"Shaman of Oberstdorf tells the fascinating story of a sixteenth-century mountain village caught in a panic of its own making.
Author: Wolfgang Behringer
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
"Shaman of Oberstdorf tells the fascinating story of a sixteenth-century mountain village caught in a panic of its own making. Four hundred years ago the Bavarian alpine town of Oberstdorf, surrounded by the towering peaks of the Vorarlberg, was awash in legends and rumors of prophets and healers, of spirits and specters, of witches and soothsayers. The book focuses on the life of a horse wrangler named Chonrad Stoeckhlin [1549-1587], whose extraordinary visions of the afterlife and enthusiastic practice of the occult eventually led to his death-and to the death of a number of village women-for crimes of witchcraft. Wolfgang Behringer is one of the premier historians of German witchcraft, not only because of his mastery of the subject at the regional level, but because he also writes movingly, forcefully, and with an eye for the telling anecdote."--amazon.ca.
Daniel C . Noel , The Soul of Shamanism : Western Fantasies , Imagined
Realities , New York : Continuum , pp . 83 – 105 . Wolfgang Behringer , Shaman
of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night ,
Author: Andrei A. Znamenski
Publisher: Psychology Press
Mircea Eliade descibed shamanism as the primal religion of humanity, the 'archaic technique of ecstasy'. The books of best-selling author Carlos Castaneda made it part of popular culture. Since the 1960s shamanism has continued to attract the attention of scholars, artists, writers and the general public. The most intriguing aspect of this religion is the ability of shamans to enter into contact with spirits on behalf of their communities. The first eighteenth-century explorers of Siberia dubbed shamanism a blatant fraud. Later, academic observers stamped it as 'neurotic delusion'. In the 1960s shamans were recast as 'wounded healers', who sacrifice their lives for the spiritual well being of their communities. Many current writers and scholars treat shamanism as ancient wisdom that has much to teach us about true spirituality. This anthology tells the story of shamanism in Eurasia, North and South America, Africa and Australia. It brings together for the first time fifty-six articles and book excerpts by anthropologists, psychologists, religious scholars and historians, illustrating the variety of views on this subject.
Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf, 96. 21. Ibid. 22. Ibid., 188. 23. De Lorris and De
Meun, Romance of the Rose, 129. 24. Quoted in McNeill and Gamer, Medieval
Handbooks, 339. 25. Russell, History of Witchcraft, 81–82. 26. Lea, History of the
Author: Thomas Hatsis
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
An exploration of the historical origins of the “witches’ ointment” and medieval hallucinogenic drug practices based on the earliest sources • Details how early modern theologians demonized psychedelic folk magic into “witches’ ointments” • Shares dozens of psychoactive formulas and recipes gleaned from rare manuscripts from university collections all over the world as well as the practices and magical incantations necessary for their preparation • Examines the practices of medieval witches like Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic drugs in her love potions and herbal preparations In the medieval period preparations with hallucinogenic herbs were part of the practice of veneficium, or poison magic. This collection of magical arts used poisons, herbs, and rituals to bewitch, heal, prophesy, infect, and murder. In the form of psyche-magical ointments, poison magic could trigger powerful hallucinations and surrealistic dreams that enabled direct experience of the Divine. Smeared on the skin, these entheogenic ointments were said to enable witches to commune with various local goddesses, bastardized by the Church as trips to the Sabbat--clandestine meetings with Satan to learn magic and participate in demonic orgies. Examining trial records and the pharmacopoeia of witches, alchemists, folk healers, and heretics of the 15th century, Thomas Hatsis details how a range of ideas from folk drugs to ecclesiastical fears over medicine women merged to form the classical “witch” stereotype and what history has called the “witches’ ointment.” He shares dozens of psychoactive formulas and recipes gleaned from rare manuscripts from university collections from all over the world as well as the practices and magical incantations necessary for their preparation. He explores the connections between witches’ ointments and spells for shape shifting, spirit travel, and bewitching magic. He examines the practices of some Renaissance magicians, who inhaled powerful drugs to communicate with spirits, and of Italian folk-witches, such as Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic drugs in her love potions and herbal preparations, and Finicella, who used drug ointments to imagine herself transformed into a cat. Exploring the untold history of the witches’ ointment and medieval hallucinogen use, Hatsis reveals how the Church transformed folk drug practices, specifically entheogenic ones, into satanic experiences.
57; Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf. Hutton, Shamans. My thanks to Ronald
Hutton for generously providing me with a pre-publication version. See, for
example, Eliade, Le chamanisme, Eliade, “Some Observations on European
Author: Owen Davies
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Cunning-folk were local practitioners of magic, providing small-scale but valued service to the community. They were far more representative of magical practice than the arcane delvings of astrologers and necromancers. Mostly unsensational in their approach, cunning-folk helped people with everyday problems: how to find lost objects; how to escape from bad luck or a suspected spell; and how to attract a lover or keep the love of a husband or wife. While cunning-folk sometimes fell foul of the authorities, both church and state often turned a blind eye to their existence and practices, distinguishing what they did from the rare and sensational cases of malvolent witchcraft. In a world of uncertainty, before insurance and modern science, cunning-folk played an important role that has previously been ignored.
47 Carlo Ginzburg, Night Battles and Ecstasies: Deciphering the Witches'
Sabbath (New York, 1991); Behringer, Shaman of Oberstdorf; Emma Wilby,
Cunning Folk and Familiar Spirits (Brighton, 2009); Bever, Realities of Witchcraft.
48 Bever ...
Author: Brian P. Levack
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The essays in this Handbook, written by leading scholars working in the rapidly developing field of witchcraft studies, explore the historical literature regarding witch beliefs and witch trials in Europe and colonial America between the early fifteenth and early eighteenth centuries. During these years witches were thought to be evil people who used magical power to inflict physical harm or misfortune on their neighbours. Witches were also believed to have made pacts with the devil and sometimes to have worshipped him at nocturnal assemblies known as sabbaths. These beliefs provided the basis for defining witchcraft as a secular and ecclesiastical crime and prosecuting tens of thousands of women and men for this offence. The trials resulted in as many as fifty thousand executions. These essays study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas. They also relate these prosecutions to the Catholic and Protestant reformations, the introduction of new forms of criminal procedure, medical and scientific thought, the process of state-building, profound social and economic change, early modern patterns of gender relations, and the wave of demonic possessions that occurred in Europe at the same time. The essays survey the current state of knowledge in the field, explore the academic controversies that have arisen regarding witch beliefs and witch trials, propose new ways of studying the subject, and identify areas for future research.
Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and the Phantoms of the Night .
Translated by H. C. Erik Midelfort . Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia ,
1998 . Benedict , Ruth . Patterns of Culture , 2d edition . Boston : Houghton Mifflin
Author: Gary Edson
"This book provides an in-depth look at the beliefs and practices centered on the shaman, a person believed to have powers to heal and communicate with the spirit world. The work features more than 90 of the author's drawings of masks, fetishes, carvingsand ongon, and 40 rare photographs of shamans, medicine men and women and healers"--Provided by publisher.
... the Scottish narratives with Wolfgang Behringer ' s study of the Shaman of
Oberstdorf . Chonrad Stoeckhlin , a horse wrangler in the Upper Valais , made a
pact with his friend Jacob Walch that whichever of them predeceased the other ...
Author: Lizanne Henderson
Publisher: John Donald Publishers
In Scotland the subject of the supernatural has been largely ignored by mainstream historians and academics, who considered it to be irrelevant or trivial. This collection of essays, by some of the foremost commentators in the field, seeks to redress the balance by tackling such topics as prophecy, astrology, witchcraft, fairy belief, amulets and charming. Other issues include the role of the supernatural in Enlightenment Scotland, in almanacs, in Gaelic society, and in literature, folktale and legend. This is a multi-disciplinary volume, with contributions utilising historical, literary and folkloristic methodologies and ranging in time from the late medieval period to the present day. It explores the perennial fascination of how people in the past viewed their world.
Author: Gale Group
Publisher: Gale / Cengage Learning
'Book Review Index' provides quick access to reviews of books, periodicals, books on tape and electronic media representing a wide range of popular, academic and professional interests. More than 600 publications are indexed, including journals and national general interest publications and newspapers. 'Book Review Index' is available in a three-issue subscription covering the current year or as an annual cumulation covering the past year.
Behringer , Wolfgang ( 1998 ) Shaman of Oberstdorf : Chonrad Stoeckhlin and
the Phantoms of the Night , trans . ... Blain , Jenny ( 2002 ) Nine Worlds of Seid -
Magic : Ecstasy and Neo - Shamanism in North European Paganism , London
Author: Emma Wilby
This book contains the first comprehensive examination of popular familiar belief in early modern Britain. It provides an in-depth analysis of the correlation between early modern British magic and tribal shamanism, examines the experiential dimension of popular magic and witchcraft in early modern Britain, and explores the links between British fairy beliefs and witch beliefs. In the hundreds of confessions relating to witchcraft and sorcery trials in early modern Britain there are detailed descriptions of intimate working relationships between popular magical practitioners and familiar spirits of either human or animal form. Until recently historians often dismissed these descriptions as elaborate fictions created by judicial interrogators eager to find evidence of stereotypical pacts with the Devil. Although this paradigm is now routinely questioned, and most historians acknowledge that there was a folkloric component to familiar lore in the period, these beliefs, and the experiences reportedly associated with them, remain substantially unexplored. This book examines the folkloric roots of familiar lore from historical, anthropological and comparative religious perspectives. It argues that beliefs about witches' familiars were rooted in beliefs surrounding the use of fairy familiars by beneficent magical practitioners or cunning folk', and corroborates this through a comparative analysis of familiar beliefs found in traditional Native American and Siberian shamanism. The author explores the experiential dimension of familiar lore by drawing parallels between early modern familiar encounters and visionary mysticism as it appears in both tribal shamanism and medieval European contemplative traditions. These perspectives challenge the reductionist view of popular magic in early modern Britain often presented by historians.
Author: Jean-Pierre Coumont
Publisher: Hes & De Graff Pub B V
Extensive bibliography on demonology and witchcraft systematically describing all materials -including books, monographs, conference reports and doctoral dissertations- covering these subjects subjects from the 15th century to the 21st century. 5000 entries and indices on author, subject and anonymous works. 320 b/w illustrations of title-pages.
The reference to Lachenmayer comes from Behringer , Shaman of Oberstdorf ,
87 . 4 . Men in witchcraft trials ' , 52 - 56 . CHAPTER 6 : ENLIGHTENMENT
MAGICIANS IN FACT AND FICTION 1 . Translated by A . E . Waite as
Author: P. G. Maxwell-Stuart
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
Throughout the ages the wizard, magician, sorcerer, has claimed to defy scientific explanation. The rich diversity of Wizards offers new insights into our continuing fascination with magic.