Relativistic Cosmology

Surveying key developments and open issues in cosmology for graduate students and researchers, this book focuses on the general concepts and relations that underpin the standard model of the Universe.

Relativistic Cosmology

Author: George F. R. Ellis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521381150

Page: 622

View: 896

Surveying key developments and open issues in cosmology for graduate students and researchers, this book focuses on the general concepts and relations that underpin the standard model of the Universe. It also examines anisotropic and inhomogeneous models, and deeper issues, such as quantum cosmology and the multiverse proposal.

Relativistic Cosmology

But, in fact, Hubble's law thus expressed is only a secondary consequence, valid
to first order, of the fundamental law of General Relativistic cosmology according
to which wavelengths are proportional to the radius of curvature of the space or ...

Relativistic Cosmology

Author: J. Heidmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642676960

Page: 170

View: 815

Since the first French edition of the book emphasized rather the solid facts of Cosmology than the detailed discussions of controversial results, relatively few revisions were necessary for the English edition. They were made early in 1979 and affected about 5% of the text. The main revisions referred to the distance scale, the dlstribution of galaxies, the X-ray observations of clusters, the cosmic time evolution of quasars and radiogalaxies and the 3 K radiation. A new short bibliography presents the recent articles and the latest proceedings of Symposia; from these the reader can easily trace a more complete list of refer ences. I am happy to thank Professor Beiglbock for suggestions he made to improve Part lIon Spaces of Constant Curvature, and Drs. S. and J. Mitton for translating the manuscript into English. I also thank with pleasure Marie-Ange Sevin for correcting the final version. J. Heidmann March 1980, Meudon, France Preface The aim of this book is to present the fundamentals of cosmology. Its subject is the study of the universe on a grand scale: - on a grand distance scale, since from the start, we shall be escaping the con fines of our own Galaxy to explore space as far as the limits of the observable universe, some ten thousand million light years away; - and on a grand time scale, as we shall look back into the past to the very first moments of the initial expansion, about twelve thousand million years ago.

Relativistic Cosmology

Dr. Amit Prakash. RELATIVISTIC COSMOLOGY D R A M | T P R A K AS H s |Blue
Rose N L' P u b i s h e r s © Dr. Amit Prakash 2020 All rights reserved All rights.
Front Cover.

Relativistic Cosmology

Author: Dr. Amit Prakash

Publisher: BlueRose Publishers

ISBN:

Page: 110

View: 469

Relativistic Cosmology is an exciting update of mathematical interpretation of the universe. It is aimed primarily at advanced post graduate students in mathematics as well as physics and astronomy, but is also useful as a supplementary text at higher level as research scholars. This book deals with observational results, descriptions of special and general theory of relativity and applications of relativistic mechanics and relativistic thermodynamics to cosmology. This book is concerned mainly with various models that have been proposed to explain the large scale structure of the universe. Even a very knowledgeable student of the Cosmology will find much new information in this book. While the explanatory discussions are brief, they are sufficiently substantive to serve the subject in the question and to pique further interest in the topic. This book is not merely written or complied, it is crafted. It is designed for a specific audience and the texture and sensory format is carefully chosen for the audience. This is a wonderful book that presents an eclectic selection of cosmological concepts and concerned calculations. It is an ideal text book for the era of precision cosmology in the accelerating universe. This book, as it is hoped, will certainly find a warm reception in the hands of the readers.

The Expanding Universe

An overview of modern cosmology, accessible to undergraduate students, with emphasis on physical foundations and relations to modern observations.

The Expanding Universe

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 1107117526

Page:

View: 419

An Introduction to Radio Astronomy

14.3 Relativistic cosmology The special theory of relativity established Lorentz
invariance, not only for Maxwell's equations, but as the transformation of time and
space for all inertial frames of reference. It is also the proper transformation for ...

An Introduction to Radio Astronomy

Author: Bernard F. Burke

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052187808X

Page: 444

View: 231

This well-established, graduate-level textbook is a thorough introduction to radio telescopes and techniques for students and researchers new to the subject.

Cosmology

The first attempts to grapple with the cosmological problem as a whole were
made during the nineteenth century , when the ... The next fifteen years were
occupied with the further development of relativistic cosmology , including non -
static ...

Cosmology

Author: Hermann Bondi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521141185

Page: 192

View: 709

This volume represents an important stage in the development of cosmology as a distinct branch of physics.

Chemical Cosmology

It is a common fallacy to assume that the use of Einstein's field equations R μν +
Λg μν = −κ(T μν − 1 2 Tg μν ) automatically defines a relativistic cosmology. As
illustrated by some elementary examples, the resulting model is relativistic only if
 ...

Chemical Cosmology

Author: Jan C. A. Boeyens

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048138289

Page: 419

View: 795

The composition of the most remote objects brought into view by the Hubble telescope can no longer be reconciled with the nucleogenesis of standard cosmology and the alternative explanation, in terms of the Λ-Cold-Dark-Matter model, has no recognizable chemical basis. A more rational scheme, based on the chemistry and periodicity of atomic matter, opens up an exciting new interpretation of the cosmos in terms of projective geometry and general relativity. The response of atomic structure to environmental pressure predicts non-Doppler cosmical redshifts and equilibrium nucleogenesis by α­-particle addition, in accord with observed periodic variation of nuclear abundance. Inferred cosmic self similarity elucidates the Bode –Titius law, general commensurability in the solar system and the occurrence of quantum phenomena on a cosmic scale. The generalized periodic function involves both matter and anti-matter in an involuted mapping to a closed projective plane. This topology ensures the same symmetrical balance in a chiral universe, wrapped around an achiral vacuum interface, without singularities. A new cosmology emerges, based on the theory of projective relativ­ity, presented here as a translation of Veblen’s original German text. Not only does it provide a unification of gravity, electromagnetism and quantum theory, through gauge invariance, but also supports the solution of the gravitational field equations, obtained by Gödel for a rotating universe. The appearance of an Einstein–Rosen bridge as outlet from a black hole, into conjugate anti-space, accounts for globular clusters, quasars, cosmic radiation, γ-ray bursters, pulsars, radio sources and other re­gions of plasma activity. The effects of a multiply-connected space-time manifold on observa­tions in an Euclidean tangent space are unpredictable and a complete re-assessment of the size and structure of the universe is indicated. The target readership includes scientists, as well as non-scientists – everybody with a scientific or philosophical interest in cosmology and, especially those cosmologists and mathematicians with the ability to recast the crude ideas presented here into appropriate mathematical models.

Cosmology and Controversy

The expression differs from the corresponding one in relativistic cosmology,
where the last factor does not occur. The difference reflects the fact that in the
steady-state theory the galaxies are distributed uniformly with respect to proper
volume ...

Cosmology and Controversy

Author: Helge Kragh

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691005461

Page: 500

View: 913

Between 1920 and 1970, cosmology became a branch of physics. This text examines how the big bang theory drew inspiration from, and eventually triumphed over, rival views, mainly the steady-state theory and its concept of a stationary universe.

Homogeneous Relativistic Cosmologies

The central problem of modern cosmology bears a striking resemblance to the
Renaissance problem of fall. Just as one particularly “symmetric.” Projectile path
ends in disaster, so cosmological models chosen by the strongest symmetry ...

Homogeneous Relativistic Cosmologies

Author: Michael P. Ryan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400868564

Page: 338

View: 671

Addressing a variety of theoretical cosmological problems, and emphasizing a mathematical approach, this volume nicely complements Peebles' Physical Cosmology (Princeton Series in Physics, 1971). Ryan and Shepley have concentrated on the structure of models of the universe. By using a modern terminology that emphasizes the operator nature of vectors and tensors, as opposed to their components in a particular coordinate system, the authors develop modern tensor analysis to the point where it can be applied to general relativistic cosmology. They then use it to describe homogeneous cosmologies in considerable detail. Both students and researchers are likely to find these techniques especially useful. Among their subjects are: spaces with groups of motions; singularities; Taub-NUT-Misner space; Bianchitype models; Hamiltonian cosmology; and perturbations in anisotropic models. A brief section on observations is also included, as is a complete bibliography. A final section presents graded exercises that underscore the potential yet unrealized in this area of study. Originally published in 1975. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Modern Cosmology and the Dark Matter Problem

Under these circumstances there seems to be no point in studying further our
over-simplified picture. We must therefore now turn our attention to relativistic
cosmology. The discussion necessarily becomes somewhat more mathematical,
and if ...

Modern Cosmology and the Dark Matter Problem

Author: D. W. Sciama

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521438483

Page: 216

View: 271

This book shows how modern cosmology has led to the idea of dark matter in the universe, and presents a new theory to explain it.

Modern Cosmology in Retrospect

The part played by Mach's Principle in the genesis of relativistic cosmology J. B.
Barbour The expression “ Mach's Principle ” was coined in 1918 by Einstein (
Einstein 1918 ) to denote a principle which he claimed was a “ generalization of ...

Modern Cosmology in Retrospect

Author: B. Bertotti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521372138

Page: 426

View: 495

This volume recounts the development of modern cosmology, in chapters contributed by many of the leading protagonists. Modern cosmology aims to determine the origin, evolution, and ultimate fate of the universe. It is an area of modern science that has engendered fierce debates that have captured public interest. This is an absorbing account of physical and observational cosmology, the great cosmological debates, important observations and the riddle of the dark matter. The enormous controversy surrounding the Big Bang theory is retold in personal recollections from H. Bondi, W. McCrea, and Fred Hoyle. Next are three chapters on the discovery of cosmic radio waves and the contributions made by radio astronomers to current cosmology. The book concludes with a tribute to some of the pioneers of cosmology. This is fascinating reading for astronomers, professional cosmologists, general physicists, historians, philosophers of science and general readers.

Cosmology

WHY DOES NEWTONIAN COSMOLOGY GIVE THE SAME ANSWER? In the
Newtonian picture our sphere expands in flat Euclidean space under the
influence of Newtonian gravity, whereas in the relativistic picture the whole
universe ...

Cosmology

Author: Edward Harrison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643452

Page:

View: 542

Cosmology: The Science of the Universe is an introduction to past and present cosmological theory. For much of the world's history, cosmological thought was formulated in religious or philosophical language and was thus theological or metaphysical in nature. However, cosmological speculation and theory has now become a science in which the empirical discoveries of the astronomer, theoretical physicist, and biologist are woven into intricate models that attempt to account for the universe as a whole. Professor Harrison draws on the discoveries and speculations of these scientists to provide a comprehensive survey of man's current understanding of the universe and its history. Tracing the rise of the scientific method, the major aim of this book is to provide an elementary understanding of the physical universe of modern times. Thoroughly revised and updated, this second edition extends the much acclaimed first edition taking into account the many developments that have occurred.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology Einstein s Legacy

... Bernd Aschenbach, Vadim Burwitz, Günther Hasinger, Bruno Leibundgut.
Analytical and Numerical Studies of Fluid Instabilities in Relativistic Jets M.
Perucho1, A.P. Lobanov1, and J.M. Martı2 1 Max-Planck-Institut f ̈ur
Radioastronomie.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology     Einstein   s Legacy

Author: Bernd Aschenbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540747133

Page: 506

View: 541

The year 2005, which marked the 100th anniversary of the 'annus mirabilis', the year in which Albert Einstein published three of his most important scientific papers, was the perfect opportunity to review and to present the current scientific understanding of relativistic topics. This book provides an up-to-date reference on the theory of gravity, relativistic astrophysics and cosmology. It is a useful reference tool for both the expert and the new-comer in these fields.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Cosmology. The two previous chapters dealt with the properties of universes of
the FRW type, which in all likelihood includes our own. The perspective was the
behaviour of the homogeneous subspaces t = constant, as a function of t.
However ...

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Author: Peter Hoyng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402045239

Page: 294

View: 528

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology offers a succinct and self-contained treatment of general relativity and its application to compact objects, gravitational waves and cosmology. The required mathematical concepts are introduced informally, following geometrical intuition as much as possible. The approach is theoretical, but there is ample discussion of observational aspects and of instrumental issues where appropriate. The book includes such topical issues as the Gravity Probe B mission, interferometer detectors of gravitational waves, and the physics behind the angular power spectrum of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Written for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students in (astro)physics, it is ideally suited for a lecture course and contains 140 exercises with extensive hints. The reader is assumed to be familiar with linear algebra and analysis, ordinary differential equations, special relativity, and basic thermal physics.

The Cambridge Companion to Einstein

Einstein's paper, “Cosmological Considerations in the General Theory of
Relativity” (Einstein 1917b), is rightly ... and their possible connections to
astronomical observations was the central problem facing relativistic cosmology
in the 1920s.

The Cambridge Companion to Einstein

Author: Michel Janssen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521828341

Page: 575

View: 130

These fourteen essays by leading historians and philosophers of science introduce the reader to the work of Albert Einstein. Following an introduction that places Einstein's work in the context of his life and times, the essays explain his main contributions to physics in terms that are accessible to a general audience, including special and general relativity, quantum physics, statistical physics, and unified field theory. The closing essays explore the relation between Einstein's work and twentieth-century philosophy, as well as his political writings.

Introduction to General Relativity Black Holes and Cosmology

... discussion of relativistic cosmology (Chapter VII); a thorough presentation of
the Cauchy problem (Chapter VIII); and last, but not least, a detailed discussion of
two of the most important phenomenological matter models, namely relativistic ...

Introduction to General Relativity  Black Holes  and Cosmology

Author: Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199666466

Page: 279

View: 651

General Relativity is a beautiful geometric theory, simple in its mathematical formulation but leading to numerous consequences with striking physical interpretations: gravitational waves, black holes, cosmological models, and so on. This introductory textbook is written for mathematics students interested in physics and physics students interested in exact mathematical formulations (or for anyone with a scientific mind who is curious to know more of the world we live in), recent remarkable experimental and observational results which confirm the theory are clearly described and no specialised physics knowledge is required. The mathematical level of Part A is aimed at undergraduate students and could be the basis for a course on General Relativity. Part B is more advanced, but still does not require sophisticated mathematics. Based on Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat's more advanced text, General Relativity and the Einstein Equations, the aim of this book is to give with precision, but as simply as possible, the foundations and main consequences of General Relativity. The first five chapters from General Relativity and the Einstein Equations have been updated with new sections and chapters on black holes, gravitational waves, singularities, and the Reissner-Nordstrom and interior Schwarzchild solutions. The rigour behind this book will provide readers with the perfect preparation to follow the great mathematical progress in the actual development, as well as the ability to model, the latest astrophysical and cosmological observations. The book presents basic General Relativity and provides a basis for understanding and using the fundamental theory.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

... 1 July 1983, Sant Feliu de Guíxols, Catalonia, Spain Xavier Fustero, Enric
Verdaguer. RELATIVISTIC COSMOLOGY COSMOLOGY , ELEMENTARY
PARTICLES AND THE REGULARITY OF THE UNIVERSE RELATIVISTIC
COSMOLOGY.

Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology

Author: Xavier Fustero

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN:

Page: 301

View: 398

Modern Cosmology

The main contributions have come from the discovery of galaxies and the
invention of a relativistic theory of gravitation. At the edge of the new millennium,
in the spring of 2000, SIGRAV—Societ`a Italiana di Relativit`a e Gravitazione (
Italian ...

Modern Cosmology

Author: S Bonometto

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420033905

Page: 480

View: 949

Cosmology is a relatively new science, but cosmological questions are as old as mankind. Turning philosophical and metaphysical problems into problems that physics can treat, and hopefully solve, has been an achievement of the twentieth century. Modern Cosmology brings together contributions from a number of outstanding scientists currently working in various research fields in cosmology. Topics covered range over several different aspects of modern cosmology, from observational matters to advanced theoretical speculations.