Drawing on newly available Russian sources--many of which appear in English for the first time here--this volume covers a broad array of topics, including the Bolshevik rise to power and World War I as the catalyst and cradle, respectively, ...
Author: Jonathan W. Daly
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Company Incorporated
Drawing on newly available Russian sources--many of which appear in English for the first time here--this volume covers a broad array of topics, including the Bolshevik rise to power and World War I as the catalyst and cradle, respectively, of the Revolution. The authors convey the boldness and diversity of the revolutionaries' aspirations as well as the ways in which the Revolution affected the lives of ordinary people, from the workers of Petrograd to Siberian peasants and Ukrainian Jews. Maps, illustrations, and a glossary of terms are included, as are a chronology of the Revolution, a list of works cited, and a thorough index.
A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years.
Author: Christopher Read
Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education
The First World War unleashed a powerful, transforming, destructive storm across the European continent. Its consequences were felt as harshly in Russia as anywhere else in the world. A spiral of chaos and violence erupted, continuing to reign throughout years of revolution and civil war. Leading expert Christopher Read presents a cutting-edge, highly readable introduction to Russia's crisis years. Read synthesises a wealth of newly available material and treats the period 1914-22 as a whole in order to contextualise and better understand the events of 1917 and their impact. As he examines the multiple revolutions, Read asks how and why the Bolsheviks were able to survive the storm, eventually taking over the world's largest country.
The translation of these memoirs brings an important and authoritative historical source to those interested in Russian or naval history who are unable to access them in the original Russian.
Author: Stephen C Ellis
Publisher: Seaforth Publishing
The translation of these memoirs brings an important and authoritative historical source to those interested in Russian or naval history who are unable to access them in the original Russian. Their author, Rear Admiral S N Timiryov, was well placed to make observations on the character of many of the significant commanding officers and also many of the operations of the Baltic Fleet from the beginning of the war in 1914 up to exit from it in 1918. He trained with many of the key figures and shared battle experience with them in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 and the siege of Port Arthur; and he spent a year in Japan as a prisoner of war with a number of them. In his subsequent career in the Navy he had roles which brought him into contact with new recruits as well as with many serving officers, and as the Executive Officer on the imperial yacht Shtandart for some years, he came into contact with senior members of the navy establishment and of the government, including the imperial household. His memoirs also exhibit an unusual degree of self-awareness. Written in Shanghai in 1922, these memoirs remained unknown to scholars for several decades. Since their publication in New York in 1961, in the absence of access to authoritative archives, many historians in the West used them as a source for the study of the role of the Navy in the Russian revolution, particularly as it unfolded in the north. They have also been used as a source in numerous studies of the naval war in the Baltic, and following the fall of the Soviet Union they were re-published in Russia and are regarded there as an authoritative source on the history both of the revolution and of the Russian Navy in the First World War. This first English-language edition, complemented by extensive notes and commentary on issues which may not be familiar to many, will fascinate scholars and naval historians alike.
"Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914-1922" represents 1st English translation and publication of an extensive collection of 98 articles by the eminent Russian religious philosopher Nicholas Berdyaev, regarding societal, ...
Author: Nicholas Berdyaev
"Astride the Abyss of War and Revolutions: Articles 1914-1922" represents 1st English translation and publication of an extensive collection of 98 articles by the eminent Russian religious philosopher Nicholas Berdyaev, regarding societal, political, cultural and religious matters, remaining of continuing critical importance for our modern world.
Taking WWI to the end of the Civil War as a unified era of revolution, this text shows how peasant society & peasants' conceptions of themselves as citizens in the nation evolved in a period of total war, mass revolutionary politics & civil ...
Author: Aaron B. Retish
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
How did peasants experience & help guide Russia's war, revolution & civil war? Taking WWI to the end of the Civil War as a unified era of revolution, this text shows how peasant society & peasants' conceptions of themselves as citizens in the nation evolved in a period of total war, mass revolutionary politics & civil breakdown.
The book opens with an original introduction which provides essential background and vital context for the pieces that follow.
Author: Melissa K. Stockdale
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Readings on the Russian Revolution brings together 15 important post-Cold War writings on the history of the Russian Revolution. It is structured in such a way as to highlight key debates in the field and contrasting methodological approaches to the Revolution in order to help readers better understand the issues and interpretative fault lines that exist in this contested area of history. The book opens with an original introduction which provides essential background and vital context for the pieces that follow. The volume is then structured around four parts – 'Actors, Language, Symbols', 'War, Revolution, and the State', 'Revolutionary Dreams and Identities' and 'Outcomes and Impacts' – that explore the beginnings, events and outcomes of the Russian Revolution, as well as examinations of central figures, critical topics and major historiographical battlegrounds. Melissa Stockdale also provides translations of two crucial Russian-language works, published here in English for the first time, and includes useful pedagogical features such as a glossary, chronology, and thematic bibliography to further aid study. Readings on the Russian Revolution is an essential collection for anyone studying the Russian Revolution.
Critical Companion to the Russian Revolution 1914–1921 (London: Arnold, 1997
). ... Behind the Front Lines of the Civil War: Political Parties and Social
Movements in Russia, 1918–1922 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press,
1994). Daly ...
Author: Mark Edele
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
An acclaimed historian explores the dynamic history of the twentieth century Soviet Union In ten concise and compelling chapters, The Soviet Union covers the entire Soviet Union experience from the years 1904 to 1991 by putting the focus on three major themes: warfare, welfare, and empire. Throughout the book, Mark Edele—a noted expert on the topic—clearly demonstrates that the Soviet Union was more than simply "Russia." Instead, it was a multi-ethnic empire. The author explains that there were many incarnations of Soviet society throughout its turbulent history, each one a representative of Soviet socialism. The text covers a wide range of topics: The end Romanov empire; The outbreak of World War I; The Bolshevik Revolution of 1917; The breakdown of the old empire and its re-constitution in the Civil War; The New Economic Policy; The rise of Stalin; The Soviet’s role in World War II; Post war normalization; and Gorbachev’s attempt to end the Cold War. The author also explores the challenges encountered by the successor states, their struggles with and against democracy, capitalism, authoritarianism, and war. This vital resource: Provides a concise overview of the history of the Soviet Union Includes information on the latest research that takes the broad view of the history of the Soviet Union and its place in world history Treats scholarly disagreements as part of the history of the influence of the Soviet Union on the course of the twentieth century Offers suggestion for further readings and a link to online primary sources Written for students of twentieth century Russia, the Russian Revolution, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War, and twentieth century World History, The Soviet Union: A Short History is a volume in the popular Wiley Short Histories series.
... Russian archives, and the post-Cold War rethinking of the relationship
between Russia's Great War and the revolution ... Making War, Forging
Revolution: Russia's Continuum of Crisis, 1914–1922 (Cambridge, MA: Harvard
University Press, ...
Author: Melissa Stockdale
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This study of Russian mobilization in the Great War explores how the war shaped national identity and conceptions of citizenship.
A Student's Guide to Text and Visual Sources from Russian History George
Gilbert ... Russia's Home Front in War and Revolution 1914–1922, Book 2: The
Experience of War and Revolution (Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers, 2016),
Author: George Gilbert
Reading Russian Sources is an accessible and comprehensive guide that introduces students to the wide range of sources that can be used to engage with Russian history from the early medieval to the late Soviet periods. Divided into two parts, the book begins by considering approaches that can be taken towards the study of Russian history using primary sources. It then moves on to assess both textual and visual sources, including memoirs, autobiographies, journals, newspapers, art, maps, film and TV, enabling the reader to engage with and make sense of the burgeoning number of different sources and the ways they are used. Contributors illuminate key issues in the study of different areas of Russia’s history through their analysis of source materials, exploring some of the major issues in using different source types and reflecting recent discoveries that are changing the field. In so doing, the book orientates students within the broader methodological and conceptual debates that are defining the field and shaping the way Russian history is studied. Chronologically wide-ranging and supported by further reading, along with suggestions to help students guide their own enquiries, Reading Russian Sources is the ideal resource for any student undertaking research on Russian history.
Retish , A . , Russia ' s Peasants in Revolution and Civil War ( Cambridge , 2008 )
Retish , A . , Controlling Revolution ... in Epokha voin i revoliutsii : 1914 – 1922 (
St Petersburg , 2017 ) , 100 - 11 Retish , A . , “ Judicial Reforms and ...
Author: Matthew Rendle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
The State versus The People provides the first detailed account of the role of revolutionary justice in the early Soviet state. Law has often been dismissed by historians as either unimportant after the October Revolution amid the violence and chaos of civil war, or, in the absence of written codes and independent judges, little more than another means of violence alongside the secret police (Cheka). This is particularly true of the most revolutionary aspect of the new justice system, revolutionary tribunals—courts inspired by the French Revolution and established to target counter-revolutionary enemies. Yet the evidence put forward in this book paints a more complex picture. The Bolsheviks invested a great deal of effort and scarce resources in building an extensive system of tribunals that spread across the country and operated within the military and the transport network. At their peak, hundreds of tribunals heard hundreds of thousands of cases every year. Not all, though, ended in harsh sentences: some were dismissed through lack of evidence; others given a wide range of sentences; and others still, suspended sentences. Instances of early release and amnesty were also common. This book argues that law played a distinct and multi-faceted role for the Bolsheviks. Tribunals, in particular, stood at the intersection between law and violence, offering various advantages to the Bolsheviks by strengthening state control, providing a more effective means of educating the population about counter-revolution, and enabling a more flexible approach to punishing the state's enemies. All of this challenges traditional understandings of the early Soviet state, adding to our knowledge of the civil war and, ultimately, how the Bolsheviks held on to power.
Combining reference entries and examination of primary documents from the Russian Revolution, this book gives students a better understanding of how and why political forces fought to reshape the Russian empire 100 years ago―and provides ...
Author: Sean Nicholas Kalic
This invaluable reference guide provides an understanding of the social, political, and economic forces and events in Russia that led to the 1905 Russian Revolution in which leftists radicals disposed of the Czar and his regime. It addresses key developments such as the formation of the provisional government, the Bolshevik Revolution in October 1917, and the Russian Civil War connected, evolutionary historical events that fundamentally reshaped Russia into the Soviet Union. This book serves students and general readers seeking a single source that provides in-depth coverage of the Russian Revolution and the Russian Civil War. Beyond the reference entries, the book contains primary documents that cover the key events, people, and issues that emerged during the revolutions and the Civil War. These documents give readers a more detailed understanding of how the Bolsheviks used calls for greater "democracy" to gain support for their revolution, how the Bolsheviks used terror and control as means to maintain their power once the Bolshevik Revolution happened, and why the Bolsheviks believed such extreme measures were needed. Also included is a chronology of major events during the period from 1890 through 1923 and a bibliography that serves as a starting point for more directed research. "
The definitive, single-volume history of the Russian Revolution, from an award-winning scholar In The Russian Revolution, acclaimed historian Sean McMeekin traces the events which ended Romanov rule, ushered the Bolsheviks into power, and ...
Author: Sean McMeekin
Publisher: Hachette UK
The definitive, single-volume history of the Russian Revolution, from an award-winning scholar In The Russian Revolution, acclaimed historian Sean McMeekin traces the events which ended Romanov rule, ushered the Bolsheviks into power, and introduced Communism to the world. Between 1917 and 1922, Russia underwent a complete and irreversible transformation. Taking advantage of the collapse of the Tsarist regime in the middle of World War I, the Bolsheviks staged a hostile takeover of the Russian Imperial Army, promoting mutinies and mass desertions of men in order to fulfill Lenin's program of turning the "imperialist war" into civil war. By the time the Bolsheviks had snuffed out the last resistance five years later, over 20 million people had died, and the Russian economy had collapsed so completely that Communism had to be temporarily abandoned. Still, Bolshevik rule was secure, owing to the new regime's monopoly on force, enabled by illicit arms deals signed with capitalist neighbors such as Germany and Sweden who sought to benefit-politically and economically-from the revolutionary chaos in Russia. Drawing on scores of previously untapped files from Russian archives and a range of other repositories in Europe, Turkey, and the United States, McMeekin delivers exciting, groundbreaking research about this turbulent era. The first comprehensive history of these momentous events in two decades, The Russian Revolution combines cutting-edge scholarship and a fast-paced narrative to shed new light on one of the most significant turning points of the twentieth century.
Lewis, Jon E. The Mammoth Book of Eyewitness World War I: Over 280 First-
Hand Accounts of the War to End All wars. Philadelphia: Running ... "War and
Revolution, 1914–1917," in the Cambridge History of Russia, edited by Dominic
Lieven. New York: Cambridge ... the Russian Revolution. London: Fisher, Unwin,
Author: Stephen Kotkin
A magnificent new biography that revolutionizes our understanding of Stalin and his world It has the quality of myth: a poor cobbler’s son, a seminarian from an oppressed outer province of the Russian empire, reinvents himself as a top leader in a band of revolutionary zealots. When the band seizes control of the country in the aftermath of total world war, the former seminarian ruthlessly dominates the new regime until he stands as absolute ruler of a vast and terrible state apparatus, with dominion over Eurasia. While still building his power base within the Bolshevik dictatorship, he embarks upon the greatest gamble of his political life and the largest program of social reengineering ever attempted: the collectivization of all agriculture and industry across one sixth of the earth. Millions will die, and many more millions will suffer, but the man will push through to the end against all resistance and doubts. Where did such power come from? In Stalin, Stephen Kotkin offers a biography that, at long last, is equal to this shrewd, sociopathic, charismatic dictator in all his dimensions. The character of Stalin emerges as both astute and blinkered, cynical and true believing, people oriented and vicious, canny enough to see through people but prone to nonsensical beliefs. We see a man inclined to despotism who could be utterly charming, a pragmatic ideologue, a leader who obsessed over slights yet was a precocious geostrategic thinker—unique among Bolsheviks—and yet who made egregious strategic blunders. Through it all, we see Stalin’s unflinching persistence, his sheer force of will—perhaps the ultimate key to understanding his indelible mark on history. Stalin gives an intimate view of the Bolshevik regime’s inner geography of power, bringing to the fore fresh materials from Soviet military intelligence and the secret police. Kotkin rejects the inherited wisdom about Stalin’s psychological makeup, showing us instead how Stalin’s near paranoia was fundamentally political, and closely tracks the Bolshevik revolution’s structural paranoia, the predicament of a Communist regime in an overwhelmingly capitalist world, surrounded and penetrated by enemies. At the same time, Kotkin demonstrates the impossibility of understanding Stalin’s momentous decisions outside of the context of the tragic history of imperial Russia. The product of a decade of intrepid research, Stalin is a landmark achievement, a work that recasts the way we think about the Soviet Union, revolution, dictatorship, the twentieth century, and indeed the art of history itself. Stalin: Waiting for Hitler, 1929-1941 will be published by Penguin Press in October 2017
CHAPTER THREE VICTORS AND VICTIMS (September 1921-April 1922) In the
spring of 1921, several months after the end of the Russian Civil War, with the
Soviet economy in ruins, Lenin and the Bolshevik leadership — under pressure ...
Publisher: Hoover Press
The American historian Frank Golder's writings from Russia describe the momentous events he witnessed and record his encounters with a remarkable variety of individuals. From 1914 to 1927 he maintained relationships with the vanquished classes of the old regime and initiated new ones within the Bolshevik and Soviet establishment. A faithful diarist and prolific correspondent, Golder was unmatched among American observers of Russia for the range and depth of contacts in Moscow and Petrograd. During Golder's first trip to Russia in 1914, his writings revealed the internal stratification and cracks in the structure of imperial Russian society as it entered the world war. He returned to Russia in 1917, arriving in Petrograd, eleven days before the fall of Nicholas II. His diary records the drama of the initial months of the Russian Revolution and introduces us to some of the major players on the political scene, including principal figures in the Provisional Government such as Alexander Kerensky and Paul Miliukov. On his third visit to Russia, as a famine relief worker for the American Relief Administration (ARA) in 1921, Golder documented the fate of old regime intelligentsia. During the second year of this two-year stay, Golder took on a new assignment as unofficial political observer for U.S. secretary of commerce Herbert Hoover. His weekly letters to Hoover's office reveal the backdoor negotiations between Washington and Moscow on issues of trade and political recognition, and their publication here fills a gap in U.S.-Soviet diplomatic history. On his later trips to Russia in 1925 and 1927, Golder recorded his observations of the changes in Soviet society after the death of Lenin. Excerpts from his diary in Europe after his departure from the Soviet Union in 1925 describe his encounters with prominent Russian emigres. Taken together, Golder's diaries and letters offer a sustained narrative of the agony of Russia and of individual Russians in war, revolution, civil war, famine, and their aftermath.
4 wwwwwwwwwwwww War and revolution , 1914-1922 The assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo , 1914 ... Once becoming emperor , Franz
Ferdinand was expected to attack Serbia forthwith because Russia , Serbia's
Author: Hsi-Huey Liang
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
A comprehensive history of Continental police systems, in the context of political and diplomatic history.
A. N. Kuropatkin, The Russian Army and the Japanese War, 2 vols (London,
1909) is an account by the army commander. ... CT, 1931), B. Gourko, Memories
and Impressions of War and Revolution in Russia 1914–1917 (London, 1918),
A. A. Ignatyev, A Subaltern ... General Loukomsky, Memoirs of the Russian
Revolution (London, 1922), P. A. Polovtsov, Glory and Downfall: Reminiscences
of a Russian ...
Author: David Longley
This is the first book of its kind to draw together information on the major events in Russian history from 1695 to 1917 - covering the eventful period from the accession of Peter the Great to the fall of Nicholas II. Not only is a vast amount of material on key events and topics brought together, but the book also contains fascinating background material to convey the reality of life in the period.
Based on Adele Lindenmeyr's detailed research in dozens of archival collections, Citizen Countess establishes Sofia Panina as an astute eyewitness to and passionate participant in the historical events that shaped her life.
Author: Adele Lindenmeyr
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press
Countess Sofia Panina lived a remarkable life. Born into an aristocratic family in imperial Russia, she found her true calling in improving the lives of urban workers. Her passion for social service and reputation as the "Red Countess" led her to political prominence after the fall of the Romanovs. She became the first woman to hold a cabinet position and the first political prisoner tried by the Bolsheviks. The upheavals of the 1917 Revolution forced her to flee her beloved country, but instead of living a quiet life in exile she devoted the rest of her long life to humanitarian efforts on behalf of fellow refugees. Based on Adele Lindenmeyr's detailed research in dozens of archival collections, Citizen Countess establishes Sofia Panina as an astute eyewitness to and passionate participant in the historical events that shaped her life. Her experiences shed light on the evolution of the European nobility, women's emancipation and political influence of the time, and the fate of Russian liberalism.
Written by experienced teachers, this series closely combines the content of OCR A2 History: Russia and its Rulers 1855-1964 with revision activities and advice on exam technique.
Author: Andrew Holland
Publisher: Hodder Education
Unlock your full potential with this revision guide which focuses on the key content and skills you need to know for OCR A2 History: Russia and its Rulers 1855-1964. Written by experienced teachers, this series closely combines the content of OCR A2 History: Russia and its Rulers 1855-1964 with revision activities and advice on exam technique. Each section has a model answer with exam tips for you to analyse and better understand what is required in the exam. - Makes revision manageable by condensing topics into easy-to-revise chunks- Encourages active revision by closely combining content with a variety of different activities- Helps improve exam technique through tailor-made activities and plenty of guidance on how to answer questions- Includes access to quick quizzes at www.hodderplus.co.uk/myrevisionnotes CONTENTS: Section 1: Russian rulers Alexander II (1818-1881) Alexander III (1845-1894) Nicholas II (1868-1918) The Provisional Government (March-October 1917) V.I. Lenin (1870-1924) J. Stalin Power struggles Nikita Khrushchev (1894-1971) Section 2: The nature of government Autocracy Dictatorship Totalitarianism Change and continuity in central administration Methods of repression and enforcement The extent and impact of reform The extent and effectiveness of opposition before 1917 The extent and effectiveness of opposition after 1917 Section 3: The impact of dictatorial regimes on the economy and society of the Russian Empire and USSR Changes to urban living conditions Changes to rural living conditions Changes to urban working conditions Changes to rural working conditions Limitations on personal and political freedom Limitations on religious freedom Extent of economic change Extent of social change Section 4: The impact of war and revolution on the development of Russian government The Crimean War, 1853-1856 The Russo-Turkish War, 1877-1878 The Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905, and the 1905 Revolution The First World War, 1914-1918 February and October Revolutions, 1917 The Civil War, 1917-1922 The Second World War, 1939-1945 The Cold War, 1947-1991 Section 5: Exam focus Russian rulers The nature of government The impact of dictatorial regimes on the economy and society of the Russian Empire and USSR The impact of war and revolution on the development of Russian government