Soldiers Politicians and Civilians

This book argues that for a nation to become fully democratic, it must strengthen the interactions between its soldiers, politicians, and civilians.

Soldiers  Politicians  and Civilians

Author: David Pion-Berlin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107149975

Page: 384

View: 382

Are interactions between soldiers, politicians, and civilians improving? Every nation has to come to grips with achieving a more enduring harmony between government, the armed forces, and society if it aspires to strengthen its democracy. While there is an abundance of studies on civil-military affairs, few examine all three of these actors, let alone establish any standards with which to assess whether progress is being made. This ambitious book devises a novel framework equipped with six dimensions, each of which opens a unique window into civil-military affairs, and which form a more integrated view of the subject. Those dimensions are accompanied by a set of benchmarks and metrics that assess progress and compare one country against another. The framework is applied to case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Uruguay, with the conviction that insights could be gleaned that may be relevant elsewhere. Ultimately, by unpacking the civil-military relation into its various dimensions, this study has shed light on what it takes to transform what was once a politically-minded military into an organization dedicated to serving a democratic state and society.

Eroding Military Influence in Brazil

"Major reconsideration of civil-military relations in post-authoritarian Brazil uses case studies of labor rights, federal budgeting, and control over Amazonia to argue that logic of competitive politics allowed civilian politicians to ...

Eroding Military Influence in Brazil

Author: Wendy Hunter

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807846209

Page: 243

View: 124

"Major reconsideration of civil-military relations in post-authoritarian Brazil uses case studies of labor rights, federal budgeting, and control over Amazonia to argue that logic of competitive politics allowed civilian politicians to gradually erode military influence. Well researched and documented"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.

The Soldier and the State

World war II: the alchemy of power; Civil-military relations in the postwar decade; The political roles of the Joints Chiefs; The separation of power and the cold war defense; Departmental structure of civil-military relations; Toward a new ...

The Soldier and the State

Author: Samuel P. Huntington

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674817364

Page: 534

View: 770

World war II: the alchemy of power; Civil-military relations in the postwar decade; The political roles of the Joints Chiefs; The separation of power and the cold war defense; Departmental structure of civil-military relations; Toward a new equilibrium.

The Political Role of the Military

In 27 chapters devoted to representative countries, this handbook looks at the varying roles the military plays around the world.

The Political Role of the Military

Author: Constantine Panos Danopoulos

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313288371

Page: 517

View: 299

In Western, developing, and totalitarian countries alike, the armed forces are powerful political organizations that play key roles in domestic politics. Yet, the literature on civilian-military relations provides few comparative examinations of the military's political role. In 27 chapters devoted to representative countries, this handbook looks at the varying roles the military plays around the world. Each chapter traces the historical background of the civil-military relations in the country, identifies and analyzes the processes the military uses to exert political influence, evaluates the success and results of the military's political role, and projects future developments.

Our Army

Our Army adds needed nuance to our understanding of a profession that seems increasingly distant from the average American.

Our Army

Author: Jason K. Dempsey

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400832170

Page: 280

View: 797

Conventional wisdom holds that the American military is overwhelmingly conservative and Republican, and extremely political. Our Army paints a more complex picture, demonstrating that while army officers are likely to be more conservative, rank-and-file soldiers hold political views that mirror those of the American public as a whole, and army personnel are less partisan and politically engaged than most civilians. Assumptions about political attitudes in the U.S. Army are based largely on studies focusing on the senior ranks, yet these senior officers comprise only about 6 percent of America's fighting force. Jason Dempsey provides the first random-sample survey that also covers the social and political attitudes held by enlisted men and women in the army. Uniting these findings with those from another unique survey he conducted among cadets at the United States Military Academy on the eve of the 2004 presidential election, Dempsey offers the most detailed look yet at how service members of all ranks approach politics. He shows that many West Point cadets view political conservatism as part of being an officer, raising important questions about how the army indoctrinates officers politically. But Dempsey reveals that the rank-and-file army is not nearly as homogeneous as we think--or as politically active--and that political attitudes across the ranks are undergoing a substantial shift. Our Army adds needed nuance to our understanding of a profession that seems increasingly distant from the average American.

The Politics of Antipolitics

This third edition of The Politics of Antipolitics has been revised and updated to focus on the post-Cold War era.

The Politics of Antipolitics

Author: Brian Loveman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780842026116

Page: 426

View: 358

Latin America is moving toward democracy. The region's countries hold elections, choose leaders, and form new governments. But is the civilian government firmly in power? Or is the military still influencing policy and holding the elected politicians in check under the guise of guarding against corruption, instability, economic uncertainty, and other excesses of democracy? The editors of this work, Brian Loveman and Thomas M. Davies, Jr., argue that with or without direct military rule, antipolitics persists as a foundation of Latin American politics. This study examines the origins of antipolitics, traces its nineteenth- and twentieth-century history, and focuses on the years from 1965 to 1995 to emphasize the somewhat illusory transitions to democracy. This third edition of The Politics of Antipolitics has been revised and updated to focus on the post-Cold War era. With the demise of the Soviet state and international Marxism, the Latin American military has appropriated new threats including narcoterrorism, environmental exploitation, technology transfer, and even AIDS to redefine and relegitimate its role in social, economic, and political policy. The editors also address why and how the military rulers acceded to the return of civilian-elected governments and the military's defense against accusations of human rights abuses.

Military Surveillance of Civilian Politics

The overlap was most complete where civilian antiwar and black power groups
were suspected of attempts to proselytize or recruit servicemen . Extensive files
were kept on soldiers who belonged to civilian " organizations of interest ...

Military Surveillance of Civilian Politics

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Constitutional Rights

Publisher:

ISBN:

Page: 150

View: 497

Civil Military Relations and Shared Responsibility

Refuting the work of scholars such as Samuel P. Huntington and Michael C. Desch, Civil-Military Relations and Shared Responsibility approaches civil-military relations from a new angle, military culture, arguing that the optimal form of ...

Civil Military Relations and Shared Responsibility

Author: Dale R. Herspring

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409291

Page: 368

View: 203

Dale R. Herspring considers the factors that allow some civilian and military organizations to operate more productively in a political context than others, bringing into comparative study for the first time the military organizations of the U.S., Russia, Germany, and Canada. Refuting the work of scholars such as Samuel P. Huntington and Michael C. Desch, Civil-Military Relations and Shared Responsibility approaches civil-military relations from a new angle, military culture, arguing that the optimal form of civil-military relations is one of shared responsibility between the two groups. Herspring outlines eight factors that contribute to conditions that promote and support shared responsibility among civilian officials and the military, including such prerequisites as civilian leaders not interfering in the military's promotion process and civilian respect for military symbols and traditions. He uses these indicators in his comparative treatment of the U.S., Russian, German, and Canadian militaries. Civilian authorities are always in charge and the decision on how to treat the military is a civilian decision. However, Herspring argues, failure by civilians to respect military culture will antagonize senior military officials, who will feel less free to express their views, thus depriving senior civilian officials, most of whom have no military experience, of the expert advice of those most capable of assessing the far-reaching forms of violence. This issue of civilian respect for military culture and operations plays out in Herspring's country case studies. Scholars of civil-military relations will find much to debate in Herspring's framework, while students of civil-military and defense policy will appreciate Herspring's brief historical tour of each countries' post–World War II political and policy landscapes. -- Zoltan Barany, author of The Soldier and the Changing State: Building Democratic Armies in Africa, Asia, Europe, and the Americas

Civil military Relations in Latin America

In nine original, thought-provoking essays, this book offers fresh theoretical insights into the dilemmas facing

Civil military Relations in Latin America

Author: David Pion-Berlin

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807849811

Page: 303

View: 506

The armed forces may no longer rule nations throughout Latin America, but they continue to influence democratic governments across the region. In nine original, thought-provoking essays, this book offers fresh theoretical insights into the dilemmas facing

The Political Resurgence of the Military in Southeast Asia

With officers and soldiers deeply penetrating into civilian areas of expertise and
employment, the militarization of civilian space has intensified in ways that
significantly exceeds the notion of 'new military professionalism.' As the
militaryrun ...

The Political Resurgence of the Military in Southeast Asia

Author: Marcus Mietzner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136682228

Page: 192

View: 405

In the late 1990s, prominent scholars of civil-military relations detected a decline in the political significance of the armed forces across Southeast Asia. A decade later, however, this trend seems to have been reversed. The Thai military launched a coup in 2006, the Philippine armed forces expanded their political privileges under the Arroyo presidency, and the Burmese junta successfully engineered pseudo-democratic elections in 2010. This book discusses the political resurgence of the military in Southeast Asia throughout the 2000s. Written by distinguished experts on military affairs, the individual chapters explore developments in Burma, Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam, East Timor, Indonesia and Singapore. They not only assess, but also offer explanations for the level of military involvement in politics in each country. Consequently, the book also makes a significant contribution to the comparative debate about militaries in politics. Whilst conditions obviously differ from country to country, most authors in this book conclude that the shape of civil-military relations is not predetermined by historic, economic or cultural factors, but is often the result of intra-civilian conflicts and divisive or ineffective political leadership.

Political Armies

Does the withdrawal of armies from direct rule in most countries herald an end to their role as actors in domestic politics? Has political intervention by the military been superseded?

Political Armies

Author: Kees Koonings

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781856499804

Page: 398

View: 827

In the post Cold War era does the withdrawal of armies from direct rule in most countries herald an end to their role as actors in domestic politics? Is it indeed sensible to assume that political intervention by the military has been more or less permanently superceded? Drawing on the 20th century experience of a dozen important countries this book examines a number of closely related issues: What generalizations can be made about the causes and enduring consequences of military rule for nation building and economic development? How have the passing of the Cold War, the rise of globalization and other changes in the 1990s affected the political role of the military? How can we assess the role of political armies in relation to the problems of consolidating civil politics and democratic governance? Are there lessons for policy makers to be learned from a comparative analysis of political armies in such fields as global governance and post-conflict reconstruction? This stimulating set of explorations and investigations builds on previous theories about the role of the military in politics and looks to the future - the possible proliferation of armed actors, new perversions in the domestic roles of the armed forces, and the much more prominent emergence of privatized forces of law and order.

American Civil Military Relations

Using this seminal work as a point of departure, experts in the fields of political science, history, and sociology ask what has been learned and what more needs to be investigated in the relationship between civilian and military sectors ...

American Civil Military Relations

Author: Suzanne C. Nielsen

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801892872

Page: 409

View: 365

"American civil-military relations offers the first comprehensive assessment of the subject since the publication of Samuel P. Huntington's field-defining book, The soldier and the state. Using this seminal work as a point of departure, experts in the fields of political science, history, and sociology ask what has been learned and what more needs to be investigated in the relationship between civilian and military sectors in the 21st century ... What is clear from the essays in this volume is that the line between civil and military expertise and responsibility is not that sharply drawn, and perhaps given the increasing complexity of international security issues, it should not be. When forming national security policy, the editors conclude, civilian and military leaders need to maintain a respectful and engaged dialogue"--Publisher's website.

Turkish Politics and the Military

The book places contemporary politics in perspective by looking at the evolution of the armed forces in Turkey from the end of the eighteenth century.

Turkish Politics and the Military

Author: William Hale

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136101403

Page: 384

View: 216

Turkey's geographical position, between the Middle East and Europe and at the centre of the current upheavals in the USSR and the Balkans, has led to a reawakening of interest in its international standing. Meanwhile its domestic politics are of increasing interest and Turkey seems to have become a model for Liberal Democracy in Central Asia. David Hale focuses on the role of the military in contemporary politics. He author argues that the military has behaved quite differently from its counterparts in other third world states: it has acted in some degree as a guardian of the state, committed to economic and social modernisation. The book places contemporary politics in perspective by looking at the evolution of the armed forces in Turkey from the end of the eighteenth century. The author traces the role of the military through the establishment of the Republic, the military coups of 1960 and 1980, the gradual return to civilian government of the sixties and seventies, and the military disengagement from politics of 1983 onwards. Hale is interested in the army as an actor in the political drama rather than in the professional functions of soldiers, and his historical exposition reveals much about the modern scene.

Political and Military Sociology

This volume in the Political and Military Sociology series also includes reviews of important new books in civil-military relations, political science, and military sociology.

Political and Military Sociology

Author: Neovi M. Karakatsanis

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412850983

Page: 256

View: 240

Several contributions in this volume focus on the modern Middle East, with other articles examining justifications for war, the return of war veterans, white nationalists, and the activities of the Moral Majority. Maria Markantonatou addresses the blurring of distinctions between civilians and combatants. Udi Lebel investigates how the IDF is being changed by the increasing number of religious-Zionists recruited. Orlee Hauser argues that the experiences of women in the IDF vary depending on their positions and assignments. Bruce McDonald compares the performance of the Feder-Ram and augmented Solow models in accounting for economic growth in Iran. Neema Noori examines the interrelationship of war, the state, and mobilization in Iran. Molly Clever examines the justifications for war employed by both state and non-state actors. Christina Knopf uses relational dialectics to examine US veteran transitions. David Bugg and Dianne Dentice analyze attitudes and perceptions of white nationalists. Finally, Aaron Davis considers the rise of the Illinois state chapter of the Moral Majority in the 1980s. This volume in the Political and Military Sociology series also includes reviews of important new books in civil-military relations, political science, and military sociology.

From Civilians to Soldiers and from Soldiers to Civilians

Bogen beskriver rekrutteringen til oprørsbevægelser i Sydsudan og processen med afvæbning, hjemsendelse og integrering i samfundet af tidligere oprørssoldater.

From Civilians to Soldiers and from Soldiers to Civilians

Author: Saskia Baas

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089643966

Page: 240

View: 515

Bogen beskriver rekrutteringen til oprørsbevægelser i Sydsudan og processen med afvæbning, hjemsendelse og integrering i samfundet af tidligere oprørssoldater. Baggrunden er den mere end 20 år lange borgerkrig i det sydlige Sudan, der sluttede formeldt i 2011 med dannelsen og accepten af Sydsudan som selvstændig stat.

Saving Soldiers or Civilians

Sebastian Kaempf examines the origin and nature of this dilemma, and in a detailed analysis of the US conflicts in Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq, investigates the ways the US has responded, assessing the legal, moral, and strategic ...

Saving Soldiers or Civilians

Author: Sebastian Kaempf

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110858554X

Page:

View: 174

Concerns for the lives of soldiers and innocent civilians have come to underpin Western, and particularly American, warfare. Yet this new mode of conflict faces a dilemma: these two norms have opened new areas of vulnerability that have been systematically exploited by non-state adversaries. This strategic behaviour creates a trade-off, forcing decision-makers to have to choose between saving soldiers and civilians in target states. Sebastian Kaempf examines the origin and nature of this dilemma, and in a detailed analysis of the US conflicts in Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq, investigates the ways the US has responded, assessing the legal, moral, and strategic consequences. Scholars and students of military and strategic studies, international relations and peace and conflict studies will be interested to read Kaempf's analysis of whether the US or its adversaries have succeeded in responding to this central dilemma of contemporary warfare.

Civilian Control of the Military

The military may recognize that if it ignores the external threat and seizes power ,
the nation will likely suffer military defeat , and for this reason soldiers will
probably be inclined to remain outside politics . Civilian and military ideas may
not be ...

Civilian Control of the Military

Author: Michael C. Desch

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801866395

Page: 232

View: 833

"Power and Military Effectiveness is an instructive reassessment of the increasingly popular belief that military success is one of democracy's many virtues. International relations scholars, policy makers, and military minds will be well served by its lessons."--BOOK JACKET.