important anthology surveys the deep implications of Bell's nonlocality theorem.

Quantum Nonlocality and Reality

Author: Mary Bell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107104343

Page: 448

View: 941

A collaboration between distinguished physicists and philosophers of physics, this important anthology surveys the deep implications of Bell's nonlocality theorem.

EPR Paradox Quantum Nonlocality and Physical Reality

Several different local models were constructed and inequalities proven. Some eminent physicists concluded that Nature is definitely nonlocal and that it is acting according to a law of nonlocal randomness.

EPR Paradox  Quantum Nonlocality and Physical Reality

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Publisher:

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Abstract: Eighty years ago Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen demonstrated that instantaneous reduction of wave function, believed to describe completely a pair of entangled physical systems, led to EPR paradox. The paradox disappears in statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics (QM) according to which a wave function describes only an ensemble of identically prepared physical systems. QM predicts strong correlations between outcomes of measurements performed on different members of EPR pairs in far-away locations. Searching for an intuitive explanation of these correlations John Bell analysed so called local realistic hidden variable models and proved that correlations consistent with these models satisfy Bell inequalities which are violated by some predictions of QM and by experimental data. Several different local models were constructed and inequalities proven. Some eminent physicists concluded that Nature is definitely nonlocal and that it is acting according to a law of nonlocal randomness. According to these law perfectly random, but strongly correlated events, can be produced at the same time in far away locations and a local and causal explanation of their occurrence cannot be given. We strongly disagree with this conclusion and we prove the contrary by analysing in detail some influential finite sample proofs of Bell and CHSH inequalities and so called Quantum Randi Challenges. We also show how one can win so called Bell's game without violating locality of Nature. Nonlocal randomness is inconsistent with local quantum field theory, with standard model in elementary particle physics and with causal laws and adaptive dynamics prevailing in the surrounding us world. The experimental violation of Bell-type inequalities does not prove the nonlocality of Nature but it only confirms a contextual character of quantum observables and gives a strong argument against counterfactual definiteness and against a point of view according to which experimental outcomes are produced in irreducible random way.

Perspectives on Quantum Reality

Most of the eighteen papers in this volume are directly connected with that conference.

Perspectives on Quantum Reality

Author: R.K. Clifton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 940158656X

Page: 244

View: 670

But to admit things not visible to the gross creatures that we are is, in my opinion, to show a decent humility, and not just a lamentable addiction to metaphysics. J. S. Bell, Are There Quantum Jumps? ON CANADIAN THANKSGIVING WEEKEND in the autumn of 1994, a lively conference was held at The University of Western Ontario under the title "Conceptual Problems of Relativistic Quantum Mechanics". Most of the eighteen papers in this volume are directly connected with that conference. Articles by both theoretical physicists and philosophers of science are included, and many authors will be recognized immediately for their already substantive work in the foundations of physics. A quarter century ago Howard Stein suggested that relativistic quantum field theory should be 'the contemporary locus of metaphysical research', but there were few takers. Only fairly recently has that changed, with the result that the bulk of the papers here pursue issues that go beyond nonrelativistic quantum mechanics (or at least have serious implications for its relativistic generalization). Nevertheless, problems interpreting the nonrelativistic theory remain a persistent thorn in the side of any such endeavor, and so some of the papers develop innovative approaches to those issues as well.

Mathematical Undecidability Quantum Nonlocality and the Question of the Existence of God

QUANTUM THEORY: A POINTER TO AN INDEPENDENT REALITY A Discussion
of Bernard d'Espagnat's “Veiled Reality” There is no quantum world. There is only
an abstract quantum-mechanical description' 1. INTRODUCTION Quite soon ...

Mathematical Undecidability  Quantum Nonlocality and the Question of the Existence of God

Author: A. Driessen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401154287

Page: 227

View: 967

On January 22, 1990, the late John Bell held at CERN (European Laboratory for Particle Physics), Geneva a seminar organized by the Center of Quantum Philosophy, that at this time was an association of scientists interested in the interpretation of quantum mechanics. In this seminar Bell presented once again his famous theorem. Thereafter a discussion took place in which not only physical but also highly speculative epistemological and philosophical questions were vividly debated. The list of topics included: assumption of free will in Bell's theorem, the understanding of mind, the relationship between the mathematical and the physical world, the existence of unobservable causes and the limits of human knowledge in mathematics and physics. Encouraged by this stimulating discussion some of the participants decided to found an Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies (lIS) to promote philosoph ical and interdisciplinary reflection on the advances of science. Meanwhile the lIS has associated its activities with the Swiss foundation, Fondation du Leman, and the Dutch foundation, Stichting Instudo, registered in Geneva and Amsterdam, respectively. With its activities the lIS intends to strengthen the unity between the professional activities in science and the reflection on fun damental philosophical questions. In addition the interdisciplinary approach is expected to give a contribution to the progress of science and the socio economic development. At present three working groups are active within the lIS, i. e. : - the Center for Quantum Philosophy, - the Wealth Creation and Sustainable Development Group, - the Neural Science Group.

Classical and Quantum Nonlocality

It is not viewed as necessary to clarify the status of classical mechanics and, thus,
of its concept of reality. To our mind, it is just this starting point that leads in
quantum physics to conceptions of physical reality that run into difficulties. Our
point ...

Classical and Quantum Nonlocality

Author: P G Bergmann

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814493147

Page: 256

View: 855

This book provides an up-to-date understanding of the progress and current problems of the interplay of nonlocality in the classical theories of gravitation and quantum theory. These problems lie on the border between general relativity and quantum physics, including quantum gravity. Contents:Bohr's and Mach's Conceptions of Non-locality in Gravitation (H H v Borzeszkowski & H-J Treder)Non-locality Versus Locality: The Epistemological Background of the Einstein–Bohr Debate (H-H v Borzeszkowski & R Wahsner)Global Energy and Non-local Energy (J N Goldberg)Aspects of Physical Non-locality (A Komar)The EPR Argument and Quantum Non-locality (B K Datta et al.)Non-commuting Geometry and Spin Fluctuations (V de Sabbata et al.)Noncommutative Geometry for Pedestrians (J Madore)Some Topics and Trials on the Theory of Non-local Fields — Theory of Fields in Finsler Spaces and Fluctuations of Space–Time (Y Takano)Quantum Gravity Phenomenology (D V Nanopoulos)Hawking Radiation in String Theory and the String Phase of Black Holes (M R Medrano & N Sanchez)Non-locality, Entanglement and Quantum Computers (Z-L Zhang & Z-J Zhang) Readership: Cosmologists, astronomers, astrophysicists, high energy physicists and experimental physicists. Keywords:Nonlocality;Gravitation;Quantum Theory;General Relativity;Quantum Gravity

Quantum Reality

This clearly explained layman's introduction to quantum physics is an accessible excursion into metaphysics and the meaning of reality.

Quantum Reality

Author: Nick Herbert

Publisher: Anchor

ISBN: 030780674X

Page: 288

View: 974

This clearly explained layman's introduction to quantum physics is an accessible excursion into metaphysics and the meaning of reality. Herbert exposes the quantum world and the scientific and philosophical controversy about its interpretation.

Everyday Quantum Reality

And most people would assume that quantum reality describes a world quite different from ours. In this book, David A. Grandy shows that one can find quantum puzzles, or variations thereof, in the backyard of everyday experience.

Everyday Quantum Reality

Author: David A. Grandy

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253004756

Page: 196

View: 829

Most people have heard about quantum physics and its remarkable, well-nigh bizarre claims. And most people would assume that quantum reality describes a world quite different from ours. In this book, David A. Grandy shows that one can find quantum puzzles, or variations thereof, in the backyard of everyday experience. What disappears in transferring quantum theory to the everyday is the theory's mathematical formalism, but that need not imply a loss of analytic rigor. If quantum reality is truly as elemental and ubiquitous as many thinkers suggest, then alternative or complementary perspectives ought to be possible, and with the proliferation of such perspectives, a more fully rounded understanding of quantum reality -- and everyday reality -- might emerge. Everyday Quantum Reality is a step in that direction.

The Conscious Universe

This discussion resulted from a dialogue which began some seven years ago between a physicist who specializes in astrophysics, general relativity, and the foundations of quantum theory, and a student of cultural history who had done post ...

The Conscious Universe

Author: Menas Kafatos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468403605

Page: 214

View: 558

This discussion resulted from a dialogue which began some seven years ago between a physicist who specializes in astrophysics, general relativity, and the foundations of quantum theory, and a student of cultural history who had done post-doctoral work in the history and philosophy of science. Both of us at that time were awaiting the results of some experiments being conducted under the direction of the physicist Alain Aspect at the University of Paris-South. ! The experiments were the last in a series designed to test some predictions based on a mathematical 2 theorem published in 1964 by John Bell. There was no expectation that the results of these experiments would provide the basis for developing new technologies. The questions which the experiments were designed to answer concerned the relation ship between physical reality and physical theory in the branch of physics known as quantum mechanics. Like most questions raised by physicists which lead to startling new insights, they were disarmingly simple and direct. Is quantum physics, asked Bell, a self-consistent theory whose predictions would hold in a new class of experiments, or would the results reveal that the apparent challenges of quantum physics to the understanding in classical physics of the relationship between physical theory and physical reality were merely illusory? Answering this question in actual experiments could also, suggested Bell, lead to another, quite dramatic, result.

Quantum Physics A First Encounter

This book selects those, among these typical quantum phenomena, whose rigorous description requires neither the formalism, nor an important background in physics.

Quantum Physics  A First Encounter

Author: Valerio Scarani

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191606979

Page: 144

View: 415

Quantum physics is often perceived as a weird and abstract theory, which physicists must use in order to make correct predictions. But many recent experiments have shown that the weirdness of the theory simply mirrors the weirdness of phenomena: it is Nature itself, and not only our description of it, that behaves in an astonishing way. This book selects those, among these typical quantum phenomena, whose rigorous description requires neither the formalism, nor an important background in physics. The first part of the book deals with the phenomenon of single-particle interference, covering the historical questions of wave-particle duality, objective randomness and the boundary between the quantum and the classical world, but also the recent idea of quantum cryptography. The second part introduces the modern theme of entanglement, by presenting two-particle interference phenomena and discussing Bell's inequalities. A concise review of the main interpretations of quantum physics is provided.

Quantum Coherence and Reality

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the above conference, held to celebrate the 60th birthday of Yakir Aharonov.

Quantum Coherence and Reality

Author: Jeeva S Anandan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814549819

Page: 384

View: 450

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the above conference, held to celebrate the 60th birthday of Yakir Aharonov. Two Nobel laureates (Norman Ramsey and Charles Townes), members of the National Academy of Sciences and Cresson Medal winners were among the speakers. Among the topics discussed are quantum reality, geometric phases and the Aharonov–Bohm effect, spin and statistics, black holes and quantum gravity. All of these are fundamental to our understanding of quantum theory and are related by being aspects of quantum theory on subjects that Yakir Aharonov has considered. Contents:Dynamic Observation of Flux Lines Based on the AB Effect Principle (A Tonomura)Aharonov Effects for Two Slits and Separated Oscillatory Fields Interferences (N Ramsey)Faster than Fourier (M Berry)Quantum Phase in Action (A Zee)Liberating Exotic Slaves (F Wilczek)Evidence for a Massive Black Hole in the Center of Our Galaxy (C Townes)Black Holes, Wormholes, and the Disappearance of Global Charge (S Coleman)Unitarity of the Black Hole Scattering Matrix (G t' Hooft)Topological Phases and Their Duality in Electromagnetic and Gravitational Fields (J Anandan)Non Locality and Objectivity in Quantum State Reduction (R Penrose)A Non-Polarization EPR Experiment: Observation of High-Visibility Franson Interference Fringes (R Y Chiao et al)Toward “It from Bit” (J A Wheeler) (Para)Bosons, (Para)Fermions, Quons and Other Beasts in the Menagerie of Particle Statistics (O W Greenberg et al)A New Formulation of Quantum Mechanics (Y Aharonov)and other papers Readership: Physicists interested in quantum theory. keywords:Bohm-Aharonov;Black Holes;Gauge Fields;Quantum Gravity;Reality;Non-locality;Spin;Statistics;Geometry;Phenomenology

Quantum Non Locality and Relativity

We can, and preserve our normal opinions about macroscopic reality, but the
foliation required by the theory must then also somehow be hidden from our view
by the theory. We could then implement non-locality in the most obvious way, but
 ...

Quantum Non Locality and Relativity

Author: Tim Maudlin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444396966

Page: 312

View: 604

The third edition of Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity has been carefully updated to reflect significant developments, including a new chapter covering important recent work in the foundations of physics. A new edition of the premier philosophical study of Bell’s Theorem and its implication for the relativistic account of space and time Discusses Roderich Tumiulka’s explicit, relativistic theory that can reproduce the quantum mechanical violation of Bell’s inequality. Discusses the "Free Will Theorem" of John Conway and Simon Kochen Introduces philosophers to the relevant physics and demonstrates how philosophical analysis can help inform physics

Physics of the Soul

In Physics of the Soul, Goswami helps readers understand the perplexities of the quantum physics model of reality and the perennial beliefs of spiritual and religious traditions.

Physics of the Soul

Author: Amit Goswami

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing

ISBN: 1612833241

Page: 304

View: 980

At last, science and the soul shake hands. Writing in a style that is both lucid and charming, mischievous and profound, Dr. Amit Goswami uses the language and concepts of quantum physics to explore and scientifically prove metaphysical theories of reincarnation and immortality. In Physics of the Soul, Goswami helps readers understand the perplexities of the quantum physics model of reality and the perennial beliefs of spiritual and religious traditions. He shows how they are not only compatible but also provide essential support for each other. The result is a deeply broadened, exciting, and enriched worldview that integrates mind and spirit into science. Includes a new preface.

Healing Your Mind and Soul Therapeutic Interventions in Quantum Reality

The Nonlocal Capacity of the Personal Field Nonlocality is one of the more
exciting properties of our hidden or virtual reality. Nonlocality is a property of the
11 dimensions that allows the dimensional structure of an object to appear to be
 ...

Healing Your Mind and Soul  Therapeutic Interventions in Quantum Reality

Author: Garry Flint

Publisher: eBookIt.com

ISBN: 0980928915

Page: 244

View: 412

In his groundbreaking book, Healing Your Mind and Soul, Flint approaches healing from the point of view of quantum reality. He creates a model of quantum reality, which explains ancestral influences, distant treatment, and the cause of our experience of reality. The model shows that we are all connected and created in a logical and orderly relationship with one another to give us more happiness and less pain, which suggests a loving creation process. At the spiritual level, Flint uses the model to define the soul and to discuss prayer and afterlife. He defines Wisdom as a rich resource in the hidden reality. It can be used to cause deep healing of many issues. Examples of the communication between the therapist and patient teaches the reader a way to treat intruding souls, ancestral fields, and to use. Wisdom to treat common issues. Other experimental interventions are given. Healing Your Mind and Soul is an invaluable self-help guide that breaks important new therapeutic ground for both the health professional and the layperson. Dr. Garry A. Flint is a psychologist with over 40 years of clinical experience. He has treated issues in the quantum fields for the last 15 years. He is the author of three previous books, Emotional Freedom, A Theory and Treatment of Your Personality, and A Healing Legend, co-authored with Jo C. Willems. a a brave and provocative book' Lee Pulos, Ph.D., A.B.P.P.

The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

This volume provides a unique overview of recent Italian studies on the foundations of quantum mechanics and related historical, philosophical and epistemological topics.

The Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9814477656

Page:

View: 134

Quantum Entanglement and Synchronicity Force Fields Non Locality Extrasensory Perception The Astonishing Properties of Quantum Physics

Pages 244. 55 illustrationsOften our daily life is accompanied by extrasensory insights and visions.

Quantum Entanglement and Synchronicity  Force Fields  Non Locality  Extrasensory Perception  The Astonishing Properties of Quantum Physics

Author: George Anderson

Publisher: Independently Published

ISBN: 9781096494515

Page: 262

View: 348

Pages 244. 55 illustrationsOften our daily life is accompanied by extrasensory insights and visions. Our existence is accompanied by episodes of telepathy or other sensations of the soul. These phenomena are not uncommon and affect everyone. Some scholars, with a more open mind, wanted to tackle the topic scientifically. They wondered if there is a way to understand extrasensory experiences without resorting to occultism, mythology or pseudo-religious philosophies.Quantum physics provides positive answers to this question. It is now certain that elementary particles are connected to each other. Quantum entanglement confirms that in the level of elementary particles "everything is one". In this unity we can recognize a mind of the universe. Perhaps Plato's "Anima mundi". Perhaps the collective unconscious of Carl Jung. Perhaps it is the Eastern philosophy of the Tao. Or perhaps a completely new vision of reality, which unifies the material and the psychic. The author, with the clarity of an expert communicator, involves the reader in these themes. riflessione.

The Self Aware Universe

The succinct answer is: in the transcendent domain of reality. The technical name
for signalless, instantaneous action at a distance is nonlocality. The correlation of
quantum objects observed in Aspect's experiment is a nonlocal correlation.

The Self Aware Universe

Author: Amit Goswami

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781440674273

Page: 336

View: 135

Consciousness, not matter, is the ground of all existence, declares University of Oregon physicist Goswami, echoing the mystic sages of his native India. He holds that the universe is self-aware, and that consciousness creates the physical world.

Quantum Reality Relativistic Causality and Closing the Epistemic Circle

This book collects twenty-three original essays stemming from the conference, on topics including history and methodology of science, Bell's theorem, probability theory, the uncertainty principle, stochastic modifications of quantum ...

Quantum Reality  Relativistic Causality  and Closing the Epistemic Circle

Author: Wayne C. Myrvold

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402091079

Page: 516

View: 589

In July 2006, a major international conference was held at the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Canada, to celebrate the career and work of a remarkable man of letters. Abner Shimony, who is well known for his pioneering contributions to foundations of quantum mechanics, is a physicist as well as a philosopher, and is highly respected among the intellectuals of both communities. In line with Shimony’s conviction that philosophical investigation is not to be divorced from theoretical and empirical work in the sciences, the conference brought together leading theoretical physicists, experimentalists, as well as philosophers. This book collects twenty-three original essays stemming from the conference, on topics including history and methodology of science, Bell's theorem, probability theory, the uncertainty principle, stochastic modifications of quantum mechanics, and relativity theory. It ends with a transcript of a fascinating discussion between Lee Smolin and Shimony, ranging over the entire spectrum of Shimony's wide-ranging contributions to philosophy, science, and philosophy of science.

Non locality and Modality

Its interpretation, however, is as unsettled now as in the heroic days of Einstein and Bohr. This book focuses on quantum non-locality, the curious quantum correlations between spatially separated systems.

Non locality and Modality

Author: Tomasz Placek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401003858

Page: 352

View: 908

Quantum theory is the most successful of all physical theories: it has a towering mathematical structure, a vast range of accurate predictions, and technological applications. Its interpretation, however, is as unsettled now as in the heroic days of Einstein and Bohr. This book focuses on quantum non-locality, the curious quantum correlations between spatially separated systems. Quantum non-locality was one subject of the debates between Einstein, Bohr and others such as Schrödinger. The topic was revived in the 1960s as a result of Bell's epoch-making theorems; since then it has been a very active research field, both theoretically and experimentally. This book contains twenty new papers by eminent researchers, who report recent developments in both the physics of the subject and its philosophy. The physics topics covered include quantum information, the unsharp (positive-operator) approach to observables, the state-space approach, and the pilot-wave theory. The philosophy papers include precise studies of Bohr's reply to the original Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen non-locality paradox, and of non-locality's relation to causation, probability and modality.