... one year later, were both intended to bypass Russia and Iran, in order to
diversify and secure Western energy imports. ... to reassess security in the South
Caucasus in the light of recent geopolitical and security developments in the
Author: Annie Jafalian
Lying on the periphery of Europe, Russia, Turkey and Iran, and also being of interest to the United States, the South Caucasus is receiving growing attention among decision-makers and scholars of international relations. From a European perspective, the region is now forming a neighbouring area at the border of the Black Sea, as well as a corridor of oil and gas imports whose stability has become part of European security itself. As such, this volume reassesses security in the South Caucasus. It makes it possible to update analysis on security interests, perceptions and policies at national, regional and international levels through cross-national studies. Aimed at highlighting long-term defence and security trends in the region, contributors re-examine their relevance and enduring impact. They also identify changing dynamics under recent geopolitical and political developments in and around the region such as: the enlargements of NATO, the August 2008 Russia-Georgia war, the creation of the EU Eastern Partnership or Presidential elections. One of this volume's distinct contributions is that chapters have been written by experts from inside and around the region, i.e. Armenia, Georgia, Russia and Turkey, with other important contributions provided by authors from France and Canada having extensive experience in the area. Students and scholars of post-Soviet states, Eurasian geopolitics and European Security will find this volume enlightening.
Reassessing Security in the South Caucasus: Regional Conflicts and
Transformation. Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate. Jafarova, E. (2014). Conflict
Resolution in South Caucasus: Challenges to International Efforts. London:
Lexington Books ...
Author: Syuzanna Vasilyan
This book devises a new conceptual framework of ‘moral power’ and applies it to the policy of the European Union (EU) towards the South Caucasian states of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. It covers the period starting from the 1990s to the present and analyses policy domains (democracy promotion, conflict resolution, security, energy, trade) juxtaposing the policy of EU/member states with those of the United States (US), Russia, Turkey, Iran, as well as inter-governmental and regional organizations. ‘Morality’ is unpacked as composed of seven parameters: consequentialism; coherence; consistency; normative solidity; balance between values and interests; inclusiveness; and external legitimacy. ‘Power’ is branched into ‘potential’, ‘actual’ and ‘actualized’ types. ‘Moral power’ is consequently developed as an objective and neutral framework to capture the foreign policy of an international actor in any geographic area and policy sphere. The book will be useful for students and scholars of International Relations and EU Studies, policy-makers and practitioners.
Iran's motive behind its involvement in the South Caucasus was also driven by
economic concerns, mainly gaining a greater ... Reassessing Security in the
South Caucasus: Regional Conficts and Transformation (London: Ashgate, 2011)
Author: Ohannes Geukjian
Conflict resolution, conflict management and conflict transformations are major themes in this unique book which examines, explores and analyses the mediation attempts of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict. Ohannes Geukjian shows the most striking characteristic of a protracted internal conflict such as this is its asymmetry and explains that, without meeting basic human needs like identity, recognition, security and participation, resolving any protracted social conflict is very difficult. The Armenian Azerbaijani case demonstrates how official diplomacy may not be able to solve protracted internal conflicts as, without addressing the real causes of the problematic relationship, attempts at peace making will always be sporadic and the space for mutual understanding and compromise shrink. Geukjian shows that conflict transformation has a particular salience in asymmetric conflicts such as this where the goal is to transform unjust relationships and where a high degree of polarisation between the disputants has taken root. Using the Nagorno-Karabakh case, this book focuses on the anatomy and causes of deadlock in negotiations and highlights the many difficulties in achieving a breakthrough.
Reassessing Security in the South Caucasus: Regional Conflicts and
Transformation. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2011, 11–31. Helly, Damien, and Giorgi
Gogia. “Georgian Security and the Role of the West.” In Bruno Coppieters and
Author: Michael Brecher
This book is designed to present a fully developed theory of international crisis and conflict, along with substantial evidence of these two closely related phenomena. The book begins with a discussion of these topics at a theoretical level, defining and elaborating on core concepts: international crisis, interstate conflict, severity, and impact. This is followed by a discussion of the international system, along with two significant illustrations, the Berlin Blockade crisis (1948) and the India-Pakistan crisis over Kashmir (1965-66). The book then presents a unified model of crisis, focusing on the four phases of an international crisis, which incorporate the four periods of foreign policy crises for individual states. Findings from thirteen conflicts representing six regional clusters are then analyzed, concluding with a set of hypotheses and evidence on conflict onset, persistence, and resolution.
23 The most significant interrelation between North and South Caucasus ,
however , rests in the context of Russian security policy – in particular the
reassessment of capabilities and policies in the light of defeat in Chechenia , the
waning of ...
Author: Edmund Herzig
Publisher: Burns & Oates
This work provides an assessment of the political and economic development of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia in five years of independence, and analyzes the trends that are shaping the region's near to medium term future. It focuses on the dynamics of political stability and instability, on the region's unresolved conflicts and on the prospects for regional cooperation and sustained economic growth. Special consideration is given to the interplay of internal and external factors.
... DC , Central Asia took an especially key place in world politics as the U.S. had
to reassess its geostrategic interests in the region . As U.S. military contingents
were deployed in Afghanistan , international attention to the strategic milieu of the
South Caucasus swiftly increased . ... between Russia and the United States
have created new security challenges for Armenia , Azerbaijan , and Georgia .
Author: Elkhan Nuriyev
Publisher: Lit Verlag
Written by a highly respected expert in the field, this book addresses some of this little known region's most vital issues: territorial conflicts, oil and natural gas resources, geopolitical complexities and pipeline politics, as well as the successes and failures of democratic processes in the post-Soviet countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. The future of these newly independent states; where Iran and Turkey, as well as Russia, the U.S. and the E.U. are vying for political and economic influence; is still being determined, and it is clearer every day that events in the Caucasus and Caspian Sea region have the potential to impact European security. The author looks at the challenges faced by these young South Caucasian countries and examines the prospects for future peace and prosperity in the region. The South Caucasus at the Crossroads is essential reading for students and researchers of post-Soviet history and Caucasus studies, sociology, Caspian Sea politics, political science, and international relations. Elkhan Nuriyev is the director of the Center for International Studies (CIS) and associate professor of political science and international affairs at the University of the Caucasus in Baku (Republic of Azerbaijan).
In this context of fear and mutual mistrust , pressing security concerns have not
been addressed constructively . ... and international players — state , non - state ,
and commercial — have begun to play an increasing role in the South Caucasus
. ... The threat of international terrorism has prompted a reassessment of security .
Author: Bruno Coppieters
Publisher: MIT Press
Analyzes security challenges facing Georgia since a more democratic government took over in 2003, including secessionist crises within its borders and regional instability in the Caucasus.
This is followed by the analysis of the growth of the economic interests (first of all related to oil) and the increase in influence of the regional processes in Russia itself.
Author: Pavel Baev
That Russia has vital strategic interests in the Caucasus and Central Asia can be taken as an established political fact. What is remarkable about this fact is that the nature of these interests as well as the nature and intensity of challenges to them have changed quite drastically during Russia's 5 years of existence as a post-Soviet state. It is no wonder that Russian policymakers are permanently agonizing over reassessment of these interests and are now nowhere close to producing a coherent strategy of their advancement. This monograph will argue that Russia's ability to meet the challenges from the South is a major factor in determining its future as a world power.1 There is no doubt that the Caucasus and Central Asia are two separate regions in the turbulent post-Soviet geopolitical space, with different political dynamics and plenty of internal diversities and conflicts. Even looking from Moscow, it is obvious that these differences are of such a scale that no single integrated strategy could possibly embrace both regions; two essentially different policies are required and were, in fact, pursued. Still, the author attempts to take these two regions together, seeking to trace interplay among Russia's economic, political and strategic interests and to discover parallels in Moscow's past, current and possible future activities. This paper will first take a brief look at the evolution of Russia's policies in the Caucasus and Central Asia in 1992-94; then the impact of the Chechen War will be evaluated. This is followed by the analysis of the growth of the economic interests (first of all related to oil) and the increase in influence of the regional processes in Russia itself. Finally, an attempt to distinguish between the real and misperceived security challenges for the near future will be undertaken.
Russia - Azerbaijan Gas Deal Would Boost Energy Security - Medvedev ' , April
17. ... The EU's Neighborhood Policy and the South Caucasus : Unfolding New
Patterns of Cooperation ' , Caucasian Review of International Affairs , vol . 2 , no .
Author: Maria Raquel Freire
Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan
The contributors to this edited volume explore Russia's re-emergence as a major actor in Central Asia and the Caucasus. This re-emergence is limited by the involvement and influence of external state and non-state actors such as China, the United States, India, foreign energy companies, and international organizations, including the CIS and CSTO, NATO, the OSCE and the SCO. The primary focus is on Russia as the main state actor in the relationships and on the possibilities and limits of its initiatives in the face of the processes of multi-level and multi-actor cooperation and competition in the region. The central issues of regionalism, as a constructed reality in Eurasia, and great power rivalry, with the dynamics that underlie this dialectic relationship, are analyzed, making this study a contribution to the examination of Russian interests in and policy toward the region and the competition that it now faces with other countries and non-state actors.
... of Central and Eastern Europe , and the fragile states of the southern
Caucasus and Central Asia have been imperial . ... NATO ( and its American
leaders ) to reassess the formula for Russian participation in European security
Author: Paige Bryan Sullivan
Publisher: Center for Strategic & International studies
The author describes and analyzes now U.S. policy toward Russia in the political, economic, and military arenas failed to reach the ostensible goal of integrating Russia into the western world.