'Ancient woodland' is a term widely used in England for long-established semi-natural woods, shaped by centuries of traditional management.
Author: Gerry Barnes
Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press
'Ancient woodland' is a term widely used in England for long-established semi-natural woods, shaped by centuries of traditional management. Such woods are often assumed to provide a direct link with the natural vegetation of England, as this existed before the virgin forests were fragmented by the arrival of farming. This groundbreaking study questions many of these assumptions. Drawing on more than a decade of research in Norfolk, the authors emphasize the essentially unnatural character of ancient woods.
Rethinking Ancient Woodland: The archaeology and history of woods in Norfolk.
University of Hertfordshire Press, Hatfield, 288 p. Beevor H., 1925. Norfolk
woodlands from the evidence of contemporary chronicles. Quarterly Journal of
Author: Sylvain Burri
This book reflects the diversity of current approaches and thinking and promotes interdisciplinarity as the only route to a comprehensive understanding of ancient forests as natural and cultural assets.
22 Norfolk Record Office, 1761–61; Oliver Rackham, 'The Ancient Woods of
Norfolk', Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists Society 27 (1986),
161–7; Gerald Barnes and Tom Williamson, Rethinking Ancient Woodland: The ...
Author: Jan Woudstra
The grove, a grouping of trees, intentionally cultivated or found growing wild, has a long diverse history entwined with human settlement, rural practices and the culture and politics of cities. A grove can be a memorial, a place of learning, a site of poetic retreat and philosophy or political encampment, a public park or theatre, a place of hidden pleasures, a symbol of a vanished forest ecology, or a place of gods or other spirits. Yet groves are largely absent from our contemporary vocabulary and rarely included in today’s landscape practice, whether urban or rural. Groves are both literal and metaphorical manifestations, ways of defining spaces and ecologies in our cultural life. Since they can add meaning to urban forms and ecologies and contribute meaningfully to the significance of place, critical examination is long overdue. The editors have taken care to ensure that the text is accessible to the general reader as well as specialists.
41–52. Barnes, G. and Willliamson, T. (2015) Rethinking Ancient Woodland: The
archaeology and history of woods in Norfolk. Hatfield: University of Hertfordshire
Press. Battersby, J. (2005) UK Mammals: Species status and population trends.
Author: Keith Kirby
Publisher: Pelagic Publishing Ltd
How do you record the wildlife in a wood? This book explains ways to record the flora and fauna found in woodland and outlines the sources you can use to find out more about the history and management of an area. Whether you have just a few hours, or a few years, there are examples that you can follow to find out more about this important habitat. Woods include some of the richest terrestrial wildlife sites in Britain, but some are under threat and many are neglected, such that they are not as rich as they might be. If we are to protect them or increase their diversity we need first to know what species they contain, how they have come to be as they are, to understand how they fit into the wider landscape. Conservation surveys are the bedrock on which subsequent protection and management action is based. There is not one method that will be right for all situations and needs, so the methods discussed range from what one can find out online, to what can be seen on a general walk round a wood, to the insights that can come from more detailed survey and monitoring approaches. Fast-evolving techniques such as eDNA surveys and the use of LiDAR are touched on.
During the piece, a small group is slowly guided through ancient woodland
across the three stages of twilight: civil, nautical and astronomical. While attention
is drawn to the slow and intentional movements of the three dancers, they are ...
Author: Nick Dunn
This book examines the concept of darkness through a range of cultures, histories, practices and experiences. It engages with darkness beyond its binary positioning against light to advance a critical understanding of the ways in which darkness can be experienced, practised and conceptualised. Humans have fundamental relationships with light and dark that shape their regular social patterns and rhythms, enabling them to make sense of the world. This book ‘throws light’ on the neglect of these social patterns to emphasize how the diverse values, meanings and influences of darkness have been rarely considered. It also examines the history of our relationship with the dark and highlights how normative attitudes towards it have emerged, while also emphasising its cultural complexity by considering a contemporary range of alternative experiences and practices. Challenging notions of darkness as negative, as the antithesis of illumination and enlightenment, this book explores the rich potential of darkness to stimulate our senses and deepen our understandings of different spaces, cultural experiences and creative engagements. Offering a rich exploration of an emergent field of study across the social sciences and humanities, this book will be useful for academics and students of cultural and media studies, design, geography, history, sociology and theatre who seek to investigate the creative, cultural and social dimensions of darkness.
... public forest estate (200,000 hectares), including many royal forests, state-
owned ancient woodlands, sites of special scientific interest, heartland,
campsites, farms and sporting estates – all of which the government manages on
Author: Alan Knight
A can-do, positive narrative on sustainable development. This narrative might come across as simplistic, but it is well informed through real life experiences and contrasts. It draws on the combined emotional and technical intelligence developed by being confronted with: a child making brass door handles in squalor in India;the memory of another child's face when the toy they dreamed for was out of stock; the sight of a beautifully laid-out garden centre ready for the Easter rush; the destruction of a tropical forest thatsupplied the timber for the garden benches or seeing an over-weight child enjoying a second burger for lunch in the UK. Its purpose is to build first-hand experiences through humour, metaphors, and clarity to help business leaders and others value and embrace the sustainability challenge. Here are 9 of my positive thoughts on the matter...
A key aim of this book is to challenge some of these myths by grounding orchards within a wider range of historical and environmental contexts.
Author: Gerry Barnes
Although the history of orchards and fruit varieties is of great popular interest, there have been few academic treatments of the subject. This book presents results from a three-year project, 'Orchards East', investigating the history and ecology of orchards in the east of England. Together, the eastern counties of Hertfordshire, Essex, Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Norfolk and Suffolk have a tradition of fruit cultivation comparable in scale to that of the better-known west of England. Drawing on far-reaching archival research, an extensive survey of surviving orchards and biodiversity surveys, the authors tell the fascinating story of orchards in the east since the late Middle Ages. Orchards were ubiquitous features of the medieval and early modern landscape. For well over a century now, orchards have been romanticised as nostalgic elements of a timeless yet disappearing rural world. Even before that, they were embedded in myths of lost Edens, or golden ages of effortless plenty. A key aim of this book is to challenge some of these myths by grounding orchards within a wider range of historical and environmental contexts.
... ever - increasing number of villages , and their population increase is indicated
by the fact that they moved from the use of firstly young , secondary - growth trees
before they attacked the more remote and ancient , primary woodland oaks .
Author: Robert Van De Noort
Publisher: Bristol Classical Press
Shows how wetland studies can be contextualised within geographical, cultural and theoretical frameworks. This book discusses how wetland archaeological discoveries can be understood in terms of past people's perception and understanding of landscape, which was not only a source of economic benefit, but a storehouse of cultural values and beliefs.
At the core of this volume are case studies that explore religious practices from the Cahokia area and surrounding Illinois uplands.
Author: Brad H. Koldehoff
Publisher: University Alabama Press
Analyses of big datasets signal important directions for the archaeology of religion in the Archaic to Mississippian Native North America Across North America, huge data accumulations derived from decades of cultural resource management studies, combined with old museum collections, provide archaeologists with unparalleled opportunities to explore new questions about the lives of ancient native peoples. For many years the topics of technology, economy, and political organization have received the most research attention, while ritual, religion, and symbolic expression have largely been ignored. This was often the case because researchers considered such topics beyond reach of their methods and data. In Archaeology and Ancient Religion in the American Midcontinent, editors Brad H. Koldehoff and Timothy R. Pauketat and their contributors demonstrate that this notion is outdated through their analyses of a series of large datasets from the midcontinent, ranging from tiny charred seeds to the cosmic alignments of mounds, they consider new questions about the religious practices and lives of native peoples. At the core of this volume are case studies that explore religious practices from the Cahokia area and surrounding Illinois uplands. Additional chapters explore these topics using data collected from sites and landscapes scattered along the Mississippi and Ohio River valleys. This innovative work facilitates a greater appreciation for, and understanding of, ancient native religious practices, especially their seamless connections to everyday life and livelihood. The contributors do not advocate for a reduced emphasis on technology, economy, and political organization; rather, they recommend expanding the scope of such studies to include considerations of how religious practices shaped the locations of sites, the character of artifacts, and the content and arrangement of sites and features. They also highlight analytical approaches that are applicable to archaeological datasets from across the Americas and beyond.
The loss of vegetation and the exposure and trampling of ancient soils, combined
with drought, caused 'horrific' dust storms ... In the first, 700 unemployed men
were sent to the semi-arid woodlands along the Bogan River to clear 'invading' ...
Author: Jodi Frawley
Research from a humanist perspective has much to offer in interrogating the social and cultural ramifications of invasion ecologies. The impossibility of securing national boundaries against accidental transfer and the unpredictable climatic changes of our time have introduced new dimensions and hazards to this old issue. Written by a team of international scholars, this book allows us to rethink the impact on national, regional or local ecologies of the deliberate or accidental introduction of foreign species, plant and animal. Modern environmental approaches that treat nature with naïve realism or mobilize it as a moral absolute, unaware or unwilling to accept that it is informed by specific cultural and temporal values, are doomed to fail. Instead, this book shows that we need to understand the complex interactions of ecologies and societies in the past, present and future over the Anthropocene, in order to address problems of the global environmental crisis. It demonstrates how humanistic methods and disciplines can be used to bring fresh clarity and perspective on this long vexed aspect of environmental thought and practice. Students and researchers in environmental studies, invasion ecology, conservation biology, environmental ethics, environmental history and environmental policy will welcome this major contribution to environmental humanities.
Some remnants still remain of these ancient woods . They are retreating little by
little , devoured by proliferating suburbs , metamorphosed into country
landscapes , abandoned or taken over by owners resolutely engaged in
Les Lieux de memoire is perhaps one of the most profound historical documents on the history and culture of the French nation. Assembled by Pierre Nora during the Mitterand years, this multivolume series has been hailed as "a magnificent achievement" (The New Republic) and "the grandest, most ambitious effort to dissect, interpret and celebrate the French fascination with their own past" (The Los Angeles Times). Written during a time when French national identity was undergoing a pivotal change and the nation was struggling to define itself, this unprecedented series consists of essays by prominent historians and cultural commentators which take, as their points of departure, a lieu de memoire: a site of memory used to order, concentrate, and secure notions of France's past. The first volume in the Chicago translation, Rethinking France, brings together works addressing the omnipresent role of the state in French life. As in the other volumes, the lieux de memoire serve as entries into the French past, whether they are actual sites, political traditions, rituals, or even national pastimes and textbooks. Volume I: The State offers a sophisticated and engaging view of the French and their past through widely diverse essays on, for example, the château of Versailles and the French history of absolutism; the Code civil and its ordering of French life; memoirs written by French statesmen; and Charlemagne and his place in French history. Nora's authors constitute a who's who of French academia, yet they wear their erudition lightly. Taken as a whole, this extraordinary series documents how the French have come to see themselves and why. Contributors: Alain Guery, Maurice Agulhon, Bernard Guenee, Daniel Nordman. Robert Morrissey, Alain Boureau, Anne-Marie Lecoq, Helene Himelfarb, Jean Carbonnier, Herve Le Bras, Pierre Nora.--Publisher description.
In Placing the gods : Sanctuaries and sacred space in ancient Greece , edited by
S . Alcock and R . Osborne , 37 – 78 . Oxford ... Yerkes , R . W . 1988 Woodland
and Mississippian traditions in midwestern North America . Journal of World ...
Author: Michael L. Galaty
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
Eleven anthropological contributions aim to define more accurately the term "palace" in light of both recent archaeological research in the Aegean and current anthropological thinking on the structure and origin of early states. Arguing that regional centers interacted with more extensive sociopolitical systems, the authors claim that the concept of palace must be made more in tune with a model which more completely integrates palaces with their networks of regional settlement and economy.
In Placing the gods : Sanctuaries and sacred space in ancient Greece , edited by
S. Alcock and R. Osborne , 37–78 . Oxford ... Athens : TAPA . Yerkes , R.W. 1988
Woodland and Mississippian traditions in midwestern North America . Journal ...
Author: Michael L. Galaty
Publisher: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
Focuses on the Corinthia, Thessaly, 'Mycenaean' Crete, elite goods production, and inter-regional trade, by Pullen and Tartaron, Adrimi-Sismani, Driessen and Langohr, Schon and Cline.
... including those of the Nile Valley (Van Peer 1991), but it is not yet clear if these
African assemblages are more ancient ... Marine sediments from around this time
register an increase in woodland vegetation and the deposition of sapropel S5 ...
Author: Katie Boyle
Publisher: McDonald Inst of Archeological
Arising from a conference Rethinking the Human Revolution reconsiders all of the central issues in modern human behavioural, cognitive, biological and demographic origins in the light of new information and new theoretical perspectives which have emerged over the past twenty years of intensive research in this field. The 34 papers cover topics ranging from the DNA and skeletal evidence for modern human origins in Africa, through the archaeological evidence for the emergence of distinctively 'modern' patterns of human behaviour and cognition, to the various lines of evidence for the geographical dispersal patterns of biologically and behaviourally modern populations from their African origins throughout Asia, Australasia and Europe, over the past 60,000 years.
... ecological studies of the factors which determine the nature conservation value
, mainly of ancient woodlands ; survey to ... A fundamental rethinking of national
policy is required in the present intensified phase of resource exploitation , and ...
Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords
Includes lists of orders, rules, bills etc.
Rethinking. the. Cole. Complex,. a. Post-Hopewellian. Archaeological. Unit. in.
Central. Ohio. William S. Dancey and Mark F. ... Did the Fort Ancient tradition
develop out of the local Late Woodland period populations, or was it intrusive?
Author: Darlene Applegate
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
This collection provides a comprehensive vocabulary for defining the cultural manifestation of the term “Woodland.” The Middle Ohio Valley is an archaeologically rich region that stretches from southeastern Indiana, across southern Ohio and northeastern Kentucky, and into northwestern West Virginia. In this area are some of the most spectacular and diverse Woodland Period archaeological sites in North America, but these sites and their rich cultural remains do not fit easily into the traditional Southeastern classification system. This volume, with contributions by most of the senior researchers in the field, represents an important step toward establishing terminology and taxa that are more appropriate to interpreting cultural diversity in the region. The important questions are diverse. What criteria are useful in defining periods and cultural types, and over what spatial and temporal boundaries do those criteria hold? How can we accommodate regional variation in the development and expression of traits used to delineate periods and cultural types? How does the concept of tradition relate to periods and cultural types? Is it prudent to equate culture types with periods? Is it prudent to equate archaeological cultures with ethnographic cultures? How does the available taxonomy hinder research? Contributing authors address these issues and others in the context of their Middle Ohio Valley Woodland Period research. Darlene Applegate is Associate Professor of Folk Studies and Anthropology at Western Kentucky University. Robert C. Mainfort Jr. is an archaeologist with the Arkansas Archeological Survey in Fayetteville, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Arkansas, and co-editor of The Woodland Southeast. With Contributions By: Darlene Applegate, David S. Brose, James A. Brown, Jarrod Burks, R. Berle Clay, William S. Dancey, N’omi B. Greber, R. Eric Hollinger, Jonathan P. Kerr, Robert C. Mainfort Jr , David Pollack, Sean M. Rafferty, Michael D. Richmond, Eric J. Schlarb, Mark F. Seeman, William E. Sharp, Lauren E. Sieg, Patrick D. Trade, Teresa
Phythian Adams, C. (1987) Rethinking English Local History, Leicester. Phythian
Adams, C. ... Rackham, O. (1976) Trees and Woodlands in the British Landscape,
London. Rackham, O. (198oa) Ancient Woodland, London. Rackham, O.
Author: Tom Williamson
This is a book which puts the environment back where it belongs - at the centre of the historical stage. It is essential reading for all those interested in the history of the English landscape, social and economic history, and the way that life was lived in the medieval countryside.