"The Dutch Atlantic during an era (following the imperial moment of the seventeenth century) in which Dutch military power declined and Dutch colonies began to chart a more autonomous path.
Author: Wim Klooster
Publisher: Cornell University Press
"The Dutch Atlantic during an era (following the imperial moment of the seventeenth century) in which Dutch military power declined and Dutch colonies began to chart a more autonomous path. A revisionist history of the eighteenth-century Atlantic world, a counterpoint to the more widely known British and French Atlantic histories"--
Unless a group explicitly entered this territorial realm from outside—as in the
case of Kija and his followers— the group was treated as descending from Tan'
gun and thus as part of the mining. This approach to Manchuria allowed Kim to
Author: Andre Schmid
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Turning from more traditional modes of historical inquiry, Korea Between Empires explores the formative influence of language and social discourse on conceptions of nationalism, national identity, and the nation-state.
In Empires and Indigenes: Intercultural Alliance, Imperial Expansion, and Warfare
in the Early Modern World. Edited by Wayne E. Lee, 251–75. New York: ... Leiden
: KITLV, 2011. ———. Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, ...
Author: Bram Hoonhout
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
"BORDERLESS EMPIRE explores the volatile history of Dutch Guiana, in particular the forgotten colonies of Essequibo and Demerara, in order to provide new perspectives on European empire building in the Atlantic world. It argues that imperial expansion was a process of improvisation at the colonial level, rather than a project that was centrally orchestrated from the metropolis. Furthermore, it emphasizes that colonial expansion was far more transnational than the oft-used divisions into "national Atlantics" suggest. It therefore aims to transcend the framework of the "Dutch Atlantic" by looking at the connections across cultural and imperial boundaries. This book tells a story of empire building as an Atlantic-wide process. Essequibo and Demerara remained remarkably open colonies, even as late as the end of the eighteenth century. But that is not to say they were unique: improvisation, and the consequent contacts across imperial borders were a general feature of early modern colonial ventures. By looking outwards from the colonies, rather than following the top-down view from the metropolis, BORDERLESS EMPIRE aims to bring these entanglements to the fore. Highlighting the contribution of many non-Dutch actors--such as Amerindian soldiers, North American provisions traders, and British slave smugglers--it reveals the truly Atlantic nature of empire building. BORDERLESS EMPIRE makes an important contribution to the study of early modern imperialism, Atlantic history, and the historiography of "--
The period from approximately 200 BCE to 300 CE is usually called a time of
invasions, meaning those of the Greeks, Sakas, and Kushanas. One may also
call it as a time "between the empires," i.e., between the first pan-Indian realm of
Author: Patrick Olivelle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
This volume is the result of an international conference organized by the South Asia Institute at the University of Texas. Patrick Olivelle has collected and edited the best papers to emerge from the conference. Part I of the book looks at what can be construed from archeological evidence. Part II concerns itself with the textual evidence for the period. Taken together, these essays offer an unprecedented look at Indian culture and society in this distant epoch.
Empires, as we have thus far seen, are built on distinctive structures of political
rule buttressed by specific forms of ... Special attention is paid to the tensions
between imperial integration and contestation in the cultural realm; between the ...
Author: Alejandro Colás
The notion of empire has in recent years taken on a renewed importance in world politics. US foreign policy has in particular been associated with this concept by both critics and supporters of American global power. But what exactly is an empire? What distinguishes different forms of empire? Is this category still useful in a post-colonial world? These and other related questions are addressed in this historically informed conceptual introduction to the idea of empire. Alejandro Colás draws on interdisciplinary debates surrounding this disputed notion and offers a survey of different imperial experiences across time and place. Successive chapters consider the imperial organization of political space, the role of markets in sustaining imperial rule and the contradictory expressions of imperial culture. Colás argues that in each of these arenas we can establish differences among empires but also contrast imperial polities to other forms of political rule. In addition he suggests that the experiences and legacies of empire are key to an understanding of the world today, including forms of global governance and experiments in nation-building. Using wide-ranging examples, the book discusses some of the major theories of empire and imperialism in an accessible and engaging way. Above all, the text aims to bring the concept of empire alive to those concerned with contemporary world politics and society. It will be of great interest to those studying and teaching world history, international relations, comparative politics or global sociology.
Paralleling the emergence of sites for collective composition of verse and
conversation, institutional religions, temples and gardens in cities, villas and
hermits' caves in the hills, the literati created a more autonomous "aesthetic"
realm no ...
Author: Mark Edward LEWIS
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The geography of the northern and southern dynasties -- The rise of the great families -- Military dynasticism in the northern and southern dynasties -- Cities in the northern and southern dynasties -- Rural society in the northern and southern dynasties -- China and the outside world in the northern and southern dynasties -- Kinship in the northern and southern dynasties -- Institutional religions in the northern and southern dynasties -- The literary field of the northern and southern dynasties
to Curaçao were organised to protect shipping from attack by the Spanish Real
Compañía Guipuzcoana.78 The VOC was able ... 78 W. Klooster and G.
Oostindie, Realm between Empires: The Second Dutch Atlantic, 1690–1815 (
Ithaca, NY: ...
Author: David Morgan-Owen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Economic Warfare and the Sea examines the relationship between trade, maritime warfare, and strategic thought between the early modern period and the late-twentieth century. Featuring contributions from renown historians and rising scholars, this volume forwards an international perspective upon the intersection of maritime history, strategy, and diplomacy. Core themes include the role of 'economic warfare' in maritime strategic thought, prevalence of economic competition below the threshold of open conflict, and the role non-state actors have played in the prosecution of economic warfare. Using unique material from 18 different archives across six countries, this volume explores critical moments in the development of economic warfare, naval technology, and international law, including the Anglo-Dutch Wars, the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, the First World War, and the Second World War. Distinct chapters also analyse the role of economic warfare in theories of maritime strategy, and what the future holds for the changing role of navies in the floating global economy of the twenty-first century.
The second form of hierarchisation is that between Empire and its 'external
Others'. ... are fundamentalist or terrorist, the biopolitics of Empire is continually
performing the distinction between the humanity deserving of protection in its
realm of ...
Author: Allan Edwards
Publisher: Meyer & Meyer Verlag
'Sport Empire' applies a new theoretical lens to provide a greater understanding of the globalisation of sport.
This comes from a long story called Piers Plowman The labourers that have no
land and work with their hands will no longer eat the stale vegetables of
yesterday . Penny ale will not suit them , nor bacon . They want fresh meat or fish
, fried or ...
Author: Nigel Kelly
Living Through History is a complete Key Stage 3 course which brings out the exciting events in history. The course is available in two different editions, Core and Foundation. Every core title in the series has a parallel Foundation edition. Each Evaluation Pack includes the Assessment and Resource Pack and a free compendium volume student book. The resource packs include a variety of tasks which students should find interesting and enjoyable. They also include differentiated exercises to provide support for less able students and challenging work for more able students. Assessment exercises for the compulsory study units aim to help teachers monitor progress through NC levels.
Although broad patterns of evolution in spatial organization can be explained by
long trends in the empire's core ... former Song allies , quadrupled their territory ,
capturing land from Song Shaanxi and from the Uighurs and Tibetans farther ...
Author: Ruth Mostern
Publisher: Harvard University Press
States are inherently and fundamentally geographical. Sovereignty is based on control of territory. This book uses Song China to explain how a pre-industrial regime organized itself spatially in order to exercise authority. On more than a thousand occasions, the Song court founded, abolished, promoted, demoted, and reordered jurisdictions in an attempt to maximize the effectiveness of limited resources in a climate of shifting priorities, to placate competing constituencies, and to address military and economic crises. Spatial transformations in the Song field administration changed the geography of commerce, taxation, revenue accumulation, warfare, foreign relations, and social organization, and even determined the terms of debates about imperial power. The chronology of tenth-century imperial consolidation, eleventh-century political reform, and twelfth-century localism traced in this book is a familiar one. But by detailing the relationship between the court and local administration, this book complicates the received paradigm of Song centralization and decentralization. Song frontier policies formed a coherent imperial approach to administering peripheral regions with inaccessible resources and limited infrastructure. And the well-known events of the Song—wars and reforms—were often responses to long-term spatial and demographic change.
Other central cities of the empire had medium - sized communities , generally
numbering from 1 , 000 to 5 , 000 persons : Bursa and Izmir in western Anatolia ;
Edirne in Thracia ( in European territory west of Istanbul ) ; Belgrade , Skopje ...
Author: Yaron Ben-Naeh
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
Jewish society in the Ottoman Empire has not been the subject of systematic research. The seventeenth century is the main object of this study, since it was a formative era. For Ottoman Jews, the 'Ottoman century' constituted an era of gradual acculturation to changing reality, parallel to the changing character of the Ottoman state. Continuous changes and developments shaped anew the character of this Jewry, the core of what would later become known as 'Sephardi Jewry'.Yaron Ben-Naeh draws from primary and secondary Hebrew, Ottoman, and European sources, the image of Jewish society in the Ottoman Empire. In the chapters he leads the reader from the overall urban framework to individual aspects. Beginning with the physical environment, he moves on to discuss their relationships with the majority society, followed by a description and analysis of the congregation, its organization and structure, and from there to the character of Ottoman Jewish society and its nuclear cell - the family. Special emphasis is placed throughout the work on the interaction with Muslim society and the resulting acculturation that affected all aspects and all levels of Jewish life in the Empire. In this, the author challenges the widespread view that sees this community as being stagnant and self-segregated, as well as the accepted concept of a traditional Jewish society under Islam.
REALM. Embedded in one of the walls of the nave of St. Stephen's Cathedral in
Vienna is a Turkish cannonball. A relic from the Siege of 1683, it marks the flood
tide of the last great surge of the Ottoman Empire into Europe, the farthest point of
Author: Daniel Allen Butler
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
The history of the Ottoman Empire spanned more than seven centuries. At the height of its power, it stretched over three continents and produced marvels of architecture, literature, science, and warfare. When it fell, its collapse redrew the map of the world and changed the course of history. Shadow of the Sultan's Realm is the story of the empire's dissolution during a tumultuous period that climaxed in the First World War. In its telling are battles and campaigns that have become the stuff of legend--Gallipoli, Kut, Beersheeba--waged by men who have become larger than life: Enver Bey, the would-be patriot who was driven more by ambition than by wisdom; T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia"), the enigmatic leader of an irregular war against the Turks; Aaron Aaronsohn, the Jewish botanist-turned-spy who deceived his Turkish and British allies with equal facility; David Lloyd George, the prime minister for whom power meant everything, integrity nothing; Mehmet Talaat, who gave the orders that began the Armenian massacres; Winston Churchill, who created a detailed plan for the Gallipoli campaign, which should have been the masterstroke of the Great War; Mustafa Kemal, a gifted soldier who would become a revolutionary politician and earn the name Atatürk; Arthur Balfour, the British foreign secretary who would promise anything to anyone; and Edmund Allenby, the general who failed in the trench warfare of the western front but fought brilliantly in Palestine. Daniel Allen Butler weaves the stories of the men and the events that propelled them into a compelling narrative of the death of an empire. Its legacy is the cauldron of the modern Middle East.
Empires. Entwicklung. von. Sprachimperien. 228. Spracherhaltung, Sprachverfall
, Sprachtod Language Maintenance, Language Decline and Language ... The
realm of Spanish: from colonial empire to a second tier world language 5.
Author: Ulrich Ammon
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Since the publication of the first edition of the handbook Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguistik , the then young discipline has changed and developed considerably. The field has left behind its status as an interdiscipline between sociology and linguistics and is now a worldwide established field. Sociolinguistics continues to contribute to solving practical problems in areas such as language planning and standardization, language policy, as well as in language didactics and speech therapy. Moreover, new topics and areas of application have arisen from the autonomy of the discipline - these have been systematically and extensively included in the second edition of the handbook. The new overall concept depicts the regional and disciplinary representativity of sociolinguistic research while offering an encyclopedia-like useablitiy for all its readers. This includes theoretical depth and stringency for readers interested in theory, as well as methodical abundance and detail for empirical researchers. The descriptions of methods are so informative and precise that they can directly be used in the preparation of project planning. Similarly, the descriptions in the practice-oriented articles are so precise that users can accurately assess to what extent they can expect a certain sociolinguistic approach to help solve their problems. With an extensive description as its goal, the second edition of the handbook Sociolinguistics/Soziolinguistik takes into account the current standing of the discipline and the modified structure of the field.
International politics is to be understood predominantly as the realm of interaction
between sovereign authorities - a realm which is separate from that of domestic
politics . 2. The distinctive character of this realm is given by the condition of ...
Author: Justin Rosenberg
This text presents a series of case studies - including classical Greece, Renaissance Italy and the Portuguese and Spanish empires - to show how the historical-materialist analysis of societies is a better guide to understanding global systems than the theories of standard international relations.
Apart from his native Macedonia and Greece, the empire consisted primarily of
the legacy of the collapsed Achaemenid ... The Seleucids finally controlled an
enormous realm, which extended from Asia Minor and Syria to the borders of
Author: Michael Pfrommer
Publisher: Getty Publications
This heavily illustrated catalogue is devoted to the Museum’s collection of silver and gold from the Hellenized East—one of the largest yet assembled. Among the objects included are rhyta, bowls, cups, jewelry, and decorative gold and silver ornaments for horse bridles and clothing. In an extensive introduction, the author dates the various groups of objects and places them within a wider cultural and archaeological context, providing a detailed stylistic analysis of the ornamental motifs of many pieces. Of particular importance is the inclusion of illustrations of some 50 little-known comparative objects as well as extensive bibliographic references.
CHAPTER 10 THE MUSLIM REALM A. Connections between Past and Present
he Byzantine Empire and the Western European commonwealth had evolved
certain well-defined methods and institutions of organizing political life in their ...
Author: Adda BrÃ¼mmer Bozeman
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
The current political conflicts in Somalia and Russia make the reappearance of this book as relevant as ever. Politics and Culture in International History illumines world politics by identifying the causes of conflict and war and assessing the validity of schemes for peace and unity. Bozeman maintains that political systems are grounded in cultures; thus, international relations are by definition hitercultural relations. She deals exclusively with the thought patterns of the world's literate civilizations and societies between the fourth millenium B.C. and the fifteenth century A.D. In a substantial new introduction, Bozeman analyzes world politics over the last half century, showing how the interplay of politics and culture has intensified. She notes that the world's assembly of states is no longer held together by substantive accords on norms, purposes, and values, but by loose agreements on the use offorms, techniques, and words. The causes and effects of these changes between the 1950s and 1990s are assayed by Bozeman.
Dynastic Continuity in the Post-Carolingian Frankish Realm, 900-1300 Herbert
Schutz ... At all times the influences from Italy, Burgundy and the Byzantine
Empire were a boon to the German north. In this context, it is not entirely accurate
to use ...
Author: Herbert Schutz
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
This book offers a concise yet detailed political history of medieval Central Europe as it traces the history of the Medieval Empire from its inception as a kingdom during the early 10th century, to its formation as Roman Empire, its support of the papacy, its struggle with the papacy for supremacy, the shift of its centre of gravity to Italy and its demise into particularist parts by the middle of the 13th century. It surveys the three dynasties which ruled the Post-Carolingian Empire and follows the political emergence of a disjointed region through its crystallization into an independent kingdom to become by the year 1000 the strongest military and political power in Europe, ultimately called upon to stabilize the political unrest in Italy. As Roman emperors the kings ordered the affairs of the city of Rome and bolstered the spiritual and political position of the popes until several competent popes turned the papal dependency into its primacy and enforced the subordination of the secular authorities. The Crusades helped to play great military and political power into papal hands, so that the secular authority declined, as the monarchy lost interest in Germany and became focused on Italy and especially on Sicily.